Foucault called his method ‘the archaeology of knowledge’

a. The French historian of the twentieth century, Michel Foucault brought forth a new concept in historiography. He, in his book, ‘Archaeology of knowledge’, 
b. He argued that the prevailing practice of arranging historical events in a chronological order is not right. 
c. He drew attention to the fact that archaeology does not strive to reach the ultimate historical truth but attempts to explain various transition in the past.
d. Foucault felt that explaining transitions in history is more important. Hence he called his method, ‘the archaeology of knowledge’.

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