Chapter 2 - Branches of Psychology Balbharati solutions for Psychology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 2: Branches of Psychology


Complete the following statements.


The branches of Psychology which explore into relationships among different variables and human behaviour are known as ______ Psychology.

OPTIONS

  • Theoretical

  • Applied

  • Common



The study of human behaviour at work place is the concern of ______ Psychology.

OPTIONS

  • Social

  • Industrial

  • Experimental



One can study the problems of adolescence in ______.

OPTIONS

  • Developmental

  • Social

  • Cognitive



______ Psychology is concerned with diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.

OPTIONS

  • Counselling

  • Cognitive

  • Clinical



Identify the odd item from the following.

OPTIONS

  • Experimental Psychology

  • Social Psychology

  • Industrial Psychology

  • Cognitive Psychology



SOLUTION

Industrial Psychology: it is a subfield of applied psychology.



OPTIONS

  • Clinical psychology

  • Industrial Psychology

  • Sports Psychology

  • Abnormal Psychology



SOLUTION

Abnormal Psychology: It is a subfield of theoretical psychology.



Match the following pairs.

A

B

1. Developmental Psychology

a) Studies organizations, human factor design and employee training

2. Criminal Psychology

b) Studies how people become who they are from conception to death

3. Educational Psychology

c) Studies thinking process

4. Industrial Psychology

d) Helps educators to promote learning

5. Social Psychology

e) Studies criminal behaviour

6. Cognitive Psychology

f) Studies the influence of other people upon an individual's behaviour



SOLUTION

A

B

1. Developmental Psychology

b) Studies how people become who they are from conception to death

2. Criminal Psychology

e) Studies criminal behaviour

3. Educational Psychology

d) Helps educators to promote learning

4. Industrial Psychology

a) Studies organizations, human factor design and employee training

5. Social Psychology

f) Studies the influence of other people upon an individual's behaviour

6. Cognitive Psychology

c) Studies thinking process



Compare and contrast

Theoretical and Applied branches of psychology.



SOLUTION

Theoretical branches of Psychology focus mainly on conducting research, developing principles, formulating theories and establishing laws to explain human behaviour. Psychology, as a theoretical science includes many areas of specialization. The knowledge and principles generated through research in Theoretical Psychology are used to develop techniques to solve practical problems and to help individuals to adjust to real-life situations.(Applied psychology)

Theoretical Psychology focuses on the goals of description, explanation and prediction of behaviour as it is concerned with collecting of knowledge and establishing principles. It reflects that Psychology is social science, concerned with the study of behaviour and mental processes. Applied branches of Psychology focus on the fourth goal of psychology i.e., control or influence or modification of behaviour. It has made use of research in Theoretical Psychology to bring about better adjustment of people.

All psychologists have contribution in the welfare of human beings for e.g., research from Social Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, Developmental Psychology (theoretical branches) is used by Clinical Psychology, Counselling Psychology, Health Psychology, Community Psychology, etc. (applied branches).



Abnormal psychology and Clinical Psychology


SOLUTION

Abnormal Psychology is the branch of Theoretical Psychology that aims to study the causes of any behaviour that deviates from what is considered as 'normal' or 'acceptable' behaviour. It studies unusual patterns of thinking, feeling and acting for e.g., depression, phobias, mood disorders, mental retardation, schizophrenia, etc.

Clinical Psychology is concerned with the study, diagnosis and treatment of serious emotional, psychological and behavioural disorders such as delinquency, depression, drug addiction, etc.

Clinical psychologists do not have medical training. They collect detailed information about a client using techniques like psychological tests, interviews, case study, etc. They use psycho therapeutic methods to help the client to deal with the problem. They work in hospitals, health centers, etc.

The knowledge obtained from Abnormal Psychology viz. clinical description, (symptoms) causes, consequences of behaviours that deviate from normal is used by Clinical Psychology (applied field) in the study, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of individuals having psychological disorders. Like phobias, depression, etc.



Write Short Notes

Clinical Psychology



SOLUTION

Clinical Psychology is concerned with the study, diagnosis and treatment of serious emotional, psychological and behavioural disorders such as delinquency, depression, drug addiction, etc. Clinical psychologists do not have medical training. They collect detailed information about a client using techniques like psychological tests, interviews, case study, etc. They use psycho therapeutic methods to help the client to deal with the problem. They work in hospitals, health centres, etc. It is the largest subfield of psychology.



Cognitive Psychology


SOLUTION

The term 'cognition' means knowledge or understanding. Cognitive Psychology investigates aspects of cognition (higher mental processes) such as thinking reasoning, memory, decision making, perception, language development, etc. It studies human information processes.



Developmental psychology


SOLUTION

Developmental Psychology studies changes in behaviour over the lifespan i.e., from conception till death. It is the scientific study of how and why inter-individual and intra-individual changes occur over the course of life. Developmental Psychology studies changes across dimensions like physical- motor development, cognitive development and social-emotional development. Some developmental psychologists restrict their study to a specific period of life such as childhood, old age, etc.



Industrial Psychology


SOLUTION

Industrial Psychology is concerned with the behaviour of persons working in organizations in areas like motivational level, group morale, teamwork, leadership, training and supervision, conflict resolution, etc. It aims to improve communication, decision-making and stress management on the job leading to increased employee satisfaction and efficiency. Industrial Psychology includes personnel selection, Organisational Psychology, Ergonomics and Consumer Psychology.



Suggest appropriate branch of psychology related to the following situations

A husband and wife do not understand each other so they keep fighting.



SOLUTION

Marital Counselling (Counselling Psychology).



My friend’s father lost his job and he is in depression.



SOLUTION

Clinical Psychology.



A 5th standard student is unable to concentrate.


SOLUTION

Counselling Psychology (School Psychology).



I want to study the process of thinking and learning.


SOLUTION

Cognitive Psychology.



I want proper information about attitude, prejudice or conflicts in a group.


SOLUTION

Social Psychology.



Answer the following questions in detail.


Explain any five theoretical branches of Psychology.


SOLUTION

Theoretical Psychology focuses mainly on conducting research, developing principles, formulating theories and establishing laws to explain human behaviour. Psychology as a theoretical science includes many areas of specialization.

Theoretical Psychology

  • Developmental Psychology

  • Social Psychology

  • Cognitive Psychology

  • Experimental Psychology

  • Abnormal Psychology

  1. Developmental Psychology - It studies changes in behaviour over the lifespan i.e., from conception till death. It is the scientific study of how and why inter-individual and intra-individual changes occur over the course of life. Developmental Psychology studies changes across dimensions like physical motor- development, cognitive development and social - emotional development. Some developmental psychologists restrict their study to a specific period of life such as childhood (child psychology), old age (geriatric psychology), etc.

  2. Social Psychology - It is the scientific study of how an individual's behaviour is affected by others. It is the study of people as members of groups, involving interpersonal relationships and interactions. Social psychology is a study of group structure, processes and functioning; issues such as cooperation, competition, group conflicts, empathy, leadership, attitudes, etc.

  3. Cognitive Psychology - The term 'cognition' means knowledge or understanding. Cognitive Psychology investigates aspects of cognition (higher mental processes) such as thinking reasoning, memory, decision-making, perception, language development, etc. It studies human information processing.

  4. Experimental Psychology - The aim of Experimental Psychology is to conduct laboratory experiments to understand the fundamental causes of behaviour. It deals with topics such as sensation, perception, reasoning, emotional reactivity, learning and memory, etc.

  5. Abnormal Psychology - It is the branch of Psychology that aims to study the causes of any behaviour that deviates from what is considered as 'normal' or 'acceptable behaviour'. It studies unusual patterns of thinking, feeling and acting for e.g., depression, phobias, mood disorders, mental retardation, schizophrenia, etc.



Describe any five applied branches of Psychology.


SOLUTION

The knowledge and principles generated through theoretical research are used to develop techniques to solve practical problems and to help individuals to adjust to real-life situations. This is Applied Psychology.

  1. Educational Psychology - It is concerned with increasing the efficiency of the teaching - learning process. The main areas of work of an educational psychologist are teacher training, curriculum planning, instruction designing for better classroom environment, etc. They are concerned with preparing intervention programmes for exceptional children, to develop motivation and effective study habits. Educational psychologists are associated with schools colleges, etc. Many psychologists also deal with behavioural issues of students such as learning disorders, ADHD, etc.

  2. Clinical Psychology - It is concerned with the study, diagnosis and treatment of serious emotional, psychological and behavioural disorders such as delinquency, depression, drug addiction, etc. A clinical psychologist does not have medical training. They collect detailed information about a client using techniques like psychological tests, interviews, case study, etc. They use psycho-therapeutic methods to help the client to deal with the problem. They work in hospitals, health centres, etc. It is the largest subfield of psychology.

  3. Counselling Psychology - It is concerned with the study, diagnosis and treatment of less severe emotional, psychological and behavioural problems. It aims at helping normal individuals who have adjustment problems such as in studies, in personal life or at the workplace. Counselling psychologists are involved in vocational and career guidance. The subfields of counselling psychology include -
    (i) educational counselling
    (ii) career counselling
    (iii) personal counselling
    (iv) marital counselling, etc. Counselling psychologists make use of psychological tests and psychotherapy.

  4. Criminal Psychology - It is concerned with identifying the causes of crime, studying the personality traits of criminals, suggesting preventive measures to control criminal behaviour and implementing plans for criminal rehabilitation. Criminal psychologists work closely with law enforcement agencies, investigative agencies and social organisations.

  5. Industrial Psychology - It is concerned with the behaviour of persons working in organisations in areas like motivational level, group morale, teamwork, leadership, training and supervisions, conflict resolution, etc. It aims to improve communication, decision - making and stress management at the work place leading to increased employee satisfaction and efficiency. It includes personnel selection, Organisational Psychology, ergonomics and consumer psychology.



Write any five career opportunities in Psychology.


SOLUTION

The career opportunities in Psychology are diverse and challenging. They include -

  1. As a counsellor - to work in schools and other educational fields as a school counsellor, to help individuals who have adjustments problems in everyday life e.g., personal counsellor, marriage counsellor, vocational career counsellor.

  2. As a special educator - to work for specially abled persons as such physically handicapped, visually challenged, intellectually deficient persons.

  3. As a child psychologist - to focus on child development and solving problems related to the emotional well-being of children.

  4. As a clinical psychologist - to work in hospitals, health centres, with NGO's, social service agencies, in remand homes, etc.

  5. As a psychologist with the military - to work in the selection of recruits to the Army, Navy, Air force, Paramilitary, improving perseverance, group morale as well as rehabilitation on the job.


Balbharati Solutions for Psychology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

The answers for the Balbharati books are the best study material for students. These Balbharati Solutions for Psychology 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board will help students understand the concepts better.


 • Chapter 1: Story of Psychology

 • Chapter 2: Branches of Psychology

 • Chapter 3: Self

 • Chapter 4: Human Development

 • Chapter 5: Healthy Me - Normal Me

 • Chapter 6: Stress

 • Chapter 7: Nervous System

 • Chapter 8: Memory


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