March 2014 SSC board exam English question paper
Section - I
(Reading Skills, Vocabulary and Grammar)
Q.1. (A) Read the following passage and complete the activities given below: [10 marks]
A1. Name the following: With reference to the passage. (2)
(i) Two people who influenced Mashelkar ________.
(ii) The trust which granted scholarship to Mashelkar _______.
(iii) The Director of the Board of Tata Motors _______.
(iv) Principal Bhave demonstrated _______.
A.1. (i) Two People who influenced Mashelkar: his mother, Principal Bhave.
(ii) The trust which granted a scholarship to Mashelkar: The Sir Dorab Tata Trust.
(iii) the Direction on the Board of Tata Motors: the writer, Mashelkar, himself.
(iv) Principal Bhave demonstrated: how to find the focal length of a convex lens.
In fact, I remember, my passing the SSC Examination – i.e. 11th standard. Those days it used to be not 10th standard or 12th standard but 11th standard. I stood 11th among 1,35,000 but I was about to leave higher education and find a job. What helped me was the scholarship by
Sir Dorab Tata Trust. It was just 60 rupees per month and would you believe that 60 rupees per month from Tatas added so much value to my life that I have been able to stand here today before you to speak to you.
I am on the Board of Tatas now and it is very interesting that the same Bombay House where I used to go to collect that 60 rupees per month now one goes and sits there as a Director on the Board of Tata Motors. The turn that these 40 years has taken is very interesting. It has all been possible because of the chance I got to do higher studies at the insistence of my mother. She gave me values of my life. She was one of the noblest parents I have met in my life. So, my greatest guru was my mother. My second great guru was Principal Bhave, about whom I made a mention earlier. He taught us Physics. Because it was a poor school, I
remember, it had to innovate to convey to the young students the message of Science. I still remember one of the interesting experiences when, on a Friday afternoon, Principal Bhave took us out into the sun to demonstrate to us as to how to find the focal length of a convex lens. He had a piece of paper here, a convex lens here and he moved it up and down and there was a point when there was a sharp focus and a bright spot on the paper.
He showed the distance between paper and the lens and said that this distance was the focal length. But then the paper started burning. For some reason, he then turned to me, and said, “Mashelkar, if you focus your energies like this, you can burn anything in the world.”
A2. Supply the information from the passage. (2)
(i) Mashelkar could continue his studies because ________.
(ii) The teaching of Principal Bhave’s experiment was ________.
(iii) Mashelkar considers his mother as the greatest Guru because ________.
(iv) The paper started burning because ________.
(i) Mashelkar could continue his studies because of the scholarship given by ‘The Sir Dorab Tata Trust’
(ii) The teaching of Principal Bhave’s experiment was that if we focus our energies, we can achieve anything.
(iii) Mashelkar considers his mother as the greatest Guru because she insisted on his doing his higher studies and gave him the values of life.
(iv) The paper started burning because the sunrays were focused on the paper.
A3. Word Register (from the passage) (2)
Prepare a word register for the word
Education – students, higher studies, Principal, guru, standard, scholarship, school, examination, Physics, Science.
A4. Modal Auxiliary
(i) I used to go to collect 60 rupees per month.
(Rewrite the sentence using Modal Auxiliary ‘would’) (1)
Ans. I would go to collect 60 rupees per month.
(ii) Reported Speech:
Principal Bhave said, “Mashelkar, if you focus your energies like this, you can burn anything in the world.”
(How will Mashelkar report this to his friend?) (1)
Ans. Mashlekar will tell his friend: Principal Bave to me that if I focused my energies like that, I could burn anything in the world.
A5. Personal Response
What is the role played by our parents in shaping our career? (2)
Ans. Our parents’ guide us to achieve success in life by shaping our career right from our childhood. They knew us better than anyone in the world. The work hard for us to get better education. They motivate and inspire us from our birth to till their last moment.
(B) Read the passage and complete the activities given below : (10 marks)
B1. Complete the table :
A few facts about the Mehendi rituals during marriage ceremonies are given below : (2)
Write them into appropriate columns :
(i) Simple family affair.
(ii) Song and dance performance accompanied with lavish food and enterainment.
(iii) Creative family members, apply mehendi to the bride.
(iv) Beauticians are appointed to apply mehendi to the bride.
Fill in the table as :
(i) a simple family affair
(i) song and dance performance accompanied with lavish food and entertainment
(ii) creative family members apply mehendi to the bride
(ii) beauticians appointed to apply mehendi to the bride
Mehendi enjoys special attention during wedding. In India, the day before the wedding is devoted exclusively for the elaborate ritual of applying mehendi on the hands and feet of the bride. This practice is followed in Arab countries as well, except that it is held few days prior to the wedding day. Songs woven around the healing properties and lucky omens associated with mehendi, are sung by the bride’s family and friends. An age-old belief handed down to generations lays great emphasis on the colour of the bride’s mehendi – a darker colour suggests bountiful love and affection from the future in-laws and husband, and for this reason brides take pain to ensure that only the best quality henna is used for her wedding day.
The ritual of adorning the bride with henna is a sacred one and in some communities require the initiation by the mother-in-law. A popular game during marriage function is the search for their names, by the bride and groom hidden within the elaborate pattern on the bride’s hands.
In certain parts of India, the bridegroom too has his hands decorated with henna. The mehendi function during marriages has evolved from simple family affairs of yesteryears to elaborate events of today. Lavish spread of food and entertainment in the form of song and dance performances have transformed it from a small function to a gala prelude. In earlier days, the task of applying mehendi on the bride was the sole prerogative of creative family members. The demand for intricate and different style now, sees this job outsourced to beauticians skilled in this art. Beauty salons charge according to the style and complexity of pattern desired by the clients.
B2. What is the age old belief related to the bride’s mehendi colour and its significance? (2)
Ans. The age ole belief related to the bride’s mehendi colour is that it should be a dark. This dark shade signifies bountiful love and affection from the bride’s future in – laws and husband.
B3. Find the words :
Find the words from the passage : (2)
The first letter of each word is given as a clue :
(i) Nowadays lot of e .......... is given to the use of Information Technology in school.
(ii) Temples and mosques exhibit i .......... carving on their walls.
(iii) The minister announced the i .......... of the National Polio Eradication Programme.
(iv) Villages have t .......... to towns.
(i) Nowadays lot of emphasis is given to the use of Information Technology in school.
(ii) Temples and mosques exhibit intricate carving on their walls.
(iii) The minister announced the initiation of the National Polio Eradication Programme.
(iv) Villages have transformed to towns.
B4. Complete the table : (2)
Select any one word and use it meaningfully in a sentence of your own.
Sentence: Students must create a work strategy to become success in their life.
B5. Personal Response: (2)
A lot of money is spent nowadays on marriage ceremonies. What is your opinion about it?
Ans. My opinion about spending a lot of money on marriage ceremonies is totally of waste. There are many meaningful way through which we can start our marriage life. We blindly follow many rituals and customs which leads to a lot of spending. We should ban all such unwanted thinks.
Q.2. (A) Read the following passage and complete the activities given below: [10 marks]
A1. Find out:
Find from the passage the related words to sea and write them. (2)
ON FIERCE monsoon nights, about one and a quarter mile off the Mumbai harbour, there have been occasions when 52-year-old Bikaji Ramchandra Dhuri is the only man on sea. From the watchtower of the Prongs Reef Lighthouse, which is surrounded on all sides by the Arabian Sea, he has heard the sea rage like a possessed spirit – the darkness dispelled only by the beam of light flung across the waters from the tower he mans.
Dhuri is one of the last breed of lighthouse keepers on the Indian coast, as a majority of the 182 lighthouses in the country are now unmanned. Built in 1871, the Prongs Reef lighthouse was modelled on Scotland’s Skerryvore Rocks Lighthouse, and is located at a strategic spot on the western coast, marking the entrance to the busy Mumbai Harbour. It was meant to stem the number of shipwrecks off the harbour, which the lone Colaba lighthouse could not illumine on its own. “Even now, during nights, for fishing vessels without any gadgets, it’s the soft light from this tower which directs us to Mumbai,” says Vinayak Koli, a boatsman who helps ferry people and also goes on fishing expeditions.
Through the year, Dhuri lives in the lighthouse for 15 days at a stretch, when he is relieved by another keeper. In the monsoon, it becomes his home for three months. “We call it the kalapani as we are alone in the middle of the sea for days, with basic supplies – and the revolving light that keeps the sea awake,” he says.
A2. Fill in the following information using words from the passage: (2)
(i) The Prongs Reef lighthouse was modelled on _______.
(ii) Dhuri lives in the lighthouse for _______ at a stretch.
(iii) _______ is one of the last breed of lighthouse keepers on Indian coast.
(iv) The majority of the _______ lighthouses in the country are now unmanned.
(i) The Prongs Reef lighthouse was modelled on Scotland’s Skerryvore Rocks Lighthouse.
(ii) Dhuri lives in the lighthouse for 15 days at a stretch.
(iii) Dhuri is one of the last breed of lighthouse keepers on Indian coast.
(iv) The majority of the 182 lighthouses in the country are now unmanned.
A3. Read the words and find out the similar meaning words from the passage: (2)
A4. (i) “We call it Kalapani as we are alone in the middle of the sea for days”, he says.
(Use ‘that’ and rewrite the sentence) (1)
Answer. He says that they call it Kalapani as they are alone in the middle of the sea for days.
(ii) It was meant to stem the number of shipwrecks of the harbour.
(a) was it? (b) wasn’t it? (c) is it?
(Select the proper tag and rewrite the sentence) (1)
Ans. It was meant to stem the number of shipwrecks of the harbour, wasn’t it?
A5. Personal Response
Imagine you have to spend a night in a lighthouse. Narrate your experience. (2)
Answer: I was so excited by the experience in lighthouse. I went up to the lighthouse with my four friends. It was very dark inside the lighthouse. Everywhere it seems to be many ghosts standing here and there. We all were so scared.
2. (B) Read the passage and complete the activities given below: [10 marks]
B1. Pick out
The correct answers from the statements given below: (2)
(i) All parts of the human body receive blood from the:
(a) lungs (b) heart (c) stomach (d) liver
(ii) The portion of heart which doesn’t receive proper blood supply becomes:
(a) strong (b) dead (c) weak (d) diseased
(iii) Angina results from the weakening of the:
(a) heart (b) liver (c) stomach (d) lungs
(iv) The heart receives its own blood supply through the:
(a) veins (b) lumen (c) fat (d) coronary arteries
Ans. Coronary arteries
Coronary bypass surgery is undoubtedly a very significant achievement of modern medical science. But one ponders over certain pertinent questions such as the cost involved and the ultimate benefit.
The human heart is nothing but a four-chambered muscular pump which supplies blood to all parts of the body. Being an active pump, the heart itself requires a lot of energy and receives its own blood supply via certain vessels called coronary arteries. By a process called “atherosclerosis”, fat particles are deposited on the inner wall of the lumen of the coronary arteries which eventually reduce the size of the lumen and produce obstruction to the free flow of blood. The portion of the heart which suffers from lack of blood supply becomes weaker as a pump and gives rise to a typical chest pain called “angina”. When such blockage is total, the corresponding heart muscle dies and then one suffers a “heart attack”. In all these circumstances, heart surgeons perform a special type of operation known as “coronary bypass surgery”.
In this surgery a blood vessel is taken (usually from the leg of the patient) and then grafted on the heart in such a way that when blood flows through, it bypasses the narrow segment of the diseased coronary artery. The concept is to divert the flow from the narrow artery, inside which there is already a ‘traffic congestion’ and in this respect it is synonymous to road bypass.
B2. Fill in the gaps with the information given in the passage: (2)
(i) The number of chambers of the human heart are _______.
(ii) Name the process by which fat particles are deposited within coronary arteries
(iii) When a heart muscle dies, due to total blockage one suffers from a _______.
(iv) To prevent heart attack Surgeons perform _______.
Ans. (i) Four (ii) Atherosclerosis (iii) Heart attack (iv) Coronary bypass surgery
B3. Find meanings
Which words in the passage have the following meanings? (2)
(i) think over
(iii) turn in another direction
(iv) a tube carrying fluid.
Ans. (i) Ponder (ii) Pertinent (iii) Divert (iv) Blood vessel
B4. (i) Coronary bypass surgery is undoubtedly a very significant achievement of modern science. (Use ‘which’ and rewrite the sentence.)
Ans. Coronary bypass is a surgery which is undoubtedly a very significant achievement of modern science.
(ii) The heart surgeons perform a special type of operation.
(Begin your sentence with ‘A special type of operation _______’)
Ans. A special type of operation is performed by the heart surgeons.
B5. Personal Response
What do you do to keep your heart healthy? (2)
Ans. I do exercise every day and I perform breathing exercises and go for jogging every morning to keep myself fit. I go to my school by walk and avoid all kinds of junk food and bakery products. I prefer simple food and fruits to keep my heart healthy. Above all, I remain happy and cheerful all day and avoid stress.
3 (A) Read the following extract carefully and complete the activities given below: [5 marks]
A 1 . Complete the following:
(i) Books were found on the _____________ and ____________.
(ii) The tales are described as ______________ and __________.
Ans. (i) Books were found on the nursery floor and in the bedroom, by the bed.
(ii) The tales are described as wondrous an fantastic / fine.
Have you forgotten? Don't you know?
We'll say it very loud and slow:
THEY ... USED ... TO ... READ! They'd READ and READ,
AND READ and READ, and then proceed
To READ some more. Great Scott! Gadzooks!
One half their lives was reading books!
The nursery shelves held books galore!
Books cluttered up the nursery floor!
And in the bedroom, by the bed,
More books were waiting to be read!
Such wondrous, fine, fantastic tales
Of dragons, gypsies, queens, and whales
And treasure isles, and distant shores
Where smugglers rowed with muffled oars,
And pirates wearing purple pants,
And sailing ships and elephants,
And cannibals crouching 'round the pot,
Stirring away at something hot.
(It smells so good, what can it be?
Good gracious, it's Penelope.)
A2. What kind of books does the poet mention?
Ans. The poet mentions books about dragons, gypsies, queens, whales, treasure isles and distant shores. Smugglers, elephants, ships and cannibals also future in the books.
A3. Poetic Device:
THEY ... USED ... TO ... READ! They'd READ and READ,
AND READ and READ, and then proceed
Which words are repeated?
Ans. The words ‘READ’ and ‘AND’ are repeated. The figure of speech is Repetition.
The figure of speech is _______________
3 (B) Read the following extract of the poem and complete the activities given below: [5 marks]
B1. State which of the following statements are
True or False: (2)
(i) The elderly are nearest to our own exalted personality.
(ii) The elderly are those persons whose growth is stunted.
(iii) We should know our elderly people well, in order to receive guidance.
(iv) The elderly hold on to the frivolous aspects of life.
“Oh the value of the elderly! How could anyone not know?
They hold so many keys, so many things they can show.
We all will read the other side this I firmly believe
And the elderly are closest oh what clues we could retrieve.
For their characters are closest to how we’ll be on high.
They are the ones most developed, you can see it if you try.
They’ve let go of the frivolous and kept things that are dear.
The memories of so sweet, of loved ones that were near.
As a nation we are missing our greatest true resource,
To get to know our elders and let them guide our course”.
B2. Give Reason
Elderly people should be around us. Justify. (2)
Ans. Elderly people have treasures of knowledge and experience. They can guide us and show us the right path. They are very loving and caring and are ever ready to help us in every possible way. Though they may not be physically strong they give us invaluable moral support and moral values. Since they are our roots and our greatest true resource they should be around us.
B3. Rhyme Scheme
The rhyme scheme for the first four lines is _______
(a) abab (b) aabb (c) abba (1)
Ans. The rhyme scheme for the first four lines is aabb.
SECTION – III
Q.4. Read the passage carefully and complete the activities given below: [5 marks]
A1. True or False (1)
(i) Cross cutting swords were used to seal the wall.
(ii) Hearing Mataprasad’s footsteps the cobra glided out of the wall.
Ans. (i) False (ii) True
“Go, tell Neel,” I whispered to Akhil. “Tell him to get help.”
While I waited, I prayed that Rex would not make any sudden move. The cobra would lash out in swift, sure revenge. I do not know how long I stood there, riveted by the horrifying tableau being enacted before me. At last I heard footsteps coming along the passage. It was Mataprasad, the mali, with a solid reassuring stick.
At the sound of his approach, the cobra lowered its head and glided out of a hole in the wall.
The next day, masons came to seal the hole through which the cobra had slid in. And men in gumboots armed with scythes and grass-cutting swords cleaned up the compound. They hacked away at the tall grass. And what had lain hidden for years surfaced. For instance we discovered that someone had laid out a badminton court many years ago. And we discovered a grave. It was a small grave, close to the boundary wall. There was a moss blackened stone at its head with just the faintest race of the words engraved on it. We identified the words with our fingers.
A2. Mention the two things that were found when the tall grass was hacked. (2)
Ans. When the tall grass was hacked, a badminton court that had laid hidden for years surfaced and a small grave close to the boundary wall with a moss blackened stone at its head having the faintest trace of words engraved on it was also discovered.
A3. The narrator prayed that Rex should not make any sudden move. Explain giving reasons. (2)
Ans. The narrator was scared that if Rex made a sudden move the cobra would lash out at him in revenge. The narrator was of the opinion that if Rex remained still, the cobra would recede without causing any harm to him. Because of these reasons, the narrator prayed that Rex should not make any sudden move.
SECTION : IV
Q.5. (A) A1 or A2: Do any one of the following activities: [5 marks]
Look at the following news and write a letter to your sister encouraging her to develop a terrace garden.
House Garbage to cultivate garden Pune: Mrs. Lele of Sahakar Nagar used the wet garbage from the kitchen, to develop a garden. She has planted flower plants as well as vegetables. She derived sheer joy and gets fresh veggies.
7G, Rainbow Villa,
31st March, 2014
Let me first of all congratulate you for purchasing a terrace flat. I am sure, you are shifting to your new flat very soon. I think you should develop a garden in the terrace. It will not only provide a soothing greenery to your eyes but also bring peace to your heart.
It is also a good hobby to pass your leisure time fruitfully. I remember reading a news item in the recent newspaper which said that house garbage can be used to cultivate garden. You can compost your kitchen food waste to grow the garden. It is very easy and requires little time, effort or space. This compost is invaluable for the soil in your potted plants. It is a total natural food for the soil.
Above all, this will help in reducing pollution by making a proper use of the waste. You can plant flower plants as well as vegetables. I am sure you will enjoy growing fresh vegetables for your family and flowers to add a lively and colourful joy to your life. Convey my regards to Jijai and love to kids.
Your loving sister,
Look at the handout below. Write a letter to the organisers asking for details as you want to participate in it.
Save the Planet
· A mammoth rally to be organised to save the Environment.
· School children to participate
· Free T shirts and gifts for participants
· Social duty of every citizen
· Contact for the details:
· Save the Planet Mission, Orange City Appts., Nagpur
Mr. Rakesh Jain,
23rd March, 2014.
Save the Planet Mission,
Orange City Apts.
Subject: Information for participating in the rally.
I am a student of class IX studying in Vidyamandir, Nagpur. I am very much interested in participating in the mammoth rally to be organized by you to save the Environment. I understand that it is the responsibility of each one of us to save our life giving and lifesaving Mother Earth. I am sure this will create more and more awareness for the need to save our planet.
I, therefore want to know when this rally is scheduled? Are the participants required to fill in any form and should the same be sent through school or we can submit it personally?
Sir, Kindly let me know if the participants need to undergo a medical check-up or any other formality to be fulfilled. I would be obliged if I can be of any help in preparing posters and charts. Awaiting for the reply,
(B) B1 or B2: Do any one of the following activities: [5 marks]
B1. Report writing
Read the following leaflet and prepare a report for a news.
Blood Donation Camp
i. arranged on the Independence Day
ii. Dr. R. C. Patil will inaugurate
iii. Free medical check up before blood donation
iv. Nutritious refreshments served for donors.
v. Attend one and all
vi. Organised by EST Hospital, Raviwar Peth, Pune.
Blood Donation Camp
Pune: 10th August, 2014
A blood donation camp is being organized by EST Hospital, Raviwar Peth, Pune. The camp is scheduled to be held on the Independence Day i.e., 15th August, 2014 between 9 am to 5 pm at Jyoti Vidyaniketan, Raviwar Peth, Pune. The camp will be inaugurated by Honourable Dr. R.C. Patil, the Vice-Chancellor of XYZ University. Arrangements are being made for a free medical checkup before blood donation. Nutritious refreshments will be served for donors after the noble donation of blood. The organizers are appealing to the masses especially the younger generation to come forward and donate blood so that there will be no dearth of blood worldwide. This camp aims at creating awareness about their social responsibilities. An enthusiastic participation of the youth is expected for the same. The camp invites one and all to shoulder this noble social responsibility.
B2. Dialogue Writing:
Develop a dialogue between a doctor and a patient using the points given in the
balloons. Add your own points.
Patient : Hello doctor!
Doctor : Hello! Come in and sit down.
Patient : Thank you Doctor
Doctor : Now, tell me what is your problem?
Patient : I am not feeling well.
Doctor : Well, tell me how you are suffering?
Patient : I have stomachache. I am feeling uneasy and it seems that I have no appetite for my food.
Doctor : Are you experiencing with some kind of headache too.
Patient : Yes, moreover I am experiencing a vomiting sensation too.
Doctor : Now, tell me what kind of work/job do you do?
Patient : I am a Manager and I am not involved in any kind of active job. Its all table work.
Doctor . Oh, I see! What kind of exercise do you take in the morning or evening?
Patient : Sorry I don’t take any. I work for long hours and get so tired and exhausted to take up any physical activity.
Doctor : I see. Don’t worry. Its nothing serious as of now. I will prescribe some medicines and you will be fine.
Patient : Thank you Doctor.
Doctor : But I shall advice you to avoid eating junk food. Eat fresh meals and fruits. In addition you should take up some exercises every morning. Try to walk as much as possible. Walking is a good exercise. And take proper rest. If you do as I say, you will soon be all right.
Patient : Thank you, doctor. I will follow your advice.
Doctor : Good day! And let me know how you get on.
Q.6. (A) A1 or A2: Do any one of the following activities. [5 marks]
A1. Information Transfer (Non-verbal to Verbal):
Transfer the given information into a paragraph.
Manufacture of Paper
Paper is chiefly used for writing. The raw material used in the manufacture of paper is wood, grass, bamboo and rags. There are several processes by which the raw material is converted into pulp. Most commonly the raw material is cut into pieces and then immersed in water to convert it into pulp. The pulp is then mixed with lime for whitening it. This pulp and lime mixture is boiled at high pressure. The pulp is next passed through wire meshes. The paper sheets are removed from the mesh while it is still wet. These wet sheets are passed over heated rollers to remove the water and the paper is dried so as to make thin sheets of paper.
A2. Read the following passage and complete the table
Dialect is a form of a language spoken in one area which may be different from other forms of the same language. Each language has dialects which change every few kilometers. India is a multi-lingual country. Each state follows its own language as official language. For example, Marathi is the official language of Maharashtra, while Ahirani, Wharadi, Konkani and Malwani are its dialects. Several languages in India are spoken but do not have any script. In Karnataka, Kannada is the official language. Tulu is spoken in Karnataka but has no script. In England, English is the official language while Scottish, spoken in Scotland and Welsh spoken in Wales are dialects of English.
Spoken /Without script
Spoken /Without script
(B) B1 or B2: Do any one of the following activities: [5 marks]
B1. Speech Writing
Prepare a speech to be delivered by you at children’s day celebration, laying stress on “Today’s Children - Future of India”.
“Today’s Children – Future of India”.
Good Morning and a Happy Children’s Day to all of you.
The wealth of a nation cannot be counted in terms of its economic growth but in the kind and quality of its children. So you all are the wealth of our nation. The future and success of our nation rests on you. You, the children of today will be adults of tomorrow and shape the destiny of our nation. It then becomes essential that you are healthy, wealthy and wise. And it becomes our responsibility that we give the highest priority to your physical, mental and moral well-being.
When you are nurtured to become strong, healthy and intellectual youth, it becomes your responsibility to use your talents, energies and enthusiasm for a positive goal and purpose.
You are blessed with bounties of talents and capabilities. Use them constructively in nation building and strengthening it. To prepare you for such a role we have several projects, facilities and schemes. These will help you to get educated in a productive manner. It is our responsibility to provide you progressive education according to the needs of the society. This education will not only help you in acquiring professional skills but also moral values. It is rightly said, ‘A sound mind dwells in a healthy body’. So health should be taken care of. It becomes our responsibility to maintain clean and hygienic environment to avoid health problems. We must avoid junk food and go in for healthy, nutritious diet. Remember it is you children who can lead the nation to greater heights and newer worlds. So channelize your abilities positively in the desired direction.
B2. View and Counter-view
a paragraph on the counter-view of ‘Benefits of Using Helmets’.
(2) Inconvenient to carry
(3) Feeling of suffocation
(4) Risky on busy roads.
Counterview of ‘Benefits of Using Helmets’
Wearing a securely fastened helmet is the most important thing you can do to improve your chances of surviving an accident. In the absence of a helmet the rider has more chances of head injuries than the one who is wearing a helmet. Life is precious and in its comparison the cost of a helmet is nothing. The rider feels comfortable as he escapes the sound of the wind as it roars past his ears. He is also saved from the strong wind blasting in his face and eyes. It also cuts down the glare from the sun and keeps out water in rains thereby reducing the chances of accidents.
Q.7. Developing a story [5 marks]
(i) Expand any one of the following ideas into two paragraphs:
(1) Nothing succeeds like success.
Nothing succeeds like success.
This proverb means that success breeds further success. Accordingly if one has succeeded in the past, he/she will continue to be successful in future. It is commonly observed that one who has experienced success will enjoy more success in quick successions. Each one of us desires to be successful but only a few are fortunate to enjoy the fruits of success. These few men work tirelessly with their heart, head and hands. It is only these people who experience the glory of success.
Success makes a man confident. It urges him to compete with his own performance and do his best in the future. He grows mentally strong, accepts new challenges and fights odds in his life. His perseverance, confidence and dedication paves way for future success in life. Practice makes a man perfect and perfection leads to excellence. This excellence in turn reserves seats of success and adds feathers in one’s cap. Truly nothing succeeds like success.
(2) Your safety is first your responsibility.
Your safety is first your responsibility.
This means self-help is very important. One needs to be self-reliant and not depend upon others or wait for others to come for his or her rescue. Courage and strength of mind help us to face difficulties bravely and overcome them. If a person fails to help himself, others will not help him well. Waiting for others to save us from danger may cause delay and may put us in dangerous situations. So, it is always essential to care for your own safety.
In times of danger, if we use our presence of mind and show courage we can surely reach safety. We may sometimes have to face some difficult situations during natural calamities, accidents, fires, wars and conflicts. In such cases, we need to take initiative to find ways leading to our safety. In short, our safety is in our hands and it is our prime responsibility rather than waiting for somebody to save us.
(ii) Develop a story wherein any one of the above ideas is the moral. Suggest a suitable title.
The power of success
Anay was a studious boy right from his early school days. He was especially interested in languages. He would spontaneously compose poetic verses or narrate stories or events to his group of friends. He began writing short stories when he was thirteen. His writings appeared in the school magazine, Sunday news publications, etc. He was appreciated for his creative style in writing. He went to college and his short stories collection was published. He then wrote a novel which brought him recognition as a novelist. There was no way of looking back then. He won several prestigious awards. Now his novels are made into movies. He has now become a script-writer and has been acclaimed by showering awards. Truly, nothing succeeds like success.
Your safety is in your own hand
One evening Raju was walking along the bank of the river in his village. What a pleasant atmosphere it was! Birds chirping on the trees, fresh green grass on one side and cold blue water on the other. He was happily singing. But in no time everything was different. He slipped and fell into the river. Raju did not know swimming and he began to drown in the river. He called aloud for help. But there was no one to rescue him. Suddenly he saw a branch of a tree floating on the water. He held on to it and moved a little further and held on to a rock. At last holding on to the branch of the tree he reached the bank and saved himself. Had he waited for someone to come and help him, he would have surely drowned in the river. But with the presence of his mind he was able to save himself without anybody’s help.