Chapter 5 - Culture Balbharati solutions for Sociology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 5: Culture

Complete the following statement by choosing the correct alternative given in the bracket and rewrite it.


Culture is _____________.

OPTIONS

  • natural

  • personal

  • adaptive



SOLUTION

Culture is adaptive.



Material culture is ___________.

OPTIONS

  • concrete

  • abstract

  • intangible



SOLUTION

Material culture is abstract.



Bollywood music is an example of  ___________.

OPTIONS

  • high culture

  • popular culture

  • folk culture



SOLUTION

Bollywood music is an example of  popular culture.



Correct the incorrect pair and rewrite it.

OPTIONS

  • Classical singing of Bhimsen Joshi - High culture

  • Shakespeare’s literature - Folk culture

  • Harry Potter book - Popular culture

  • Religious group - Sub-culture



SOLUTION

Shakespeare’s literature - High culture 



Identify the appropriate term from the given options in the box and rewrite it against the given statement.


Songs transmitted from one generation to the next.

OPTIONS

  • Folk culture

  • Material culture

  • Popular culture



SOLUTION

Songs transmitted from one generation to the next-Folk culture



Use of mobile phone today.

OPTIONS

  • Folk culture

  • Material culture

  • Popular culture



SOLUTION

Use of mobile phone today.-Material culture



Correct underlined word and complete the statement.


Belief in superstition is an example of material culture.


SOLUTION

Belief in superstition is an example of non-material culture.



E-commerce is an example of popular culture.


SOLUTION

E-commerce is an example of mass culture.


Write short notes.

Characteristics of culture


SOLUTION

The term culture refers to the way of life of a member of various societies or groups. Culture has the following characteristics:

  1. Culture is acquired: Culture is learnt by each member through socialization. Cultural learning takes place through experience and symbolic interactions. Culture is propagated through generations.

  2. Culture is abstract: Culture exists in the minds or habits of the members in a society. We cannot see culture but can see human behaviour.

  3. Culture is shared: Culture is shared by a group of people belonging to the same community. They share the same values. beliefs and traditions. These aspects develop a sense of unity.

  4. Culture is man-made: Culture is a human product and does nothing on its own.

  5. Culture is idealistic: Culture embodies the ideas and norms of a group. It consists of intellectual, artistic, and social ideas which are followed by members of the society.

  6. Culture is transmitted among the members of the society: The cultural ways are learned by persons from persons and many of them are handed down by one's elders, parents, teachers, and others.

  7. Culture is continuously changing: With the passing of time, culture gradually undergoes changes in traditions, beliefs, or rituals.

  8. Culture varies from society to society: Every society has its own culture. For example, the ways of eating, drinking, greeting, etc. differ from society to society.

  9. Culture is an integrated system: Its various parts are integrated with each other and any new element introduced may be integrated. For example, the value system is linked to its morality, religion, customs, etc.

  10. Language is the chief vehicle of culture: Language enables us to transmit what was learned in the past.


Social benefits of culture


SOLUTION

  1. Fundamental benefits: Culture enables one to express creativity and produce individual identity. It also provides emotionally and intellectually stimulating experiences. It is a source of leisure, entertainment, learning, and sharing experiences.

  2. Aids better health and well-being: Cultural participation is associated with a positive impact on mental and physical health. It also relieves isolation and promotes identity formation.

  3. Improved learning and valuable skills for the future: Culture enables children and youth to improve educational outcomes by developing thinking skills, building self-esteem, and improving resilience. It also improves workforce skills.

  4. Social solidarity and cohesion: Cultural activities bring people together and thereby, develop social solidarity and cohesion. It also encourages social inclusion, community empowerment, civic pride, and tolerance. Social networks built through culture generate economic benefits. Cultural heritage tells about the shared past and promotes the feeling of pride and a sense of belonging.

  5. Other benefits: Cultural tourism creates job opportunities and promotes infrastructure development



Differentiate between.


Material culture and Nonmaterial culture


SOLUTION

Sr No.

Material Culture

Non-Material Culture

i

Material culture refers to the physical objects which are man-made.

Non-material culture refers to non-physical ideas created by human beings.

ii

Material culture is concrete and tangible in nature

Non-material culture is abstract and intangible in nature.

iii

It consists of manufactured objects like clothing, roads, jewellery, computers, airplanes, etc.

It consists of norms, regulations, values, signs, symbols, knowledge, beliefs, etc.

iv

The material aspect of culture changes very fast.

Change in non-material culture is difficult and not readily accepted by society.



Folkways and Mores


SOLUTION

Sr No.

Folkways

Mores

i

Folkways are mildly enforced social expectations.

Mores are strictly held beliefs about behaviours.

ii

These are less compulsory to follow as compared to mores. They don’t have very serious binding on groups.

These are compulsorily required to be followed. The violation of mores is viewed as a threat to social order.

iii

These represent customary, normal and habitual ways to meet certain needs or solving day-to-day problems.

These are more serious norms than folkways. They are informal and unwritten customary ways of life.

iv

Example: eating with spoon and fork, ways of draping a saree.

Example: sexual relations before marriage are not permitted.



Explain the following concept with an example.


Subculture


SOLUTION

Subculture: Subcultures refer to groups of people that have something in common with each other which distinguishes them from other social groups.


Example: Culture shared by religious groups, ethnic groups, youth groups.


Folk culture


SOLUTION

Folk culture is an authentic culture of ordinary people, mainly those living in pre-industrial societies. According to Srinati, although folk culture could never seek to be an art, its distinctiveness is respected.

Example: folk music, folk tales, Bhangada in Punjab, Nautanki in Uttarpradesh, and Lavani in Maharashtra.



Complete the concept map.





SOLUTION


Give your personal response.

Very few people make an effort to learn Classical music today



SOLUTION

Classical music is not popular among people today because like any other form of music one requires exposure over a period of time to become familiar. While pop music is appreciated by a large number of people with no cultural expertise.



It is not easy to give up superstitious beliefs.


SOLUTION

  1. Superstitious beliefs are examples of non-material culture which is abstract in nature.

  2. These beliefs are deep rooted in society for many decades and centuries.

  3. There is strong resistance, from entire society or certain social sections, to give up on these superstitions.

  4. In fact, change in any non-material cultural aspects is not readily accepted



Sociology 11th Standard Balbharati Solutions Maharashtra State Board

Balbharati Solutions for Sociology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board Chapterwise. These Balbharati Solutions for Sociology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board will help students understand the concepts better.


 • Chapter 1: Introduction to Sociology

 • Chapter 2: Contribution of Western and Indian Sociologists

 • Chapter 3: Basic Concepts in Sociology

 • Chapter 4: Social Institutions

 • Chapter 5: Culture

 • Chapter 6: Socialization

 • Chapter 7: Social Stratification

 • Chapter 8: Social Change


Balbharati Solutions for Class 11th Standard FYJC Maharashtra.

11th Textbook PDF Maharashtra

Book-keeping and Accountancy

Economics

Secretarial Practice (SP)

English Yuvakbharati

Organisation of Commerce and Management (OCM)

Sociology


PDF FILE TO YOUR EMAIL IMMEDIATELY PURCHASE NOTES & PAPER SOLUTION. @ Rs. 50/- each (GST extra)

HINDI ENTIRE PAPER SOLUTION

MARATHI PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC ENGLISH PAPER SOLUTION

SSC & HSC ENGLISH WRITING SKILL

HSC ACCOUNTS NOTES

HSC OCM NOTES

HSC ECONOMICS NOTES

HSC SECRETARIAL PRACTICE NOTES

2019 Board Paper Solution

HSC ENGLISH SET A 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET B 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET C 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET D 2019 21st February, 2019

SECRETARIAL PRACTICE (S.P) 2019 25th February, 2019

HSC XII PHYSICS 2019 25th February, 2019

CHEMISTRY XII HSC SOLUTION 27th, February, 2019

OCM PAPER SOLUTION 2019 27th, February, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION COMMERCE, 2nd March, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION SCIENCE 2nd, March, 2019

SSC ENGLISH STD 10 5TH MARCH, 2019.

HSC XII ACCOUNTS 2019 6th March, 2019

HSC XII BIOLOGY 2019 6TH March, 2019

HSC XII ECONOMICS 9Th March 2019

SSC Maths I March 2019 Solution 10th Standard11th, March, 2019

SSC MATHS II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD.13th March, 2019

SSC SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 15th March, 2019.


SSC SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 18th March, 2019.

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION20th March, 2019

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION, 22nd March, 2019

XII CBSE - BOARD - MARCH - 2019 ENGLISH - QP + SOLUTIONS, 2nd March, 2019

HSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 12th English Medium)

HSC ECONOMICS MARCH 2020

HSC OCM MARCH 2020

HSC ACCOUNTS MARCH 2020

HSC S.P. MARCH 2020

HSC ENGLISH MARCH 2020

HSC HINDI MARCH 2020

HSC MARATHI MARCH 2020

HSC MATHS MARCH 2020

SSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 10th English Medium)

English MARCH 2020

HindI MARCH 2020

Hindi (Composite) MARCH 2020

Marathi MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 2) MARCH 2020

Sanskrit MARCH 2020

Sanskrit (Composite) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 2)

Geography Model Set 1 2020-2021

MUST REMEMBER THINGS on the day of Exam

Are you prepared? for English Grammar in Board Exam.

Paper Presentation In Board Exam

How to Score Good Marks in SSC Board Exams

Tips To Score More Than 90% Marks In 12th Board Exam

How to write English exams?

How to prepare for board exam when less time is left

How to memorise what you learn for board exam

No. 1 Simple Hack, you can try out, in preparing for Board Exam

How to Study for CBSE Class 10 Board Exams Subject Wise Tips?

JEE Main 2020 Registration Process – Exam Pattern & Important Dates


NEET UG 2020 Registration Process Exam Pattern & Important Dates

How can One Prepare for two Competitive Exams at the same time?

8 Proven Tips to Handle Anxiety before Exams!

BUY FROM PLAY STORE

DOWNLOAD OUR APP

HOW TO PURCHASE OUR NOTES?

S.P. Important Questions For Board Exam 2021

O.C.M. Important Questions for Board Exam. 2021

Economics Important Questions for Board Exam 2021

Chemistry Important Question Bank for board exam 2021

Physics – Section I- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC Examination

Physics – Section II – Science- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC 2021 Examination