SSC Geography Model Set 2021-2022 (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution Maharashtra.

SSC Geography Model Set 2021-2022 (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.


Academic Year: 2021-2022

Date: March 2022

Marks: 40


1) All the activities/questions are compulsory.

2) Figures to the right indicate full marks.

3) Use of stencil is allowed for drawing map

4) Draw neat diagrams and sketches wherever necessary

5) Answers should be written in Black and Blue ink only.

6) Use of pencil/colour pencil is allowed for diagrams, sketches and map work.

7) Answers written in pencils will not be considered.


Identify the correct correlation and make a chain.

A

B

C

1) Ganga river   

  i) Pau Brasil 

  a) trees shed their leaves

2) Amazon river   

ii) sediments deposit 

b) there are islands at its mouth

3) Brazil   

iii) Teak trees   

c) country named after it

4) Deciduous forests

iv) no sediments   

d) distributaries at the at the mouth


SOLUTION

Identify the correct correlation and make a chain.

1) Ganga river

  ii) sediments deposit at its mouth 

d) distributaries at the mouth

2) Amazon river

  iv) sediments do not deposit at its mouth

b) there are islands at its mouth

3) Brazil 

  i) Pau Brasil     

c) country named after it

4) Deciduous forests

iii) Teak trees   

a) trees shed their leaves


Find the odd man out :


States in India : 

OPTIONS

Madhya Pradesh

Maharashtra

Meghalaya

Maranhao


With reference to flora of India :

OPTIONS

Deodar

Anjan

Orchid

Banyan


Identify the wrong pair.

Rivers and tributaries

a) Sindhu-Satluj

b) Amazon- Uruguay

c) Paraguay –Parana

d) Ganga-Yamuna


SOLUTION

Rivers and tributaries

b) Amazon- Uruguay


Identify the correct group.

The order of plateaus of India from south to north.

OPTIONS

Karnataka- Maharashtra- Bundelkhand

Chhota Nagpur- Malwa- Marwad

Telangana-Maharashtra-Marwad


SOLUTION

Karnataka- Maharashtra-Bundelkhand


Identify the correct option with the help of given statement (Attempt Any Four)

This region is suitable for coffee production

a) Rio Grande do Sul

b) Ceara

c) Sao Paulo

d) Amazonas


SOLUTION

c) Sao Paulo



It is a rain shadow region in Brazil

a) Pantanal

b) Pampas

c) Amazon river basin

d) Northern part of the highlands


SOLUTION

d) Northern part of the highlands.


The concentration of settlements is related to the following major factors?

OPTIONS

Proximity the to Sea

Plain region

Availability of water

climate

SOLUTION

Availability of water

Human settlements refer to organised and structured human habitation in different regions. The concentration of settlement depends upon many important factors like the availability of water, natural resources, climatic conditions and the type of region. Even though the nature of the region and the climatic conditions also influence the concentration of settlement, the availability of clean water is the most important determinant. Because of this reason, we can find most of the ancient human habitation on the banks of the rivers. Thus the availability of water is the most important determinant of the concentration of human settlement.


Where do you find dispersed settlements in India?

OPTIONS

Near the rivers

Near the transport routes

Hilly areas

industrial regions

SOLUTION

Hilly areas

Scattered/dispersed settlements are those in which the habitation regions are isolated or located far away from each other. They are mostly found in the plateaus, hilly or forested areas. In India, such type of settlements are found in the tribal parts of Central India, eastern and southern Rajasthan and the Himalayan slopes


Area wise, _________________is the largest state.

OPTIONS

Madhya Pradesh

Maharashtra,

Uttar Pradesh

Rajasthan


Prepare a choropleth map showing the urban population using the data given in the table below.

Urban population percentage category

States /UTs falling in the category

0-20

Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, Odisha

21-40

Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tripura, Jammu & Kashmir, Nagaland, Manipur, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, A & N Islands, Punjab, Karnataka

41-60

Gujarat, Maharashtra, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram

61-80

Goa, Puducherry, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep

81-100

Chandigarh, NCT of Delhi


SOLUTION

SSC Geography Model Set 2021-2022 (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.



Read the following map and answer the given questions.

SSC Geography Model Set 2021-2022 (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

1) Which is the largest river basin in Brazil?

2) In which direction does the Paraguay River flow?

3) River Sao Francisco meets at which ocean?

4) Marajo Island is located near the mouth of which river?

5) Write the names of any two north flowing rivers.

6) Name the short-flowing river meeting the South Atlantic Ocean.


SOLUTION

1) Answer - Amazon

2) Answer - South

3) Answer - Atlantic

4) Answer - Amazon

5) Answer - Xingu and Aragua

6) Answer - Pusguvach


Attempt Any Two

Give geographical reason.

International tourists are attracted towards Brazil.

The location of Brazil has a lot to offer for tourism.

- varied climate, varied topography – mountains, plains, hills, wetlands, biodiversity etc. - beautiful coastal beaches, - varied culture.

A wide variety of species of insects is found in Brazil.


SOLUTION

A wide variety of insects is found in Brazil because it has a high diversity and density of wildlife in the Amazon rainforests.

Evergreen forests are found in this region around the Amazon basin as it rains throughout the year.

Because of the deposition of sediments brought up by the river amazon and as the amazon canal is 150km in width, it forms ideal conditions in terms of soil and water for the growth of dense forests.

Apart from the numerous species found in the tropical rainforests of north, they are also found in the swamps, grasslands, deciduous forests etc.


Wildlife in India is decreasing day by day.


SOLUTION

The population of India is increasing rapidly. To keep up with unsustainable human population growth, more and more land is required. Cities are expanding at an alarming rate and stretching beyond their original borders. Housing developments infringe upon plant and animal homes by constructing buildings. This habitat degradation has led to the loss of wildlife.

Moreover, due to shifting agriculture, deforestation tears down trees and large plants thus, leaving animals without shelter and food.

Smuggling of wild animals, poaching of endangered species, overfishing in rivers and oceans has led to loss in wildlife biodiversity in India.

Pollution is another major reason for the decrease in wildlife in India. For e.g. Pesticides sprayed on crops kills other plant species.
Thus, due to human encroachment in the natural habitat of wild animals, deforestation, smuggling, poaching, overfishing and pollution, wildlife in India is decreasing day by day.



The density of population is sparse in the Amazon basin.


SOLUTION

The Amazon basin in Brazil has tropical rainforests as it is closer to the equator and it rains throughout the year.

It has dense and diverse flora and fauna which is unfavourable for human inhabitation. Almost half of Brazil's area is covered by the tropical rainforests of the Amazon basin.

The dense forest makes human settlements very difficult in those areas.

Rain forests aren't a very friendly environment for human habitation, i.e. lack of fresh water, dangerous animals, lack of solid ground, lack of dry shelter, skeeters, dense trees, limited fuel and food sources, and difficult transportation


With the help of the internet, obtain information regarding annual average temperatures of the continental location of Brasilia and Bhopal and explain it with the help of a graph.


SOLUTION

The following is the average monthly temperature for Brasilia and Bhopal.

Months 

Brasilia 

Bhopal 

January

28° / 18°14

25° / 11°

February

28° / 18°

28° / 13°

March

28° / 18°

34° / 18°

April

28° / 17°

38° / 22°

May

27° / 15°

41° / 26°

June

26° / 12°

37° / 26°

July

26° / 12°

30° / 24°

August

28° / 13°

29° / 23°

September

30° / 16°

31° / 22°

October

29° / 18°

32° / 19°

November

28° / 18°

29° / 15°

December

28° / 18°

26° / 12°


The above-mentioned data mentions high/low temperatures for both the places.

SSC Geography Model Set 2021-2022 (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

Bhopal:

Tropical climate

Driest month – April

Most precipitation – August

Warmest month – May

Average temperature – around 25 degree Celsius

Brasilia:

Tropical climate

Driest month – June

Most precipitation – January

Warmest month – September

Average temperature – around 25 degree Celsius




Read the following graph and answer the questions

India and Brazil Literacy Rate (%)

SSC Geography Model Set 2021-2022 (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

i) What was the literacy rate in Brazil in 2001?

ii) In which decade did the literacy rate increase the most in India?

iii) What is the difference between the literacy rates of India and Brazil in 1991?

iv) By how much has the literacy rate increased in India between 1981- 2016?

v) How much is the interval generally used in the graph?

vi) What conclusions can you draw from the graph regarding the literacy rates of India and Brazil?


SOLUTION

i)     - 85%

ii)    - 1991-2001

iii)    - 30%

iv)    - 30%

v)    - 10 years

vi) Points - Brazil has a higher literacy rate than India

- increasing every decade


Answer in detail (Attempt Any Two)

How will you manage the litter during the field visit?

SOLUTION

There are many ways how the litter can be managed during field trips but it has to be done by each and every individual to keep the surrounding clean. 

1. Do not take plastic bags and other similar things at first.

2. Instead of using plastic bags, utilize baskets, cloth bags, and other similar products.

3. Instead of bringing manufactured food, eat and drink natural food.

4. Collect all waste material at the end of the trip and put them into a nearby dustbin.



Read the adjoining table and answer the following questions.

SSC Geography Model Set 2021-2022 (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

a) What is the balance of trade?

b) Tell the types of balance of trades.

c)  In which country exports exceed imports in all the years?

d) Brazil’s balance of trade belongs to which type?

e) India‘s balance of trade belongs to which type?


SOLUTION

a. The balance of trade is the difference between export and import between a given period of time. It is an important component of the Balance of Payment. It measures the economic strength of the country's economy

The balance of Trade = Export-Import

b. The balance of trade is the difference between export and import between a given period of time. The balance of trade can be of three types:

Favourable balance/Surplus: It is the situation where exports are greater than imports. It is always good for a country to maintain a favourable BOT.

Unfavourable balance/Deficit: It is the situation where imports are greater than exports. For every developing country, the BOT would be largely unfavourable with imports greater than exports.

Equilibrium balance: It is the situation where imports are equal to exports. It is very difficult for any country to maintain equilibrium in BOT.

c. Exports exceed imports in all the years in Brazil. Brazil is always maintaining a favourable BOT where exports are greater than imports. It is always good for a country to maintain a favourable BOT.

d. Brazil’s BOT belongs to the favourable balance/surplus BOT category. It is the situation where exports are greater than imports. It is always good for a country to maintain a favourable BOT.

e. India’s BOT belongs to the unfavourable balance/deficit category. It is the situation where imports are greater than exports. For every developing country, the BOT would be largely unfavourable with imports greater than exports.


With the help of the pie chart given in fig tell what is the contribution of secondary activities in Brazil's GDP?

SSC Geography Model Set 2021-2022 (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

SOLUTION

National income is the money value of all the final goods and services produced within the domestic territory of the country during a particular period of time, generally within a year. A boost in the national income would be with the improvement of the secondary and tertiary sector. The history of all the developed countries shows that their development is by the improvement of both the secondary and the tertiary sector. The manufacturing industry in Brazil is contributing nearly 27.5% in the GDP.



Which means of communication has expedited the field of communications?


SOLUTION

The development of technology has accelerated the communication process in the world.

The Internet and satellites are the harbingers of today’s fast-expanding digital communication network. Information and Communication Technology (IT) is an important driving force for the success of today’s communication.

Telecommunication facilities, especially the internet, have significantly contributed to the development of communication between countries in different continents.

Balbharati Solutions for Social Science Geography 10th Standard SSC Maharashtra State Board

Geography 2020-2021 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

Model Set 1

Model Set 2

Model Set 3

Model Set 4

Model Set 5

Balbharati Solutions for Social Science Geography 10th Standard SSC Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 1: Field Visit

Chapter 2: Location and Extent

Chapter 3: Physiography and Drainage

Chapter 4: Climate

Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Chapter 6: Population

Chapter 7: Human Settlements

Chapter 8: Economy and Occupations

Chapter 9: Tourism, Transport and Communication

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