Explain the nature of distribution of population in the Ganga Plain.


1. The Ganga Plain is one of the most densely populated areas of the world. It occupies 9% area of the country, but accommodates 235 of the country’s population. Its average population density is 931 persons per sq. Km. it is 828 in Uttar Pradesh and 1102 in Bihar as per the 2011 census.
2. Many districts in the Upper Ganga Plain have population density above 1000. There are compact settlements in the Bangar region where are good facilities of irrigation and transport.
3. Lucknow, Kanpur, Ghaziabad, Agra, Allahabad, Meerut, etc. are the main cities. Agra is world famous for historical city.
4. Barring the forested Tarai area, the Middle Ganga Plain is densely populated. About 93% of its populationis rural. The Bihar region has big and compact (dense) villages. Patna is the largest city of the region. Varanasi is an ancient religious city in eastern Uttar Pradesh.
5. In the Lower Ganga Plain, the Delta region is more densely populated than the northern part. The Kolkata-Howraw region has population density above 1000.
6. The villages are large and compact. Kolkata, Howrah, Durgapur, Asansol, Raniganj, Kharagpur, etc. are the major towns of the region.