Geography Model Set 2021-2022 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

SSC Geography Model Set 2021-2022


Academic Year: 2021-2022

Date: March 2022

1) All the activities/questions are compulsory.

2) Figures to the right indicate full marks.

3) Use of stencil is allowed for drawing map

4) Draw neat diagrams and sketches wherever necessary

5) Answers should be written in Black and Blue ink only.

6) Use of pencil/colour pencil is allowed for diagrams, sketches and map work.

7) Answers written in pencils will not be considered.


Multiple Choice Questions

MCQ

India’s southernmost point is known as ______.

OPTIONS

Lakshadweep

Kaniyakumari

Indira point

Port Blair


MCQ

Select the correct option and rewrite the sentence:

------------ is seen as one of the world’s major markets and a contributor to economic growth of the world.

OPTIONS

a) India

b) Brazil

c) Sri Lanka

d) Japan

SOLUTION

Brazil is seen as one of the world’s major markets and a contributor to economic growth of the world.



Fill in the blank by choosing correct alternative :

The main motive producer is to maximise profit in ______________ economy.

OPTIONS

Socialist

capitalist

mixed


The rate of urbanization in Brazil has reduced after the ---------------- decade

OPTIONS

a) 1960

b) 1970

c) 1990

d) 2000



Match the column.

A group

B group

1) The southernmost point of India

1) Gangotri

2) The highlands in eastern Brazil

2) Andes mountains

3) The origin of Ganga

3) Guyana Highlands

4) the origin of Amazon

4) Indira Point

 

5) Yamunotri

 

6) The Great Escarpment



SOLUTION

A group

B group

1) The southernmost point of India

1) Indira Point

2) The highlands in eastern Brazil

2) The Great Escarpment

3) The origin of Ganga

3) Gangotri

4) the origin of Amazon

4) Andes mountains


Differentiate Between (Attempt Any Two)


Differentiate between the physiography of Brazil and India.


SOLUTION

India - major physiographic divisions

Brazil - major physiographic divisions

The Himalayas: across the north-eastern portion of India and made up of three parallel ranges often referred to as the Greater Himalayas, the Lesser Himalayas, and the outer Himalayas.

The Highlands: They make up more than half of the country's landmass and are the main source of the nation's abundant mineral resource. They are recognized for their diversity.

The North Indian Plains: made by the Ganges River in the northern parts of India and the border surrounding areas of the Himalayas

The Great Escarpment: plateau edge of southern America that separates the region's highland interior plateau from the fairly narrow coastal strip.

The Peninsula: India is surrounded by water on three sides; the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean in the south.

The Plains: Pampas are vast plains extending westward across central Argentina from the Atlantic coast to the Andean Foothills.

India lies in the Asian continent

Brazil lies in the South American continent


Differentiate between the forest types of Brazil and India.


SOLUTION 1

BRAZIL

INDIA

1. Evergreen forest: concentrated in one area around the amazon river basin.

1.Evergreen forests: Unevenly spread across the country with a concentration in western ghats and the northeast

2. Brazil does not have a coastal forest

2. India has Himalayan and coastal forests

3. 23 per cent area covered by forest.

3. 19 per cent area covered by forest.


SOLUTION 2

INDIA

BRAZIL

1. Dominant type of forest

1. Dominant type of forest

Deciduous forests are dominantly found in India in the regions receiving rainfall between 1000 mm to 2000 mm along with warm and moist summers and cold and dry winters.

It rains throughout the year in most parts of the equatorial region receiving rainfall of about 2000 mm on an average. Thus, equatorial forests are dominant in Brazil.

2. Coniferous Forest

2. Coniferous Forest

Coniferous forests are found in places of medium altitudes of Indian Himalayas. E.g.: pine, deodar, fir and at foothills mixed forests are found.

Coniferous forests are not found in Brazil.

3. Tropical Evergreen Forests

3. Tropical Evergreen Forests

Tropical evergreen forests are mainly found in the Western Ghats and the north eastern India with regions receiving rainfall of more than 2000 mm.

Tropical evergreen forests are mainly found in the northern part of Brazil (Amazon River Basin).

4. Temperate Grasslands

4. Temperate Grasslands

Temperate grasslands are found mainly in a small piece of land in Assam.

Temperate grasslands are found in abundance in Pampas.

5. Thorny Shrubs

5. Thorny Shrubs

Thorny shrubs are seen in the parts of the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Tamil Nadu where the rainfall is very less.

Thorny shrubs are found in Caatinga in Brazil.

Differentiate between.

Water transport in the Amazon and the Ganga river.


SOLUTION

Basis

Water transport in river Amazon

Water transport in river Ganga

Nature

It is the largest river basin in the world.

It is the largest river basin in India. 

Types of transportation practices

Mostly commercialised transportation is practiced with some degree of traditional methods.

Mostly primitive and traditional methods are used. The commercialised version is used only in the eastern parts.

Intensity of requirement 

It is highly necessary only in the eastern parts having a higher population. 

It is required in every part of the region as it is one of the most densely populated areas of the country.

Degree of development

Not highly developed in the interior parts due to the occurrence of waterfalls, strong currents and impenetrable forests.

Highly developed throughout the region due to the plain topography.


Mark the following in the outline map of Brazil supplied to you, write the names and give index

Geography Model Set 2021-2022 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

(1) Marajo Island

(2) Pico-De-Neblina

(3) Pantanal Wetland

(4) Drought Quadrilateral

(5) Caatinga

(6) Golden Lion-Tamarin



SOLUTION

Geography Model Set 2021-2022 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.


Look at the digital elevated model (DEM) of India and name the major physiographic divisions.

Geography Model Set 2021-2022 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.



SOLUTION

Following are the physiographic divisions:

The Himalayas

The Coastal Plains

The North Indian Plains

The Himalayas:

The Himalayas are one of the young fold mountains in the world, extending from Pamir Knot in Tajikistan to the east. It is a major mountain system of the Asian continent. In India, it extends from Jammu and Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh. The Himalayas is not a single mountain range but there are many parallel ranges in the system. The southernmost is known as Siwaliks, the youngest range. Next to Siwaliks are Lesser Himalayas, Greater Himalayas (Himadri) and Trans Himalayan range from south to north. These ranges are young to old respectively. These mountain ranges are also divided into Western Himalayas (or Kashmir Himalayas), Central Himalayas (or Kumaun Himalayas), and Eastern Himalayas (or Assam Himalayas).

The Coastal Plains:

They are divided into eastern and western coastal plains. The eastern coast borders the Bay of Bengal. It has formed as a result of the depositional work of rivers. The east-flowing rivers from all parts of the country empty in the Bay of Bengal on the east coast. Since the slope of the land is gentle, rivers flow at lower velocities and deposit the sediments brought with them at the coast. As a result, deltas are found along this coast. It is therefore difficult for ships to reach the East coast thus indicating less likely conditions favourable for the establishment of natural ports.

The North Indian Plains:

The North Indian Plains are divided into two parts. The part lying to the east of the Aravalis in the basin of the river Ganga and is therefore known as the Ganga Plains. It slopes eastward. The western part of the North Indian Plains is occupied by desert, known as the Thar Desert or Marusthali. Most of Rajasthan is occupied by this desert.

The plains of Punjab lie to the north of the Thar desert. This region is spread to the west of Aravalis and Delhi ranges which have formed as a result of the depositional work by river Sutlej and its tributaries. The slope of the plains is towards the west.



Attempt Any Two

Give geographical reason.

Population is an important resource.


SOLUTION

Population is an important resource as it is the human resources that ultimately affect the progress of a country.

Its qualitative aspects like literacy and life expectancy contribute to the economic and social progress of a nation.

More educated the population, more is the skill supply which will be used by industries to manufacture products.

Apart from that, it will lead to more development of technology. This will eventually contribute to the economic prosperity of the country.


Availability of water is a major factor affecting settlements.


SOLUTION

Human settlements are organised and structured human habitation in different regions.

The concentration of settlement depends upon many important factors like the availability of water, natural resources, climatic conditions and the type of region.

Even though the nature of the region and the climatic conditions also influence the concentration of settlement, the availability of clean water is the most important determinant.

Because of this reason, we can find most of the ancient human habitations in the banks of the rivers. Indraprastha, Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, and Varanasi are some examples of such settlements.
Thus the availability of water is the most important determinant of the concentration of human settlement.



Eco-tourism is being developed more in Brazil.


SOLUTION

Ecotourism is the tourist activities mainly engaged towards the inherent natural environment to support preservation and conservation of the exquisite flora and fauna.

Ecotourism is being developed more in Brazil because of its richness in natural resources.

The Amazon River basin and the impenetrable forests, widespread beaches and bays in the coast, attractive islands and the innumerable species of flora and fauna makes Brazil an attractive tourist destination.

Because of the abundance of natural resources in the country, ecotourism is also being promoted with the participation of local people.



The waterways are not developed in Brazil.


SOLUTION

Most of the rivers in Brazil have a huge discharge.

Most rivers in Brazil have high discharge rates.

Rivers in Brazil have highlands. As a result, these regions have become remote. Therefore, waterways have not been developed in Brazil.



With the help of given statistical data prepare a simple bar graph and answer the following questions:

India – Trend of Urbanisation (1961-2011)

Year 

Percentage of Urban Population

1961 

18.0

1971 

18.2

1981

23.3

1991

25.7

2001

27.8

2011

31.2

(1) What is the interval of the data?

(2) Which decade shows slow rate of urbanisation?

(3) Which decade shows high rate of urbanisation?


SOLUTION

Geography Model Set 2021-2022 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

(1) Interval of data is 1961-2011

(2) 1961-1971

(3) 2001-2011


Study the graphs given in fig and answer the following questions.

(I)  In which month is the highest temperature found in all the four cities?

(ii)  In which month does it rain the most in the given cities?

(iii)  When does Brazil have its rainy season?

(iv)  Which city has the maximum range of temperature? How much is it?

(v) What type of climate will be found in Rio De Janeiro?

Geography Model Set 2021-2022 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

SOLUTION

(i) The highest temperature in:

Manaus: August-October

Belem: June- December

Porto Alegre: January- February

Rio de Janeiro: February

(ii) The highest rainfall in:

Manaus: March

Belem: March

Porto Alegre: August- September

Rio de Janeiro: January, February, December

(iii) Brazil has its rainy season during the months of December to April.

(iv) Porto Alegre has the highest range of temperature, ranging from 30 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit.

(v) Rio de Janeiro has a tropical savannah climate.


Answer in detail (Attempt Any Two)


Answer the following in detail.

Explain with examples how field visits increase geographical knowledge.


SOLUTION

Fieldwork is important because:-


It is of great pedagogical importance as it lets students experience the geography of a particular region which theoretical texts can't do.


Field surveys enhance our understanding about patterns and spatial distributions, their associations and relationships at the local level.


Field surveys facilitate the collection of local level information that is not available through secondary sources.


It is very important as it helps to gather required information so as the problems under investigation are studied in depth as per the predefined objectives.


Field studies enable the investigator to comprehend the situation and processes in totality and at the place of their occurrence.


All the geographical skills are used in practical during field work. You get to learn and apply the skills of sampling, data collection, data processing, making questionnaires, map making, statistical techniques to derive results, observational skills and skills of interviewing etc.


It helps you understand the theoretical concepts better.


It gives you a chance to enjoy a wide variety of environments and landscapes.


Develops an understanding and sensitivity about the culture and people of field area. This may change your biased views about that community.


And most importantly, it is enjoyable and gives you a great memorable experience.



What problems did Brazil and India face after independence?


SOLUTION 1

Brazil gained its independence in 1822 from Portuguese. But it was under the populist military government after independence and also faced global financial difficulties. There was an issue of maintaining unity within the nation. Apart from that, it faced many problems due to the large size of the country. It was difficult to provide facilities to the deepest parts as the Amazon Jungle, central plateau or the northeast desert. Slavery was a big issue for all American countries. Slaves were an intrinsic part of Brazil, but they had many costs, this kind of economy structure made it harder for the country to develop.

India had a major issue of communal violence due to a partition on the basis of religion. There was widespread bloodshed on both sides. Resettlement of the displaced people was a big issue. There was a need to focus on agriculture which was completely exploited by the Britishers. Apart from this, India too faced the issue of maintaining unity among different states and among people of different faiths.


SOLUTION 2

India and Brazil are two resourceful countries that were ruled by foreign governments for a long time.

Upon winning independence, the countries suffered from problems.

They are,

They did not know how to operate and govern themselves as most of the government officials were immigrants. The native people knew very less about it.

The crime rate also increased due to the mismanagement of the power and resources

Corruption came into play and the officials became money motivated.

The countries also suffered from unemployment because the resources were not managed properly.


Tell whether settlements shown in images (a) and (b) are urban or rural.

(a)

Geography Model Set 2021-2022 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

(b)

Geography Model Set 2021-2022 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

SOLUTION

The settlements depicted in both images are rural settlements. Both the areas are depicted as having no proper facilities, building or the skyscrapers of the cities. Both of them are even devoid of proper road facilities.

The area is shown in figure.

(a) is a very interior deserted area. There are no signs of human habitation in the area. The area is shown in figure.

(b) has a small patch of greenery in the vicinity. There are few settlements in the area, most of them are very scattered. Thus the areas depicted are rural areas that are away from the main cities.


Balbharati Solutions for Social Science Geography 10th Standard SSC Maharashtra State Board

Geography 2020-2021 SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam Question Paper Solution.

Model Set 1

Model Set 2

Model Set 3

Model Set 4

Model Set 5

Balbharati Solutions for Social Science Geography 10th Standard SSC Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 1: Field Visit

Chapter 2: Location and Extent

Chapter 3: Physiography and Drainage

Chapter 4: Climate

Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Chapter 6: Population

Chapter 7: Human Settlements

Chapter 8: Economy and Occupations

Chapter 9: Tourism, Transport and Communication

PDF FILE TO YOUR EMAIL IMMEDIATELY PURCHASE NOTES & PAPER SOLUTION. @ Rs. 50/- each (GST extra)

HINDI ENTIRE PAPER SOLUTION

MARATHI PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC ENGLISH PAPER SOLUTION

SSC & HSC ENGLISH WRITING SKILL

HSC ACCOUNTS NOTES

HSC OCM NOTES

HSC ECONOMICS NOTES

HSC SECRETARIAL PRACTICE NOTES

2019 Board Paper Solution

HSC ENGLISH SET A 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET B 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET C 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET D 2019 21st February, 2019

SECRETARIAL PRACTICE (S.P) 2019 25th February, 2019

HSC XII PHYSICS 2019 25th February, 2019

CHEMISTRY XII HSC SOLUTION 27th, February, 2019

OCM PAPER SOLUTION 2019 27th, February, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION COMMERCE, 2nd March, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION SCIENCE 2nd, March, 2019

SSC ENGLISH STD 10 5TH MARCH, 2019.

HSC XII ACCOUNTS 2019 6th March, 2019

HSC XII BIOLOGY 2019 6TH March, 2019

HSC XII ECONOMICS 9Th March 2019

SSC Maths I March 2019 Solution 10th Standard11th, March, 2019

SSC MATHS II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD.13th March, 2019

SSC SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 15th March, 2019.


SSC SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 18th March, 2019.

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION20th March, 2019

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION, 22nd March, 2019

XII CBSE - BOARD - MARCH - 2019 ENGLISH - QP + SOLUTIONS, 2nd March, 2019

HSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 12th English Medium)

HSC ECONOMICS MARCH 2020

HSC OCM MARCH 2020

HSC ACCOUNTS MARCH 2020

HSC S.P. MARCH 2020

HSC ENGLISH MARCH 2020

HSC HINDI MARCH 2020

HSC MARATHI MARCH 2020

HSC MATHS MARCH 2020

SSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 10th English Medium)

English MARCH 2020

HindI MARCH 2020

Hindi (Composite) MARCH 2020

Marathi MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 2) MARCH 2020

Sanskrit MARCH 2020

Sanskrit (Composite) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 2)

Geography Model Set 1 2020-2021

MUST REMEMBER THINGS on the day of Exam

Are you prepared? for English Grammar in Board Exam.

Paper Presentation In Board Exam

How to Score Good Marks in SSC Board Exams

Tips To Score More Than 90% Marks In 12th Board Exam

How to write English exams?

How to prepare for board exam when less time is left

How to memorise what you learn for board exam

No. 1 Simple Hack, you can try out, in preparing for Board Exam

How to Study for CBSE Class 10 Board Exams Subject Wise Tips?

JEE Main 2020 Registration Process – Exam Pattern & Important Dates


NEET UG 2020 Registration Process Exam Pattern & Important Dates

How can One Prepare for two Competitive Exams at the same time?

8 Proven Tips to Handle Anxiety before Exams!

BUY FROM PLAY STORE

DOWNLOAD OUR APP

HOW TO PURCHASE OUR NOTES?

S.P. Important Questions For Board Exam 2021

O.C.M. Important Questions for Board Exam. 2021

Economics Important Questions for Board Exam 2021

Chemistry Important Question Bank for board exam 2021

Physics – Section I- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC Examination

Physics – Section II – Science- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC 2021 Examination