Explain the various types of deposits.

The various types of deposits are as follows:

Current Deposits:  Current Accounts are basically meant for businessmen and are never used for the purpose of investment or savings.  These deposits are the most liquid deposits and there are no limits for number of transactions or the amount of transactions in a day.  Most of the current account are opened in the names of firm / company accounts.   Cheque book facility is provided and the account holder can deposit all types of the cheques and drafts in their name or endorsed in their favour by third parties.  No interest is paid by banks  on these accounts.  On the other hand, banks charges certain  service charges, on such accounts.  


Saving Deposits: These deposits accounts are one of the most popular deposits for individual accounts.  These accounts not only provide cheque facility but also have  lot of flexibility for deposits and withdrawal of funds from the account.   Most of the banks have rules for the maximum number of withdrawals in a period and the maximum amount of withdrawal, but hardly any bank enforces these.   However, banks have every right to enforce such restrictions if it is felt that the account is being misused as a current account. 


Recurring Deposits : These are popularly known as RD accounts and are special kind of Term Deposits and are suitable for people who do not have lump sum amount of savings, but are ready to save a small amount every month.    Normally, such deposits earn interest on the amount already deposited (through monthly installments) at the same rates as are applicable for Fixed Deposits / Term Deposits.   These are best if you wish to create a fund for your child's education or marriage of your daughter or buy a car without loans or save for the future.



Fixed Deposits: All Banks in India (including SBI, PNB, BoB, BoI, Canara Bank, ICICI Bank, Yes Bank etc.)  offer fixed deposits schemes with a wide range of tenures for periods from 7 days to 10 years.   These are also popularly known as FD accounts.   However, in some other countries these are known as "Term Deposits" or even called "Bond".    The term "fixed" in Fixed Deposits (FD) denotes the period of maturity or tenor. Therefore, the depositors  are supposed to continue such Fixed Deposits for the  length of time for which the depositor decides to keep the money with the bank.  However, in case of need,  the depositor can ask for closing (or breaking) the fixed deposit prematurely by paying a penalty.