Grammar prepositions

"at a place" can be seen as a point in space. Examine the following sentences. Then write your Own examples!
A man is standing at the bus stop.
Ans. I am waiting at the park.
A stranger is standing at the door.
Ans. She is standing at the bus stop.
There is a house sparrow at the window.
Ans. A crow was sitting at the door step.
Write your name at the top of the page.
Write your number at the right corner of the page.
Sign at the end of the page.
Write your address at the left corner of the page.
There is a car at the end of the street.
And. The bus is waiting at the bus stop.
Here are a few more prepositions that tell us where an object is, in relation to another. Write your examples, too!
The river is below the bus.
Ans. The water is below our knee level.
There are clouds above the bus.
And. The sun shines above our heads.
The road is under the bus.
And. The cat is under the table.
A man standing by the side of the bus.
Ans. He is standing by me.
The road stretches in front of and behind the bus.
Ans. Behind the post office I live.
You may try to form your own sentences in the space provided, using man and subway instead of train and tunnel.
The train is going towards the tunnel
Ans. The bus is moving towards the east.
The train is going into the tunnel.
I fell into the well.
The train is going through the tunnel.
I have gone through this book.
The train is going along the tunnel.
Ans. I am coming along with you.
The train is going away from the tunnel.
Don't go away from me.
The train is going out of the tunnel.
I am out of station now.
Fill in the blanks with correct prepositions:
1. Where is the ball?
The ball is _____ the table. [on, it, into]
Ans. The ball is on the table.
2. Where is the cat?
The cat is _____ the table. [above, in , under]
Ans. The cat is under the table.
3. Where is the pen?
The pen is _____ the pencil. [between, in, beside]
Ans. The pen is beside the pencil.
Fill in the blanks to make a meaningful sentence, choosing an appropriate prepositions from the box.
Between, under, in, below, on, among.
The girl is standing _________ two pillars.
There is a pencil _________ the table.
She placed the dishes _____ the table.
Water flowed _______ the bridge.
The cat sat ______ the table.
Ans. The girl is standing between two pillars.
There is a pencil on the table.
She placed the dishes on the table.
Water flowed under the bridge.
The cat sat under the table.
Different aspects of the usage of prepositions can be pictured as follows:

In relation to a line - one dimension.

along the road

beside the road

across the road

on the road
In relation to a surface - 2 dimensions.

Here the apple is above the desk.
The ball is bounced upon the chair.

The ball is bounced off the chair.
beyond the field
through the room

Prepositions Expressing Relationship in Time.

Before = earlier than; After = Later than,

Come before or after 8 o’ clock.

Start before 7 o’ clock.

At is used with a point of time,
I’ll meet you at 8 o’ clock.
We’ll meet at sunrise,
He’ll meet at dinner.
The drama will start at 6 p.m.

By = not later than,
We must leave by 4 o’ clock, or we shall not arrive in time.
You must finish the work by 5 p.m.

During = While the period of time or event is progress,
Nobody was allowed to go out during the examination.
I learnt Hindi during summer vacation.

For = denotes time during which an action or state continues.
I walk for two hours everyday then I take rest for an hour.
She sleeps for six hours.

From = marks the beginning of a period
The bank will open from 10 o’ clock onwards.
He works from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

In = used for specific period of time as in the moring, in the evening, in January, in the summer. etc.

We met in June last and shall meet again in January next.
Ooty is very crowded in summer.

In = marks the end of a period of time,
I’ll call again in five minutes. (i.e. after an interval of 5 minutes)
She will call me in one hour.

On = used before days of the week, and dates,
We will meet again on Friday.
The market is quiet on Sundays.

Around = about
I will see you around 5 o'clock.
We shall arrive around 5 o'clock.

Throughout (through) = from the beginning to the end of a period.
The play went throughout (through, al though) the night.
He slept throughout the night.

Until = (always replaceable by till) marks the end of a period,
We waited until 12 o'clock.
Wait here until I return.

Within =  suggests that the performance of an action is limited to a certain period
We must be back within/in fifteen minutes.
I’ll finish the project within/in three months.


Under the preposition words.

There is a car at the end of the street.
The bridge is across the river
The bus runs along the lakeside.
He sat by/near the window.
A man is standing by the side of the bus.
The road stretches along the bus.
The train is going upto the tunnel.
The girl is standing between two pillars.
There is a pencil on the table.
She placed the dishes on the table.
Water flowed across the bridge.
The cat sat on the table

Come at 8 o’ clock.

No comments:

Post a Comment