1.       What is direct democracy?

Democracy based on direct participation of citizens is known as direct democracy.

2.       What is recall?

In indirect democracy, the method of calling the public's elected representative back is called recall.

3.       When is referendum adopted?

A referendum is adopted to know the public opinion on some important public issues, thus involving the people in the decision making process.

4.       Why representative democracy is inevitable?

Representative democracy is inevitable because participation of all citizens in government affairs is not possible today.

5.       What is apolitical party?

A group of people who share similar views or opinion on political matters is called a political party.

6.       State any one difference between ruling party and the opposition party.

The party which wins the majority of seats in the election is known as ruling party whereas the party which is not able to get the majority seats is known as the opposition party.
7.       State any two party systems?

The two party systems are one party system and multiparty system.
8.       What is a state level or regional political party?

The term state or regional political party suggests the area of influence to a particular region or state.

9.       Who undertook efforts to abolish the caste system in India?

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar undertook the efforts to abolish the caste system in India.

10.    What measures the government of Maharashtra has taken to ensure increase in the representation of women?
The following measures have been taken by the government of Maharashtra to ensure increase in the representation of women.
a)       Maharashtra government has increased the reservation for women representatives at the local government to the extent of 50 percent since 2011.
b)       Reservation for women for position of Sarpanchas, Zilla Parishad, Presidents of Municipal Councils and Mayors of Municipal Corporations.

11.    What is the federal system of government?

A method of distributing power among the regions within the country, when there is a linguistic and cultural diversity, it is called as federal (centralized) system of government.

12.    Name any two religions existing in India.
(a)     Hinduism      (b) Islam

13.    Give one example of social pressure.
Intercast marriages are allowed by law, but acceptability of such marriage is very limited in the society. It is one of the examples of social pressure.

14.    State the meaning of tolerance.
Tolerance means accepting that opinions of others can be different from one's own opinion and so allowing other opinions to be expressed.

15.    State any one way of the people's participation?

People can participate by taking interest in the administration of one's own locality.

16.    What is regional inequality?

In many countries, some regions are more developed that other regions and some are less developed. This is called as regional inequality.

17.    What is possible only in democracy?

It is possible to reform and transform politics, politicians, and political parties in democracy only.



1.       In democracy, all citizens have ____________right to vote. (equal, unequal, limited, indirect)

2.       Citizens get fundamental right and freedom in _____________. (democracy, autocracy, feudalism)

3.       India has __________form of democracy. (direct, indirect, presidential, mixed)

4.       In Australia, amendment of constitution is brought by__________ (plebiscite, referendum, recall, initiative)

5.       The Party (or Parties) winning the majority of seats in the election is known as__________ party.(Ruling, Opposition, Independent, Free)

6.       To maintain and capture ____________ is the main aim of the political parties. (Publicity, Minority, Power, Information)

7.       Indian National Congress  was established in___________ (1885, 1985, 1857, 1991)

8.       At present there are ___________ national parties in India. (Six, Two, Three, Four, Seven)

9.       __________parties act as a watch dog of democracy. (Ruling, Opposition, Recognized, Registered)

10.    The distinct nature of language, region, religion and culture is called __________. (unity, diversity, democracy, society)

11.    __________ is a country homogenous in the case of language. (India, Switzerland, China, Sri Lanka)

12.    __________language are listed in our constitution. (22, 42, 52, 55)

13.    India has adopted ___________ system of government. (unitary, federal, presidential, limited monarchy)

14.    The claims that we are superior to others creates ___________ (equality, conflict, irregularity, mutual understanding)

15.    India had adopted the policy of ___________from the beginning. (tolerance, cooperation, competition, secularism)

16.    __________is the core (heart) of democracy. (people, representatives, People's participation, Prime Minister)

17.    _________ is a primary political activity. (criticizing the government, deciding policies, voting, attending meeting)

18.    In the absence of ____________political equality can become meaningless. (affluence, social equality, country's progress, vigilance)

19.    Extreme __________ endangers democracy. (inequality, vigilance, unity, tolerance)

20.    In India, on an average _________percent people vote in Lok Sabha. (58, 38, 68, 48)