History of Printing technology

History of Printing technology 

The discovery of printing technology was an important discovery which helped the spread of knowledge far and wide. It is believed that printing technology evolved during the second century C.E. in China. Wooden blocks were used for printing on both, cloth as well as paper. This was known as wood-block printing. Several transitions took place during the evolution of printing technology from the wood-block style till today's digital printing. 

During the period from 1040 to 1048 C.E., a Chinese man named Bi- Sheng developed type characters for the first time from hardened clay, creating the first movable type. However, Wang Zhen carved a more durable type from wood around 1298. This improved the printing technology. 

Further, a German inventor, Johann Gautenberg developed the first - known modern printing press in the 1430s. The first book printed with the help of this technology was the Bible. Soon this technology spread throughout Europe. 

It reached India along with the Europeans. In India, printing started first in Goa, when Portuguese used it for the printing of religious books to spread their religion. They started a printing press in Goa and soon this technology spread throughout the country. In the pre-independence period, this technology was used by political leaders for printing of newspapers for educating the masses, social awakening, freedom struggle as well as philosophical discussions. The advent of modern technology led to the introduction of coloured printing in the 20th and 21st century. The printing technology helped to increase literacy even in rural places.

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