Chapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow Balbharati Solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board

2.4 Have you earned your tomorrow

Title: Have you earned your tomorrow


1) The title is a verbal question to the readers to rethink the treatment that they are giving to others. It gives hint that we must help people around us. It confirms our bright future.


2) The title tells us ‘as you sow, so you shall reap’. As per the law of Newton what we give to others, it comes back forcefully to us. If we do good in present or in past, it will surely make our tomorrow (future) bright.


3) Today's good investment is tomorrow's gain. We should work honestly for better future.


4) It doesn't matter who you are or where you come from.  Your good actions in the present will always be responsible to lead a good life ahead.


5) The poet is making aware us our duties and responsibilities to gain our fruitful future. Investing something good today means earning everything tomorrow.

About Poet


Edgar Albert Guest was a British-born American poet who was popular in the first half of the 20th century and became known as the People's Poet. His poems often had an inspirational and optimistic view of everyday life. Edgar Guest began his career at the Detroit Free Press in 1895, where he first worked as a copyboy. He was soon promoted to police writer and later to exchange editor. In 1904 he began writing verse for the Free Press under the heading "Chaff." 

About the poem:


‘Have you earned your tomorrow’ is an inspirational poem. In this poem, the speaker is asking the readers whether they have done anything to improve the life of another human being or not. It is up to you whether you will have a better future or not. Therefore, one should consider one’s actions and deeds carefully and plan accordingly for a better future.


Ice Breakers


A) Give different ways to help others.


1) To give financial help to the poor.


2) To donate blood.


3) To give company to lonely persons.


4) To give carrier guidance to the needy persons.


5) To give help in study to younger siblings.


6) To help the blind persons to cross the road.


7) To give seat to the handicapped persons in the public transport.


8) To join the social welfare organizations.


9) To take part in a charity run.


10) To comfort someone in grief.


11) To give food for a homeless person.


12) To do household chores.


B) Write different idioms / proverbs related to word ‘tomorrow’. 


1) Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.


2) Tomorrow belongs to the people who prepare for it today.


3) Nobody is too young to die tomorrow.       


4) Tomorrow never comes.


5) Tomorrow is often the busiest day of the week. 


6) Who has ever seen tomorrow?


7) Say what you have to say, tomorrow. 


8) The rich man plans for tomorrow, the poor man for today.


9) The lazier a man is, the more he plans to do tomorrow. 


10) Fools look to tomorrow; wise men use tonight.


11) Never put off to tomorrow what you can do today.


12) Give me wool and tomorrow you will have a sheep. 


C) When you make your future plans you think of -


1) Career


2) Expectations of the family members           


3) Job opportunities          


4) Social status   


5) Financial condition


6) Chances for development


7) Learning


8) Success  in the plan


D) ‘Plan your tomorrow’ by completing the table given below. 


Examination

College Function

Function at your home

Making a time table 

Preparing the list of duties

Cleaning the house

Concentrating on important topics 

Choice of programmes

Give invitations to guests

Revision

Participation in various activities

Help to family members


New words and their meanings


Toiling time- time spent in hard physical work.


Through - over


Utter (v)- speak.


Utter(adj)- complete, absolute, total 


Cheerful- gay, happy, merry


Greeting- polite words or sign of welcome.


Came along-arrived, accompanied someone.


Churlish-rude, i'll mannered.


Howdy- an informal friendly greeting, (How are you?)


Vanish- disappear


Throng- a large crowd 


Rushed (v)-moved with urgent haste,ran towards something in hurry


Rushed(n)-sudden quick movement towards something.


Mighty- gigantic, vast, strong, powerful.


Deed- doing


Part(ing) with- to give up, let go


Slipping fast- going or moving quickly, sliding, here getting over 


Rejoice-joy, glee, thrill, mirth


Fading- gradually growing faint, disappearing, here losing hope


Courage- bravery


Sorely- extremely hard, painfully, mortally


Trail(n)-a mark or a series of signs or objects left behind by the passage of someone.


Trail(v)-leave behind


Scar- scratch, wound


Discontent- dissatisfaction


Slumber-sleep


Earned- rewarded, deserved to live for one more day


Figures of speech:


1) Is anybody happier because you passed his way?

Interrogation – A question is asked for emphasis.

Alliteration – The sound of letter of letter ‘h’ is repeated.


2) Does anyone remember that you spoke to him today?

Interrogation – A question is asked for emphasis.

Alliteration – The sound of letter ‘t’ is repeated.


3) This day is almost over, and its toiling time is through.

Alliteration – The sound of letter ‘t’ is repeated.


4) Is there anyone to utter now a kindly word of you? 

Interrogation – A question is asked for emphasis.

Inversion – The word order is changed.


5)  Did you give a cheerful greeting to the friend who came along?

Interrogation – A question is asked for emphasis.

Alliteration – The sound of letter ‘g’ is repeated.


6) Or a churlish sort of “Howdy" and then vanish in the throng?

Interrogation – A question is asked for emphasis.


7) Were you selfish pure and simple as you rushed along the way.

Alliteration – The sound of letters ‘s’ and ‘w’ are repeated.

Oxymoron – ‘Selfish pure’ opposite words are placed together.

Paradox –‘selfish pure and simple’ the expression seems meaningless.


8) Or is someone mighty grateful for a deed you did today?

Alliteration – The sound of letter ‘d’ repeated.

Interrogation – A question is asked for emphasis..


9) Is a single heart rejoicing over what you did or said.

Alliteration – The sound of letter ‘s’ repeated.

Synecdoche – The part (heart) refers to a whole (a person).  


10) Does a man whose hopes were fading now with courage look ahead?

Interrogation – A question is asked for emphasis.


.


Chapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow


Complete the following web.

Chapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow Balbharati Solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board


SOLUTION: 

Care for the elderly

Plant saplings to benefit the whole community

Help our a friend/relative

Provide financial aid to the needy


Discuss with your partner about the different idioms/proverbs related to word ‘tomorrow’. One is done for you

Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.

________________________

________________________

________________________

 

SOLUTION:

Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today.

Tomorrow belongs to people who prepare for it today.

Every tomorrow is an outcome of what I do today, and the beauty of it all is that today is happening all the time.

The best preparation for tomorrow is doing your best today.

Seize the day, and put the least possible trust in tomorrow.


When you make your future plans you think of:

Career

___________

___________

___________

 

SOLUTION:

Career

Education

Travel

Money


‘Plan your tomorrow’ by completing the table given below. One is done for you.

Examination

College Function

Function at your home

 

Preparing the list of duties

Cleaning the house

 

 

 

Revision

 

 


 

SOLUTION:



Examination

College Function

Function at your home

Focusing on the difficult concepts

Preparing the list of duties

Cleaning the house

Making a list of all the important questions

Finalising the budget for the function

Putting up the decorations

Revision

Assigning the duties to the various teams and ensuring that they are carried out

Arranging for food and beverages for the guests and planning some fn activities for the gathering


Discuss with your friend how she/he spent the whole day that was beneficial for others.

_____________

_____________

______________

 

SOLUTION:

Do it yourself.


‘was it well or sorely spent’? Explain the meaning and give illustrations.

 

SOLUTION:


This is one of the interrogative statements that the poet uses to ask the reader whether he has lived his life well for the day, or whether he has wasted the day by spending it bitterly. In the light of the poem, a well-spent day is one when we make others happy, when we are remembered by someone when someone says a few kinds words about us when we greet others cheerfully when our deeds make others feel grateful when we help even a single person out of the many that we meet when even a single heart rejoices because of us, and when we instil courage in someone who is losing hope. On the other hand, a day is sorely spent when we don’t even greet a friend properly as we go on about our day, or when we are purely selfish in our rush to get to the next task, thus ignoring the needs of others around us. It is the way we spend our day that decides whether we have earned our tomorrow or not. If we have helped even one person to minimize his problems, we have earned ourselves a good future. However, a day spent serving only the self, might not earn us our tomorrow.



‘As you close your eyes in slumber do you think that God would say, You have earned one more tomorrow by the work you did today?’

Elaborate the idea expressed in these lines.

 

SOLUTION:


These lines mean that at the end of the day, we should know it in our heart that we have made a difference in someone else’s life by helping them out or by just making them happy. Once we know that we have genuinely contributed positively to other people’s lives, will we be able to hear God’s voice telling us that we have earned our tomorrow because of the good deeds that we did today.


The poet suggests that one should do good to others. Complete the table by giving examples of doing good to following people.

Family members

Friends

Neighbours

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

SOLUTION:

 

Family members

Friends

Neighbours

Be loving towards them

Be supportive

Be helpful and polite

Participate in solving issues concerning the family

Be honest and loyal

Be respectful


Pick out the describing words from the poem and add a noun of your own. One is done for you.

Toiling (time)

Toiling (day)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOLUTION:


Describing Word with Noun

Describing Word with New Noun

Toiling (time)

Toiling (day)

kindly (word)

kindly (neighbour)

cheerful (greeting)

cheerful (smile)

churlish (Howdy)

churlish (remark)

single (brother/heart)

single (ticket)



Match the words given in column A with their meaning in column B.

Column A

Column B

1. Cheerful

a. With feeling of disappointment

2. Selfish

b. Lack of satisfaction

3. Sorely

c. Happy

4. Discontent

d. Concerned with one’s own pleasure



SOLUTION:


Column A

Answers

1. Cheerful

c. Happy

2. Selfish

d. Concerned with one’s own pleasure

3. Sorely

a. With a feeling of disappointment

4. Discontent

b. Lack of satisfaction



There are a few examples of homonyms in the poem. For example ‘spoke’. List homonyms from the poem and give their meanings.


SOLUTION:


Word

Meaning


1.

passed (v)

cleared, as in a test

passed (v)

went past

2.

through (adv)

from one side to the other

through (adj)

finished

3. 

trail (n)

a path

trail (n)

a series of visible marks or invisible signs left by someone or something

4.

waste (v)

to not make good use of

waist (n)

a part of human body

5.

lose (v)

to miss or to not take full advantage of

loose (adj)

(of clothes) baggy; not tight or firmly fixed

6.

would (v)

past tense of ‘will’

wood (n)

the fibrous material that forms the branches and trunks of the trees

7.

utter (v)

to say something

utter (adj)

sheer; thorough; complete


Find out expressions/phrases which denote, ‘going away’, from each stanza. One is given below. “Vanish in the throng”.


SOLUTION:

Stanza 1 – passed his way

Stanza 2 – rushed along

Stanza 3 – parting with, slipping fast, passed

Stanza 4 – leave a trail


The poet has used different poetic devices like Alliteration and Interrogation in the poem. Identify them and pick out the lines.

Poetic Device

Lines

(a) Alliteration

 

(b) Interrogation

 


SOLUTION:


Poetic Device - Alliteration

Alliteration (a poetic device where words beginning with consonant sounds repeated for poetic effect)

Lines:

1. This day is almost over, and its toiling time is through;

2. and then vanish in the throng

3. Were you selfish pure and simple as you rushed along the way,

4. deed you did

5. Can you say tonight, in parting with the days that’s slipping fast,

6. Is a single heart rejoicing over what you did or said;

7. Did you waste the day, or lose it, was it well or sorely spent?

 

Poetic Device - Interrogation

Interrogation (a poetic device where the poet asks a question, not to obtain an answer, but to emphasise a point)

Lines:

1. Is anybody happier because you passed his way?

2. Does anyone remember that you spoke to him today?

3. Is there anyone to utter now a kindly word of you?

4. Did you give a cheerful greeting to the friend who came along?

5. Or a churlish sort of “Howdy” and then vanish in the throng?

6. Or is someone mighty grateful for a deed you did today?

7. Can you say tonight, in parting with the days that’s slipping fast, That you helped a single brother of the many that you passed?

8. Does a man whose hopes were fading now with courage look ahead?

9. Does a man whose hopes were fading now with courage look ahead?

10. Did you leave a trail of kindness or a scar of discontent?

11. As you close your eyes in slumber do you think that God would say, You have earned one more tomorrow by the work you did today?

 

The rhyme scheme of the first stanza is ‘aabb’. Find the rhyme scheme of other stanzas


SOLUTION:

Stanza 2 - ccaa

Stanza 3 -  ddee

Stanza 4 -  ffaa




Write an appreciation of the poem considering the following points.

About the poem/poet and the title

The theme

Poetic style

The language/poetic devices used in the poem

Special features

message, values, morals in the poem

Your opinion about the poem


SOLUTION:


Appreciation of the poem

‘Have You Earned Your Tomorrow’

‘Have You Earned Your Tomorrow’ by Edgar Guest is an inspirational poem written in rhyming couplets and contains four quatrains (four stanzas of four lines each). The theme or the central idea of the poem is the importance of living each day by being kind and helpful towards others and by making small contributions to improve their lives; as the good deeds done by us today will earn us our tomorrow. It is set to a rhyme scheme of ‘aabbccaaddeeffaa’. The language of the poem is simple and straightforward, which leaves no room for subjectivity. The use of rhetoric questions by the poet, to convey his ideas and inspire the readers, add gravity to the poem and make a unique literary impact. The poet employs a number of poetic devices in the poem like Alliteration, Antithesis, Consonance, Interrogation, Inversion, Metaphor, Personification, Repetition, Synecdoche, Tautology and Transferred Epithet. The most prominent figure of speech used throughout the poem is Interrogation, wherein the poet asks simple questions to the reader about how he/she treats the people he comes across in his/her life. All these poetic devices serve to impart an earthy sense to the verse and hence enhance its poetic appeal. The tone and type of the poem are inspirational and didactic as the poet tries to urge the readers to be good towards others. A special feature of the poem is the use of visual imagery in “vanish in the throng”, “rushed along the way”, “slipping fast” and “close your eyes in slumber”, which add to the overall appeal of the poem. The other special features are the interrogative lines in which the poem has been written and the repetitive sounds of “ay” in the first, second and fourth stanzas, which add an element of unification in the poem. The message being conveyed by the poem is that even the smallest good deed on one’s part is enough to guarantee a better tomorrow for oneself. In my opinion, this poem was a brilliant effort by the poet to prod the readers into questioning their own goodness and help others in any way possible; thereby earning themselves a well-deserved future.




Prepare a mind map on ‘How to plan a goal for tomorrow’ or ‘My future goal’. Take the help of points given in ‘Writing Skills Section’ for preparing a mind map.


SOLUTION:

The future is uncertain for each one of us. The least we can do, though, is plan for the best yet be prepared for any outcome. We can have a road map which we apply to all walks of life, so that we have a plan that moves us closer toward our desired milestones.

A Mind Map on ‘How to Plan a Goal for Tomorrow’ or ‘My Future Goal’

 

Chapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow Balbharati Solutions for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board




Write a set of 8 to 10 interview questions to be asked to a social worker. Take the help of the following points.

Childhood

Education

Service

Difficulties

Future plans

Achievements

Message

SOLUTION:


Good Afternoon, Miss Pooja Joshi. I, Miss Minali Chopra, welcome you on behalf of our college. We would like to get to know you better, so let me begin the interview.

1. Where did you spend your childhood years? Tell us about any fond memories or incidents of that time.

2. Help us understand your academic background. What subjects did you study in college? What was the course like and what were your major subjects?

3. Also, what has been the impact of your academic experiences in your life so far?

4. Help us understand if getting into the social sector was a planned move or did it happen due to some trigger, later in life?

5. What is the cause that you work for?

6. Why is this cause close to your heart?

7. There are many constraints with regard to working in the social sector. Can you share few of the most pressing challenges during a normal day?

8. How do you plan to work towards achieving these milestones for your cause?

9. If you had to leave us with a message, what would that be?

It was a real pleasure speaking with you, Miss Joshi. Thank you for your time.




Compose 4-6 lines on your own on ‘Good deeds’.

SOLUTION:

Good Deeds

That I shall reach out to my brother in need,

To the one without nothing to hold but a reed,

Shun I shall all the material greed,

My bit of humanity I will seed,

In emancipating him, I must take the lead.




Find out different career opportunities in the field of social work.

SOLUTION:


The field of social work is quite extensive and spans multiple career opportunities. Depending upon one’s qualification, career goals, and the type of people one wants to work for, one can choose an area of specialization in the field of social work:

1. Mental Health Counsellors

2. Social and Community Service Managers

3. Psychologists

4. Teachers

5. Sociologists

6. Labour Welfare Specialist

7. Criminology Specialist

8. Corporate Social Responsibility Specialist

9. Human Rights Specialist

10. Administrative roles in old age homes and orphanages.

 

Collect information of the NGOs working for the underprivileged section of the society.

SOLUTION:


Name

Category

Headquarters

1. Akshaya Patra Foundation

Children

Bangalore

2. Butterflies India

Children, Human Rights

New Delhi

3. Child Rights and You (CRY)

Children, Human Rights

Mumbai

4. Pathway India

Children, Disabled, Education

Mumbai

5. Meer Foundation

Women empowerment, Children

Mumbai

6. GiveIndia

Humanitarian Aid

Bangalore

7. Goonj

Community Development Humanitarian Aids

New Delhi

8. HelpAge India

Community Development, Elderly

New Delhi

9. Katha

Children, Education

Chennai

10. Maher

Children, Women

Pune


.

hapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow Balbharati Solutions

hapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow Balbharati Solutions

hapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow Balbharati Solutions

hapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow Balbharati Solutions

hapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow Balbharati Solutions

hapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow Balbharati Solutions



HSC ENGLISH MARCH 2020 SET A BOARD PAPER WITH SOLUTION

 

GRAMMAR

 

English Yuvakbharati Latest Syllabus Solution. 

 

SECTION ONE (Prose)

 

Chapter 1.1: An Astrologer’s Day

 

Chapter 1.2: On Saying “Please”

 

Chapter 1.3: The Cop and the Anthem

 

Chapter 1.4: Big Data-Big Insights

 

Chapter 1.5: The New Dress

 

Chapter 1.6: Into the Wild

 

Chapter 1.7: Why we Travel

 

Chapter 1.8: Voyaging Towards Excellence

 

SECTION TWO (Poetry)

 

Chapter 2.1: Song of the Open Road

 

Chapter 2.2: Indian Weavers

 

Chapter 2.3: The Inchcape Rock

 

Chapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow

 

Chapter 2.5: Father Returning Home

 

Chapter 2.6: Money

 

Chapter 2.7: She Walks in Beauty

 

Chapter 2.8: Small Towns and Rivers

 

SECTION THREE (Writing Skills) 

Chapter 3.1: Summary Writing

 

Chapter 3.2: Do Schools Really Kill Creativity? (Mind-Mapping)

 

Chapter 3.3: Note–Making

 

Chapter 3.4: Statement of Purpose

 

Chapter 3.5: Drafting a Virtual Message

 

Chapter 3.6: Group Discussion

 

SECTION FOUR (Genre-Drama)

 

Chapter 4: History of Novel

 

Chapter 4: To Sir, with Love

 

Chapter 4: Around the World in Eighty Days

 

Chapter 4: The Sign of Four

 

ENGLISH PAST BOARD PAPERS UPTO DATE

 

MARCH 2014, OCTOBER 2014, MARCH 2015, JULY 2015, MARCH 2016 SET A, MARCH 2016 SET B, MARCH 2016 SET C, MARCH 2016 SET D, JULY 2016 SET A,  JULY 2016 SET B, JULY 2016 SET C, JULY 2016 SET D,  MARCH 2017 SET A, MARCH 2017 SET B, MARCH 2017 SET C, MARCH 2017 SET D,  JULY 2017 SET A, MARCH 2018 SET A,  MARCH 2018 SET B,  MARCH 2018 SET C,  MARCH 2018 SET D. MARCH 2019 SET A, MARCH 2019 SET B, MARCH 2019 SET C, MARCH 2019 SET D, MARCH 2020.


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