The Government Budget And Taxation Class 9th Social Studies AP Board Solution

Class 9th Social Studies AP Board Solution

Improve Your Learning
Question 1.

Why does the government need a budget? Why does the budget talks of taxes?


Answer:

Budget is a future estimation of all the revenues and expenditure over a specific period of time. It is used to allocate the scarce resources in the best designed economic use. The budget is used as the tool of decision making by the government. Most of the economic decisions are being dependent on the budget. The economic decision includes the investment spending and allocation of resources.


One of the main components of the budget is the tax. Tax includes the major part of the revenue. In India, the tax is collected in the unified tax system known as Goods Service Tax (GST). This tax is collected by both the state governments and central governments with a single rate. Thus it constitutes a major part of the revenue for the government.



Question 2.

What is the difference between income tax and excise duty?


Answer:



Question 3.

Match the following:



Answer:


i. Excise duty is the tax levied on the goods that are produced within the domestic territory. Excise taxes are those paid on the purchase of goods or services and are often reflected in total purchase prices.


ii. Sales tax is the consumption tax imposed by the government on the sale of goods and services. It is levied when the goods are being sold to the consumer. Therefore the ultimate payer of this tax will be the consumer.


iii. Customs duty is a tax levied on the imports (and sometimes in exports) of the country to raise the state revenue is known as customs duty. It is generally based on the value of the goods being imported.


iv. Income tax is the direct tax which is collected by the government from the individual by fixing a fixed rate is known as income tax. It is collected on a yearly basis, and the tax rate differs as the income of the individual differs.


v. Corporation tax is the tax imposed on the net income of the company. Income of the company will be profit. Therefore it will be levied on the profit with a fixed rate on a yearly basis.



Question 4.

You are expected to tax on steel, matches, clocks, cloth, iron; a tax increase on which of these would affect the prices of other commodities the most, and why?


Answer:

When the tax is imposed on commodities such as steel, matches, clocks, and iron, there will be changes in the price level of the other commodities. There will less effect on the imposition of tax on the finished goods such as matches, clock, and cloth. Since these goods are final consumption goods and being directly used by the consumer, it will result less towards the increase in the price of other commodities. Whereas when there is an increase in the tax rate on intermediate goods such as iron and steel, it will affect the prices of the other commodities. These goods will increase the price of the other commodities because they are intermediate goods, which are used for further consumption. Therefore the increase in the tax rate will increase the price of the commodities and the commodities will become costly. When these commodities are used for the production of the other goods, then the price of those final goods rises.


Example: when there is an increase in the tax rate on the commodities on the products of iron and steel, it will increase the price of iron and steel. These iron and steel is used for further production activities such as car manufacturing, construction works, and other heavy industries. Ultimately when there is an increase in the price of iron and steel, it will result in an increase in the price of the final goods such as cars, houses, bikes, etc.,



Question 5.

Ordinary food items, such as grain, pulses, oil are used by all. Then why is it said that imposing a tax on them will have a greater effect on the poor?


Answer:

Poor are the people who are cannot afford the essential requirements of their life due to lack of income. When there is an imposition of tax on the ordinary food items, it will make the food item very costly. When the price the items are being increased it makes very difficult for the poor people to afford those things with their minimal income. The price rise will be affordable for the middle income and richer people because their income will be higher compared to the poor people income. This increase will adversely affect the lives of poor people.



Question 6.

A group of four friends decided to stay together by contributing money towards the rent of a house. The rent was Rs.2000 per month.

a. How could this be shared among them?

b. We also know that two of them earned Rs.3000 per month and the other two Rs.7000 per month. Is there some other way of sharing the cost so that each one of them feels the same pinch?

c. Which way of sharing would you prefer and why?


Answer:

(a) Since they are a group of four friends and the total rent comes to about 2000, they can divide the total rent in such a way that each person equally contributes to the whole amount, i.e. 2000/4 = 500 each. This division will make sure that the burden of the rent is shared equally by everyone.


(b) Since two among the four are earning more, they have the capability to contribute more amount for the rent. Thus the whole rent amount can be divided in such a way that the ratio between the marginal cost of paying rent and their income is equal for everyone, i.e. cost of paying rent by A/income = cost of paying rent by B/income = cost of paying rent by C/income = cost of paying rent by D/income.


(c) I would prefer the second method of rent bifurcation. The first method though leads to each person paying the same amount of rent is less efficient compared to the second where each person pays according to their ability to pay. Thus this would be the preferred strategy for the division of rent.



Question 7.

Tax on income or tax on commodities. Which of the two affects the rich more and which affects the poor more? Explain with reasons.


Answer:

Tax on income affects the rich more. Income tax is levied on people who have income above a particular threshold. They will be more affected by income tax as higher income results in the levy and collection of higher taxes from them. The consumption of these sections remains relatively unresponsive to changes in income. Thus they are not affected by the tax on commodities. Rather, a higher rate of income taxes can have an effect on them.


Tax on commodities affected the poorer sections of society. If the commodities they consume are taxed more, they would be compelled to pay a higher price for the commodities and services. This affects their cost of living and standard of living. Thus the poorer sections are affected by commodity taxes more than income taxes.



Question 8.

How would VAT reduce the evasion of taxes on goods?


Answer:

A VAT is the Value Added Tax in which the tax is levied on every production process of a commodity. Any increase in the value in each stage of production it will be imposed by VAT. When the tax is levied in every stage of production, it becomes very difficult to evade the tax. Tax evasion is the illegal evasion of the tax by the individuals. When the tax is included in all the stages of the production, it will reduce the evasion of the tax by the individuals. But tax avoidance can be done in VAT by transferring the tax burden to another individual by increasing the price of the product which the consumer buys.



Question 9.

What is the difference between the Excise duty and Customs duty?


Answer:



Question 10.

Is there any hike in the bus fares recently? If so, try to know the reasons for it.


Answer:

Hike in the bus fare is the problem faced nationally in and around India. There is a continuous rise in the bus fares in the economy. Most of the state governments are increasing their bus fare by a huge percent. The main reasons for the hike in the bus fare are:


• A rise in the price of Petrol and diesel


This increase in the price of petrol and diesel will increase the price of tickets in the buses. This is because petrol and diesel are the main components used to run the bus. The petrol prices were 60Rs in 2014 whereas it crossed 80Rs in 2018. This makes the ride very costly and increases in the bus fare.


• Increase in vehicles


Everyone has their own vehicle in most of the cities. This makes them travel in their vehicle rather than in buses and other common vehicles. When there is a lack of passengers in buses, then the bus fare will automatically be increased to maintain the busses and pay the salary to drivers and conductors.



Question 11.

Read the paragraph under the heading ‘Direct Taxes' and answer the following: Why do high-income earners pay more tax?


Answer:

High-income earners have to pay more of direct taxes- income tax and corporation taxes. Direct taxes are those types of taxes which cannot be transferred to others and has to be paid by the individual directly. It can be an income tax or corporation tax. Corporation tax is the tax incurred on profits made by a business organisation excluding its expenses. This increases as the rate of profit increases. Higher income earners would be required to pay more taxes. Same is the case of income tax which is charged against the income of a person. People with higher income would be required to pay more taxes. Since they are incurring more income, they have the ability to pay more taxes. Thus the rich are taxed more and the poor taxed less.


PDF FILE TO YOUR EMAIL IMMEDIATELY PURCHASE NOTES & PAPER SOLUTION. @ Rs. 50/- each (GST extra)

HINDI ENTIRE PAPER SOLUTION

MARATHI PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC ENGLISH PAPER SOLUTION

SSC & HSC ENGLISH WRITING SKILL

HSC ACCOUNTS NOTES

HSC OCM NOTES

HSC ECONOMICS NOTES

HSC SECRETARIAL PRACTICE NOTES

2019 Board Paper Solution

HSC ENGLISH SET A 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET B 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET C 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET D 2019 21st February, 2019

SECRETARIAL PRACTICE (S.P) 2019 25th February, 2019

HSC XII PHYSICS 2019 25th February, 2019

CHEMISTRY XII HSC SOLUTION 27th, February, 2019

OCM PAPER SOLUTION 2019 27th, February, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION COMMERCE, 2nd March, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION SCIENCE 2nd, March, 2019

SSC ENGLISH STD 10 5TH MARCH, 2019.

HSC XII ACCOUNTS 2019 6th March, 2019

HSC XII BIOLOGY 2019 6TH March, 2019

HSC XII ECONOMICS 9Th March 2019

SSC Maths I March 2019 Solution 10th Standard11th, March, 2019

SSC MATHS II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD.13th March, 2019

SSC SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 15th March, 2019.

SSC SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 18th March, 2019.

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION20th March, 2019

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION, 22nd March, 2019

XII CBSE - BOARD - MARCH - 2019 ENGLISH - QP + SOLUTIONS, 2nd March, 2019

HSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 12th English Medium)

HSC ECONOMICS MARCH 2020

HSC OCM MARCH 2020

HSC ACCOUNTS MARCH 2020

HSC S.P. MARCH 2020

HSC ENGLISH MARCH 2020

HSC HINDI MARCH 2020

HSC MARATHI MARCH 2020

HSC MATHS MARCH 2020

SSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 10th English Medium)

English MARCH 2020

HindI MARCH 2020

Hindi (Composite) MARCH 2020

Marathi MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 2) MARCH 2020

Sanskrit MARCH 2020

Sanskrit (Composite) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 2)

MUST REMEMBER THINGS on the day of Exam

Are you prepared? for English Grammar in Board Exam.

Paper Presentation In Board Exam

How to Score Good Marks in SSC Board Exams

Tips To Score More Than 90% Marks In 12th Board Exam

How to write English exams?

How to prepare for board exam when less time is left

How to memorise what you learn for board exam

No. 1 Simple Hack, you can try out, in preparing for Board Exam

How to Study for CBSE Class 10 Board Exams Subject Wise Tips?

JEE Main 2020 Registration Process – Exam Pattern & Important Dates

NEET UG 2020 Registration Process Exam Pattern & Important Dates

How can One Prepare for two Competitive Exams at the same time?

8 Proven Tips to Handle Anxiety before Exams!

BUY FROM PLAY STORE

DOWNLOAD OUR APP

HOW TO PURCHASE OUR NOTES?

S.P. Important Questions For Board Exam 2021

O.C.M. Important Questions for Board Exam. 2021

Economics Important Questions for Board Exam 2021

Chemistry Important Question Bank for board exam 2021

Physics – Section I- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC Examination

Physics – Section II – Science- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC 2021 Examination