Chapter 4 - Social Institutions Balbharati solutions for Sociology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 4: Social Institutions


Complete the following statement by choosing the correct alternative given in the bracket and rewrite it.


A rule that prescribes marriage within a group is called ________.

OPTIONS

  • exogamy

  • endogamy

  • polygamy



SOLUTION

A rule that prescribes marriage within a group is called endogamy.



A family that comprises at least three generations is a _________ family

OPTIONS

  • nuclear

  • joint

  • cohabitation



SOLUTION

A family that comprises at least three generations is a joint family 



The 10+2+3 system is part of the __________ system of education.

OPTIONS

  • informal

  • formal

  • Non formal



SOLUTION

The 10+2+3 system is part of the formal system of education.



Correct the incorrect pair and rewrite it.

OPTIONS

  • School - Distance education

  • Peer group - Informal education

  • Health care training - Non-formal education

  • Family - Informal education



SOLUTION

School - Formal education 



Identify the appropriate term from the given options in the box and rewrite it against the given statement.


A married couple is expected to live at the wife’s residence.

OPTIONS

  • Homosexual marriage

  • Matrilocal

  • Heterosexual marriage



SOLUTION

A married couple is expected to live at the wife’s residence.-Matrilocal



A form of marriage between persons of the same sex.

OPTIONS

  • Homosexual marriage

  • Matrilocal

  • Heterosexual marriage



SOLUTION

A form of marriage between persons of the same sex.-Homosexual marriage




Correct underlined word and complete the statement


X married Y. Later she divorced her spouse and married Z. This is an example of polygamy


SOLUTION

X married Y. Later she divorced her spouse and married Z. This is an example of Monogamy



Mass production and factory system are found in agricultural society



SOLUTION

Mass production and factory system are found in industrail society


Write short notes.


Types of family based on authority


SOLUTION

On the basis of authority within the family, two broad forms of the family can be identified.

Matriarchal Family: In a matriarchal family, authority rests at the hands of the mother and she is considered the head of the family. In a matriarchal family, the descent is traced through the mother's line, known as the matrilineal system. Residence of the marriage is matrilocal i.e., the bridegroom lives with the wife's family and the name follows the mother's line. It is matronymic. The Garo and Khasi tribes of North East India and the Nair's of South India follow the matriarchal system.

Patriarchal Family: In a patriarchal family, all authority rests at the hands of the male head and the eldest male is regarded as the head of the patriarchal family. It is patrilineal i.e., the descent is traced through the father's line. Residence after marriage is patrilocal. The married couples live with the husband's family, and the name of the father's side continues to the next generation. It is a patronymic. The patriarchal family is the most widespread form of family in India and most parts of the world.



Stages of economy


SOLUTION

  1. Agricultural revolution: Before the discovery of agriculture, human society was into hunting-gathering and later passed through pastoral phases. With the introduction of agriculture, society entered into a new stage. Use of technology for large-scale farming led to higher productive capacity, increased food production, and development of specialised tasks such as designing tools, raising animals, etc. This stage witnessed the division of labour, permanent settlement, and advanced trade.

  2. Industrial revolution: It greatly transformed the social and economic life of people. The revolution took place around the middle of the 18th century, first in England and then elsewhere in Europe and North America. Industrialisation resulted in four major economic changes, namely:
    a. Division of labour: Reduced importance of human skills and specialised division of labour.
    b. Introduction of new forms of energy: Invention of the steam engine and reduced use of animal and human muscle energy.
    c. Centralisation of work: Creation of new centralised and impersonal place of work, i.e. factory. d. Enabled mass production: Rapid development of manufacturing sector and expanded production activities. Industrialisation transformed the production system and had an impact on society. On one hand, it raised living standards but on the other, it contributed to increased inequality between factory owners and industrial workers. Labour was organised from late 19th century onwards and Governments in the West were forced to make labour reforms.

  3. Information revolution: By the middle of the 20th century, nature of production changed. The role of labour reduced in manufacturing while service sector employed a huge number of people. Also, the development of computer and IT in Europe, the US, and much of newly industrialised Asia changed the nature of work. The three key changes it brought in were:
    a. Mechanical skills to literacy skills: Increased importance of the ability to communicate, write, present and use computer technology.
    b. Enabled work from anywhere: Computer technology-enabled decentralisation of work. c. Tangible products to ideas: Economy driven by the tertiary (service) sector instead of the manufacturing sector



Importance of education


SOLUTION

Education is a broad process of learning that broadens an individual's cognitive horizons and develops in them the skills to choose, evaluate, and add to existing knowledge. The functions of education can be as follows :

Inculcate common values and moral beliefs: Children coming from diverse family and community backgrounds gain an understanding of the common values and moral beliefs in society through school education.

Fosters self discipline: Through education, children learn self discipline. They internalise the social rules that contribute to the smooth function of society.

Teaches specialised skills: The education system teaches specialised skills needed for a complex modern economy. For example, technical schools are specially designed to provide technical I vocational training.

Instills the value of achievement in children: Schools like wider society, largely operate on a meritocratic basis. Those with ability and talent achieve their just rewards.



Write differences.


Matriarchal family and Patriarchal family


SOLUTION

Sr No.

Matriarchal family

Patriarchal family

i.

Mother is considered to be the head of the family, i.e. all authority rests at her hands in a matriarchal family

Eldest male is considered to be the head of the family, i.e. all authority rests at his hands in a patriarchal family.

ii.

Matrilineal system of lineage: In this family, the descent is traced through the mother’s line

Patrilineal system of lineage: In this family, the descent is traced through the father’s line.

iii.

Married couple lives with the wife’s family, i.e. residence after marriage is matrilocal.

Married couple lives with the husband’s family, i.e. residence after marriage is patrilocal.

iv.

The name of the mother’s side continues to the next generation. It is matronymic.

The name of the father’s side continues to the next generation. It is a patronymic.

v.

Example: Garo and Khasi tribes of North East India and Nairs of South India.

Example: the most widespread form of family in India and most parts of the world.



Agricultural revolution and Industrial revolution


SOLUTION

Sr No.

Agriculture Revolution

Industrial Revolution

i.

From hunting-gathering and then pastoral phases, human society entered into a new stage with the discovery of agriculture.

The industrial revolution happened around the middle of the eighteenth century and transformed social and economic life.

ii.

Agricultures involved using the technology of large -scale farming using ploughs harnessed to animals.

Industrialization involved using of machinery and new forms of energy.

iii.

This increased the productive power of hunting and gathering more than ten-fold.

This increased more mass production which turned raw materials into a wide range of goods.

iv.

Agriculture revolution resulted into expansion of the economy through agricultural technology, the complex division of labours permanent settlement and advanced trade.

The industrial revolution resulted into centralisation of work in factories and specialized division of labour.



Explain the following concept with an example.


Cohabitation


SOLUTION

Cohabitation refers to the sharing of a household by an unmarried couple. It may or may not lead to marriage.

Example: Young generation or same-sex couples in many regions of Europe and urban areas of India prefer cohabitation (i.e. live-in relationship) over marriage.



Formal Education


SOLUTION

Formal education is planned with a specific end in view. It involves direct schooling and instruction. Since it is provided to fulfill specific ends, formal education is limited to a specific period. Formal education has a well-defined and systematic curriculum based on aims designed according to the needs of society.

Example: Schooling and education are considered as a formal education based on a formal curriculum with specific subjects and skills.



State whether the following statement is True or False with reasons.


In a modernizing society, the role of parents are changing.

OPTIONS

  • True

  • False



SOLUTION

This statement is True

Reasons:

i. Many newer family patterns are emerging in the modern society.

ii. The changes in these patterns are leading to changes in family relations and thereby, role of parents.

iii. e.g. changing role of women (due to education and employment) or higher divorce rates has caused change in the role of parents.



India is in the stage of industrial revolution.

OPTIONS

  • True

  • False



SOLUTION

This statement is False.

Reason:

India is in the stage of the information revolution. The development of computer and information technology have changed the nature of work.



Give your personal response.


What are your views about free choice marriage?


SOLUTION

Do it yourself



How has the information revolution impacted your life?


SOLUTION

Information revolution has made our life easier. Information revolution has made it possible to do many things from the comforts of one's own home. I can take a virtual tour of museums, buildings, etc. It has exposed one to different cultures. One can do all of the shopping online. It has created an abundance of data on every possible subject or interest



Answer the following question in detail. (About 150 words)

Show how the role of family has changed in the present times. Illustrate with your own examples.



SOLUTION

  1. As society changes, families must adapt to new structures and processes.

  2. Rapid growth of divorce, rise in the average age of getting married, changing roles of women, etc. are affecting the family as an institution.

  3. Many newer family patterns are emerging in modern society.

  4. Newer family relations relevant in the present time are:
    a. Single-parent family: It results from divorce, separation, death, or by choice. The majority of such families are headed by single mothers. Some researchers believed that growing up in such a family can be disadvantageous for children.
    b.Cohabitation/ Live-in relationship: It refers to the sharing of a household by an unmarried couple. It may or may not lead to marriage. A young generation or same-sex couples in many regions of Europe and urban areas of India prefer cohabitation over marriage.
    c. Step-parenting/ Reconstituted families: It results from the break-up of one family owing to death or divorce. A new family is started through marriage or cohabitation. It may include children from both, old and new families. With rise in divorce rate and remarriages, number of such families are increasing. v. The direction of change in family patterns may vary for different countries and regions. Also, the change does not imply complete erosion of earlier norms and structure.


Sociology 11th Standard Balbharati Solutions Maharashtra State Board

Balbharati Solutions for Sociology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board Chapterwise. These Balbharati Solutions for Sociology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board will help students understand the concepts better.


 • Chapter 1: Introduction to Sociology

 • Chapter 2: Contribution of Western and Indian Sociologists

 • Chapter 3: Basic Concepts in Sociology

 • Chapter 4: Social Institutions

 • Chapter 5: Culture

 • Chapter 6: Socialization

 • Chapter 7: Social Stratification

 • Chapter 8: Social Change


PDF FILE TO YOUR EMAIL IMMEDIATELY PURCHASE NOTES & PAPER SOLUTION. @ Rs. 50/- each (GST extra)

HINDI ENTIRE PAPER SOLUTION

MARATHI PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC ENGLISH PAPER SOLUTION

SSC & HSC ENGLISH WRITING SKILL

HSC ACCOUNTS NOTES

HSC OCM NOTES

HSC ECONOMICS NOTES

HSC SECRETARIAL PRACTICE NOTES

2019 Board Paper Solution

HSC ENGLISH SET A 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET B 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET C 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET D 2019 21st February, 2019

SECRETARIAL PRACTICE (S.P) 2019 25th February, 2019

HSC XII PHYSICS 2019 25th February, 2019

CHEMISTRY XII HSC SOLUTION 27th, February, 2019

OCM PAPER SOLUTION 2019 27th, February, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION COMMERCE, 2nd March, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION SCIENCE 2nd, March, 2019

SSC ENGLISH STD 10 5TH MARCH, 2019.

HSC XII ACCOUNTS 2019 6th March, 2019

HSC XII BIOLOGY 2019 6TH March, 2019

HSC XII ECONOMICS 9Th March 2019

SSC Maths I March 2019 Solution 10th Standard11th, March, 2019

SSC MATHS II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD.13th March, 2019

SSC SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 15th March, 2019.


SSC SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 18th March, 2019.

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION20th March, 2019

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION, 22nd March, 2019

XII CBSE - BOARD - MARCH - 2019 ENGLISH - QP + SOLUTIONS, 2nd March, 2019

HSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 12th English Medium)

HSC ECONOMICS MARCH 2020

HSC OCM MARCH 2020

HSC ACCOUNTS MARCH 2020

HSC S.P. MARCH 2020

HSC ENGLISH MARCH 2020

HSC HINDI MARCH 2020

HSC MARATHI MARCH 2020

HSC MATHS MARCH 2020

SSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 10th English Medium)

English MARCH 2020

HindI MARCH 2020

Hindi (Composite) MARCH 2020

Marathi MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 2) MARCH 2020

Sanskrit MARCH 2020

Sanskrit (Composite) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 2)

Geography Model Set 1 2020-2021

MUST REMEMBER THINGS on the day of Exam

Are you prepared? for English Grammar in Board Exam.

Paper Presentation In Board Exam

How to Score Good Marks in SSC Board Exams

Tips To Score More Than 90% Marks In 12th Board Exam

How to write English exams?

How to prepare for board exam when less time is left

How to memorise what you learn for board exam

No. 1 Simple Hack, you can try out, in preparing for Board Exam

How to Study for CBSE Class 10 Board Exams Subject Wise Tips?

JEE Main 2020 Registration Process – Exam Pattern & Important Dates


NEET UG 2020 Registration Process Exam Pattern & Important Dates

How can One Prepare for two Competitive Exams at the same time?

8 Proven Tips to Handle Anxiety before Exams!

BUY FROM PLAY STORE

DOWNLOAD OUR APP

HOW TO PURCHASE OUR NOTES?

S.P. Important Questions For Board Exam 2021

O.C.M. Important Questions for Board Exam. 2021

Economics Important Questions for Board Exam 2021

Chemistry Important Question Bank for board exam 2021

Physics – Section I- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC Examination

Physics – Section II – Science- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC 2021 Examination