An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

1.1 An Astrologer’s Day

The title of the text: 


1) 'An astrologer's Day' arouses curiosity as something might have taken place on a particular day. It attracts the readers to go through the text. 


2) 'An astrologer's Day' - Here ‘a day’ is a specific day in life that can be a turning point of somebody's life. The title is very interesting and creates curiosity in the mind of the readers. The writer extended the word with a particular purpose as it was used by Churchill... 'Everyone has his day'.


3)  The title creates curiosity in the mind of the reader about astrology and astrologer’s life. It also creates interest in reading to find out what is that particular day of the astrologer in the story.


Ice Breakers:


1) Complete the activity.  What are your strengths?


Strengths

Why do you feel so?

Dream career

painting and drawing

can visualise, express

commercial artist, cartoonist

dancing

passion, expression

choreographer, artist

singing

voice modulation

Singer

music

passion for musical instruments or  to get peace and relaxation

music composer / Musician

acting

enacting as per situations

actor

making various kinds of dishes

love to make food

chef

ask questions

can raise critical issues

News anchor, Journalist

write stories

can arrange different ideas and events

Writer

persuade

can convince anyone

salesman/ businessman

weaving and sewing

can design clothes

dress designer




2) The scene in a local market of a village/town/city is very attractive. People with different occupations sell their wares. Give the variety of activities at the local market.


1. selling flowers, selling groceries.       


2. selling sweets, namkeens, bangles, artificial jewelries, homemade medicines, fruits, vegetables, home utensils, beauty products, clothes etc.


3. bantering, bargaining, discussing, joking, shouting  etc.  


4. transport of goods and other products.


5. movement of persons and hand carts, 


6. use of different dialects or languages. 



3) In a village /town /city it is quite a common sight to see an astrologer sitting by the roadside with his professional equipment.

Give a list the requirements for his trade.


1) parrot, cards etc. 


2) cowrie shell, obscure things, clothes ,mala, beads, flowers etc


3) lemon, green chillies, sindoor, books, photos of deity, wand, etc.


4) Panchang, mystic charts, palmyra writing,  stick, mat, etc.

          


4) There are certain unreasonable beliefs among people living in our society. Certain common events are linked with superstitions. 

List such events, discuss the superstitions linked with them and the means of their eradication.


1) A cat crossing your path


2) To cut the nails at night.


3) To see the women carrying empty pitchers.


4) To scratch the left hand.


5) To kill the cat.


6) To take salt on the palm.


7) To sit on the threshold.


8) To blow the burning diya.(oil lamp)


9) To touch the trees at night.


10) To remove the foot wears in front of the door.


11) To hear the claws of a crow.


12) To blink the left eye.


13) Howling of dog.


14) Boiled milk overflowing from the vessel.


15) Belief in supernatural powers.


16) Sacrifice of animals toward evil.


17) Marriage of animals to ward off drought and bring rain.


18) Hang lemon and chillies.


19) Hang black doll on the door.


20) Seeing owl on the way.


21) Donating amount in figure of 11, 21, 51 and so on.


22) Breaking of mirror brings bad luck.


23) Sweeping of home at night.


24) Painting black spot to the infant.



Means to eradicate the superstitions:


1. By keeping a scientific attitude.


2. Finding rationale behind them.


3. By exposing their falsehood.


4. By creating a social awareness drive.


5. Through literacy campaigns


6. Through stage shows, films, songs, plays and TV programmes.


7. Taking help from local NGOs.


8. Organising Workshops, seminars and scientific forums at school and 

colleges.


9. By Scientific thinking


10. By doing practical analysis



11. By doing tie up with organisation that exposes the truth through analytical thinking. 



Guess the meaning:


1) pies - a former monetary unit of India and Pakistan equal to 1/12 of an anna


2) tilting - move or causing to move in sloping position 


3) bluffing - trying to deceive someone as to someone's abilities or intentions 


4) glimpse - a momentary or partial view


5) passer-by - a person who happens to be going past something, especially on foot 


6) peep - look quickly and furtively at something especially through a narrow opening 


7) overwhelmed - overpowered or have strong emotional effect on


8) groaned- made a deep, inarticulate sound conveying despair or pain


9) surging – (crowd) moving suddenly and powerfully forward 


10) cosmos - coloured flowers and pinnate leaves (Mexican herb)


11) dahlia - name of a flower plant (a tuberous-rooted Mexican plant of the daisy family, which is cultivated for its brightly coloured single or double flowers.)


12) din - a loud,  unpleasant and prolonged noise 


13) transacted - carried out  or conducted (business dealings)


14) careworn - tired or unhappy because of prolonged worry 


15) gasped - panted, catch one's breath with an open mouth, owing to pain or astonishment.


Brainstorming activities:


(A1) 


(i) Given below are some descriptions. Discuss them with your partner and find out one word for each of them. An example is given for you.


(a) The scientific study of the universe and the objects in it, including stars, planets, nebulae and galaxies

- Astronomy


(b) The study of the movements of the planets, Sun, Moon, and Stars in the belief that these movements can have an influence on people's lives

- Astrology or (Cosmology or Astrophysics) 


(c) A prediction of what will happen in the future.

- Prophecy


(d) Scientific discipline that studies mental states and processes and behaviour in humans and other animals.

- Psychology


(ii) In the story we are told that the Town Hall Park was a remarkable place in many ways for an astrologer to build his business. List the exceptional qualities of the place.


a) A surging crowd      


b) A variety of trades and occupations.


c) An auctioneer of cheap cloth creating enough din to attract the whole town.


d) Shouting vendor of fried groundnut.


e) Shops did not have the benefit of municipal lighting. 


f) The place was lit up by shop lights.


g) Bewildering crisscross of light rays and moving shadows.



(iii) The astrologer never opened his mouth till the other had spoken for at least ten minutes. Discuss the reasons behind his act.


(a) He is good at reading the people.


b) The information given by people provided him enough stuff for a dozen answers and advices        


c) He got a chance to analyze the troubles of his customer.             


d) He worked on the policy those who hear a lot learn a lot.


e) He got a way to win the confidence of the customer.


f) He got enough time for searching answers and giving advice.


(A2) 


(i) The tactics used by the astrologer to earn his wages are...


a) Analysis of human troubles


b) A good presence of mind, experience and perception


c) Use of equipment and shrewdness. 

\

d) Comment on the customer's nature, affairs, efforts and fate.


e) Creation of fear in the mind of the customer. 


f) Use of general statements to endear the customers and win their hearts.


(ii) An astrologer's appearance helps to create an impression on his clients.Complete the following:


a) The turban on his head


b) Sacred ash and vermilion on forehead


c) Dark mustache covering his voice 


d) Sparkling eyes having gleam



(iii) Read the following sentences and choose the correct one.


(a) The astrologer says that if Nayak leaves his village again, he would -

(1) return the money

(2) face danger

(3) go back home and stop looking for the man who tried to kill him

(4) not find the killer.


Answer: face danger


(b) According to the narrator the astrologer's success in his profession is primarily due to -

(1) luck

(2) the bargains he drives

(3) his appearance

(4) his understanding of people.


Answer: his understanding of people.


(c) The story suggests that the astrologer's comments and observations please people by -

(1) promising them success and good fortune

(2) proving, as time passes, to have been true

(3) flattering them or supporting their own views

(4) helping them to learn to solve their own problems.   


Answer: flattering them or supporting their own views  


(d) Guru Nayak consults the astrologer because he wants to -

(1) understand the past

(2) find out who the astrologer is

(3) make some money through a bet

(4) get the answer to a specific question


Answer: get the answer to a specific question


(e) Guru Nayak is looking for the man who tried to kill him -

(1) to take revenge

(2) to get an apology

(3) to demand an explanation

(4) to prove that the man was unsuccessful.


Answer: to take revenge


(f) The astrologer's remark makes Guru Nayak feel all of the following except-

(1) relieved

(2) suspicious

(3) impressed

(4) disappointed.


Answer: suspicious


(g) Reactions of the astrologer's wife to his news suggest that she -

(1) was unaware of his past

(2) has been worried about his safety

(3) has known him since he was young

(4) is concerned about her future with him.


Answer: was unaware of his past


(iv) In the story, many Indian words are used.

'Cowrie shells'. This is an example of code-mixing.

Find out other such words from the story and write them down.


Examples of code – mixing:-

Raja's Delicacy, Bombay ice cream, Delhi Almond, three pies, eight annas, half annas, jutka drivers, lit a cheroot etc.


(iv) Read the following sentences and find out True and False sentences. Correct the False sentences.


(a) The astrologer gave a correct prediction to the client about his past that he was stabbed, thrown into a well and left for dead.- True


(b) When the astrologer came to know that the man whom he killed is alive he felt that he was relieved of his guilt. - True


(c) The astrologer tried to back out of the deal and talked about the client's past. – False (The astrologer demanded more money to tell about the client’s past)


(d) The astrologer rescued himself from Guru Nayak's revenge. - True


(e) The moral of the story is that we must be responsible about what we have done and should not run away from our mistakes. - True


(v) The astrologer has changed his appearance and his persona when he arrived in the city. Give specific reasons.


Answer: When astrologer was a silly youngster, he quarreled with Guru Nayak and tried to kill him in wrath. He thought that he had murdered Guru Nayak. So he left the village and settled in the distant city where no one was familiar with him. He changed his attire and also changed the complete appearance and persona so that no one could recognise him and his offence of killing Guru Nayak would not be revealed.


(vi)'The darkness load that was inside the astrologer has disappeared'. Through this sentence, explain the significance of the title 'An Astrologer's Day'.


Answer: An astrologer was living under the burden of thought that he had the blood of man on his hands all those days. But one day he saw a stranger before him. He identified Guru Nayak. When he saw Guru Nayak was alive, he became tension free. The day on which he was relieved from that load, was a special day for him. So that day is called An Astrologer's Day.


(vii)   The astrologer feels relieved that Guru is not dead as it relieves a great burden from him. Critically justify the statement and explain it.


Answer: An astrologer was living under the load of thought that he had murdered Guru Nayak. So he felt guilty. But one day when he saw Guru Nayak before him alive, he felt relieved from the burden of that thought that meant he was not dead.


(viii) The astrologer wins/gets the sympathy of criticism of the reader in the end. Express your opinion with the support of the main story.


Answer: The Astrologer gets the sympathy of the readers because he was guilty of his deed and wanted to get away from it. His smartness and the tricks of his trade had saved him from his past crime. He had accepted his mistake and already started living a new life. Acceptance of mistakes is a great quality which is difficult to find. His perception, presence of mind, self-confidence and shrewdness helped him to overcome the problem. He had learnt a lesson hence the astrologer got sympathy from the readers.


(ix) If we have to eradicate the superstitions and other ill practices from our society, what steps would you like to suggest?


Answer: I would like to suggest the following steps for eradicating the superstitions and other ill practices from our society.


a) To make the people aware of the things which are good and which are bad for our development and also for the development of our society.


b) To tell them about the ill effects of superstitions on our health.


c) To try to develop the scientific views of the people.


d) To make them aware how common persons are deceived under the names of blind beliefs by some so-called Sadhus.


e) To tell the people not to believe in unknown persons who come 

to your doorstep and ask you to make double the money or ornaments.


f) To take the help of the organizations who are working in the field of eradication of superstitions. These organizations will arrange programmes to show the ill impacts of superstitions.


g) To try to develop scientific thinking within common people through practical experiences.

etc.


(x) In the story, an astrologer has a great listening power. Listening helps in developing good relations with people. Express your opinion.


Answer: Yes, listening helps in developing good relations with people. 


a) If we listen carefully to what the person before us is telling, he / she will respect us.


b) If we listen to someone's agony, we can console him / her. It helps us to build good relationships.


c) Listening also helps us to sort out the misunderstanding.


d) Listening is a skill which helps one to communicate successfully.


e) If we don't listen to others and speak to the people all the time, they get bored and try to avoid us which affects the relationship.


f) A good listener is always alert and can judge things in the correct perspective. Such a person takes proper steps to maintain the relationship.


A3)


(i) In the story, the following characters reveal their qualities through words and actions. Pick out the words that describe them and write before the characters.



Astrologer

Guru Nayak

Astrologer's wife

(1) shrewd

manipulative

caring

(2)



(3)



(4)





Answer



(ii) Match the suffixes with the words and make nouns. One is done for you.


Word

suffix

noun

auction

able

auctioneer

enchant

ure


know

ment


prepare

eer


proceed

ance


appear

ledge


remark

tion



Answer:-


Word

suffix

noun

auction

able

auctioneer

enchant

ure

enchantment

know

ment

knowledge

prepare

eer

preparation

proceed

ance

procedure

appear

ledge

appearance

remark

tion

remarkable


iii) Astrologer's Day' has ironic elements where the astrologer pretends to have 'supernatural knowledge' that coincidently turns out to be the truth.


Irony means a situation or statement characterized by a significant difference between what is expected and what actually happens, or between what is understood and what is meant.


Find out the examples of irony from the story and write them down. One has been done for you.


a)He knew no more of what was going to happen to others than he knew what was going to happen to himself the next minute.


b)He had a working analysis of mankind's troubles.


c)Within five minutes he understood what was wrong.


d)Guru Nayak came to the astrologer for help in finding the man who nearly killed him--and the astrologer himself was the very man he was looking for but he couldn’t recognize him.


e)His forehead was resplendent with sacred ash and vermilion, and his eyes sparkled with a sharp abnormal gleam which was really an outcome of a continual searching look for customers, but which his simple clients took to be a prophetic light and felt comforted.


f)Nayak learnt that his attacker was dead. The astrologer learnt that he did not commit murder.


g)The very fact that such pious and sanctimoniously sacrosanct activities are carried out in busy market lanes where day to day businesses are carried out makes quite a few eyebrows to get raised and worry about the real underpinnings of these businesses.


(iv) In the story, many Indian words are used.

'Cowrie shells'. This is an example of code-mixing.

Find out other such words from the story and write them down.


Examples of code – mixing:-


Raja's Delicacy, Bombay ice cream, Delhi Almond, three pies, eight annas, half annas, jutka drivers, lit a cheeroot etc.



(v) There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully. One is done for you.


crowning achievement, To crown the effect, crown of thorns, crowning glory, to crown it all



e.g. To crown the effect, he wound a saffron-coloured turban around his head. 


(a) The works of Shakespeare are the ------------- of English drama.


(b) Amitabh has given us awesome movies throughout five decades. But his --------------------- is his performance in the movie 'Black'.


(c) In her pursuit of success, Radha has distanced herself from her family. Her fame has become real ------------------------------.


(d) They threw a wonderful party for me with costumes, games and ------------------------ my favourite kind of ice cream.


(e) Medical science has great inventions, but organ transplantation is definitely a ------------------- for human beings.


Answer:-


(a) The works of Shakespeare are the crowning glory of English drama.


(b) Amitabh has given us awesome movies throughout five decades. But his crowning achievement is his performance in the movie 'Black'.


(c) In her pursuit of success, Radha has distanced herself from her family. Her fame has become a real crown of thorns.


(d) They threw a wonderful party for me with costumes, games and to crown it all my favourite kind of ice cream.


(e) Medical science has great inventions, but organ transplantation is definitely a crowning achievement for human beings.


(A4)


(i) Word Usage


Use the words given in the brackets and rewrite the sentences.


(a)The power of his eyes was considerably enhanced. (enhancement)


(b)He had a working analysis of mankind’s troubles. (worked)


(c)He knew what was going to happen to himself next minute.(happening)


(d)If you find my answers satisfactory, will you give me five rupees? (satisfaction)


(e)He shook his head regretfully. (regret) 


(f) It was a bewildering crisscross of light rays. (bewildered)


(g)“I should have been dead if some passer-by had not chanced to peep into the well,” exclaimed the other, overwhelmed by enthusiasm. (enthusiastically)


(h)You tried to kill him. (killing)


(i)I will prepare some nice stuff for her. (preparation)


(j)The other groaned on hearing it. (heard)


Answer:-


(a)There was a considerable enhancement in the power of his eyes.


(b)He had worked out an analysis of mankind’s troubles.


(c)He knew what would be happening to himself next minute.


(d)If my answers give you satisfaction, will you give me five rupees?


(e)He shook his head with regret


(f) The crisscross of light rays bewildered.


(g)“I should have been dead if some passer-by had not chanced to peep into the well,” exclaimed the other, as he was enthusiastically overwhelmed.


(h)You tried killing him. 


(i)I will make a preparation of some nice stuff for her.


(j)The other groaned when he had heard it.



Textual Activities given in the margin:


1) If the astrologer had stayed in the village then he would have carried on

Ans- tilling the land, living, marrying and ripening in his cornfield and ancestral home.


2) The astrologer could understand the problem in five minutes. How?

Ans – The astrologer had a working analysis of mankind's troubles like marriage, money, and the tangles. Long practice of astrology had sharpened his perception. He was good at reading people. He won the confidence of the people after a talk with them. It is therefore within five minutes he could understand what was wrong with his customers.


3) How could the astrologer tell the person about his life?

Ans - The astrologer had a working analysis of mankind's troubles. Long practice of astrology had sharpened his perception. He had his own way to deal with his customers. He allowed his customers to talk first. He gave them ten minutes to speak which provided enough time for searching answers and giving advices to them. Even he could tell them about their nature, family tangles just by looking at their palms.


4) The man was left for dead because….

Ans - When the astrologer was young, he had a quarrel with Guru Nayak. He stabbed him with a Knife. He thought that he had killed him. He was afraid of it. As he didn’t want anyone to know it, he pushed him in the well and left him for dead.


5) What was the load on the astrologer’s mind?


Ans- When astrologer was a silly youngster, he quarreled with Guru Nayak and tried to kill him in wrath. He thought this act of killing or murdering Guru Nayak as the load on his mind.



Model Activity Sheet No.1


Q1. Read the following extract and complete the activities given below.  (12)

       Punctually (promptly) at midday, he opened his bag and spread out his professional equipment,(tools) which consisted of a dozen cowrie shells,(conch of small snell) a square piece of cloth with obscure(unclear) mystic(supernatural) charts on it, a notebook and a bundle of palmyra (tree) writing. His forehead was resplendent(splendid/Shinning) with sacred ash (residue) and vermilion (red colour/Sindur), and his eyes sparkled with a sharp abnormal gleam which was really an outcome of a continual searching look for customers, but which his simple clients took to be a prophetic (foresighted) light and felt comforted.(pleased)      

       The power of his eyes was considerably enhanced (improved) by their position—placed as they were between the painted forehead and the dark whiskers (mustache hairs) which streamed down (coursed down) his cheeks: even a half-wit's eyes would sparkle in such a setting. To crown (culminate/coronate/heighten/exalt) the effect he wound a saffron-colored; (orange-yellow colored) turban (cap/hat/Pagadi) around his head. This color scheme never failed. People were attracted to him as bees are attracted to cosmos or dahlia (flowers) stalk. (axis/shaft/shoot) He sat under the boughs (branch) of a spreading tamarind tree which flanked(boarder/side/line) a path running through the Town Hall Park.

       It was a remarkable place in many ways: a surging (rising/increasing) crowd was always moving up and down this narrow road morning till night. A variety of trades and occupations was represented all along its way: medicine-sellers, sellers of stolen hard ware and junk, magicians and, above all, an auctioneer of cheap cloth, who created enough din all day to attract the whole town.


A1. Web (2)


A2.  Describe (2)


Describe the market place as a centre of attraction for the sellers and the whole town.    

A3. Find out (2)

                                                                                                            

Find out any two instances of the appearance of the prophet mostly suitable to his

profession.


A4. Personal Response (2)


Write in 50 words about the career you like to choose in your life.                              

A5. Language study – (Do as directed) (2)

       

i) Punctually at midday, he opened his bag. 

                 (Make it compound)                                             

      

ii) The power of his eyes was considerably enhanced by their position.                               (Change the voice)                                                                                   


A6. Vocabulary (2)


Find from the passage the adjectives used to describe the following words. (2)   


i) turban- ……… 


ii) equipment - ………


iii) forehead - ……..


iv) place - ………



---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SET 1 

Q.1 A (SEEN PASSAGE) 

Question Bank

Q.1. Read the extract and complete the activities given below. (12)

Punctually at midday --------------- and he deserved the wages he carried home at the end of a day.


A1. State if the given statements are True or False. (2)

i) The astrologer used to have the preparation of his business in quite professional way.

ii) The physical appearance of the astrologer hardly created an impact on the customers.

iii) The place was busy with a variety of occupations.

iv) The astrologer’s style of handling the business lies in his skills.

Answer:

i) The astrologer used to have the preparation of his business in quite professional way. - True

ii) The physical appearance of the astrologer hardly created an impact on the customers. - False

iii) The place was busy with a variety of occupations. - True

iv) The astrologer’s style of handling the business lies in his skills. - True

A2. Complete the given web.(2)



Answer:





A3. The astrologer was a shrewd judge of a character. Explain with some details from the extract. (2)

Answer:

The astrologer spread his professional equipment and disguised himself in such a way that he could look like an astrologer. He sat near the groundnut vendor so that a considerable portion of this crowd should hang before him. He used the crisscross of light rays and moving shadows to set up his business. Though the astrologer did not know about astrology, he pleased and astonished everyone by study, practice, and shrewd guesswork.

A4. We need to understand even the smallest details of the business in order to succeed. Write your views. (2)

Answer:

Yes, I agree with the view that we need to understand even the smallest details of the business in order to succeed. The smallest details help us to ready to make required changes if needed at the crucial moment. These details give us the idea to deal with different kinds of situations. They also provide good solutions to the problems which we may face.


A5. Do as directed. (2)

1) It was a remarkable place in many ways.

(Choose correct alternative to rewrite the given sentence as an exclamatory sentence)

i) It was a remarkable place in many ways!

ii) How a remarkable place in many ways it was!

iii) What a remarkable place in many ways it was!

iv) What remarkable in many ways the place it was!

Answer:

iii) What a remarkable place in many ways it was!


2) He spread out his professional equipment, which consisted of a dozen cowrie shells.

(Choose correct alternative to rewrite the given sentence as a compound sentence)

i) He spread out his professional equipment but it consisted of a dozen cowrie shells.

ii) He spread out his professional equipment and it consisted of a dozen cowrie shells.

iii) He spread out his professional equipment that it consisted of a dozen cowrie shells.

iv) He spread out his professional equipment and it had consisted of a dozen cowrie shells.

Answer:


ii) He spread out his professional equipment and it consisted of a dozen cowrie shells.


A6. Find the synonyms for the following words from the passage.(2)

a) Confusing        

b) hanging around       

c) difficult to understand     

d) magical effect

Answer:


a) bewildering

b) dallied

c) obscure

d) enchantment


.


An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Ice Breakers | Q 1 | Page 1

ICE BREAKERS Q 1    PAGE 1


Discuss with your partner and complete the activity. What are your strengths?

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Strengths

Why do you feel so?

Dream Career

painting and drawing

can visualise, express

commercial artist, cartoonist











Solution:


Strengths

Why do you feel so?

Dream Career

painting and drawing

can visualise, express

commercial artist, cartoonist

writing and communication

have an open mind, can communicate precisely

author, editor, copywriter, journalist

cooking and baking

love to cook and experiment can bake well

chef, baker

read, research and experiment

have a knack to discover obscure knowledge and go to the core of concepts

scientist, research scholar


Ice Breakers | Q 2 | Page 1

ICE BREAKERS Q 2   PAGE 1


The scene in a local market of a village/town/city is very attractive. People with different occupations sell their wares. Discuss with your partner the variety of activities at the local market.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


1. selling flowers, selling grocery

2. ________________________________

3. ________________________________

4. ________________________________

5. ________________________________


Solution: 

selling flowers, selling grocery

savouries and snacks shops

amusement games

soothsayers and card readers

traditional medicine stalls


Ice Breakers | Q 3 | Page 1

ICE BREAKERS Q 3    PAGE 1


In a village /town /city it is quite a common sight to see an astrologer sitting by the roadside with his professional equipment.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Discuss with your partner and list the requirements for his trade.


1. parrot, cards, etc.

2. ________________________________

3. ________________________________

4. ________________________________

5. ________________________________


Solution: 


1. parrot, cards, etc.

2. cowrie shells

3. charts

4. manuscripts

5. utensils of religious significance


Ice Breakers | Q 4 | Page 1

ICE BREAKERS Q 4    PAGE 1


There are certain unreasonable beliefs among people living in our society.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Certain common events are linked with superstitions. List such events, discuss the superstitions linked with them, and the means of their eradication.


1. A cat crossing your path

2. ________________________________

________________________________

________________________________

________________________________



Solution: 

 

A cat crossing your path

Explanation: if a cat, especially a black cat crosses your path, it is considered to be a sign that something bad is about to occur to you.

Means of eradication: educate the believers that it is just a cat and like any other animal it roams freely. Moreover, tell people that the above belief holds no logic.

 

2. Do not sweep or cut nails after sunset

Explanation: doing these activities after sunset invites some unwelcome misfortune into your life.

Means of eradication: educate people that sweeping or cutting nails are independent activities and have nothing to do with any particular time of the day.

 

3. Hanging lemon and seven green chilies

Explanation: it is believed that hanging lemon and seven green chilies on doors and vehicles wards off misfortune and bad luck.

Means of eradication: educate people that good deeds bring good fortune. So, lemons and chilies are better off as food ingredients.

 

4. Do not stand or sit under the Peepal tree in the night

Explanation: standing or sitting under the Peepal tree at night, invites ghosts and evil spirits.

Means of eradication: educate people that plants maintain a balance in nature. Apart from oxygen, they provide shelter to numerous animals, birds, and protect them. Plants possibly do more good to us than anything evil.

 

5. An itchy left palm

Explanation: an itchy left palm indicates that money would flow in

Means of eradication: educate people that money is best earned and expected out of hard work and good investments. It is better to rely on such proven and tested sources of income than waiting for a palm to get itchy.


Brainstorming (A1) | Q 1.1 | Page 7

BRAINSTORMING    A(1) Q 1.1    PAGE 7


Given below is description. Discuss it with your partner and find out one word of it.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

 

The scientific study of the universe and the objects in it, including stars, planets, nebulae and galaxies - Astronomy

 

Brainstorming (A1) | Q 1.2 | Page 7

BRAINSTORMING    A(1) Q 1.2    PAGE 7


The study of the movements of the planets, Sun, Moon, and Stars in the belief that these movements can have an influence on people's lives - Astrology

 

Brainstorming (A1) | Q 1.3 | Page 7

BRAINSTORMING    A(1) Q 1.3    PAGE 7


A prediction of what will happen in the future - Prophecy

 


Brainstorming (A1) | Q 1.4 | Page 7

BRAINSTORMING    A(1) Q 1.4    PAGE 7


Scientific discipline that studies mental states and processes and behaviour in humans and other animals - Psychology



Brainstorming (A1) | Q 2 | Page 7

BRAINSTORMING    A(1) Q 2    PAGE 7


In the story, we are told that the Town Hall Park was a remarkable place in many ways for an astrologer to build his business.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

Discuss it in a group and list the exceptional qualities of the place.


A surging crowd

________________

________________

________________

________________

________________

 

Solution:


a surging crowd

shoppers in large numbers

a variety of traders

people with various occupations

access to faint light from nearby shops at night

it was a bustling market-place


Brainstorming (A1) | Q 3 | Page 7

BRAINSTORMING    A(1) Q 3    PAGE 7


The astrologer never opened his mouth till the other had spoken for at least ten minutes. Discuss the reasons behind his act.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

He is good at reading the people.

__________________________________

__________________________________

__________________________________

 

Solution:


He is good at reading the people

He needs to buy time to frame his answers to the questions of his clients

He uses the time to weigh the client’s concerns against the working analysis of human problems that he is an expert at

He possibly takes his time to impress on the client that he is working hard to resolve the latter’s problem


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 1 | Page 8

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 1    PAGE 8

 

The tactics used by the astrologer to earn his wages are...

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

 

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1




Solution:


analysis of human troubles

charming appearance

saying pleasant things to clients

practicing at a busy market place

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 2    PAGE 8

An astrologer's appearance helps to create an impression on his clients. Complete the following.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


a. The turban on his head

b. ________________________

c. ________________________

d. ________________________

 

Solution:


The turban on his head

Scared ash and vermilion on his forehead

Eyes sparkling with sharp abnormal gleam

Dark whiskers that streamed down his forehead

Brainstorming (A2) | Q 3.1 | Page 8

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 3.1    PAGE 8


Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

The astrologer says that if Nayak does not leave his village again, he would _________


return the money

face danger

go back home and stop looking for the man who tried to kill him

not find the killer


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 3.2 | Page 8

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 3.2    PAGE 8


Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

According to the narrator, the astrologer's success in his profession is primarily due to_________


luck

the bargains he drives

his appearance

his understanding of people


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 3.3 | Page 8

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 3.3    PAGE 8


Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

The story suggests that the astrologer's comments and observations please people by________

promising them success and good fortune

proving, as time passes, to have been true

flattering them or supporting their own views

helping them to learn to solve their own problems


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 3.4 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 3.4    PAGE 9


Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

Guru Nayak consults the astrologer because he wants to _________


understand the past

find out who the astrologer is

make some money through a bet

get the answer to a specific question


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 3.5 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 3.5    PAGE 9


Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

Guru Nayak is looking for the man who tried to kill him _________


to take revenge

to get an apology

to demand an explanation

to prove that the man was unsuccessful


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 3.6 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 3.6    PAGE 9


Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

The astrologer's remark makes Guru Nayak feel all of the following except _________


relieved

suspicious

impressed

disappointed


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 3.7 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 3.7    PAGE 9


Read the following sentence and choose the correct one.

Reactions of the astrologer's wife to his news suggest that she _________


was unaware of his past

has been worried about his safety

has known him since he was young

is concerned about her future with him


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 4.1 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 4.1    PAGE 9


Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


The astrologer gave a correct prediction to the client about his past that he was stabbed, thrown into a well and left for dead.


True

False

Correction: The astrologer told the truth of the past to the client but it was not a prediction and merely a statement of known facts.


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 4.2 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 4.2    PAGE 9


Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.


When the astrologer came to know that the man whom he killed is alive he felt that he was relieved of his guilt.


True

False


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 4.3 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 4.3    PAGE 9


Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.


The astrologer tried to back out of the deal and talked about the client's past.


True

False


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 4.4 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 4.4    PAGE 9


Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.


The astrologer rescued himself from Guru Nayak's revenge.


True

False


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 4.5 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 4.5    PAGE 9


Read the following sentence and find out the True and False sentence. Correct the False sentence.


The moral of the story is that we must be responsible about what we have done and should not run away from our mistakes.


True

False

Correction: The story most strongly sends the message that, even though one could have committed a mistake in the past, one could cleverly try and get away with a white lie if doing so is in the good interest of everyone involved.


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 5 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 5   PAGE 9


The astrologer has changed his appearance and his persona when he arrived in the city. Give specific reasons.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Solution: 


The astrologer had moved out from his native village to the city after attempting to kill a man, whom he had left for dead. He had to disguise his true identity to avoid being caught. Also, he had to make a living and begin a new life in the city after absconding from his village. For these reasons, the astrologer had to change his appearance and persona when he arrived in the city.


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 6 | Page 9

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 6   PAGE 9


'The darkness load that was inside the astrologer has disappeared'. Through this sentence, explain the significance of the title 'An Astrologer's Day’.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Solution: 


The sentence ‘The darkness load that was inside the astrologer has disappeared’ directly relates to the title ‘An Astrologer’s Day’. The title seems to reflect two aspects of the astrologer’s life. The first is that of a typical workday in the life of the astrologer. However, the second aspect is what the given sentence captures, i.e, the importance of the particular day in the astrologer’s life. On the said day, the astrologer found out that a man whom he had attempted to kill way back and left for dead, had actually survived. This finding must have relieved the astrologer of the guilt of committing a murder. Also, that day, the astrologer had tricked the stranger into believing that the man who had left him for dead after attempting to kill him, had himself died in an accident, and hence the latter did not have to search for him anymore to seek revenge. This must have provided the astrologer with further relief and assured him to breathe easier.


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 7 | Page 10

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 7   PAGE 10


The astrologer feels relieved that Guru is not dead as it relieves a great burden from him. Critically justify the statement and explain it.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Solution: 


The astrologer feels relieved to discover that Guru is not dead. This is so because the astrologer had attempted to kill Guru in his early age and left him for dead. To know that Guru isn’t dead must have acquitted him of the guilt of being an assassin. Hence, it unburdened him from the prick of conscience.


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 8 | Page 10

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 8   PAGE 10


The astrologer wins/gets the sympathy of criticism of the reader in the end. Express your opinion with the support of the main story.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Solution: 


The story portrays the astrologer as a false fortune teller with no real knowledge of his ‘profession’. He attracts clients by his street-smart ways and also manages to convince them by sweet-talking to them. Moreover, he is revealed to the reader as a near-murderer towards the end of the story. However, despite all this, it’s difficult to judge the astrologer as a negative character and he rather manages to win the sympathy of the reader’s criticism. This is so because firstly, he has to make a living in the new city after he fled his village for fear of being caught. So, in the absence of any other skill, he must have had to adopt astrology as a livelihood under distress and not by choice. Secondly, he had to trick the stranger into believing that the man whom he was looking out for had already died in an accident, so as to protect his own life. Again, he can’t be judged badly on this count because he couldn’t have afforded to lose his own life at the hands of the stranger by revealing him his true identity. Since he had his wife and child to support too, it made him lie to the stranger in order to keep himself out of harm’s way.


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 9 | Page 10

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 9   PAGE 10


If we have to eradicate the superstitions and other ill practices from our society, what steps would you like to suggest?

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Solution: 


In order to eradicate the superstitions and other evil practices from our society, I would first suggest taking steps to promote rational outlook amongst people. I would like to educate the masses and expose the bluff behind obscure and orthodox practices. Although I wouldn’t go all-out against all traditional practices, some of them could have a valid basis. However, I would spread awareness among everyone in my social circles to keep a scientific temper and think logically rather than blindly following superstitions. I could possibly even tell them about the reasons for which some superstitions held good in ancient ages but are no longer valid.


Brainstorming (A2) | Q 10 | Page 10

BRAINSTORMING    A(2) Q 10   PAGE 10


In the story, astrologer has a great listening power. Listening helps in developing good relations with people. Express your opinion.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Solution: 


Listening, as differentiated from hearing, is bout consciously understanding and applying one’s mind to what is heard. As the story illustrates, being a good listener helps one to fare better in any activity that one takes up. The astrologer isn’t knowledgeable of his work but still manages to convince his customers and make his living, owing to his great listening skills. He establishes a rapport with his clients by just listening to them for a few minutes without uttering a word, while analysing their troubles and simultaneously composing his talk and answers to the clients. This helps him to mask his own shortcomings and succeed in his work, where he would otherwise not have. Hence, great listening power is a strong skillset we all should develop.


Brainstorming (A3) | Q 1 | Page 10

BRAINSTORMING    A(3) Q 1   PAGE 10


In the story, the following characters reveal their qualities through words and actions. Pick out the words that describe them from the box and write in the appropriate columns.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


shrewd

clever

suspicious

gullible

arrogant

demanding

antagonistic

quarrelsome

overconfident

manipulative

skeptical

mystical

smart

caring

protective

sharp

rational

mean

intuitive

aggressive

worried

cunning

humanistic

impetuous


Astrologer

Guru Nayak

Astrologer's wife

1. shrewd

manipulative

caring

2. ___________

___________

___________

3. ___________

___________

___________

4. ___________

___________

___________


Solution: 


Astrologer

Guru Nayak

Astrologer's wife

1. shrewd

manipulative

caring

2. clever

demanding

suspicious

3. smart

antagonistic

protective

4. mystical

quarrelsome


5. worried

skeptical


6

aggressive




Brainstorming (A3) | Q 2 | Page 10

BRAINSTORMING    A(3) Q 2   PAGE 10


Match the suffixes with the words and make nouns. One is done for you.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Word

Suffix

Noun

auction

able

auctioneer

enchant

ure


know

ment


prepare

eer


proceed

ance


appear

ledge


remark

tion



Solution: 


Word

Suffix

Noun

auction

able

auctioneer

enchant

ure

enchantment

know

ment

knowledge

prepare

eer

preparation

proceed

ance

procedure

appear

ledge

appearance

remark

tion

remarkable


Brainstorming (A3) | Q 3 | Page 10

BRAINSTORMING    A(3) Q 3   PAGE 10


'An Astrologer's Day' has ironic elements where the astrologer pretends to have 'supernatural knowledge' that coincidently turns out to be the truth. Irony means a situation or statement characterized by a significant difference between what is expected and what actually happens, or between what is understood and what is meant.

Find out the examples of irony from the story and write them down. One has been done for you.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

a. He knew no more of what was going to happen to others than he knew what was going to happen to himself the next minute.

b. ______________________________________

c. ______________________________________


Solution: 


a. He knew no more of what was going to happen to others than he knew what was going to happen to himself the next minute.


b. The stranger consults the astrologer to know about the man who had attempted to kill him many years ago and the astrologer himself happens to be the culprit!


c. The astrologer has no real knowledge of his work but he succeeds in making a living from it.


Brainstorming (A3) | Q 4 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(3) Q 4  PAGE 11

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

In the story, many Indian words are used.

'Cowrie shells'. This is an example of code-mixing.

Find out other such words from the story and write them down.


Solution: 


Cheroot, Pies, Jutka, , Pyol, Annas


Brainstorming (A3) | Q 5.1 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(3) Q 5.1  PAGE 11


There are some phrases where the word crown is used with different shades of meaning. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences meaningfully.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


The works of Shakespeare are the __________ of English drama.


crowning achievement

crown of thorns

crowning glory

to crown it all


Solution: 


The works of Shakespeare are the crowning glory of English drama.


Brainstorming (A3) | Q 5.2 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(3) Q 5.2  PAGE 11


Amitabh has given us awesome movies throughout five decades. But his _______ is his performance in the movie ‘Black’.


crowning achievement

crown of thorns

crowning glory

to crown it all


Solution: 


Amitabh has given us awesome movies throughout five decades. But his crowning achievement is his performance in the movie ‘Black’


Brainstorming (A3) | Q 5.3 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(3) Q 5.3  PAGE 11


In her pursuit of success, Radha has distanced herself from her family. Her fame has become a real _______.


crowning achievement

crown of thorns

crowning glory

to crown it all


Solution: 


In her pursuit of success, Radha has distanced herself from her family. Her fame has become a real crown of thorns.


Brainstorming (A3) | Q 5.4 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(3) Q 5.4  PAGE 11


They threw a wonderful party for me with costumes, games and _______ my favourite kind of ice cream.


crowning achievement

crown of thorns

crowning glory

to crown it all


Solution: 


They threw a wonderful party for me with costumes, games and to crown it all my favourite kind of ice cream.


Brainstorming (A3) | Q 5.5 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(3) Q 5.5  PAGE 11


Medical science has great inventions, but organ transplantation is definitely a _______ for human beings.


crowning achievement

crown of thorns

crowning glory

to crown it all



Solution: 


Medical science has great inventions, but organ transplantation is definitely a crowning achievement for human beings.


Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.01 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.01  PAGE 11


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


The power of his eyes was considerably enhanced. (enhancement)


Solution: 


There was a considerable enhancement in the power of his eyes.



Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.02 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.02  PAGE 11


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.


He had a working analysis of mankind’s troubles. (worked)


Solution: 


He had an analysis of mankind’s troubles that worked.



Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.03 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.03  PAGE 11


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.


He knew what was going to happen to himself next minute. (happening)


Solution: 


He knew what will be happening to himself next minute.


Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.04 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.04  PAGE 11


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.


If you find my answers satisfactory, will you give me five rupees? (satisfaction)


Solution: 


If you find satisfaction in my answers, will you give me five rupees?



Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.05 | Page 11

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.05  PAGE 11


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.


He shook his head regretfully. (regret)


Solution: 


He shook his head with regret.



Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.06 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.06  PAGE 12


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.


It was a bewildering crisscross of light rays. (bewildered)


Solution: 


The crisscross of light rays was bewildered.



Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.07 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.07  PAGE 12


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.


“I should have been dead if some passer-by had not chanced to peep into the well,” exclaimed the other, overwhelmed by enthusiasm. (enthusiastically)


Solution: 


“I should have been dead if some passer-by had not chanced to peep into the well,” exclaimed the other enthusiastically.



Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.08 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.08  PAGE 12


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.


You tried to kill him. (killing)


Solution: 


You tried killing him.



Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.09 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.09  PAGE 12


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.


I will prepare some nice stuff for her. (preparation)


Solution: 


I will begin the preparation of some nice stuff for her.



Brainstorming (A4) | Q 1.1 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(4) Q 1.1  PAGE 12


Use the word given in the bracket and rewrite the sentence.


The other groaned on hearing it. (heard)


Solution:


The other groaned when he heard it.



Brainstorming (A5) | Q 1 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(5) Q 1  PAGE 12

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1

Prepare a speech on Science and Superstitions.


Solution:


Science and Superstitions 


Good morning respected Principal, teachers and friends. I am here to speak on ‘Science and Superstitions’. Facts make for science while superstitions emerge from blind faith! There is no denying that most aspects of our lives are based on science or superstition. Science works towards exploring and rationalising the unknown and superstition work on exploiting the fear of the same. Science has been the key player in demystifying things around us and has laid a strong foundation for the development of mankind. Superstitions often stem from our religious and mythological beliefs. When people seek a desired outcome, they rely on superstitions conveniently shielded as faith! It is easier to follow a superstition than consciously avoid it! In conclusion, I think it is only fair to say that science encourages our quest for reason, while superstitions promote irrationality. Thank you all for being patient listeners.



Brainstorming (A5) | Q 2.1 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(5) Q 2.1  PAGE 12


Read the following proverb. Share your view and expand the ideas.


Actions speak louder than words.


Solution:


Actions Speak Louder than Words:


This ancient proverb reminds us of the importance of actions over empty talk.

Of many modes of communication, words have the strongest impact on people. However, it is the action of an individual that determines his/her character. Actions carry considerably more weight than words in building trust. Even the minutest action reflects the manner and the nature of an individual. Actions are of tremendous importance when focusing on goals. Many individuals talk high with regard to objectives/goals, but those words prove unworthy if not backed by action. Furthermore, actions are of paramount importance when it comes to leadership. For example, if a person talks all about goodwill and deeds, but does not follow any of that in reality, he is just being vain. But the one who executes and accomplishes these deeds in actuality would be considered a trustworthy human being.


Brainstorming (A5) | Q 2.2 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(5) Q 2.2  PAGE 12


The face is the index of the mind.


Solution:


The Face is the index of the mind:


The face is truly an outward projection of the mind. Any psychological shift that occurs in the brain is faithfully expressed on the face. Since a person’s sentiments, moods and emotions produce strong impressions on the body language, especially the facial expressions, there are unmistakable ways in which we can decode the subtle thoughts doing rounds in that person’s mind. The face is a reliable index of all the musings that are harboured in one's mind. It is a clear mirror of the psyche and the substance at once. One can fairly accurately comprehend the mental state of a person through his or her facial expressions. For instance, an individual’s face marked by expressions of envy is likely to harbour dislike of something or someone. On the other hand, a content mind reflects calmness and level-headedness on a person’s face. The face can hence be described as the mirror of the mind.


Brainstorming (A5) | Q 2.3 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(5) Q 2.3  PAGE 12


Speech is silver and silence is golden.


Solution:


Speech is silver and silence is golden:


‘Speech is silver and silence is golden’ is a Latin proverb which highlights the importance of silence over speaking. In olden days, a sacred practice called ‘Vow of Silence’ was followed in India. As a part of this, every month, people were required to maintain total silence for a day or two. This practice was followed to develop analytical skills, sharpen objectivity and inculcate the virtue of patience. Many learned men and sages were known to follow it religiously and thereby add to their treasure of knowledge. We often see people who try to impress everyone around them with their oratory skills. Many orators are able to use the power of words in every situation. However, as the proverb advises, it is equally important to practise silence as it enables one to see the big picture, notice finer details, develop a sound mind and be able to correctly judge every situation. Hence, silence is truly golden as it assists one to become the wisest in a room full of wise men!


Brainstorming (A5) | Q 2.4 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(5) Q 2.4  PAGE 12


The argument is the worst kind of communication.


Solution:


Argument is the worst kind of communication:

The Earth is home to many plants, fishes, birds, animals, and us, humans. While all need oxygen to survive, there is one quality that separates human beings from the rest of the life on our planet. It is the ability of speech that helps us communicate with one another. Communication helps two or more people exchange their thoughts, ideas, feelings, emotions in a meaningful way. It can be done both verbally, i.e. by speaking, or non-verbally, i.e. through gestures, writing, signals or behaviour. Effective communication makes up an integral part of everyday life. Be it a simple task such as buying groceries or sharing notes with college-mates, life depends on interactions. When people don’t agree with each other, they often resort to arguments to express their displeasure. This leads to complications that are a result of anger, doubt, misunderstanding, and other negative emotions. It may also end up distancing people from one another and creating negative perceptions. Therefore, the above proverb stands as a valuable advice for all those who wish to communicate effectively. When one uses the power of speech in a calm and assertive manner it proves to be a win-win situation for everyone around.


Brainstorming (A5) | Q 2.5 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(5) Q 2.5  PAGE 12


Attitudes are the real figures of speech!


Solution:


Attitudes are the real figures of speech!:

Language is the enabler of speech and conversation but it is one's attitude that determines action. Language can be used to construct beautiful imagery but ultimately it is one’s attitude that shapes reality. There are many situations in our daily lives where we use words mechanically, but it is equally important to understand how those spoken words are received. Figures of speech can make the language seem ornate but only when received rightly can they have the intended impact. Words can be used to create guidelines but only attitudes can create the right examples. All said and done, words are just the vehicles to drive home the intended meaning. They can be conveniently altered to fit the situation. However, one's attitude is one’s inseparable companion and it is not easy to modify it in any significant way. How we receive it can in fact change what we believe, and what we believe will influence what we do! In summation, it would be fair to say that words describe but attitudes define!


Brainstorming (A5) | Q 2.6 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(5) Q 2.6  PAGE 12


The wise man has long ears and a short tongue!


Solution:


The wise man has long ears and a short tongue!:

Long ears signify willingness to be patient and listen keenly. A short tongue is a metaphor for self-control in allowing someone to make his point before responding to it. There are actually very few amongst us who truly listen. Most of us simply hear! When we hear, our ears only receive the sound but when we listen, we process and understand words. The given topic ‘the wise man has long ears and a short tongue’ is quite an apt statement because a wise man listens to respond and not to react! This works in his favour as he actually absorbs more in this case. He does not end up wasting his energies on speaking, even before he comprehends the spoken word. It is more beneficial for him in the longer run to grasp something better than merely react quickly. Let us bear in mind that getting the point is far more significant than just making a point. Don’t you think it is for this reason that nature has given us two ears and just one mouth?


Brainstorming (A6) | Q 1 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(6) Q 1  PAGE 12


Bill Naughton has written a collection of wonderful stories which you can read in his book ‘The Goal Keepers Revenge and Other Stories’. Read all the stories and discuss their theme/s with your partner.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Solution: 



Do it yourself.


Brainstorming (A6) | Q 2 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(6) Q 2  PAGE 12

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Read R.K. Narayan’s humorous collections of short stories and novels. Here are some titles you can read.

(a) ‘Under The Banyan Tree’

(b) ‘The Doctor’s Word’

(c) ‘Lawley Road’

(d) ‘A Horse and Two Goats’

(e) ‘Gateman’s Gift’


Solution: 


Do it yourself.


Brainstorming (A7) | Q 1 | Page 12

BRAINSTORMING    A(7) Q 1  PAGE 12


Surf the internet and find out the career opportunities in Astronomy.

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board chapter 1


Solution: 


The following are the career opportunities available in the field of Astronomy.

Space Technician

Space System Programmer

Energy Researcher

Astrophysicist

Space Medicine Consultant

Research Scientist

University Professor


.


An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard

An Astrologer’s Day [Latest edition] English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard


HSC ENGLISH MARCH 2020 SET A BOARD PAPER WITH SOLUTION

 

GRAMMAR

 

English Yuvakbharati Latest Syllabus Solution. 

 

SECTION ONE (Prose)

 

Chapter 1.1: An Astrologer’s Day

 

Chapter 1.2: On Saying “Please”

 

Chapter 1.3: The Cop and the Anthem

 

Chapter 1.4: Big Data-Big Insights

 

Chapter 1.5: The New Dress

 

Chapter 1.6: Into the Wild

 

Chapter 1.7: Why we Travel

 

Chapter 1.8: Voyaging Towards Excellence

 

SECTION TWO (Poetry)

 

Chapter 2.1: Song of the Open Road

 

Chapter 2.2: Indian Weavers

 

Chapter 2.3: The Inchcape Rock

 

Chapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow

 

Chapter 2.5: Father Returning Home

 

Chapter 2.6: Money

 

Chapter 2.7: She Walks in Beauty

 

Chapter 2.8: Small Towns and Rivers

 

SECTION THREE (Writing Skills) 

Chapter 3.1: Summary Writing

 

Chapter 3.2: Do Schools Really Kill Creativity? (Mind-Mapping)

 

Chapter 3.3: Note–Making

 

Chapter 3.4: Statement of Purpose

 

Chapter 3.5: Drafting a Virtual Message

 

Chapter 3.6: Group Discussion

 

SECTION FOUR (Genre-Drama)

 

Chapter 4: History of Novel

 

Chapter 4: To Sir, with Love

 

Chapter 4: Around the World in Eighty Days

 

Chapter 4: The Sign of Four

 

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MARCH 2014, OCTOBER 2014, MARCH 2015, JULY 2015, MARCH 2016 SET A, MARCH 2016 SET B, MARCH 2016 SET C, MARCH 2016 SET D, JULY 2016 SET A,  JULY 2016 SET B, JULY 2016 SET C, JULY 2016 SET D,  MARCH 2017 SET A, MARCH 2017 SET B, MARCH 2017 SET C, MARCH 2017 SET D,  JULY 2017 SET A, MARCH 2018 SET A,  MARCH 2018 SET B,  MARCH 2018 SET C,  MARCH 2018 SET D. MARCH 2019 SET A, MARCH 2019 SET B, MARCH 2019 SET C, MARCH 2019 SET D, MARCH 2020


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