chapter 4 - Vedic Period Balbharati solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 4: Vedic Period


Choose the correct alternative and write the complete sentence.

The importance of agriculture is clearly emphasised in the ______mandala of the Rigveda.

OPTIONS

  • 4th

  • 10th

  • 8th

  • 6th



SOLUTION

The importance of agriculture is clearly emphasised in the 10th mandala of the Rigveda.


A potter is mentioned as an artisan in the ______ for the first time.

OPTIONS

  • Rigveda

  • Yajurveda

  • Samaveda

  • Atharvaveda



SOLUTION

A potter is mentioned as an artisan in the Yajurveda for the first time.



The god who protected the animals was known as ______.

OPTIONS

  • Indra

  • Pushan

  • Ashwin

  • Varun


SOLUTION

The god who protected the animals was known as Pushan.



Find the incorrect pair from set B and write the correct ones.

Set ‘A’

Set ‘B’

(1) Nishka

Gold ornament

(2) Barley

Main crop of the Vedic people

(3) Krishtya

The apparatus of drawing water from the well

(4) Navya

river transport



SOLUTION

Set ‘A’

Set ‘B’

(3) Krishtya

Tribal settlements



Write the names

A branch of linguistics -



SOLUTION

A branch of linguistics - Philology



A battle fought among the ten tribal chiefs -'



SOLUTION

A battle fought among the ten tribal chiefs - Dasharajnya Yuddha



Cultivable land prepared by ploughing -


SOLUTION

Cultivable land prepared by ploughing - Urvara



Complete the concept map given below.

chapter 4 - Vedic Period Balbharati solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board



SOLUTION

chapter 4 - Vedic Period Balbharati solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board



Choose the correct reason and complete the sentence.

Panis were looked upon as enemies by the Vedic people because -

OPTIONS

  • they belonged to a different tribe.

  • their language was impure.

  • Panis used to steal the cattle of the Vedic people.

  • Panis did not obey the orders of the Vedic people.



State your opinion.

There is a debate about the original home of the Aryans.



SOLUTION

  1. The debate began in the 16th Century. Till then the concept of the 'Aryans' was not known.

  2. The European academics became aware of the similarities between Sanskrit and Latin-Greek languages.

  3. This resulted in the notion of the Indo-European language family which gave momentum to the search for a Mother language from which developed the Indo-European languages.



The Rigvedic people subsisted on agriculture.


SOLUTION

  1. The Rigvedic tribal settlements have been mentioned as 'Krishtya' in the Rigveda. 'Krish' means ploughing.

  2. Hence the people who ploughed and also their settlements were mentioned as 'Krishtya'.

  3. The importance of agriculture is clearly emphasised in the 10th mandala of the Rigveda.

  4. It states that for the farmer his ploughshare is the means of obtaining.



Explain the following concept.

Origin of Aryan people



SOLUTION

  1. There are multiple unanswered questions, such as, who were the Aryans, did they arrive in India from a distant place, or were they natives of India, which are the archaeological sites where the remains of their culture are found, how to identify those remains, etc.

  2. Most of the information about their culture is derived from the Vedic literature. There are various opinions about the chronology of the Vedic culture.

  3. However, there is a general agreement that the Vedic people composed Rigveda in India around 1500 B.C.E.

  4. However, Lokmanya Tilak calculated this date as 6000 B.C.E. on the basis of astronomical events.

  5. He was also of the opinion that the original home of the Aryans was in the Arctic region.

  6. This debate began in the 16th century. Till then the concept of the 'Aryans' was not known.



Indo-European family of languages


SOLUTION

  1. In the year 1583, an Italian merchant by the name Fillippo Sassetti came to Kochi (Cochin) the port city in Kerala.

  2. He never returned to his motherland. He stayed in Kerala and Goa. During his stay, he wrote detailed letters to his family members about Indian life, language, and culture. He happens to be the first European who wrote about his observations of the Indian society.

  3. He also studied Sanskrit. He was the first one who observed the similarities between Sanskrit and Latin.

  4. His observations could be said to be the first, to give impetus to the notion of a family of Indo-European languages.



Balbharati Solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board



 • Chapter 1: First Farmers

 • Chapter 2: First Cities of India

 • Chapter 3: Chalcolithic Villages in India

 • Chapter 4: Vedic Period

 • Chapter 5: Janapadas and Republics

 • Chapter 6: Second Urbanisation in India

 • Chapter 7: India and Iran (Persia)

 • Chapter 8: India during Mauryan period

 • Chapter 9: Post Mauryan India

 • Chapter 10: Changing Times

 • Chapter 11: Kingdoms in South India

 • Chapter 12: India, Nations in the northwest of the Indian Subcontinent and China

 • Chapter 13: India, Shri Lanka and Southeast Asia

 • Chapter 14: Delhi Sultanate, Vijayanagar and Bahamani Kingdom

 • Chapter 15: India during Mughal period

 • Chapter 16: Swarajya to Empire (Maratha period)


.


chapter 4 - Vedic Period Balbharati solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

chapter 4 - Vedic Period Balbharati solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

chapter 4 - Vedic Period Balbharati solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

chapter 4 - Vedic Period Balbharati solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

chapter 4 - Vedic Period Balbharati solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

chapter 4 - Vedic Period Balbharati solutions for History 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board



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