### Write your counter view on the topic “Our elderly: The real torch bearers”

Write your counter view on the topic “Our elderly: The real torch bearers” on the basis of the views given below. Add your own points:

You may begin as

Counterview: Old is golden but they should ............

Ans. Old is golden but they should remember that, old persons have already formed a pattern of life and are unwilling to change or modify or adjust.

They have fixed ideas and are not ready to accept any new ideas that does not fit into their mindset. Their experience cannot be applied to present day situations.  They lack knowledge of the changing lifestyle.

July 2016 English Kumarbharati Board Paper With Solution.

(Activity Sheet)
[Section I : Reading Skills, Vocabulary and Grammar. ]

Q. 1. A. Read the following passage and do the given activities. [10]

1. 1. True or False:

State whether the following statements are true or false and rewrite them.

(i) Principal Bhave was a Chemistry Teacher.
(ii) Mashelkar wanted to become a scientist.
(iii) Principal Bhave wanted to demonstrate the law of gravity.
(iv) Mashelkar’s philosophy of life is ‘If we focus, we can achieve anything.’

Ans. (i) False (ii) True  (iii) False   (iv) True.

My second great guru was Principal Bhave, about whom I made a mention earlier. He taught us Physics. Because it was a poor school, I remember, it had to innovate to convey to the young students the message of Science.

I still remember one of the interesting experiences when, on a Friday afternoon, Principal Bhave took us out into the Sun to demonstrate to us as to hot to find the focal length of a convex lens. He had a piece of paper here, a convex lens here and he moved it up and down and there was a point when there was a sharp focus and a bright spot on the paper. He showed the distance between paper and the lens and said that this distance was the focal length. But then the paper started burning. For some reason, he then turned to me, and said, “Mashelkar, if you focus your energies lime this, you can burn anything in the world.”

My young friends, from this I got two lessons - first the philosophy of my life that is we focus, we can achieve anything. And the second about the power of science. It was so powerful. I thought to myself why don’t I become a scientist. It left an indelible mark in my mind.

By the way, if you think carefully about that story, it also tells you about the new model for the society and for the nation. What is the experiment? You have the lens. And what does the lens do? It takes the parallel rays of the Sun and then lets them coverage. And what is the property of parallel lines? Parallel lines never meet. Parallel rays never meet but the lens actually makes them meet. I call it’ Convex lens’ leadership by the way leadership that brings people together.

A. 2.  Complete [2]
Complete the following sentences:

(i) The quality of leadership is _____________-
(ii) Focal Length is ____________
(iii) Parallel rays come together because _______________
(iv) The paper started burning because _________________

(i) The quality of leadership is that is brings people together.
(ii) Focal Length is the distance between the paper and the lens.
(iii) Parallel rays come together because they converge.
(iv) The paper started burning because there was a sharp focus and a bright spot on the paper.

1. 3. Guess the meaning

Guess the meaning of the underlined words form the passage selecting the correct alternatives given and rewrite the sentences:  [2]

(i) Because it was a poor school, it had to innovate to convey to the young students the message of science.

1. Do cheap experiment
2. Introduce new things.
3. Avoid

Answer: Because is was a poor school, it had to introduce new things to convey to the young students the message of science.

(ii) It left an indelible mark in my mind:

1. Fixed
2. Unremovable
3. Deep

Answer: It left an unremovable mark in my mind.

(iii) I got the two lessons - first, the philosophy of my life.

1. Set of an attitude to life
2. Set of feelings in life
3. Set of logic in life

Answer: I got the two lessons - first, the set of logic in life.

(iv) Principal Bhave took us out in the Sun to demonstrate:

1. Experiment on something
2. Show something by giving proof
3. Participate in public meeting.

Answer: Principal Bhave took us out in the Sun to show something by giving proof.

1. 4. (a) Language Study  [2]

Principal Bhave said, “Mashelkar, if you focus your energies like this, you can burn anything in the world.”

Principal Bhave told Mashelkar _____________ (Complete the given statement.)

Answer: Principal Bhave told Mashelkar that if he focused his energies like that, he could burn anything in the world.

(b) It is so powerful. (Rewrite beginning with ‘How  ______’)

Answer: How powerful it is!

A. 5. Personal Response. [2]

Whom would you consider your greatest guru? Why? Support your answer with appropriate reasons.

Answer: My greatest guru is my father from whom I learnt a lot of things. He helped in developing my knowledge with skills and he always encouraged me to thing in an innovative way. He Supported me financially as well as mentally in each and every juncture of my life.

(B) Read the following passage and do the given alternatives: [10 Marks]

B. 1. Find out: [2 marks]

Name the following and rewrite:

1. Shades of mehendi:
2. Instant mehendi is provided by :
3. Designs of Mehendi:
4. Henna gets importance in :

Ans. (1)  Shades of mehendi:
(2) Instant mehendi is provided by :
(3) Designs of Mehendi:
(4) Henna gets importance in :

Henna comes in different shades, from reddish orange to brownish black. The Arabic preference for a black tinge sees them heating the paste before using. A growing trend today is the addition of artificial dyes and coloured stones along with the henna in order to match the attire. This however, does not last long cannot be considered as mehendi in its true sense. Zardosi mehendi is the variation of this trend where in glue is first applied in desired patterns and zari powder of different colours are carefully sprinkled. This lasts only as long as the glue stays and can even be washed off in case of an error.

Cones are most popular means of application of mehendi. To suit those in hurry, ready - made patterns and blocks are available for quick and easy application. Tattoos in interesting shades are also available today, providing a means of ‘instant mehendi’. Besides the ease of applying it on and taking off, tattoos also come in previously unseen oriental designs. In addition to the usual paisleys, and creepers, dragons, scorpions and snakes adorn many an arm or shoulder of the fashionably conscious.
The attractive hues left behind the deep green henna leaves, have a special significance during marriages and festivals in many Eastern countries. The customs behind its usage adds to its rich appeal. Through centuries, mehendi has managed to creatively retain its hold on people from diverse cultures.

B. 2. Match:

Match Column A with Column B: [2]

 Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Arabic mehendi (a) glue is applied for the pattern. (ii) Zardosi mehendi (b) black tinge is prepared by heating mehendi. (iii) Tattoo (c) drawn with the help of a cone (iv) Mehendi (d) Provides instant designs.

Ans.

 Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ (i) Arabic mehendi (b) black tinge is prepared by heating mehendi. (ii) Zardosi mehendi (a) glue is applied for the pattern. (iii) Tattoo (d) Provides instant designs. (iv) Mehendi (c) drawn with the help of a cone

B. 3. Vocabulary
Fill in the blanks by choosing the appropriate words from those given to the brackets and rewrite the statements: [2]

[adorned, instant, pattern, attire, applied]

(i) The gold ring ___________ his fingers.

(ii) The young man wore a shirt with a floral ___________.

(iii) A.T.M. provides us __________________.

(iv) The bride looked beautiful in her bridal ______________.

Ans. (i) The gold ring adorned his fingers.
(ii) The young man wore a shirt with a floral pattern.
(iii) A.T.M. provides us instant cash.
(iv) The bride looked beautiful in her bridal attire.

B. 4. (a) Language study [2]

Cones are the most popular means of application of Mehendi:

(Select the correct positive degree from the alternatives given below and rewrite the statements)

(i) Very few means of application of Mehendi are as popular as cones.

(ii) No other means of application of Mehendi are as popular as cones.

(iii) Cones are as popular as any other means of application of Mehendi.

Ans. No other means of application of Mehendi are as popular as cones.

(b) Henna comes in different shades.

(Frame a ‘Wh-’ question to get the underlined word as answer)

Ans. What comes in different shades?

B. 5. Personal Response. [2]

How does Mehendi give scope for arts? Explain.

Ans. The use of cones and patterns for quick and easy application, tattoos in previously unseen designs and various designs of creatures such as snakes, dragons, scorpions,etc give scope for art.

Q. 2. (A) Read the following passage and do the given activities: [10 Marks]

A. 1. Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct words from the passage and rewrite the statements: [2]

(i) The butterfly had a _____________________ body and shrivelled __________________

Ans. The butterfly had a swollen body and shrivelled wings.

(ii) Sometimes _________________ are exactly what we need in our life.

Ans. Sometimes, struggles are exactly what we need in our life.

(iii) He _______________ the remaining bit of cocoon with a pair of scissors.

Ans. He snipped the remaining bit of cocoon with a pair of scissors.

A man found a cocoon. One day a small opening appeared, he sat and watched the butterfly for several hours as it struggled to force its body through the little hole. Then it seemed to stop making any progress. It appeared as if it had gotten as far as it could and could not go on farther. So the man decided to help the butterfly.

He took a pair of scissors and snipped the remaining bit of the cocoon. The butterfly could now emerge from the cocoon easily. But something was odd. The butterfly had a swollen body and shrivelled wings. The man continued to watch the butterfly because he expected that at any moment, the wings would enlarge and expand to be able to support the body, which would contract in time, neither happened. In fact, the butterfly spent the rest of its life crawling around with a swollen body and deformed wings. It was never able to fly.

What the man in his kindness and haste did not understand was that the restricting cocoon and the struggle required for the butterfly to get through the small opening of the cocoon are nature’s way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly into its wings so that it is ready for flight as soon as it emerges from its cocoon. Sometimes struggles are exactly what we need in our lives. If nature allowed us to go through all our life without any obstacles, it would cripple us. We would not be as strong as we could have been. Not only that, we could never fly.

A. 2. Complete. [2]
Complete the following:

(i) Feelings of a man for the butterfly: ____________________

Ans. Feelings of a man for the butterfly kindness.

(ii) Action taken by the man _________________

Ans. Action taken by the man snipped the remaining bit of the cocoon.

(iii) Effect of the action ___________________

Ans. Effect of the action the butterfly could now emerge from the cocoon.

(iv) Moral of the story _________________

Ans. Moral of the story Overcoming obstacles helps us to be strong.

A. 3. Synonyms. [2]

Pick out the synonyms for the following words from the passage and rewrite them:

(i) to come out =

(ii) make great efforts =

(iii) spoiled shape =

(iv) Stands in the way of progress =

Ans. (i) to come out = to emerge

(ii) make great efforts = struggle

(iii) spoiled shape = deformed

(iv) Stands in the way of progress = restricts

A. 4. Language study: [2]

(i) The butterfly spent rest of its life crawling. The rest of its life __________________ (Complete the given statement)

Ans. The rest of its life was spent crawling by the butterfly.

(ii) It is ready for flight, as soon as it emerges from its cocoon.

No sooner does ___________________

(Complete the given statement)

Ans. The rest of its life was spent crawling by the butterfly.

A. 5. Personal Response [2]

What lesson do you learn from this story?

Ans. The lessons that we learn from this story is,  it is very obvious that struggles are necessary in life. There is going to be ups and downs in everyone's life. Without obstacles and restrictions, life would be crippled. But if we overcome those obstacles and restrictions then it will make us strong and self - reliant. It increases our confidence level and experience in life.

B. Read the following passage and do the given activities: [10 Marks]

B. 1. Arrange the given sentences in the proper chronological order as they appear in the passage. [2]

(i) I would try adding my shrill piping to the birds and insects music.

(ii) The leaves were still pink and tender.

(iii) The banyan trees was like an orchestra pit.

(iv) Red - headed parakeets swarmed about early in the mornings.

Ans. (i) The leaves were still pink and tender.

(ii) Red - headed parakeets swarmed about early in the mornings.

(iii) The banyan trees was like an orchestra pit.

(iv) I would try adding my shrill piping to the birds’ and insects’ music.

The banyan tree was a world in itself, populated with small beast and large insects. While the leaves were still pink and tender, they would be visited by the delicate map butterfly, who committed, her eggs to their care. The ‘honey’ in the leaves - an edible smear - also attracted the little striped squirrels, who soon grew used to my presence in the tree and became quite bold, accepting peanuts from my hand. Red - headed parakeets swarmed about early in the mornings.

At the height of the monsoon, the banyan was like an orchestra pit with the musicians constantly turning up. Birds, insects and squirrels expressed their joy at the termination of the bot weather and the cool quenching relief of the monsoon. A toy flute in my mands, I would try adding to my shrill piping to theirs. But they thought poorly of my musical ability, for, whenever I piped, the birds and the insects maintained a pained and puzzled silence.

The branches were thick with scarlet figs. These berries were not fit for human consumption, but the many birds that gathered in the tree - gossipy rosy pastors, quarrelsome mynas, cheerful bulbuls and coppersmiths, and sometimes a raucous, bullying crow - feasted on them. And when night fell, and the birds rested, the dark flying foxes flapped heavily about the tree, chewing and munching as they clambered over the branches.

B. 2. (a) The following visited the banyan tree. Complete the given table and rewrite it: (1)

 Insects / Animals Reasons for visiting (i) Map butterfly (ii) Squirrels

Ans.
 Insects / Animals Reasons for visiting (i) Map butterfly To seek shelter for its eggs. (ii) Squirrels To gain relief from the monsoon.

(b) The banyan tree is compared to: [1]

Ans.

B. 3. Vocabulary [2]

Fill in the gaps with appropriate words from the passage which means:

(i) Suitable to be eaten: ___  d ___ ___ l ___

Ans. edible

(ii) Move in a great number: s ___ ___ ___ m

Ans. swarm

(iii) Coming to an end: t ___ ___ m ___ ___ ___ t ___ ___ ___

Ans. terminating

(iv) Chew food noisely: ___ u ___ ___ ___

Ans. munch

B. 4. Language study. [2]

(i) The branches were thick with scarlet figs. (What)
Frame a question with the given word in the bracket and rewrite it.

Ans. What were the branches thick with?

(ii) The tree was visited by delicate map butterfly (which/when/that) the leaves were pink and tender.

(Choose the correct conjunction and rewrite the sentence)

Ans. The tree was visited by the delicate map butterfly when the leaves were pink and lender.

B. 5. Personal Response [2]
“Trees are our best friends.” Explain.

Ans. From tree we are getting our life saving oxygen. Trees are the creature of nature based on which the earth exists. They add to the beauty of the environment. They help us to control the soil erosions. Therefore it is rightly said that “Trees are our best friends”.

(Section II: Poetry)

Q. 1. (A) Read the given extract and do the following activities. [5]

A. 1. Fill in the blanks by choosing the correct word from the stanzas and rewrite them. [2 marks]

1] Fight and keep ______________

2] Loss should be accepted with a _______________

3] Doing your noblest results into _________________

4] Go onward in spite of _______________

Ans. (i) Fight and keep sweet.

(ii) Loss should be accepted with a cheerful grin.

(iii) Doing your noblest results into success.

(iv) Going onward in spite of defeat.

It’s going onward despite defeat,
And fighting staunchly, but keeping sweet;
It's being clean and it's playing fair,
It's laughing lightly at Dame Despair.

It's looking up at the stars above ,
And drinking deeply of life and love;
It's struggling on with the will to win,
But taking loss with a cheerful grin.

It's sharing sorrow and work and mirth,
And making better this good old earth;
It's serving, striving through strain and stress,
It's doing your noblest - that's success!

A. 2. It is said that, ‘there is no shortcut to success’ Do you agree with this? Explain. [2]

Ans. So many people are in such a hurry to success that they eagerly take any shortcuts that come across their way. In reality, shortcuts usually lead to disappointments rather than quicker success. The key to any long-term success is to take the necessary steps to steadily progress rather than skip any of them. This would be true whether the goals are financial or health or relationship related.

A. 3. The rhyme scheme mentioned in the second stanza is ________________ (Complete the statement) [1]

Ans. The rhyme scheme mentioned in the second stanza is aabb.

B] Read the given extract and do the following activities. [5]

B. 1. Complete

Complete the following statements:

(i) The children enjoy drinking _____________________

(ii) They gag on fat, the gravy’s ____________________

(iii) The poet describes the soup as __________________

(iv) The whining children are compared to ________________

Ans. (i) The children enjoy drinking coke.

(ii) They gag on fat, the gravy’s gross.

(iii) The poet describes the soup as hot.

(iv) The whining children are compared to persnickety cats.

I always so enjoy to dino
With whining, little brats:
Who won’t eat half you give them,
They’re persnickety as cats.

The soup’s too hot, the corns too cold,
The pickles make them choke,
They won’t eat meat nor apple sauce,
And naught they’ll drink but coke.

They won’t eat peas, don’t like your bread.
For something in it crunches.
They gag on fat, the gravy’s gross,
They won’t eat grapes in bunches.

Tomatoes, onions, peppers, fish.
Garlic nor cottage cheese;
Oh, it’s a dish uncommon rare
That truly seems to please.

B. 2. Which food items do you prefer to eat? Why? [2 Marks]

Ans. I prefer eating food items which are natural. The food items that provide nutrition. I also prefer to avoid fat content food items. I love to consume salads, soups and fruits

B. 3. The soup’s too hot the corns too cold: [1 Marks]

The figure of speech is __________ because ____________
[Complete the statement]

Ans. The figure of speech is Antithesis because opposite ideas such as ‘soup’s too hot’ and ‘corns too cold’ are placed side by side for poetic effect.

(Section III: Rabid Reading)
Q. 4. A. Read the following passage and do the given activities: [5]

A. 1. Match the words in Column ‘A’ with activity performed by them in Column ‘B’ and rewrite them: [1]

 Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ i] Rex a] bowling ii] Akhil b] batting c] Fielding

Ans.
 Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’ i] Rex a] bowling ii] Akhil b] batting c] Fielding

The feeling was particularly strong late one summer evening when we were playing cricket. It was my turn to field. Our dog, Rex, loved fielding because it gave him a chance to nose around in the undergrowth. Neel, the eldest, was batting. Akhil, the youngest, bowled a cunning googly.

Thapak! Ball and bat made rude contact. The ball soared. Rex barked and raced after it. We heard him crashing through the bushes. My brothers went in for a drinks break. And I went after the missing ball and the absconding fielder. I found the ball all right. It lay clearly visible at the foot of a gnarled neem. How had Rex missed it? Slightly puzzled, I picked the ball and called out his name. No sign of him. I whistled.

This time a faint whine pierced the stillness. This part of the garden was particularly wild. Thick climbers covered the trees, hanging like green curtains from their branches. Stepping gingerly onto the wild hummocky grass, I went after Rex. Suddenly I saw him. Or rather, I saw his wagging tail. The rest of him was hidden by a Zizyphus bush.  There was someone else behind that bush. Someone to whom Rex offered a friendly paw. He whimpered again but it was a pleasurable sound as if that someone was scratching his ears for him.

A. 2. What did the writer see when she stepped onto the wild hummocky grass in search of Rex? [2]

Ans. When the writer stepped onto the wild hummocky grass in search of Rex, she presumably saw his wagging tail, as the rest of his body was hidden by a Zizyphus bush. There also seemed to be someone to whom Rex offered his paw.

A. 3. What qualities of Rex do you come across in this extract? [2]

Ans. In this extract, Rex is depicted as a dog with a very friendly disposition. He had a superb sense of identifying or recognizing. He is alert as he races after the ball as soon as it is struck with the bat.

SECTION IV : WRITING SKILLS

Q. 5. A. Letter Writing

Attempt any one of the following letters using the points from the following leaflet: [5]

(B) Attempt any one of the following based on the chart given below: [5]

Ans. Healthy Teeth for Happy Smiles — Camp by Local School.

Mumbai, 26th March.

Hundreds of people participated in the Dental Awareness camp, organized by the General English High School on March 25, 2016 at Dadar, Mumbai  in the Gandhi Park, a few minutes away from the School. The Camp was conceived as a means to disseminate knowledge about common oral diseases and the importance of oral health care.
“This is the first time we organized such an event outside our health care campus,” stated Dr. Abdul Hasan., HoD, Dept of Public Health Dentistry, who was the event coordinator. Students and faculty helped with the organizing of the camp.
Beginning at 2:00 pm, the camp was inaugurated by noted cine artist, Mr. Rajinikanth, who was joined by Dr. K. N. Nehru, Principal of the Our School and Ms. Ramya, Administrator of the School. “Many people from poorer sections of society are unable to receive the required dental care in our society,” stated Mr. Rajinikanth. “I am happy to note that “The General English High School is organizing this camp, where so many people can avail of free check ups as well as learn more.” Mr. Rajinikanth also expressed his profound appreciation for the models and oral education material displayed at the camp. “I myself was not aware about the gravity of the some of the oral diseases; I know more now,” he shared later. The camp received great appreciation and patronage from the general public.

Ans.
My self: Good morning Doctor.

Doctor: Good morning. What can I do for you?

Myself: I have toothache.

Doctor: Let me check your mouth .... (after checking)……. Show me your throat.

Myself: Okay. Doctor.

Doctor: Has the ache been constant or fluctuating?

Myself: Since last two days the pain is there. On yesterday, it was fluctuating, but now today is has become more constant.

Doctor: Which tooth is hurting?

Myself: It is in the right side downward 3rd teeth from the end of the jaw.

Doctor: It is a severe decay in your teeth. It means, when the enamel and dentine which are the outer coverings get decayed and the inner nerves get exposed.

Myself: Is it something bad?

Doctor: Well, nothing unusual for you! You’ve got another set of cavities.

Myself: Ouch. But, I’ve been taking good care of my teeth.

Doctor: The gaps you have between your teeth make you prone to frequent cavities. This is the reason I keep on asking you to visit the dentist once every 6 months to maintain your oral hygiene.

Myself: Yes, I know you’re right. Are the cavities really bad?

Doctor: Not that bad. We’ll fix them up with composite filling. Let me examine you then we can decide on the line of treatment.

Myself: Oh, Sure Doctor and thank you Doctor.

Q. 6. A. Attempt any one of the following: [5]

Ans.  The must have qualities of a Sportsmanship.

From the given web, it is observed that Sportsmanship mean play fair. It sounds simple, but you'd be surprised how many men will cheat or play dirty to win. Be a team player and always stay positive, moreover keep trash talk to a minimum. Sportsmanship leads to several other qualities such as devotion, dedication, etc. Sportsmanship also includes, lose but gracefully, win with class, respect the rulings of officials. It develops a positive attitude - optimism in a person - the attitude of looking at the brighter side of life. It also strengthens the quality of determination in a person. It also teaches us to face hardships and how to overcome them.

OR

As a newspaper reporter you have been assigned with the task of interviewing Rahul Dravid. Frame 10 questions to interview Dravid with proper beginning.

Ans. Interview Questions:
Mr Rahul Dravid, the famous cricketer, known as the ‘Wall of India’ would be asked to answer the following questions in an interview by a newspaper reporter.

(i) How do you feel on receiving such a Championship?

(ii) Have you received such recognition before? Please give details.

(iii) How long has your career in the cricket been?

(iv) Who do you attribute your success to?

(v) Who has inspired you to take up cricket?

(vi) What were the reactions of your family to this championship?

(vii) Who else do you think deserved such a championship?

(viii) To what extent were your colleagues helpful in your success story?

(ix) What is your plan for the future or your dream?

(x) What message would you like to give upcoming generation, especially the youth who are interested in cricket?

(B) Attempt any one of the following: [5]

Ans. Respected Headmaster, beloved teachers and my dear friends,

It is my privilege and joy to address this audience on the occasion of Science Day. You know Science Day is celebrated every year on 28th February. But why? What is the aim of Science Day? and What’s our Duty for this nation?
National Science Day is celebrated all over India with great enthusiasm on 28th of February every year in order to remember the great invention by the Indian physicist Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman of the Raman Effect on the same day in the year 1928. For his great success, he was awarded with Nobel Prize in the Physics in the year 1930.

Gone are the days when man blindly accepted ‘the so called truths’ without even applying his mind to the same. Thus, superstition came into existence which is the bane of society. But we know that, Scientific attitude enriches one’s knowledge in science and improves one’s ability to reason thus, empowering one to make progress and advancement in his life and career.

Every Year National Science Day has a Theme at which we focus more. Yes, it is overall a national science day but we do focus at some particular things on every science day. So take a look at the themes of National Science Day of previous 10 years. The theme of the year 2006 was “Nurture Nature for our future”. The theme of the year 2007 was “More Crop Per Drop”. The theme of the year 2008 was “Understanding the Planet Earth”.  The theme of the year 2009 was “Expanding Horizons of Science”. The theme of the year 2010 was “Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development”. The theme of the year 2011 was “Chemistry in Daily Life”.  The theme of the year 2012 was “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety”. The theme of the year 2013 was “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”. The theme of the year 2014 was “Fostering Scientific Temper”.  The theme of the year 2015 was “Science for Nation Building”. Now, let us talk about the theme of the year 2016, that is The Theme of National Science Day for the Year 2016 is – “Scientific Issues for Development of the Nation”.

Thank you for your attention.

OR

B. 2. Write your counter view on the topic “Our elderly: The real torch bearers” on the basis of the views given below. Add your own points:

You may begin as

Counterview: Old is golden but they should ............

Ans. Old is golden but they should remember that, old persons have already formed a pattern of life and are unwilling to change or modify or adjust.
They have fixed ideas and are not ready to accept any new ideas that does not fit into their mindset. Their experience cannot be applied to present day situations.  They lack knowledge of the changing lifestyle.

Q. 7. Attempt any one of the following: [5]

A. 1. Expand any one of the given ideas in about 80 - 100 words.

(i) As you sow, so shall you reap.

Ans.
If a farmer desires to reap a harvest of wheat, he sows wheat; if he wants rice, he sows rice. What should we think of him if he planted wheat and expected to harvest rice, or the other way round? We would certainly consider him a mentally unsound person. The law of nature tells us that we must sow what we wish to reap. If we sow nothing, we shall reap nothing.
So it is with life. We have always to bear the consequences of our actions. If we perform good deeds, we shall be rewarded with good. If we perform bad deeds, we shall live lives of misery and wretchedness.

You cannot achieve fair ends by using foul means. Even if you do, it is short-lived. Lasting peace cannot be brought about by violent means. Good always triumphs over evil.

Man can decide his own future by his present deeds. If he sows the seeds of vice, corruption and sin, he reaps the harvest of misery and ruin. If he plants virtue, purity and goodness, he plucks the golden fruit of success and happiness. If we want to achieve good, we should do good, for as we sow, so shall we reap.

(ii) Charity begins at home.

Ans. It is very easy to show the whole world that you are doing good deeds. Many people do this just to impress others. But when it comes to treating people who are near them well, they are very sadly lacking. They treat their children, family members, servants and people who are closely connected with them very badly.
If you really want to be good to others, it has to spread to all walks of life, and should begin we treat those who are not so close to us. Treating others well should be a habit with us . It should not be an attitude that we display only to gain name or fame. It should be the same when treating the smallest and the closest as well as treating the greatest and the farthest.

OR

A. 2. Look at the following words and construct your own story in 80 to 100 words giving a suitable title and a moral value: