1.1. Where the Mind is Without Fear .....

1.1. Where the Mind is Without Fear .....
Answer: (i - e)  (ii - c) (iii - d)  (iv - b) (v - a)

Ans. i. Epic ii. Ballad iii. Sonnet iv. Lyric v. Free verse vi. Idyll vii. Flegy viii. Limerick ix. Humorous

Ans. (a) "Where words come out from the depth of truth"
(b) "Where tireless striving stretches its arms towards perfection."
(c) "Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high."
(d) "Where knowledge is free."
(e) "Into that heaven of freedom, my father, let my country awake."

Ans. (1 - c)  (2 - d) (3 - e) (4 - b)  (5 - a) (6 - h) (7 - g) (8 - f)  (9 - i)

Ans. (a) The world is broken into fragments by narrow domestic walls.

(b) The phrase 'tireless striving' means making an effort to keep on trying without giving up, irrespective of the obstacles and difficulties.

(c) The line 'Where words come out from the depth of truth' means, people must be honest in thought, word and deed. People should stand by the truth even when they face the most difficult of situations.

(d) The 'Thee' in the poem refers to the Almighty.

(e) Fearlessness, indiscrimination, truthfulness, hard work, perfection, logical, broadmindedness are the qualities that the poet wishes to inculcate in his countrymen.

Ans. (a) The poem is not meant for India alone because it concerns all the countries which are under an oppressive rule and it talks about freedom for all such countries.

(b) The word we speak should reflect truth from their heart. The poet wants a world for his countrymen where they can speak the truth without any fear and hesitation.

(c) People should keep on widening their thoughts and actions. It can be done by the people by broadening their outlook.

(d) 'Our nation should awaken from the darkness of the night', means that the people of the nation should break free from the shackles of the oppressive colonial rule which was like a dark, long night and breathe in the fresh air of freedom.

(e) The poet reflects the following attributes of Rabindranath Tagore:

i. Religious: When he realises that his countrymen are in a deep slumber of ignorance, the poet requests to God to help his countrymen progress, so that they become individuals who are logical, progressive and have a broad - minded outlook.

ii. Concerned: The poet is concerned about the well - being of the people of his country.

iii. Hopeful and optimistic: The poet is aware that the situation in the nation is in less hope today. He is hopeful for a better tomorrow.

(f) The poet uses the word 'where' at the beginning of each line to create importance on the fact that the poet is describing an ideal country.