Chapter 7: Depreciation Balbharati solutions for Book-keeping and Accountancy 11th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 7: Depreciation

Balbharati solutions for Book-keeping and Accountancy 11th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board

Answer in One Sentence only:

1. What is depreciation?

SOLUTION

Depreciation means a shrinkage in the value of an asset due to factors like wear and tear, the passage of time or obsolescence, etc

 

2. Why is depreciation charged?

SOLUTION

Depreciation is charged to find out the true amount of profit or loss in a particular accounting period and to arrive at the true value of the asset.

 

3. What is a ‘Scrap Value’ of an asset?

SOLUTION

The net amount which is expected to be realised on the final disposal of a fixed asset is called ‘Scrap Value’ or ‘Residual Value’.

 

4. Why is depreciation charged even in the year of loss?

SOLUTION

Unless depreciation is charged, the true amount of profit and loss cannot be ascertained properly and we cannot make provision for the replacement of assets therefore depreciation is charged even in the year of loss.

 

5. Which account is credited when depreciation is charged?

SOLUTION

A relevant asset account is credited when depreciation is charged.

 

6. Where is the profit or loss on sale of assets transferred?

SOLUTION

Profit or loss on sale of asset is to be transferred to ‘Profit and Loss A/c.

 

7. To which account balance on Depreciation A/c is transferred?

SOLUTION

Balance of Depreciation A/c is to be transferred to ‘Profit and Loss A/c’.

 

8. What is the formula to calculate depreciation by Straight Line Method?

SOLUTION

Formula to calculate depreciation by straight line method is as follows:

Depreciation is calculated by the following formula

Depreciation (p.a.) = Original cost - Scrap ValueEstimated life of the asset (in years)

 

9. What is the Fixed Instalment Method?

SOLUTION

The method in which depreciation is charged at a specific rate on the original cost of the asset every year, so as to reduce the asset account to nil or to its scrap value at the end of its estimated life is known as Fixed Instalment Method.

 

10. Which account is debited when expenses are paid on installation of Machinery?

SOLUTION

Machinery accounts are to be debited when expenses are paid on installation of machinery.

 

Write the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement:

1. A continuous, gradual and permanent reduction in the value of a fixed asset.

SOLUTION

A continuous, gradual and permanent reduction in the value of a fixed asset. – Depreciation

 

2.The expenditure incurred for purchase, installation charges, etc. of an asset.

SOLUTION

The expenditure incurred for purchase, installation charges, etc. of an asset. – Cost of asset


3.The amount that a fixed asset is expected to realise on its disposal.

SOLUTION

The amount that a fixed asset is expected to realise on its disposal. – Scrap value

 

4.The period for which the asset remains in working condition.

SOLUTION

The period for which the asset remains in working condition. – Life period of asset

 

5.The method of depreciation in which the total depreciation is equally spread over the life of the asset.

SOLUTION

The method of depreciation in which the total depreciation is equally spread over the life of the asset. – Fixed Instalment method

 

6.The method of depreciation in which the rate of depreciation is fixed but the amount of depreciation reduces every year.

SOLUTION

The method of depreciation in which the rate of depreciation is fixed but the amount of depreciation reduces every year. – Reducing balance method

 

7.The type of asset on which depreciation is charged.

SOLUTION

The type of asset on which depreciation is charged. – Fixed asset

 

8.Expenses incurred for fixation of the new asset to bring it in working condition.

SOLUTION

Expenses incurred for fixation of the new asset to bring it in working condition. – Installation charges

 

9.Excess of Selling price of fixed asset over its Written Down Value.

SOLUTION

Excess of Selling price of fixed asset over its Written Down Value. – Profit on sale of asset

 

10.Method of depreciation that cannot reach to zero value.

SOLUTION

Method of depreciation that cannot reach to zero value. – Reducing/ Diminishing balance method

 

Select the most appropriate answer from the alternatives given below and rewrite the sentence:

1.Decrease in the value of fixed assets is known as ______

Depreciation

Appreciation

Combination

None of these

 

2.Depreciation is charged only on ______ assets.

Fixed

Current

Non-performing

Fictitious

 

3.The amount spent on installation of new machinery is a ______ expenditure.

Revenue

Capital

Deferred Revenue

Income

 

4.The amount that a fixed asset is expected to realise on its disposal is known as ______

Book value

Scrap value

Market value

Original value

 

5.The amount of depreciation reduces year after year under ______

Fixed Instalment Method

Written Down Value Method

Depreciation Fund Method

Revaluation Method

 

6.The amount of depreciation remains constant every year under ______

Straight Line Method

Diminishing Balance Method

Revaluation Method

Insurance Policy Method

 

7.The balance of depreciation account is transferred to ______

Manufacturing A/c

Trading A/c

Profit & Loss A/c

Balance sheet

 

State whether the following statement is True or False with reasons:

1.Depreciation is charged on fixed assets.

Options

True

False

SOLUTION

This statement is True.

To find out actual profit or loss of business and to make provision for the replacement of assets. depreciation is charged on fixed assets.

 

2.Depreciation increases the value of the asset.

Options

True

False

SOLUTION

This statement is False.

Depreciation means a continuous, gradual and permanent reduction in the value of fixed assets, so we can say that depreciation decreases the value of the asset.

 

3.Balance of depreciation account is transferred to Profit & Loss A/c.

Options

True

False

SOLUTION

This statement is True.

Depreciation is a non-each expenses for the business, every income or expense account is to be transferred to profit & loss A/c. to ascertain the actual profit or loss of the business. Therefore the balance of the depreciation account is transferred to Profit and Loss A/c.

 

4.The Profit or Loss on sale of fixed assets is ascertained only after charging depreciation.

Options

True

False

SOLUTION

This statement is True.

Unless depreciation is charged to the revenues, the exact amount of profit or loss of business cannot be ascertained properly. Therefore, the profit or loss on sale of fixed assets is ascertained only after charging depreciation.

 

5.Wages paid for installation of Machinery are debited to Wages A/c.

Options

True

False

SOLUTION

This statement is False.

Wages paid for installation of machinery is nothing but part of cost of machinery only, Therefore, it is to be debited to Machinery A/c. only.

 

6.It is not necessary to depreciate an asset if it is not in use.

Options

True

False

SOLUTION

This statement is False.

Depreciation is charged as an element of cost. If an asset is not in use, even though its value reduces due to the passage of time. Therefore, we can say that it is compulsory to depreciate an asset if it is not in use.

 

7.Depreciation is charged on Current Assets only.

Options

True

False

SOLUTION

This statement is False.

Depreciation is charged on fixed assets only because it is necessary to apportion the cost over a number of years during the useful life of an asset and there is no question of useful life for current assets.

 

8.Depreciation need not be charged when business is making losses.

Options

True

False

SOLUTION

This statement is False.

Depreciation is an element of cost which is to be calculated/charged irrespective of profit or loss of the business. Also, to find actual profit or loss of the business, it is compulsory to calculate depreciation

 

Complete the following sentence:

1.Depreciation is charged on ______ asset.

SOLUTION

Depreciation is charged on fixed assets.

 

2.Wages paid for Installation/fixation of Machinery is debited to ______ account.

SOLUTION

Wages paid for Installation/fixation of machinery is debited to the machinery account.

 

3.Under ______ system, the amount of depreciation changes every year.

SOLUTION

Under the reducing balance system, the amount of depreciation changes every year.

 

4. Depreciation = cost of asset-Residual Value̲Estimated Working Life of the Asset

SOLUTION

Depreciation = cost of asset-Residual Value̲Estimated Working Life of the Asset

 

5.Gradual and permanent decrease in the value of asset is known as ____________

SOLUTION

Gradual and permanent decrease in the value of an asset is known as depreciation.

 

6.In Fixed Instalment System the amount of depreciation is ______ every year.

SOLUTION

In the Fixed Instalment System, the amount of depreciation is constant every year.

 

7.The amount spent on installation of Machinery is a ______ expenditure.

SOLUTION

The amount spent on installation of machinery is a capital expenditure.

 

8.______ is the value which an asset realises at the end of its useful life.

SOLUTION

Scrap value is the value which an asset realises at the end of its useful life.

 

9.Depreciation Account is a ______ account.

SOLUTION

A Depreciation Account is a nominal account.

 

10.Depreciation is derived from a Latin word ______.

SOLUTION

Depreciation is derived from a Latin word depreciation.

 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:

1.Depreciation is a non-cash expense.

Agree

Disagree

 

2.Under written down value method the Depreciation curve slopes parallel to ‘X’ axis.

Agree

Disagree

 

3.The rate of depreciation depends upon the life of fixed asset.

Agree

Disagree

 

4.The terminal value of assets never affects the annual amount of depreciation.

Agree

Disagree

 

5.By charging depreciation on fixed assets ascertainment of true and fair financial position is possible.

Agree

Disagree

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