ICT - Q-Ans of Chapter 5 (Information in Indian Language)


Information in Indian Language

Q1. Select correct alternative from the following.
i.                    To make documents more readable across platforms and machine, the Unicode specification was created.
ii.                  Unicode is also known as UTF-8.
iii.                Transliteration is related to phonetic .
iv.                The google translate web element  allows to view web pages available in other languages.
Q2. Write  True or False.
i.                    Systems recognizing Unicode can read and process data from only one language    - False
ii.                  Unicode is also known as Universal Alphabet – True
iii.                Transliteration and Translation mean the same -  False
iv.                Google dictionary is method to look up word meaning across languages  –  True
v.                  Google translate is a free automatic translator - True
Q3 . Answer in Brief.
i)                    What is Unicode ?
Ans     Unicode is a character coding scheme/system of representing text and symbols in almost all languages in a standard way and is supported by all modern browsers and operating systems. The Unicode specification was created and implemented in many systems to overcome the problems in multilingual technology while exchanging documents between applications and operating systems and to make the documents more readable across platforms and machines.
ii)                   Give the output of the following using Baraha IME
(a)    namaH           (b) veL          (c)  RuShI
      Ans     (a)  namaH        --
(b)   veL              --
(c)    RuShI          --
                 
Q 4  Answer  the following
(i)                 What is transliteration ?
Ans      Transliteration is the conversion of Roman Characters to their phonetic equivalent in the local/selected language. It is not the same as translation, it is not the meaning but the sound of the word that is converted from one alphabet to the other. Google transliteration has integrated with Google dictionary which provides a convenient method to find out word meaning across languages. In order to use this function , highlight the word and click on the dictionary button. The word meaning will be shown by Google transliteration. If the highlighted word was in a local language, the dictionary will show the word meaning in English and if the highlighted  word was in English , the dictionary will show the word meaning in the local language. To encode the local language character, the transliteration page uses Unicode which is a character coding scheme/system of representing letters and symbols in a standard way.
ii)  Explain Google translate in detail.
  Ans  Google Translate uses state of the art technology and is a free automatic translator. Translation is currently possible into Hindi, Kannada, telugu, Tamil & Urdu. Translation of the words and phrases can be done by selecting translation languages and start typing. The translation result will appear immediately as we type without touching a single button. In order to take advantage of instant translation feature, one needs to enable javascript. When we translate to a non –Roman script, we will have to click on the link ‘Read phonetically’ which can be seen next to the translation and this link will spell out the translation in Roman characters. Currently this feature is available only in Hindi out of Indian languages. Similarly , we can see a speaker button near the translated text for many languages and this feature is also currently available to only Hindi in India. To type any language, a special layout for that particular script is required. While translating from Hindi, Urdu, Russian, Greek etc you can see an ‘Allow Phonetic typing’ check box near the input area which allows you to type these languages as they sounf in English and the moment you hit the ‘SPACE’ button, the word will be converted to the selected script and the translation will be displayed. It is possible to translate an entire web page directly from Google translate. To do this enter its address into the input box and click ‘Translate’. It is possible to translate whole documents easily with Google translate without doing copy & paste by simply clicking the ‘Translate a document’ link and submit the files as PDF, TXT , DOC , PPT etc.

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