Mensuration Class 10th Mathematics AP Board Solution

Class 10th Mathematics AP Board Solution
Exercise 10.1
  1. A joker’s cap is in the form of right circular cone whose base radius is 7 cm…
  2. A sports company was ordered 100 paper cylinders for packing shuttle cocks. The…
  3. Find the volume of right circular cone with radius 6 cm. and height 7 cm.…
  4. The lateral surface area of a cylinder is equal to the curved surface area of a…
  5. A self-help group wants to manufacture joker’s caps of 3 cm. radius and 4 cm…
  6. A cylinder and cone have base of equal radii and are of equal heights. Show…
  7. The shape of solid iron rod is a cylindrical. Its height is 11 cm. and base…
  8. A heap of rice is in the form of a cone of diameter 12 m. and height 8 m. Find…
  9. The curved surface area of a cone is 4070cm^2 and its diameter is 70 cm. What…
Exercise 10.2
  1. A toy is in the form of a cone mounted on a hemisphere. The diameter of the…
  2. A solid is in the form of a right circular cylinder with a hemisphere one end…
  3. A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck to…
  4. Two cubes each of volume 64cm^2 are joined end to end together. Find the…
  5. A storage tank consists of a circular cylinder with a hemisphere stuck on…
  6. A sphere, a cylinder and a cone have the same radius and same height. Find the…
  7. A hemisphere is cut out from one face of a cubical wooden block such that the…
  8. A wooden article was made by scooping out a hemisphere from each end of a solid…
Exercise 10.3
  1. An iron pillar consists of a cylindrical portion of 2.8 m. height and 20 cm. in…
  2. A toy is made in the form of hemisphere surmounted by a right cone whose…
  3. Find the volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out of a…
  4. A cylindrical tub of radius 5 cm and length 9.8 cm is full of water. A solid in…
  5. In the adjacent figure, the height of a solid cylinder is 10 cm and diameter is…
  6. Spherical Marbles of diameter 1.4 cm are dropped into a cylindrical beaker of…
  7. A pen stand is made of wood in the shape of cuboid with three conical…
Exercise 10.4
  1. A metallic sphere of radius 4.2 cm. is melted and recast into the shape of a…
  2. Three metallic spheres of radii 6 cm., 8 cm. and 10 cm. respectively are melted…
  3. A 20 m deep well of diameter 7 m. is dug and the earth got by digging is evenly…
  4. A well of diameter 14 m. is dug 15 m. deep. The earth taken out of it has been…
  5. A container shaped like a right circular cylinder having diameter 12 cm. and…
  6. How many silver coins, 1.75 cm. in diameter and thickness 2 mm, need to be…
  7. A vessel is in the form of an inverted cone. Its height is 8 cm. and the radius…
  8. A solid metallic sphere of diameter 28 cm is melted and recast into a number of…

Exercise 10.1
Question 1.

A joker’s cap is in the form of right circular cone whose base radius is 7 cm and height is 24 cm. Find the area of the sheet required to make 10 such caps.


Answer:


Given that, the radius of cone(r) is 7 cm and height(h) is


24 cm.


And, Surface area of cone is - πrl


Also, slant height(l) = √ r2 + h2


⇒ l = √ 72 + 242


⇒ l = √ 49 + 576


⇒ l = √ 625


⇒ l = 25


⇒ Surface area of joker’s cap


= 550cm2


⇒ ∴ the area of the sheet required to make 10 such caps


= 550 × 10 cm2


= 5500 cm2



Question 2.

A sports company was ordered 100 paper cylinders for packing shuttle cocks. The required dimensions of the cylinder are 35 cm length/height and its radius is 7 cm. Find the required area of thick paper sheet needed to make 100 cylinders?


Answer:

Given that, the radius of cylinder(r) required is 7 cm and height (h) is 35 cm.

And, Surface area of cylinder is - 2πrh


⇒ Surface area 


= 1540cm2


⇒The required area of thick paper sheet needed to make 100 cylinders = 1540 × 100 cm2


= 154000 cm2



Question 3.

Find the volume of right circular cone with radius 6 cm. and height 7 cm.


Answer:


Given that, the radius of cone(r) is 6 cm and height(h) is 7 cm.


And, volume of the cone


⇒ Volume of the right circular cone



= 264 cm3



Question 4.

The lateral surface area of a cylinder is equal to the curved surface area of a cone. If their bases be the same, find the ratio of the height of the cylinder to the slant height of the cone.


Answer:


Given that, the lateral surface area of a cylinder is equal to the curved surface area of a cone and their bases are same.


⇒Let r = radius of cylinder = radius of cone, h = height of cylinder and l = slant height of the cone.


And, lateral surface area of cylinder = 2πrh


Also, curved surface area of cone = πrl


⇒2πrh = πrl




⇒ The ratio of the height of the cylinder to the slant height of the cone = 1:2



Question 5.

A self-help group wants to manufacture joker’s caps of 3 cm. radius and 4 cm height. If the available paper sheet is  then how many caps can be manufactured from that paper sheet?


Answer:


Given that, the radius(r) of cone is 3 cm and height (h) is


4 cm.


And, the available paper sheet is- 1000 cm2


And, Surface area of cone is - πrl


Also, slant height(l) = √ r2 + h2


⇒ l = √ 32 + 42


⇒ l = √ 9 + 16


⇒ l = √ 25


⇒ l = 5


⇒ Surface area of joker’s cap



And, the available paper sheet is- 1000 cm2


⇒ No. of caps that can be manufactured from that paper sheet




= 21.21 cm2


= 21 cm2



Question 6.

A cylinder and cone have base of equal radii and are of equal heights. Show that their volumes are in the ratio of 3 : 1.


Answer:


Given that, A cylinder and cone have base of equal radii and are of equal heights and their volumes are in the ratio of 3 : 1.


⇒ Let r = radius of cylinder = radius of cone,


and h = height of cylinder = height of cone.


⇒ And, volume of cylinder = πr2h


Volume of cone




⇒ Their volumes are in the ratio of 3 : 1.



Question 7.

The shape of solid iron rod is a cylindrical. Its height is 11 cm. and base diameter is 7 cm. Then find the total volume of 50 such rods?


Answer:


Given that, height(h) of cylinder is 11 cm and diameter(d) is 7 cm.


⇒ radius(r) of cylinder


And, the volume of cylinder = πr2h


⇒ volume of one rod


⇒ volume of one rod


= 423.5


⇒ the total volume of 50 such rods = 423.5 × 50


= 21,175cm3



Question 8.

A heap of rice is in the form of a cone of diameter 12 m. and height 8 m. Find its volume? How much canvas cloth is required to cover the heap?

(use π = 3.14)


Answer:


Given that, the diameter(d) of cone is 12 cm and heigh(h)t is 8 cm.


⇒ radius(r)


And, Surface area of cone is - πrl


Also, volume of cone


Also, slant height(l) = √ r2 + h2


⇒ l = √ 62 + 82


⇒ l = √ 36 + 64


⇒ l = √ 100


⇒ l = 10


⇒ volume of heap



= 301.44 cm3


⇒ Surface area of cone = 3.14 × 6 × 10


= 188.4 cm2


⇒ ∴ canvas cloth required to cover the heap = 188.4 cm2



Question 9.

The curved surface area of a cone is 4070cm2 and its diameter is 70 cm. What is its slant height?


Answer:


Given that, curved surface area of a cone is 4070 cm2 and diameter(d) is 70 cm.


⇒ radius(r)


Let the slant height be l.


And, curved surface area of a cone = πrl


⇒ πrl = 4070




⇒ l = 37 cm




Exercise 10.2
Question 1.

A toy is in the form of a cone mounted on a hemisphere. The diameter of the base and the height of the cone are 6 cm and 4 cm respectively. Determine the surface area of the toy.

(use π = 3.14)


Answer:


Given that, diameter(d) is 6 cm and height(h) is 4 cm.


⇒ radius(r)


Also, slant height(l) = √ r2 + h2


⇒ l = √ 32 + 42


⇒ l = √ 9 + 16


⇒ l = √ 25


⇒ l = 5


And, surface area of the toy = surface area of the cone + surface area of hemisphere


⇒ Surface area of toy = πrl + 2πr2


= πr(l + 2r)




= 103.71 cm2



Question 2.

A solid is in the form of a right circular cylinder with a hemisphere one end and a cone at the other end. The radius of the common base is 8 cm. and the heights of the cylindrical and conical portion are 10 cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the total surface area of the solid.

(use π = 3.14)


Answer:

The figure is shown below:



Given that, radius(r) is 8 cm, height of cylinder(H) is 10 cm and height of cone(h) is 6cm.


Also, l = √ r2 + h2


⇒ l = √ 82 + 62


⇒ l = √ 64 + 36


⇒ l = √ 100


⇒ l = 10


Now, total surface area of solid = surface area of cone + surface area of cylinder + surface area of sphere


⇒ total surface area of solid = πrl + 2πrH + 2πr2 = πr(l + 2H + 2r)


= 3.14 × 8(10 + 2 × 10 + 2 × 8)


= 3.14 × 8 × 46


= 1155.55 cm2



Question 3.

A medicine capsule is in the shape of a cylinder with two hemispheres stuck to each of its ends. The length of the capsule is 14 mm. and the width is 5 mm. Find its surface area.



Answer:

Given that, the length of the capsule is 14 mm and the width is 5 mm.

⇒ Radius(r)


⇒ height of cylinder(h) = total height-2 × radius of hemisphere


= 14-5 = 9mm


⇒ surface area of capsule = surface area of cylinder + 2 × surface


Area of one hemisphere


= 2πrh + 2 × 2πr2


= 2πr(h + 2r)




= 220 mm2



Question 4.

Two cubes each of volume 64cm2 are joined end to end together. Find the surface area of the resulting cuboid.


Answer:


Given that, volume of cube is 64 cm3.


Also, volume of cube = a3 (where, a is side)


⇒ a3 = 64


⇒a = 4


⇒ Length(l) of cuboid = 2 × a = 8 cm,


Breadth(b) = height(h) = a = 4 cm


⇒ the total surface area of the resulting cuboid = 2(lb + bh + hl)


⇒ 2 × (8 × 4 + 4 × 4 + 4 × 8)


= 2 × 80


= 160 cm2



Question 5.

A storage tank consists of a circular cylinder with a hemisphere stuck on either end. If the external diameter of the cylinder be 1.4 m. and its length be 8 m. find the cost of painting it on the outside at rate of D20 per m2.


Answer:

The figure is shown below:


Given that, diameter(d) of cylinder is 1.4 m and length(h) is 8 m.


⇒ the radius of sphere(r) = radius of cylinder



⇒ surface area of tank = surface area of cylinder + 2(surface


Area of hemisphere)


= 2πrh + 2(2πr2)


= 2πr(h + 2r)




= 41.36 m2


⇒ ∴ the cost of painting it on the outside at rate of D20 per m2


= 41.36 × 20


= D827.20



Question 6.

A sphere, a cylinder and a cone have the same radius and same height. Find the ratio of their volumes.

[Hint: Diameter of the sphere is equal to the heights of the cylinder and the cone.]


Answer:


Given that, a sphere, a cylinder and a cone have the same radius(say r) and same height(say h).


⇒ ∵ they have same height,


⇒ diameter of sphere = height of cylinder


⇒ radius of sphere


⇒ h = 2r


Ratio of their volumes = vol. of sphere : vol. of cylinder : vol. of cone






Multiplying the whole by 3, we get-


⇒ Ratio of their volumes = 4:6:2



Question 7.

A hemisphere is cut out from one face of a cubical wooden block such that the diameter of the hemisphere is equal to the length of the cube. Determine the surface area of the remaining solid.


Answer:


Give that, A hemisphere is cut out from one face of a cubical wooden block such that the diameter of the hemisphere is equal to the length of the cube.


Now, let the side of cube be ‘l’


⇒ radius of hemisphere(r) 


⇒ surface area of remaining solid = surface area of cube- surface area of hemisphere


= 6l- 2πr2



sq units
 
Question 8.

A wooden article was made by scooping out a hemisphere from each end of a solid cylinder, as shown in the figure. If the height of the cylinder is 10 cm. and its radius of the base is of 3.5 cm, find the total surface area of the article.



Answer:

Given that, radius(r) of base is 3.5 cm and height(h) of cylinder is 10 cm.

⇒ the total surface area of the article = surface area of cylinder +


2(Surface area of hemisphere)


= 2πrh + 2(2πr2)


= 2πr(h + 2r)




= 374 cm2




Exercise 10.3
Question 1.

An iron pillar consists of a cylindrical portion of 2.8 m. height and 20 cm. in diameter and a cone of 42 cm. height surmounting it. Find the weight of the pillar if 1cm3 of iron weighs 7.5 g.


Answer:


Given that, height of cylinder(H) = 2.8m = 280 cm, diameter(d) is 20 cm and height of cone(h) is 42 cm.


⇒ radius(r)


⇒ vol. of pole = vol. of cylinder + vol. of cone






= 92400 cm3


If 1 cm3 of iron weighs 7.5 g.


⇒ the weight of the pillar = 92400 × 7.5


= 693,000 g


= 693 kg (∵ 1kg = 1000g)



Question 2.

A toy is made in the form of hemisphere surmounted by a right cone whose circular base is joined with the plane surface of the hemisphere. The radius of the base of the cone is 7 cm. and its volume is  of the hemisphere. Calculate the height of the cone and the surface area of the toy correct to 2 places of decimal



Answer:

Given that, The radius of the base(r) of the cone is 7 cm and its volume is  of the hemisphere.

∵ circular base of cone is joined with the plane surface of the hemisphere,


⇒ radius of hemisphere = radius of base of cone = 7 cm


Also,vol. of cone = vol. of hemisphere



⇒ h = 3r


⇒h = 3 × 7


⇒h = 21 cm


Also, slant height(l) = √ r2 + h2


⇒ l = √ 72 + 212


⇒ l = √ 490


⇒ l = 22.13


⇒ Slant Height of cone (l) = 22.13 cm


Now, surface area of toy = surface area of cone + surface area of hemisphere


⇒ surface area of toy = πrl + 2πr2


= πr(l + 2r)




= 794.86 cm2



Question 3.

Find the volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out of a cube whose edge is 7 cm.


Answer:

The figure is shown below:


Give that, edge of cube is 7 cm


⇒ largest possible height of cone(h) is 7 cm and diameter of base(d) is 7 cm


⇒ radius(r) = 


⇒ the volume of the largest right circular cone that can be cut out of a cube whose edge is 7 cm



= 89.83 cm2



Question 4.

A cylindrical tub of radius 5 cm and length 9.8 cm is full of water. A solid in the form of right circular cone mounted on a hemisphere is immersed into the tub. The radius of the hemisphere is 3.5 cm and height of cone outside the hemisphere is 5 cm. Find the volume of water left in the tub 


Answer:


Given that, radius of cylinder(r) is 5 cm and height(h) is 9.8 cm. Also, radius of hemisphere(R) is 3.5 cm and height(H) of cone outside the hemisphere is 5 cm.


⇒ vol. of solid = vol. of hemisphere + vol. of cone




= 154 cm3


⇒ vol. of tub = πr2h



= 770 cm3


⇒ the volume of water left in the tub = vol.of tub-vol. of solid


= 770-154


= 616 cm3



Question 5.

In the adjacent figure, the height of a solid cylinder is 10 cm and diameter is 7 cm. Two equal conical holes of radius 3 cm and height 4 cm are cut off as shown the figure. Find the volume of the remaining solid.



Answer:

Given that, height of cylinder is 10 cm and diameter is 7 cm.Also, radius of cone is 3 cm and height is 4 cm.


⇒ radius of cylinder


⇒ the volume of the remaining solid = vol. of cylinder-2(vol.


Of cone)





= 309.57 cm3



Question 6.

Spherical Marbles of diameter 1.4 cm are dropped into a cylindrical beaker of diameter 7 cm., which contains some water. Find the number of marbles that should be dropped in to the beaker, so that water level rises by 5.6 cm.


Answer:


Given that, diameter(d) of sphere is 1.4 cm and diameter(D) of cylindrical beaker is 7 cm and height(h) required is 5.6 cm.


⇒ vol. of one spherical marble


 (∵ )


= 1.437 cm3


⇒ vol.of water reqired(cylindrical) = πR2h


 (∵ )


= 215.7 cm3


∴ the number of marbles that should be dropped in to the beaker, so that water level rises by 5.6 cm



= 150



Question 7.

A pen stand is made of wood in the shape of cuboid with three conical depressions to hold the pens. The dimensions of the cuboid are 15 cm by 10 cm by 3.5 cm. The radius of each of the depression is 0.5 cm and the depth is 1.4 cm. Find the volume of wood in the entire stand.



Answer:

Given that, the dimensions of the cuboid are l = 15 cm by b = 10 cm by h = 3.5 cm and the radius(r) of each of the depression is 0.5 cm and the depth(h) is 1.4 cm.

⇒volume of wood in entire stand = vol.of cuboid-3(vol. of cones)




= 525-1.1


= 523.9 cm3




Exercise 10.4
Question 1.

A metallic sphere of radius 4.2 cm. is melted and recast into the shape of a cylinder of radius 6 cm. Find the height of the cylinder.


Answer:


Given that, radius of sphere(r) is 4.2 cm and radius of cylinder(R) is 6 cm.


Let the height of cylinder be h.


∵ the sphere is melted and recast into cylinder


⇒ vol. of sphere = vol. of cylinder





⇒ h = 2.74 cm



Question 2.

Three metallic spheres of radii 6 cm., 8 cm. and 10 cm. respectively are melted together to form a single solid sphere. Find the radius of the resulting sphere.


Answer:


Given that, radii of spheres melted are 6 cm, 8 cm and 10 cm.


Let the radius of solid sphere be R


Also, volume of sphere


∵ these are melted to make a single sphere


⇒ vol. of solid sphere = sum of vol. of all melted sphere



⇒ R3 = 1728


⇒ R = 12 cm



Question 3.

A 20 m deep well of diameter 7 m. is dug and the earth got by digging is evenly spread out to form a rectangular platform of base 22m × 14m. Find the height of the platform.


Answer:


Given that, height of cylindrical well(H) is 20 m and diameter(d) is 7 m. And length(l) and breadth(b) of rectangular platform are 22m and 14 m respectively.


Now, let the height of platform be h.


⇒ radius of cylinder(r)


⇒ vol. Of well = vol. of platform


⇒ πr2H = lbh




⇒ h = 2.5 cm



Question 4.

A well of diameter 14 m. is dug 15 m. deep. The earth taken out of it has been spread evenly to form circular embankment of width 7 m. Find the height of the embankment.


Answer:


Given that, height of cylindrical well(h) is 15 m and diameter(d) is 14 m. And width of circular embankment is 7 m.


⇒ radius(r) of well 


⇒ outer radius of Embankment(R1) = (7 + 7) = 14 m


⇒ inner radius(r1) = 7 m


Let the height of the embankment be H.


⇒ vol. of well = vol. of embankment


⇒ πr2h = π(R12-r12)H




⇒ H = 5 cm



Question 5.

A container shaped like a right circular cylinder having diameter 12 cm. and height 15 cm. is full of ice cream. The ice-cream is to be filled into cones of height 12 cm. and diameter 6 cm., having a hemispherical shape on the top. Find the number of such cones which can be filled with ice cream.


Answer:


Given that, diameter(d) of cylindrical container is 12 cm and height(h) is 15 cm. and, diameter(D) of cone is 6cm and height(H) is 12 cm


We know that, 


⇒ radius of cylinder(r)


And, radius of cone(R)


⇒ volume of container = πr2h



= 540π


⇒ vol. of 1 such cone = vol.of cone + vol. of hemisphere




= 54π


⇒ the number of such cones which can be filled with ice cream




= 10



Question 6.

How many silver coins, 1.75 cm. in diameter and thickness 2 mm, need to be melted to form a cuboid of dimensions 5.5cm × 10cm × 3.5cm.?


Answer:


Given, that dimensions of cuboid formed is 5.5 × 10 × 3.5 and the diameter(d) of cylindrical coin is 1.75 cm and height(h) is 2mm = 0.2cm.


⇒ l = 5.5, b = 10 and h = 3.5


⇒ radius(r) of coin (∵ )


⇒ vol. of silver coin = πr2h


= 3.14 × 0.878 × 0.875 × 0.2


= 0.48


⇒ vol. of cuboid = lbh


= 5.5 × 10 × 3.5


= 192.5


⇒ ∴ no. of silver coins



= 400



Question 7.

A vessel is in the form of an inverted cone. Its height is 8 cm. and the radius of its top is 5 cm. It is filled with water up to the rim. When lead shots, each of which is a sphere of radius 0.5 cm are dropped into the vessel,  of the water flows out. Find the number of lead shots dropped into the vessel.


Answer:


Given that, radius(r) of cone is 5 cm and height(h) is 8 cm.And, radius(R) of spheres is 0.5 cm.


Also, When lead shots are dropped into the vessel, of the water flows out.


⇒ vol. of water in cone




⇒ vol. of 1 spherical lead shot




⇒ (vol. of water in cone) = n × vol. of 1 lead shot


(where, n is no. of lead shots)




⇒ n = 100



Question 8.

A solid metallic sphere of diameter 28 cm is melted and recast into a number of smaller cones, each of diameter  cm and height 3 cm. Find the number of cones so formed.


Answer:


Given that, diameter(d) of sphere is 28 cm and diameter(D) of cone is  and height(h) is 3 cm.


⇒ radius(r) of sphere


And, radius(R) of cone


⇒vol. of spheres



⇒ vol. of cone



⇒ vol. of sphere = n × vol. of 1 cone


(where, n is no. of cones)




⇒ n = 672