Chapter 1: The Cop and the Anthem English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 1: The Cop and the Anthem


Balbharati Solution for English Yuvakbharati 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board


Suppose you have gone to a place where the winter season is very severe, discuss with your partner the ways in which you would protect yourself in the cold climate.



Chapter-1-The-Cop-and-the-Anthem-English-Yuvakbharati-12th-Standard-HSC-Maharashtra-State-Board


SOLUTION:


Chapter-1-The-Cop-and-the-Anthem-English-Yuvakbharati-12th-Standard-HSC-Maharashtra-State-Board


i. Wear several layers of warm, loose-fitting clothes and ensure that the head, face, ears, hands, and feet are properly covered

ii. Light a fire in the fireplace and keep the indoor temperature warm

iii. Eat hot meals and consume hot beverages to maintain warmth in the body temperature

iv. Keep the doors and windows properly shut and cut the cold breeze from entering the house.


When you see a cop approaching, you feel either ‘relieved’ or ‘scared’. Discuss with your partner the situations when you feel ‘relieved’ or ‘scared’.


Chapter-1-The-Cop-and-the-Anthem-English-Yuvakbharati-12th-Standard-HSC-Maharashtra-State-Board


SOLUTION:


Chapter-1-The-Cop-and-the-Anthem-English-Yuvakbharati-12th-Standard-HSC-Maharashtra-State-Board



Discuss some of the motivating things that can change a person’s life. One is given:


1. Listening to an inspiring speech

2. _________________________________

3. _________________________________

4. _________________________________


SOLUTION:


1. Listening to an inspiring speech

2. Listening to a motivational song

3. Hearing about other people’s success stories

4. Interacting with people who are full of positivity despite suffering.


Discuss with your partner and find out the different ways in which Soapy tried to get arrested. The first one is given.


(a) Tried to enter a luxurious cafe

(b) _______________________________

(c) _______________________________

(d) ______________________________


SOLUTION:


(a) Tried to enter a luxurious cafe

(b) Threw a stone at a shop’s window

(c) Ate food at a modest restaurant and announced that he had no money to pay the bill

(d) Yelled drunken gibberish at the top of his voice on seeing a policeman

(e) Walked away with another man’s silk umbrella


Describe the atmosphere when Soapy reached near the Church.


(a) A soft light glowed through the violet-stained window.

(b) _____________________

(c) _____________________

(d) _____________________

(e) ______________________


SOLUTION:


(a) A soft light glowed through the violet-stained window.

(b) An organist played the organ, rehearsing for the upcoming Sabbath.

(c) The full and radiant moon was above.

(d) There were only a few vehicles and pedestrians around.

(e) There were only a few vehicles and pedestrians around.


Read the story and match the incidents given in Column ‘A’ with the consequences given in Column ‘B’:


Column A

Column B

(1) Soapy tried to enter a cafe

The cop ran after the man

(2) Soapy broke a glass window

Suddenly a wonderful change came in his heart

(3) Two waiters pitched Soapy on the callous pavement

Suddenly a wonderful change came in his heart

(4) Soapy heard the anthem being played in the Church

He stood up slowly beating the dust from his clothes

(5) Cop arrests Soapy for hanging around

Strong and ready hands of the head waiter turned him around


SOLUTION:


Column A

Answers

(1) Soapy tried to enter a cafe

Strong and ready hands of the head waiter turned him around

(2) Soapy broke a glass window

The cop ran after the man

(3) Two waiters pitched Soapy on the callous pavement

He stood up slowly beating the dust from his clothes

(4) Soapy heard the anthem being played in the Church

Suddenly a wonderful change came in his heart.

(5) Cop arrests Soapy for hanging around

Dream of turning around in life was shattered.


Give reasons and complete the following:



Soapy had confidence in himself because ________.


SOLUTION:


Soapy had confidence in himself because he was shaven, his coat was trim and he was wearing a neat, black bow which had been presented to him by a lady missionary on Thanksgiving Day.


The head waiter of the luxurious café did not allow Soapy to enter because _______.


SOLUTION:


The head waiter of the luxurious café did not allow Soapy to enter because he happened to see that Soapy was wearing tattered trousers and decadent shoes.


Soapy took a stone because _______.


SOLUTION:


Soapy took a stone because he wanted to get arrested by throwing the stone at the plate glass of a shop window.


The cop did not arrest Soapy for breaking the glass window because _______.


SOLUTION:


The cop did not arrest Soapy for breaking the glass window because he believed that men who smash windows don’t wait around to chat with the police; they run off immediately.


Pick out the lines from the text which show that:


Soapy wants to enter the cafe for two reasons.


SOLUTION:


The total would not be so high as to call forth any extreme of revenge from the cafe management; and yet the meat would leave him filled and happy for the journey to his winter island.


Soapy was afraid that he won't be able to enter the prison.


SOLUTION:


Soapy was seized with a sudden fear that some dreadful enchantment had rendered him immune to arrest.


Soapy was not caught by the cop for throwing stones at the glass.


SOLUTION:


The policeman refused to accept Soapy even as a clue.


Soapy actually did not want the umbrella.


SOLUTION:


He hurled the umbrella angrily into an excavation.


Listening to the anthem, Soapy remembered his good old days.


SOLUTION:


And the anthem that the organist played cemented Soapy to the iron fence, for he had known it well in the days when his life contained such things as mothers and roses and ambitions and friends and immaculate thoughts and collars.


‘He would make a man of himself again’ – The word ‘man’ in the sentence means ___.



SOLUTION:


The word ‘man’ in the above sentence refers to a responsible citizen, who earns a living by fair means.


Soapy’s earlier life was much different from his present life. Complete the table to show this contrast. One is done for you.


Earlier life

Present life

(a) Contained friends and roses

(a) Unworthy desires

(b)

(b)

(c)

(c)


SOLUTION:


Earlier life

Present life

(a) Contained friends and roses

(a) Unworthy desires

(b) Ambitions

(b) Dead hopes

(c) Immaculate thoughts and collars

(c) An existence made up of wrecked faculties and base motives.


After listening to the sweet and solemn organ notes, Soapy decides to:

(a) _________________________

(b) ________________________


SOLUTION:


(a) pull himself out of his current turmoil

(b) go to the roaring downtown the next day and find work


Write an incident in which you did something wrong and repented for it later. Give reasons.


SOLUTION:


When I was 16, my sister and I had gone camping. However, on our way back, we got into a huge fight and I decided to walk back on my own. This was a bad decision because I didn’t have a compass with me. My sister tried to follow me, but I was soon out of his sight. As I had feared, I did get lost in the forest and had no way of contacting my sister. I tried going back, but there was no way for me to be certain that I was going in the right direction. So, I decided to take shelter under a huge tree and hoped that my sister would find me. Thankfully, my sister found me by that evening and we went home together. I repented my actions because by being impulsive, I had not just lost my way and but also had caused trouble for my sister.


O’ Henry has used different words to indicate prison where Soapy wants to reach. Make a list of those words.


SOLUTION:


Different words to indicate prison where Soapy wants to reach are:

winter island

limbo

island

coveted island 

unattainable Arcadia


Find out the words used for the ‘degraded state of Soapy’.


SOLUTION:


degraded days

unworthy desires

dead hopes

wrecked faculties

base motives


The specific meaning of word ‘anthem’ in the content of the story is _______.


SOLUTION:


The specific meaning of the word ‘anthem’ in the content of the story is ‘a song of hope’. On hearing the anthem, Soapy is filled with hope and decides to turn his life around. The sweet notes of the anthem being played by the organist set up a revolution in Soapy’s mind and he vows to redeem himself.


Convert the following sentence into negative without changing their meaning.


The policeman refused to accept Soapy even as a clue.


SOLUTION:


The policeman did not accept Soapy even as a clue.


Soapy drifted along twice unsuccessful.


SOLUTION:


Soapy drifted along twice without success.


Soapy stopped his unavailing racket.


SOLUTION:


Soapy stopped his racket that did not avail anything.


The island seemed very far away.


SOLUTION:


The island did not seem anywhere near.


The island seemed an unattainable Arcadia.


SOLUTION:


The island seemed like an Arcadia that could not be attained.


Men who smash windows do not remain to chat with the police.


SOLUTION:


Men who smash windows refrain from remaining to chat with the police.


Why don’t you call a cop?


SOLUTION:


You should call a cop.


On the opposite side of the street was a restaurant of no great pretensions.


SOLUTION:


On the opposite side of the street was an unpretentious restaurant.


Noisy; but no harm.


SOLUTION:


Noisy; but harmless


They seemed to regard him as a King who could do no wrong.


SOLUTION:


They seemed to regard him as a King who was incapable of doing anything wrong.


‘Forgiveness is often better than punishment’. Write two paragraphs – one for and another against this notion.


SOLUTION:


View on ‘Forgiveness is often better than punishment’


There is a famous proverb ‘To err is human, to forgive, divine’. When people apologise for their errors, it is best to forgive them and move past the incident. Forgiveness helps a person to introspect. It makes him realise the mistake and take note of the following corrective measure. Punishments often result in angst and embarrassment. People being punished might never correct their actions due to the guilt and shame they face. Punishment could make an individual immune towards the concept of ‘apology and correctiveness’. Therefore, when people genuinely apologise for their wrongdoings and feel repentant, the best course of action is to forgive them.

 

Counter-view on ‘Forgiveness is often better than punishment’


When people commit mistakes, it sometimes becomes important to punish them. Some people learn it the hard way and only when they are punished, will they understand the severity of their mistakes. Consequently, forgiving people may lead to them taking things for granted and they might stop acknowledging their errors. For example, if a pickpocket is not punished for his action, he may go on to commit several more crimes. Punishment generates fear in the mind of an individual. It ultimately deters an individual from performing unacceptable, undesirable and unethical actions.


You are the class representative and you have been asked by the Principal to conduct an interview of a cop. Frame 8-10 questions with the help of the following points, give introduction and conclusion.


1. reasons for joining the department

2. special training

3. developing the skill to identify and locate criminals

4. dealing with criminals

5. achievements and awards.


SOLUTION:


Good Morning, Officer R.S. Shankar! I am Riya Jain, the class representative for Std. XI, M.G. College. It gives me immense pleasure to welcome you here today. All the students and the audience would be delighted to know you better and understand your line of work. So, let us begin this interview.


For how long have you been in the police force?


When did you decide that you wanted to join the force?


What was your reason behind joining the force?


What kind of special training did you have to undergo to become a cop?


How did you develop and master the skill of identifying and locating criminals?


How do you deal with criminals? Is your approach the same for everyone.


Do you think criminals can be reformed?


You have won many bravery awards. How does it feel to be one of the best cop in the country?


Do you think you’ve achieved the goal for which you joined the force?


Many young minds aspire to become a top cop like you. Any message for them?


Officer Shankar, we thank you immensely for giving us your valuable time and sharing your pearls of wisdom.


We, as a society, are proud of you and would like to thank you for your countless years of service.


Make a list of jobs which would give you an opportunity to help the society or serve the country. Also mention the different ways in which they can be beneficial to the people and also the country.


SOLUTION:


Joining the defence forces:


Protect the country’s border from external threat and ensure the safety of its citizens.


Social Worker:

Help distressed and underprivileged people to cope with difficult situations and issues in their lives Connect the people who seek help with the right organisations.


Firefighter:

First responders in not just fire disasters but also for other calamities occurring around us.


Police Officer:

Enforce the law and patrol the neighbourhood to ensure the safety of the community.


Go to your school/college library and read some other stories by O’Henry like, ‘The Gift of the Magi’, ‘The Last Leaf’ and ‘After Twenty years’. Write the stories in short in your notebook.


SOLUTION:


Do it yourself.


HSC ENGLISH MARCH 2020 SET A BOARD PAPER WITH SOLUTION

 

GRAMMAR

 

English Yuvakbharati Latest Syllabus Solution. 

 

SECTION ONE (Prose)

 

Chapter 1.1: An Astrologer’s Day

 

Chapter 1.2: On Saying “Please”

 

Chapter 1.3: The Cop and the Anthem

 

Chapter 1.4: Big Data-Big Insights

 

Chapter 1.5: The New Dress

 

Chapter 1.6: Into the Wild

 

Chapter 1.7: Why we Travel

 

Chapter 1.8: Voyaging Towards Excellence

 

SECTION TWO (Poetry)

 

Chapter 2.1: Song of the Open Road

 

Chapter 2.2: Indian Weavers

 

Chapter 2.3: The Inchcape Rock

 

Chapter 2.4: Have you Earned your Tomorrow

 

Chapter 2.5: Father Returning Home

 

Chapter 2.6: Money

 

Chapter 2.7: She Walks in Beauty

 

Chapter 2.8: Small Towns and Rivers

 

SECTION THREE (Writing Skills) 

Chapter 3.1: Summary Writing

 

Chapter 3.2: Do Schools Really Kill Creativity? (Mind-Mapping)

 

Chapter 3.3: Note–Making

 

Chapter 3.4: Statement of Purpose

 

Chapter 3.5: Drafting a Virtual Message

 

Chapter 3.6: Group Discussion

 

SECTION FOUR (Genre-Drama)

 

Chapter 4: History of Novel

 

Chapter 4: To Sir, with Love

 

Chapter 4: Around the World in Eighty Days

 

Chapter 4: The Sign of Four

 

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