Chapter 6: Dissolution of Partnership Firm Balbharati solutions for Book-keeping and Accountancy 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board. Latest Edition

Chapter 6: Dissolution of Partnership Firm

 

Balbharati solutions for Book-keeping and Accountancy 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board.

 

Select the most appropriate answer from the alternative given below and rewrite the sentence.

 

In case of dissolution, assets and liabilities are transferred to ___________ Account.

 

Bank Account

Partner’s Capital Account

Realisation Account

Partner’s Current Account

 

Dissolution expenses are credited to___________ Account.

 

Realisaton Account

Cash / Bank Account

Partner’s Capital Account

Partner’s Loan Account

 

Deficiency of insolvent partner will be suffered by solvent partners in their_____________ratio.

 

Capital ratio

Profit-sharing ratio

Sale ratio

Liquidity ratio

 

If an asset is taken over by partner from firm his capital account will be ___________

 

Credited

Debited

Added

Divided

 

If any unrecorded liability is paid on the dissolution of the firm _______. account is debited.

 

Cash / Bank Account

Realisation Account

Partners’ capital Account

Loan Accoun

 

Partnership is completely dissolved when the partners of the firm become _________

 

Solvent

Insolvent

Creditor

Debtors

 

Assets and liabilities are transferred to Realisation account at their ____________ values.

 

Market

Purchases

Sale

Book

 

If the number of partners in a firm falls below two, the firm stands____________

 

Dissolved

Established

Realisation

Restructured

 

Realisation account is _____________ on realisation of assets.

 

Debited

Credited

Deducted

Closed

 

All activities of partnership firm cease on _________ of firm.

 

Dissolution

Admission

Retirement

Death

 

 

Give the word/term/phrase which can substitute the following statement.

 

Debit balance of Realisation account.- Realisation Loss


 

Winding up of partnership business.- Dissolution of partnership

 

An account opened to find out the Profit or Loss on realisation of Assets and settlement of Liabilities.- Realisation A/c

 

Debit balance of an Insolvent Partner’s Capital Account.- Capital Deficiency

 

Credit balance of realisation Account.- Realisation Profit

 

Conversion of asset into cash on dissolution of firm - Realisation

 

Liability likely to arise in future on the happening of certain events - Contingent Liabilities.

 

Assets which are not recorded in the books of account - Unrecorded Assets

 

The account which shows realisation of assets and discharge of liabilities.-Realisation A/c

 

Expenses incurred on dissolution of firm.- Dissolution/realisation Expenses

 

 

State whether the following statement is True or False with reason.

 

The firm must be dissolved on the retirement of a partner. False

 

Reason. On the retirement of a partner, if partnership agreement allows, then the remaining partner can continue the business activities. It means firm is not to dissolve.

 

On dissolution Cash/Bank Account is closed automatically. True.

 

Reason. As firm is dissolved, there is no question of any business activities to be carried out further and so Cash/Bank Account is also not necessary. Therefore on dissolution Cash/Bank Account is closed automatically.

 

On dissolution, Bank Overdraft is transferred to Realisation Account.- True

 

Reason. As a sundry liability of the business, bank overdraft is a liability of a firm and hence, it is transferred to realisation Account at the time of dissolution and paid as third party Liability.

 

A solvent partner having debit balance to his Capital Account does not share the deficiency of insolvent partner Capital Account. False.

 

Reason. In the partnership, the partner’s liability is unlimited so, a solvent partner having the debit balance to his Capital Account should share the deficiency of insolvent partner capital account.

 

At the time of the dissolution of partnership, all assets should be transferred to Realisation Account. False.

 

 

Reason. At the time of the dissolution of the partnership, a cash account and Bank A/c are not transferred to realization A/c. Similarly, if an asset is taken over by a partner or by any creditor then that asset is transferred to the concerned person’s account and not to the realization Account.

 

The debit balance of insolvent partner’s Capital Account is known as a capital deficiency.- True.

 

Reason. Debit balance of Partners’ Capital Account means an excess of drawings than the capital credit balance. In the case of an insolvent partner, the debit balance of Capital Account means liabilities which he cannot pay. It means capital deficiency.

 

At the time of dissolution, a loan from the partner will be transferred to Realisation Account.-False 

 

Reason. At the time of dissolution, a loan from a partner will be paid after the payment of liabilities of third parties to the firm. It is not transferred to a realisation Account. Partner’s Loan A/c is separately opened and paid accordingly.


 

Dissolution takes place when the relation among the partner’s comes to an end.- True.

 

Reason. As per definition, Dissolution means to wind up or to close down, and it is possible only when relations among the partners in a partnership firm comes to an end.

 

The insolvency loss at the time of dissolution of the firm is shared by the solvent partners in their profit sharing ratio.-True.

 

Reason: In the partnership, partners' liability is unlimited and in case of insolvency loss, legally solvent partners are ultimately liable and are suppose to bear the loss of an insolvent partner in their profit sharing ratio.

 

Realisation Loss is not transferred to the insolvent partner’s capital account.-False.

 

Reason. All partners of the firm are responsible for Loss on realisation and hence loss on realisation is supposed to be transferred to all Partners’ Capital Account, without any discrimination of solvent or insolvent.

 

 

Calculate the Following.

 

EXERCISE - 6 [PAGE 242]

 

Balbharati solutions for Book-keeping and Accountancy 12th Standard HSC Maharashtra State Board Chapter 6 Dissolution of Partnership Firm Exercise - 6 [Page 242]

 

Exercise - 6 | Q 1 | Page 242

 

Calculate the following :

 

Vinod, Vijay, and Vishal are partners in a firm, sharing profit & Losses in the ratio 3:2:1. Vishal becomes insolvent and his capital deficiency is  6,000. Distribute the capital deficiency among the solvent partners.


SOLUTION

Here, capital deficiency of  6000 is to be distributed among continuing partners in their profit and loss sharing ratio. i.e. 3:2

Share of deficiency for Vinod = 6,000 x3/5 =  3,600

Share of deficiency for Vijay = 6,000 ×2/5 =  2,400

Vinod and Vijay will bear  3,600 and  2,400 of Vishal’s capital deficiency.

 

 

Exercise - 6 | Q 2 | Page 242

 

Calculate the following :

 

Creditors  30,000, Bills Payable  20,000 and Bank Loan  10,000. Available Bank Balance  40,000 what will be the amount that creditors will get in case of all partner's insolvency.

 

SOLUTION

Ratio of creditors, Bills payable and Bank Loan = 30,000 : 10,000 : 10,000 i.e., 3 : 2 : 1

Amount received by creditors = 3/(3+2+1)×40000 

= 3/6×40000

 20,000.

 

 

Exercise - 6 | Q 3 | Page 242

 

Calculate the following :

 

Insolvent Partner Capital A/c debit side total is  10,000 and the credit side total is   6,000. Calculate deficiency.

 

SOLUTION

 

Deficiency of insolvent partner

= Debit side total – Credit side total

= 10,000 – 6,000

 4,000.

 

Exercise - 6 | Q 4 | Page 242

 

Calculate the following :

 

Insolvent partners capital A/c Debit side is  15,000 & insolvent partner brought cash  6,000. Calculate the amount of Insolvency Loss to be distributed among the solvent partners.

 

SOLUTION

 

 9,000 (15,000 – 6,000) is the amount of insolvency loss to be distributed among the solvent partners.

 

 

Exercise - 6 | Q 5 | Page 242

 

Calculate the following :

 

Realisation profit of a firm is  6,000, partners share Profit & Loss in the ratio of 3: 2: 1. Calculate the amount of Realisation Profit to be credited to Partners Capital A/c.

 

SOLUTION

 

Distribution of  6,000 in 3: 2: 1 ratio

 

6000 × 3/6 =  3,000

6000 × 2/6 =  2000

6000 × 1/6 =  1000

 

Amount of realisation profit  3,000,  2,000 and  1,000 is to be credited to Partner’s Capital A/c respectively.

 

 

Answer in one sentence only.

 

What is the dissolution of partnership firms?

 

Dissolution of the partnership firm means complete closure of business activities and stoppage of partnership relations among all the partners.

 

When is the Realisation Account opened?

 

Realization Account was opened at the time of the dissolution of the partnership firm.

 

Which accounts are not transferred to a Realisation account?


Cash/Bank balance, reserve funds, Profit and Loss A/c balance, Partners’ Loan accounts, etc. are not transferred to realisation Account.

 

Who is called an Insolvent person?

 

Whose capital A/c shows debit balance and who is not in a position to meet his capital deficiency even from his private property is called an insolvent person.

 

What is a capital deficiency?

 

The debit balance of an insolvent partner’s Capital Account which an insolvent partner cannot pay is called a capital deficiency.

 

In what proportion is the balance on Realisation Account transferred to Partners’ Capital / Current Accounts?

 

The balance on realisation Account is transferred to Partners’ Capital / Current Accounts in their profit sharing ratio.

 

Who should bear the capital deficiency of an insolvent partner?

 

The capital deficiency of insolvent partners should be borne by the solvent partners.

 

Which account is debited on repayment of Partner’s Loan?

 

Partner’s Loan Account is debited on repayment of partner’s loan.

 

Which account is debited on payment of dissolution expenses?

 

Realisation Account is debited on payment of dissolution expenses.

 

EXERCISE - 6 [PAGE 243]


Balbharati solutions for Book-keeping and Accountancy 12th Standard Hsc Maharashtra State Board Chapter 6 Dissolution of Partnership Firm Exercise - 6 [Page 243]


Exercise - 6 | Q 1 | Page 243


Complete the table.


1)

Debit side total of Realisaton A/c

Credit side total of Realisation A/c

Loss on Realisations

₹ 20,000

___________?

₹ 4,000

2)

Creditors

Bills Payable

Third-Party Liabilities

₹ 16,000

₹ 12,000

___________?

3)

Credit side total Profit ion of Realisaton A/c

Debit side total of Realisation A/c

Profit of realisation

₹ 21,000

₹ 16,000

___________?

4)

Debit side total of Capital A/c

Credit side total of Capital A/c

Cash brought by partner

₹ 51,000

__________?

₹ 17,000

5)

capital deficiency

Cash brought by Insolvent Partner

Insolvent loss

________?

₹ 7,000

₹ 21,000

 

SOLUTION: 

1)

Debit side total of Realisaton A/c

Credit side total of Realisation A/c

Loss on Realisations

₹ 20,000

₹ 16,000

₹ 4,000

2)

Creditors

Bills Payable

Third-Party Liabilities

₹ 16,000

₹ 12,000

₹ 28,000

3)

Credit side total Profit ion of Realisaton A/c

Debit side total of Realisation A/c

Profit of realisation

₹ 21,000

₹ 16,000

₹ 5,000

4)

Debit side total of Capital A/c

Credit side total of Capital A/c

Cash brought by partner

₹ 51,000

₹ 34,000

₹ 17,000

5)

capital deficiency

Cash brought by Insolvent Partner

Insolvent loss

₹ 28,000

₹ 7,000

₹ 21,000


PRACTICAL PROBLEM [PAGES 244 - 250]


Balbharati solutions for Book-keeping and Accountancy 12th Standard Hsc Maharashtra State Board Chapter 6 Dissolution of Partnership Firm Practical problem [Pages 244 - 250]


Practical problem | Q 1 | Page 244

Ganesh and Kartik are partners sharing Profits and Losses equally. They decided to dissolve the firm on 31st March 2018. Their Balance Sheets was as under. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 2 | Page 244

Leela, Manda, and Kunda are partners in the firm ‘Janki Stores’ sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 3:2:1 respectively. On 31st March 2018, they decided to dissolve the firm when their Balance Sheet was as under. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 3 | Page 245

Shailesh and Shashank were partners sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 3:2. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019 was as follows. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 4 | Page 245

Asha, Usha, and Nisha were partners sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 2:2:1. The following is the Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 5 | Page 246

Seeta and Geeta are partners in the firm sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 4:1. They decided to dissolve the partnership on 31st March 2020 on which date their Balance Sheet stood as follows. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 6 | Page 246

Sangeeta, Anita, and Smita were in partnership sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio 2:2:1. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019 was as under. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 7 | Page 247

Saiesh, Sumit, and Hemant were in partnership sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio 2:2:1. They decided to dissolve their partnership firm on 31st March 2019 and their Balance Sheet on that date stood as. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 8 | Page 248

Sitaram, Gangaram, and Rajaram are partners sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 4:2:3. On. 1st April 2019 they agreed to dissolve the partnership, their Balance Sheet was as follows. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 9 | Page 248

Following is the Balance Sheet of Vaibhav, Sanjay, and Santosh. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 10 | Page 249

Shweta, Nupur, and Sanika are partners sharing Profits and Losses in the ratio of 3:2:1. Their Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019 was as follows. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 11 | Page 249

Following is the Balance Sheet as on 31st March 2019 of a firm having Three equal partners Priti, Priya, and Prachi. VIEW SOLUTION

 

Practical problem | Q 12 | Page 250

Shashwat and Shiv are equal partners. Their Balance Sheet stood as under. VIEW SOLUTION


Book-keeping and Accountancy 12th Standard 

HSC Maharashtra State Board. Latest Syllabus.

Chapter 1: Introduction to Partnership and Partnership Final Accounts

Chapter 2: Accounts of ‘Not for Profit’ Concerns

Chapter 3: Reconstitution of Partnership (Admission of Partner)

Chapter 4: Reconstitution of Partnership (Retirement of Partner)

Chapter 5: Reconstitution of Partnership (Death of Partner)

Chapter 6: Dissolution of Partnership Firm

Chapter 7: Bills of Exchange

Chapter 8: Company Accounts - Issue of Shares

Chapter 9: Analysis of Financial Statements

Chapter 10: Computer In Accounting

 

ACCOUNTS BOARD PAPERS

HSC Accounts March 2020 Board Paper With Solution

MARCH 2014 : View | PDF Download

OCTOBER 2014 View | PDF Download

MARCH 2015 View | PDF Download

JULY 2015 View | PDF Download

MARCH 2016 View | PDF Download

JULY 2016 View | PDF Download

JULY 2017 View | PDF Download

MARCH 2017 View | PDF Download

MARCH 2018 View | PDF Download

JULY 2018 View | PDF Download

MARCH 2019 View | PDF Download

MARCH 2020 View | PDF Download

 

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PROFORMA OF TRADING ACCOUNT: View | PDF Download

PROFORMA OF PROFIT & LOSS ACCOUNT: View | PDF Download

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SINGLE ENTRY: View : PDF Download

FINAL ACCOUNT: View | PDF Download

NPO : View | PDF Download

BILL OF EXCHANGE: View | PDF Download

FORMAT OF BILL: View | PDF Download

ADMISSION OF A PARTNER: View | PDF Download

RETIREMENT OF PARTNER: View | PDF Download

DEATH OF PARTNER: View | PDF Download

ACCOUNTING FOR SHARES : View | PDF Download

DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP FIRM : View | PDF Download

VALUATION OF GOODWILL WITH SOLUTION: View | PDF Download

FORMAT OF FINAL ACCOUNT : View | PDF Download

INTRODUCTION TO PARTNERSHIP: View | PDF Download 

 

ACCOUNTANCY PAPER PATTERN

SINGLE ENTRY

FINAL ACCOUNT

NPO

BILL OF EXCHANGE

BILL OF EXCHANGE [FORMAT].

ADMISSION OF A PARTNER

RETIREMENT OF PARTNER

DEATH OF PARTNER

ACCOUNTING FOR SHARES

DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP FIRM

VALUATION OF GOODWILL WITH SOLUTION

FORMAT OF FINAL ACCOUNT

INTRODUCTION TO PARTNERSHIP

 

ACCOUNTS BOARD PAPERS WITH SOLUTION

 

MARCH 2014, OCTOBER 2014, MARCH 2015, JULY 2015, MARCH 2016, JULY 2016.JULY 2017, MARCH 2017, MARCH 2018,  JULY 2018  MARCH 2019 MARCH 2020

 

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OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

ANSWER IN ONE SENTENCE EACH

SELECT THE MOST APPROPRIATE ALTERNATIVE

WRITE THE WORD/ TERM / PHRASE

STATE TRUE OR FALSE

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