Chapter 8 - Social Change Balbharati solutions for Sociology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 8: Social Change


Complete the following statement by choosing the correct alternative given in the bracket and rewrite it.


Social change as a term is _________.

OPTIONS

  • value loaded

  • ethically neutral

  • prejudiced




SOLUTION

Social change as a term is ethically neutral.



The effects of an earthquake on people is a ________ factor of change.

OPTIONS

  • geographical

  • biological

  • cultural



SOLUTION

The effects of an earthquake on people is a geographical factor of change.



The Slum Rehabilitation programme within a city is an example of _______ social change.

OPTIONS

  • planned

  • unplanned

  • revolutionary



SOLUTION

The Slum Rehabilitation programme within a city is an example of planned social change.



The study of sex ratio is a _______ factor of change.

OPTIONS

  • biological

  • technological

  • natural



SOLUTION

The study of sex ratio is a biological factor of change.



Correct the incorrect pair and rewrite it.

OPTIONS

  • Earthquake - Physical

  • Fundamentalism - Biological

  • Growing urbanization - Economic

  • E-governance - Technological



SOLUTION

Fundamentalism - Socio-cultural factor



Identify the appropriate term from the given options and rewrite it against the given statement.

Impact of rising sea water level on coastal regions.

OPTIONS

  • Physical factor

  • Educational factor

  • Economic factor



SOLUTION

Impact of rising sea water level on coastal regions. - Physical factor



Creating awareness about the problem of sexual abuse.

OPTIONS

  • Physical factor

  • Educational factor

  • Economic factor



SOLUTION

Creating awareness about the problem of sexual abuse. - Educational factor


Correct underlined words and complete the statement.

Social change is a linear process.



SOLUTION

Social change is a multilinear process



All teachers are expected to think about how they will teach a unit in the classroom. This is an example of unplanned change.


SOLUTION

All teachers are expected to think about how they will teach a unit in the classroom. This is an example of planned change.



Write difference.

Planned change and Unplanned Change



SOLUTION

Planned change

Unplanned change

1. Planned change occurs when purposeful changes are promoted by the government or other agencies.

1. Unplanned change is a type of change that is not planned. It happens suddenly.

2. In the case of planned cities in India, they have definite spaces marked for residence, parks, grounds, places of worship so on; the five years plans, educational plans, tribal welfare programmes, etc.

2. In the case of natural disasters, there is a loss of human and animal lives as well as property. Rehabilitation programmes have to be immediately designed and implemented for the affected persons.



Short-term and Long-term change


SOLUTION

Short-term change

Long-term change

1. Short-term change refers to those changes which bring about immediate results.

1. Long-term change refers to those changes which take years or decades to produce results.

2. E.g. purchase of new gadgets Home Theatre or new mobile phone by paying money.

2. E.g. it takes decades to eradicate strongly embedded customs and practices.



Explain the following concept with an example.

Social change



SOLUTION

Social change is a change in the social structure and social relationships of society.

Example: Changes in the structure and functioning of social institutions like family, marriage, religion, government, education, and economy. Change in family structure: Today, there is a rise in the number of nuclear and single-parent families as compared to earlier decades.



Long-term change


SOLUTION

Long-term change refers to those changes which take years or decades to produce results.

Example: It takes time to get rid of social evils like dowry, early marriage, or domestic violence.



State whether the following statement is True or False with reasons.

Prejudice and fear of the unknown is an obstacle to change.

OPTIONS

  • True

  • False



SOLUTION

This statement is True.

Reason: Sometimes people are not open to change as they are too comfortable within their life. Sometimes people don't perceive the need to change prejudice or attitude towards a change also becomes obstacles. Fear of the unknown leads people to avoid differences. Hence, prejudice and fear of the unknown is an obstacle to social change.



Social change can be predicted accurately.

OPTIONS

  • True

  • False



SOLUTION

This statement is False.

Reason: Just like it is impossible to predict human behaviour with complete accuracy, it is impossible to predict social change. In most cases, social change is a result of the interaction of multiple factors. It is difficult to forecast the complex interaction between these factors. Further, it may not always be a planned change.



Complete the concept map

Identify the significant factor of change for each:

Inventions

 

Effects of earthquake

 

Declining sex ratio

 

Student Exchange programme

 



SOLUTION

Inventions

Technological factor

Effects of earthquake

Physical factor

Declining sex ratio

Biological factor

Student Exchange programme

Educational factor



Give your personal response.

Do you think people do not accept change easily? Why?



SOLUTION

Yes, I think people do not accept change easily. Customs and traditions which are embedded in society do not allow people to accept new ideas and acts as an obstacle to social change. Sometimes lack of motivation or interest also causes hindrance to social change. Even though social change is universal, there are more often some quarters of resistance to change.



Do you think the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ has had a positive impact on society? Justify your response.


SOLUTION

Yes. I feel that ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ has had a positive impact on society. Millions of people from all walks of life have contributed to achieving the mission of ‘Clean India.’ It helped to improve sanitation practices. There has been a reduction in open defecation. There has also been an improvement in public health. The mission not only improved human welfare but also generated positive effects on the environment.



Do you think the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ has had a positive impact on society? Justify your response.


SOLUTION

Yes. I feel that ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ has had a positive impact on society. Millions of people from all walks of life have contributed to achieving the mission of ‘Clean India.’ It helped to improve sanitation practices. There has been a reduction in open defecation. There has also been an improvement in public health. The mission not only improved human welfare but also generated positive effects on the environment.



Sociology 11th Standard Balbharati Solutions Maharashtra State Board

Balbharati Solutions for Sociology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board Chapterwise. These Balbharati Solutions for Sociology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board will help students understand the concepts better.


 • Chapter 1: Introduction to Sociology

 • Chapter 2: Contribution of Western and Indian Sociologists

 • Chapter 3: Basic Concepts in Sociology

 • Chapter 4: Social Institutions

 • Chapter 5: Culture

 • Chapter 6: Socialization

 • Chapter 7: Social Stratification

 • Chapter 8: Social Change


Balbharati Solutions for Class 11th Standard FYJC Maharashtra.

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