12th ECONOMICS BOARD PAPER MARCH 2015

ECONOMICS BOARD PAPER MARCH 2015

Q1. A. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternatives given in brackets below the questions: (5)


1. The terms ‘micro’ and ‘macro’ economics were first used by ____________ (Ragnar Frisch)

(Marshall / Ragnar Frisch / Robbins / Adam Smith)


2. The objective of a seller in monopoly market is _____________ maximization. (Profit)

(Loss / Profit / negative profit / zero profit)


3. Marginal propensity to consume + Marginal propensity to save is equal to _______ (one)

(zero / one / less / more)


4. Method of withdrawing money without going to the bank is by ___________ (ATM)

(cheque / demand draft / ATM / mail transfer)


5. The term ‘budget’ is derived from the _______________ word ‘bougette’.( French)

(Greek / German / French / Latin)



B. Match the following Group ‘A; with Group ‘B’

Group ‘A’
Group ‘B’
1. Pen and ink (g)
a. Quantity price
2. Revenue (h)
b. Accident (3)
3. Insurable risk (b)
c. Transfer income (4)
4. Unemployment allowance (c)
d. Short period
5. Reverse repo rate (f)
e. Long period
f. Change in demand (5)
g. Joint demand (1)
h. Quantity × Price. (2)



C. State whether the following statements are True or False. (6)

1. Demand for perishable goods is inelastic. (True)

2. Total cost is the total expenditure incurred by firm. (True)

3. The seller is a price maker in the perfect competition. (False)

4. Cheque is an optional money. (True)

5. A bank is an institution which deals in money and credit. (True)

6. The RBI was nationalised in the year 1935. (False)



Q2. (A) Define or explain the following concepts (Any Three) (6)



3. Market

4. Labour





(B) Give reasons or explain the following (Any Three) (6)



2. Cheque in the price of substitute goods affects the demand for another goods.







Q3. A. Distinguish between (Any Three) (6)









B. Write short notes (Any Two) (6)

1. Microscopic study.

2. Income elasticity of demand.

3. Determination of equilibrium price under perfect competition.

4. Functions of an Entrepreneur.



Q4. Write short answers for the following questions (Any Three) (12)

1. Explain the law of diminishing marginal utility.

2. Explain the features of monopoly.

3. Explain the features of macroeconomics.

4. Explain various types of investment expenditure.

5. Explain the secondary function of money.

6. Explain different types of loans and advances provided by commercial banks.


Q5. Explain with reasons whether you ‘agree’ or ‘disagree’ with the following statements (Any Three) (12)



1. The law of equi – marginal utility is based on certain assumptions.

2. Population is the only determinant factor of demand.

3. There are no exceptions to the law of supply.

4. Providing safe deposits vault facility is the only general functions of commercial banks.

5. There is no difference between the Central bank and a commercial bank.

6. During the period of inflation surplus budget is advisable.



Q6. Write explanatory answers. (Any Two) : (16)


1. Explain in detail ‘saving function’ with schedule and diagram.

2. What is ‘elasticity of demand’? Explain the factors determining elasticity of demand.

3. What is ‘national income’ ? Explain the theoretical difficulties involved in the measurement of national income.



4. State and explain the ‘law of demand’ with its exceptions.