# Transfer of Information

Information can be of various types and may be presented in a wide variety of ways such as a paragraph or an or an essay, a graph, a table, a diagram, a picture, a sketch, etc. Transfer of information implies converting information from one form of presentation to another form. As such, information may be categorised into two broad areas:

Verbal : Here ideas are expressed using words, idioms and phrases in language.

Non-Verbal : In this area, information is represented by means of some graphic method either a diagram or sketch or or bar graph or even a flow chart.

# Solution:

The given bar graph represents the sale of fruits during a summer month in a supermarket in Dubai. The figures in ₹ thousands on the left on the Y-axis show the quantum of sales per month while the bars along the X-axis show the type of fruit, namely, apples, bananas, grapes, oranges and pears.

According to the bars plotted, the sale of bananas was the highest which almost touched ₹ 60,000 as against the sale of pears which was less than ₹ 30,000 only, almost half. Oranges occupied the second place with sales as high as ₹ 50,000. Apples fared well with a sale of ₹ 30,000. The consumption of fruits during the summer months seemed to be quite good.

# Water-Cycle

It is common knowledge that the sun-rays absorb water from the surface of the Earth, namely seas, streams, rivers and other such water bodies. This gets converted into water vapour and thus rises. As it goes higher, it becomes cooler and begins to move. Various particles of vapour collect together and condense to form clouds which when become too heavy are difficult to sustain. The condensed vapour in these clouds then comes down in the form of rains and fills the various water bodies from where once again it evaporates with the heat of the sun and thus, the cycle of water is maintained.

# Model Example 3

## Read the following paragraph and transfer the information in the form of a tree diagram:

We all read for a variety of reasons. Our basic reason for reading is probably pleasure. We read literature mostly because we enjoy it. Reading for pleasure may take various forms. We may read just to pass the time. We often read for information and knowledge. We find pleasure in learning about life in the Swiss Alps or the Mississippi river. We also read simply for enjoyment. We get pleasure from the arrangement of words. We can find pleasure even in syllables just as children like the sound 'Ring around the Rosie' although they may not know what the words mean.

# The following is the information given in the form of a table. Write two paragraphs of about 70-80 words using the information given below.

 State Maharashtra Karnataka Area 3,07,713 sq. km. 1,91,791 sq. km. Population 7,89,37,187 4,49,77,209 Capital Mumbai Bangalore Language Marathi Kannada Rivers Godavari, Krishna, Bhima, Koyana Tungabhadra, Kaveri Crops Jawar, Bajra, Sugarcane Jawar, Tea, Rubber Major Cities Mumbai, Nagpur, Aurangabad, Nasik Mangalore, Hubli, Dharwad

# Ans.  ABOUT MAHARASHTRA AND KARNATAKA

Maharashtra and Karnataka are neighbouring countries. Area wise Maharashtra is Larger than Karnataka. 3, 07, 713 sq. m. and 1, 91, 791 sq. km are the area of Maharashtra and Karnataka respectively. Mumbai is the Capital of former and Bangalore is for latter. Marathi is the main language spoken in Maharashtra whereas Kannada is for Karnataka. Godavari, Krishna, Bhima and Koyana are the main rivers running in Maharashtra. In Karnataka it is Tungabuadra, Kaveri. Jawar, Bajra and Sugarcane are the main crops in Maharashtra and Jawar, Tea and Rubber are the main crops in Karnataka. Mumbai, Nagpur, Aurangabad and Nasik are some of the major cities in Maharashtra. Mangalore, Hubli and Dharwad are the major cities in Karnataka.

.

A1. Information Transfer (Non-verbal to Verbal):

# Transfer the given information into a paragraph.

Manufacture of Paper

Paper is chiefly used for writing. The raw material used in the manufacture of paper is wood, grass, bamboo and rags. There are several processes by which the raw material is converted into pulp. Most commonly the raw material is cut into pieces and then immersed in water to convert it into pulp. The pulp is then mixed with lime for whitening it. This pulp and lime mixture is boiled at high pressure. The pulp is next passed through wire meshes. The paper sheets are removed from the mesh while it is still wet. These wet sheets are passed over heated rollers to remove the water and the paper is dried so as to make thin  sheets of paper.

# A2. Read the following passage and complete the table

Dialect is a form of a language spoken in one area which may be different from other forms of the same language. Each language has dialects which change every few kilometers. India is a multi-lingual country. Each state follows its own language as its official language. For example, Marathi is the official language of Maharashtra, while Ahirani, Wharadi, Konkani and Malwani are its dialects. Several languages in India are spoken but do not have any script. In Karnataka, Kannada is the official language. Tulu is spoken in Karnataka but has no script. In England, English is the official language while Scottish, spoken in Scotland and Welsh spoken in Wales are dialects of English.

 State Official language Dialects Spoken /Without script Maharashtra Marathi Karnataka England

Ans.

 State Official language Dialects Spoken /Without script Maharashtra Marathi Ahirani, Wharadi,Konkani, Malwani - Karnataka Kannada Tulu No script England English Scottish, Welsh -

# A 1. Transfer the information about the Water-cycle given in the flow chart into a paragraph:

Ans.

Water-Cycle

It is common knowledge that the sunrays absorb water from the surface of the Earth — namely seas, streams, rivers and other such water bodies. This gets converted into water vapour and thus rises. As it goes higher, it becomes cooler and begins to move. Various particles ofvapour collect together and condense to form clouds which when become too heavy are difficult to sustain. The condensed vapour in these clouds then comes down in the form of rains and fills the various water bodies from where once again it evaporates with the heat of the Sun and thus, the cycle of water is maintained.

# Information Transfer (Non-verbal to verbal)

Ans. THE JOURNEY OF MANUSCRIPT

From the given flow chart, it is very evident that the information pertains to the journey of a manuscript from its initial stage to the final printing of a book or a magazine.

Manuscripts are collected from both students and teachers. They are thoroughly screened and edited, where necessary additions, alterations and omissions are made to the copy. A rough draft is then prepared after which the manuscript is sent to the printer along with a dummy. Then comes the stage of proof correction. After the corrections are made and the manuscript is proofread, it is sent for final printing.

# A2. Here are some tips about keeping healthy as given in a science magazine. Read and write in the form of Do’s and Don’ts (table):

You must include vegetables and fruits in your diet and drink a lot of water. You should avoid junk food and aerated water. You shouldn’t sit for long periods of time. Rather you should exercise regularly. You shouldn’t ignore the importance of good breathing habits. Try breathing deeply whenever you think of it. See to it that you sleep for at least 7 hours a day. In fact, you should avoid irregular timings.

Ans.

 Do Don’t Include vegetables and fruits in your diet. Consume junk and unhealthy food especially street food. Drink plenty of water. Drink aerated water. Exercise regularly. Sit for lengthy periods of time. Try breathing deeply whenever possible Ignore the importance of good breathing. Sleep for at least seven hours a day. Sleep at irregular times.