Idioms and Phrases

Back out – to withdraw from a promise, contract: I felt grieved when he backed out of his promise to help me.
Backup – to support, to sustain : He was backed up by his union to fight for his rights
Bear out  - to support, to confirm: The evidence does not bear out the charges levelled against him
Boil down – to amount to: His entire argument boiled down to the fact that he did not consider the project economically feasible
breakdown of a car, a piece of machinery – to go wrong so that it will not function: the plant broke down on account of extreme voltage fluctuations
breakout – to arise suddenly :when riots broke out in the city, all industrial activity came to a standstill
Break up – to disperse to dissolve : the meeting will break up after the President has addresssed the audience
Bring out – to reveal clearly: these facts clearly bring ot the benefical effects of the liberatlisation of the economic policy of the government
call back ; Mr.Shukla is busy at the moment. can u call back later?
call on : to pay a short visit : our agent regularly calls on the chemists to book orders for our medicines
call upon; to order to require: I was unforutunately called upon to give evidence against my immediate superiors
carryon- to continue; if you carryon working hard, your business will soon flourhsih
carryout – to execute given directions: the manager was not satisfied by the manner in which his instructions had been carreid out
cast aside : to reject, to throw aside as useless: All other considerations were cast aside at the insistence of the manager
come across: to meet by chance: In the lieft I came across an old friend of mine
come off  - to take place: the inauguration of the plant came off on Tuesday last
cry down: to depreciate, to make little of: one must not always cry down the suggestions given by others
cut down – to reduce: we have taken some effective measures to cut down the expenditure
cut out: designed for : you appear to be cut out to be a company secretary
fall back on – to make use of in an emergency: if I do not get this job, I can fall back on my father;s resources
fall in with – to agree ; I found it difficult to presuade the cahriman to fall in with my suggestions
fall through -  to fail to materialise : the project fell through for want of adequate funds
get through – to a person : I hav been trying to get htrough to mr.Yadav the whole morning. He does not appear to be in his office
Gloss over – to explain away  : such serious lapses cannot be glossed over, however
go down- to be accepted : our finance minister will go down in hisotry as the most innovative economist of our country
hold back – to keep back , to conceal; no important facts should be held back from the policy makers
hold on – will you hold on for a moment ? I ‘ ill just put you through to Mrs.Mehra

labour under- to remain udner an impresseion: Let us not labour under the illusion that these measures will generate immediate profits
Let off – to allow to go free to release : In spite of the mistake being serious, he was let off with a warning
Make out – to discover, to find out: I cannot make out eh thrust of this document
pull through – to go to the end of somehting difficult and dangerous with some success: the scheme was ultimately pulled through
run out- to come to an end : The supplies of petrol are sure to run out
see through – to comprehend, to discern : we could easily see through their evasive tactics
tell upon – to affect – hardwork told upon the secretary’s health
other idioms and phrases
Above all – that which is of greatest importance: be cheerful in your looks, polite in your behaviour  but above all be sincere to your work
above board – honest and frank: Unless you are above board in your dealings, you will not be able to earn the good will of your clients
To add fuel to the fire – to offer additional cause for anger or dispute : the laborrers were already indignant over the rigid attitude of the mill owners 
All the same – immaterial : whether my proposal is accepted or turned donw, it is all the same to me.
Apple of discord – somehting that cuases fircition, quarrels or discord: the right to use irrigation water often proves to be an apple of discord among the farmers
Argues – eyed – extremely vigilant, watchful: No activity can escape the Argus – eyed guard posted on durty at the gate
(to be ) at a loss – puzzled, unable to decide : There is a great discrepancy between the orgal instruection and the written instruction. I am at a loss to know what to do.
at a man’s beck and call – to be at someone’s service : go and get it yourself. Don’t think I am at your beck and call
At a stretch – continously : If we work for inordinately  long hours at a stretch, we are bound to make mistakes
At arm’s length – at a distance in a state of unfriendliness: It should be one’s avowed policy to keep the flatterers at arms length
at daggers drawn – bitterly hostile : They hav been at daggers drawn ever since they had a dispute over the sharing of the profits
at home: to feel comfortable – the office environment is so congenial that the employees feel perfectly at home there
at loggerheads – diagreeing or quarrelling with – it is unfortunate that India has mostely bween at logger heads with all its neighbours
At one’s wit’s end – wholly puzzled and not knowing wht to do – I was at my wit’s end the moment I discovered that my credit card had been stolen
At random: in a haphazard manner: we picked some people at random and gave then the questinnare
at sea – confused  I am completely at sea with this new system of filing the income tax accounts of the firm are all at sixes and sevens
at elventh hour – at the lost moments – at the eleventh hour, we discovered that we had run short of funds
Backstairs influence – secret and improper influence: He got this job not be virtue of his merit but by backstairs ifnluence

Bad Blood – ill feeling : MR. Munjal;s out of turn promotion has created bad blood between him and his colleqes
to beat a retreat – to withdraw to retire as a sign of defeat – when the gangstres saw the police arriving, they beat a hasty retreat
(TO) bat about the bush – to say things a in aorund –about manner : having no convincing argument to defend hs point, the speaker began to beat about ths bush.
To have a) bee in one’s bonnet – to have a crazy idea or notion in one’s head: He has no resources whatsover but he is bent upon settng up a rice mill; he must be having a bee in his bonnet
To beg the question – to assume that which requires to be proved : To talk about this company’s future begs the question whether it has a future
To beggar description – to be so extraordinary that no words may be adqeuate to describe it; the atrocities committed by the Nazis beggar description

Behind one’s back – in ones absence: The policy of flattering someone to his face and critising him behind his back does not pay in the long run

Behind the scenes – the grim reality behind attractive appearances – this novel lets us behind the scenes and acquaints us with the hard life of a call centre employees

Between Scylla and Charybdis – between two unpleasant situations – I am between scyllea and charybdis. If I resign, starvation stares me in the face.If I contine working here, there is nothing but humilation for me.

Between the devil and the deep sea; between two fires – both the expressions mean the same as between scylla and charybdis
To bid fair – to seem lilely, to promise well: with an enterpising tempreament and a management degree from a presitiguous institution, she bids fair to a successful manager
to bid ones time – to wait patiently: let us bide our time till the machnine is preaird and we are able to resume work
birds eye view: a genearl view of soemthing : climb to the top of quatub minar if you want to hava birds ey view of delhi
Black sheep:  a person who betrays his associates
In black and white: writtern on paper in ink
A blessing in disguise: a misfoture that later provies to be a blessing
to blow hot and cold in the same breath: to be favourable and unfavourable by turns: I can never rely ona person who is in the habit of blowign hot and cold int eh same breath
to boil down to : to finally amount to : our problem boils down to just one thing paucity of funds
a bold from the blue – an utterly unexpected blow or disaster : The large scale damage to our factory beause of the tsunami proved to be a bolt from the blue
a bone of contention – this exprssion means the same as ‘ an apple of discord’
bread and butter – the means of life, food, clothing etc: our society should be so reorganised that everybody gets atleast bread and butter

To breath one’s last – to die : Those who lead a contented life breathe their last in peace

To bring to book – to call to account , to punish: If this project report is not submitted by Monday, we are sure to be brought to book

to build castles in the air – to think of unattainable targets: In our office we need down to earth people, not those used to building castles in the air

Bull in a china shop; one who is caerless about the way he or she behaves and is therefore destructive: she did not relaise the delicacy of the sitaution and behaved in the meeting like a bull in a china shop

to burn one’s fingers  - to suffer loss or hurt as by investing money in some financial enterprise or taking part in another quarrel; you will burn your fingers if you try to bring about reconscillation between them

to burn the candle at both ends : to spend resources extravagantly: after the first years phenomenal profits he started burnnig the candle at both ends and soon fell into a debt trap

to bury the hatchet – to forget past quarrels : all round developmetn of the nation is possible only if different communities buryt the hatchet and work together

a burning question: an issue that is being hotly discussed everywhere: runaway inflation that the government does not know how to curb is the burning question of the day

by and by – gradually –don’t lose patience things will improve by and by

by dint of  - by virtue of  - success can be achieved only by dint of hard work and a bit of God’s grace

by fair means or foul – by any means good or bad; in the modern materialistic society, the only aim of the people appears to be to acqurie money by fair means or foul

by fits and starts – without steady application, at intervals – success demands incesasnt hard work working by fits and starts does not take one anywhere

by hook or crook – by fair means or foul

by leaps and bounds – at a rapid pace: Information technology has developed by leaps and bounds. Often we find it difficult to keep pace with it

To call a spade a spade – to be straightforward in one’s talk – he who calls a spade a spade fails to win immediate popularity buy wins peoples admiration in the long run

to call to account – to demant an explanation : at whatever level the mistake is committed, it is the departmental head who will be called to account

to carry the day: to win a victory – though the austrailians carried the day in the final match, theirs was not the best team of the tournament

to cast a slur upon – to comment derogatively on someone’s reputation – his comments cast a slur upon the integrity of his employees

a cats paw  - a person used as tool by another: they tried to use tehir accountant as a cats paw to present a false picture of their progress

a childs play – something easy to perform : getting admission to an IIM is not a childs play

a close fisted man – a miser;  people who appear to be close fisted often donated very liberally to genuine causes

to clean the augean stables: to remove the corruption and inefficiency in administration : notwithstandign tall claims and promises the UPA governemtn has not been abel to clean the Augean stables and provide good governance

A close shave: a narrow escape

A cock and bull story: an absurd take an unconvincing pretext invented to cover up a fault

In cold blood – deliberately without any provacation : the terroists killed several correspondents incold blood

cold comfort  - very little satifaction : the words of consolation my boss utterred after I was denied awewl desrved promotion gave me only cold comfort

To come off with flying colours – to be victorious – I hope you will come off with flying colours in your interview

to come to grief – to come to suffer : if you invest all your savings in the stock

to come to light – to be known
to come to terms-  to get reconciled to something
to come to the point – to speak plainly on the real issue
to cope with – to deal succesfully with

crocodile tears – hypocritical show of sympathy

to cross the rubicon – to do something which cannot be changed later and which will strongly influence future events

A cry in the wilderness – a wrning or advice which goes unheeded

to cry over split milk – to regret uselessly

to cut a sorry figure – to create a bad impression

cut and dried – already prepared

to cut one short – to interrupt and stop another who is speaking

to cut the gordian knot – to solve a difficult problem by bold measures

to cut to the quick – to hurt intensely – the office peon ws cut to the quick when he was accused of theft

to dance attendacne on – to be constantly at the service of

a dark horse – an unexpected winner

a dead letter – a somehting no longer in forece

to die in harness- to continue in ones post or at one occupations unitle ones death

to do a good turn – to render a service to someone

a dog in the manger policty – the policy of a selfish man who refuses to allow his neighbour to use what he himself cannot

double dealing- trickery and deceit

to draw a blank – to be unsuccessful in an enterprise

to drive a hard bargain – to be uncormpromsiing in making a deal

to eat the humble pie – to suffer humiliation

to egg on – to instigate to urge

elbow room – the freedom to do what one wants

to end in smoke – to yield no practical result

enough and to spare – having this in sufficient quanitty

an  eye wash – a deception mere profession

to face the music – a face criticism

fair and square – honest, just :  a fair weather friend 

to fall a prey – to be victim of
to fall flat =  to fail to create any interst and effect

to fall short of – t be less than

to fall to someone’s lot – someone being chosen to do a thing
a far cry – very distant
to feather ones nest – to provide for one’s own comfort and interst
to fight shy of – to avoid to keep away from

to find fault with – to blame

to fish in troubled waters – to make profit whenothers are in trouble

a fish out of water – in uncongential and uncomfortable surroudings

to flog a dead horse-  to waste effort on somehting that there is no chancce of succedding at

to follow suit – to do as some other person has done before
a fools paradise – a state of imaginary or unreal happinees

french leav – absence from duty without taking proper leave

from hand to mouth- without maknig any provsion for the morrow

in full swing – at the height of activity –

to get into hot water – to get into awkward sitatuion

to get a hand of the thing – to understand the gneral meanign and implications of anythign

to get the better of – to score a victory over

to gibe a piece of one’s mind- to rebuke

give and take –mutually obligining each other

gift of the gab – the ability to speak

to giv e one the slip – to evade or escape from a person who is seeking you

to give oneself airs – to be self improtant

to give ear to – to pay attention to

to give the cold shulder – to treat coldly and formally

to give vent to – to express vocally

to give way – to yield to surrender

to go astray – to follow a wrong path

to go on a fools errand – to go on an expedition which leads to a foolish end

to got to pieces – to be wrecked completely

good offices – influences

a good samaritan – a kind and charitable person

a good turn – an act of kindness

to go to the dogs – to be runed to be damned

to go to the wall – to be allowed to suffer hardships

to grease the palm of – to bribe
the green-eyed monster  - jealously

to be hands in glove with – to be on intimate terms
to handover – to transfer something anothers  posession

to hang fire – to be delayed or postponed

to harp on the same string – to repeat the same argument

hard and fast – definite, rigid

to be hard up – to be short of money

to have an axe to grind – to have a personal or selfish motive in doing soemthign

to have ones hands full – to be very busy

to have too many irons in the fire – to have too many projects demanding attentions

head and shoulders above – for above thean or superior to

a herculean task- any work requireing very great effort

high time – ripe time

to hit below the belt – to strike another unfairly

hobsons choice – a choice that is really no choice

to hold good- to remain valid

hoping against hope – to entertain hope even when there is no basis for hope

to be in a fix – to be in difficulty

In a nutshell – briefly and concisely
in ones element – int eh right mood

in ones good books – in ones favour

in ones sleeves – secretly

in ones true colours – as apersn really is distrinct from what he preentends to be

in the long run – eventually in the end
in the nick of time- at the exact time
in the teeth of – in direct opposition to

ins and outs – details

in the bargain  - in addition extra

jack of all traders – one who can turn his hand to any kidn of busienss but is expert at none

a jaundiced eye – a prejudiced mind

to jump to a conclsuion – to arrive at a conclusion hastily

to keep abreast of – to keep oneself informed

to keep an eye on – to watch

to keep ones eyes open – to be on the alert

to keeps ones fingers crossed- to wait expactantly

to keep pace with – to move at an equal speed

to keep the ball rolling – to continue the conversation succsffully

to keep up apperances – to remain outwardly unchanged

to kick u p a row – to cause disturbance

kith and kin- blood relations

to kill two birds with one stone – to achieve two results with one effort

to lay heads together- to consult and to discuss

to lay ones hands on – to obtain posession of

to lay stress on – to empahsise

to lay waste – to destroy

to lead by the nose – to control a person completely

a leap in the dark – an action the result of which cannot be foreseen

to leave no stone unturned – to do ones best for soemthing

to lose ground – to lag behind

to lose heart – to lose courage

a maiden speech – the very first speech delivered by someone in his life

to make a clean sweep – to win everythign that is available

to make a fool of oneself – to exhibti ones’ foolishness by awkward behaviour

to make a virtue of necessity – to treat something one is obliged to do as if it wre done from choice

to make amends – to compensate for some injustice or wrong

to make both ends meet – to make ones income meet ones expenditure

to make hay while the sun shines – to make use of afavourable opportunity to win an advantage

to make head or tail of – to understand

to make light of – to treat as if  no importtance

to make much ado about nothing – to make a great fuss about a trifle

to make ones mark – to do something noteworthy

to make up ones mind – do decide to determine

a mare’s nest – soemthign illusory

(not to)  mince matters – t take plainly or bluntly

to mind one sps and qs – to take care of minute details

a nine days wonder – something that causes a great excitement for a short time

null and void-  ineffective

off and on- now an again

off-hand – without having thought over something earler

off the track – away from the proper subject
on tenterhooks – in a state of suspense or uncertainty

on the eve of – at the time preceding some event

on the face of it – judging from what is apparent

on the horns of a dilemma –in a state of uncertainity

on the spur of the moment – acting under the first impulse, wihtout prepartion

(to be  ) on the wane – to be on the decline

on the verge of  - on the brink of
once in a blue moon- very seldom indeed

an open question – a matter of discussion, something not yet decided

an open secret – a secret that is well known

out and out  - thourgouly

Out of quesitons – impossible

to be out of order – not to be ina working condition

over and above – in addition to

over head and ears – completely

part and parcel – an essential part

to pay one in ones own coin – to treat another in as harsh a manner as he had treated you

to pay through the nose – to pay a very heavy price

penelope’s web – a piece of work that goes on and on

penny wise and pound of foolish ; to be very careful while spendign small sums of money and to become extravagant where large sums of money are concerned

to pick a bone with – to pick a quarrel with

to play a doubel game – to do one thing fairly and openly and another thing unfairly and the secretly

to play fast and loose – to behave recklessly or irresponsibily

to play into the hands of – to be controlled by

to play the second fiddle – to work

to play the game – to deal ina fair and honest manner

to pocket an insult – to tolerate the insult

point blank – directly, plainly

to poison the ears of – to make someone prejudiced against another

to poke one’s nose into – to interfere unnecessarily

to pour oil on troubled waters – to take steps to pacify a situation

pros and cons – arguments for and against

to pull along with – to act in harmony with

to pull one’s leg – to play joke with one

to pull oneself together  - to collect one’s faculties

to pull the strings – to manipulate from behind the scenes

to put heads togther – to confer

to put on airs – to look important

to put one’s cards on the table – to be absolutely frank and conceal nothing

to put ones best foot forward – to try ones best

to put ones shoulder to the wheel – to try oneself ad not to look to others for help

to rack ones brains – to exert one’s brains to the utmost

rank and file – ordinary worknig members of an organisation

ready money – cash

to read between the lines – to see the writters’s concealed meaning

a red letter day – a daymemorable for some joyful event

red rag to a bull – something or somebody that specially provkes someone

red tapism- official foramilites that delay action

to rest on one’s laurels – to lead a relaxed

without rhyme or reason – without sense

to rise a phoenix – to rise up to former glory after being totally destroyed

to rise to the occasion – to prove equal to an emergency and handle it boldly

to rule the roost – to be the one who dictates others

a scapegoat – one punished for the misdeed of others

to scatter to the winds – to waste, to squander away

scolt free- safe

to see eye to ey with – to hav the same opinion on a subject

to set store on  - to consider (something )to be

to set the thames on fire – to cause excitement

to steer clear of – to lead succesffully through a difficult phase

to serve one right  - to give one the punishment one deserves

to show off – to make a vain display

to show the white feather= to act like a coward

a snake in the grass – a secret foe

to speak volumes – to supply plenty of evidence

to split hairs – to make fine distinctions

to spread like wild fire – to spread rapidly

to stand in a good stead – to prove useful ina difficulty

to steel a march upon – to gain an advantage over a competitor

to stick to the point – not to disgress

at a stones throw - - quite nearby

storm in a tea cup – disturbance makred by much noise but of no importance

to strain every nerve – to try very hard

to strike when the iron is hot – to act with energy and promptness

sum and substance = the essence, the meaning in nutshell

the sword of damocles – a danger that constantly threatens a person

to take a cue- to take a hint

to talk shop – to talk about business

tall talk – pretentious claims

to take advantage of – to gain an advantage of somenes else weakness or ones own strength

to take exception to – to find fault with

to take heart – to take courage
to take hold of – to seize, to grasp
to take one by surprise – to come upon one suddenly and unexpectedly
to take pains – to make a considerable effort
to take the bull by the horns – to deal decisively with a  difficult or unpleasant situation
to take stock of – to examine or assess
to take to heart – to feel grieved
to take to task  - to rebuke , to punish
to be  taken back – surprised
a thankless task  - a task that is not appreciated
the thin edge of the wedge – the first small begginnings which may lead to what is serious
through and through – entirely and completely
through thick and thin –under all circumstatnces
to throw cold water on – to discourage to dissuade

to throw down the gauntlet – to issue a challenge
to throw dust into the eyes of – to deceive
to throw mud at – to speak ill of
to tide over – to overcome
tooth and nail – violently, fiercely
topsy turvy – upside down
to turn a deaf ear – to pay no heed
to turn over a new leaf – to change ones way of life
to turn the tables on – to reverse the position
a turning point –a point at which decisive changes occur
under the thumb of – under the control of
up to the mark – measuring up to a certain standard
ups and downs – prosperity and adversity, vicissitudes
to wash ones hands of – to refuse to do anything more with
to weather the storm – to face difficulties successfully
a white elephant – anything very costly but now very useful
a wild goose chase – a futile pursuit
to win hands down – to win comfortably convincingly
to win laurels – to gain honour
with a  grain of salt – not at the face value
with an eye to – with a definite purpose
with open arms – with a warm welcome

yeomans service – excellent work















2019 Board Paper Solution

HSC ENGLISH SET A 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET B 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET C 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET D 2019 21st February, 2019

SECRETARIAL PRACTICE (S.P) 2019 25th February, 2019

HSC XII PHYSICS 2019 25th February, 2019


OCM PAPER SOLUTION 2019 27th, February, 2019




HSC XII ACCOUNTS 2019 6th March, 2019

HSC XII BIOLOGY 2019 6TH March, 2019


SSC Maths I March 2019 Solution 10th Standard11th, March, 2019

SSC MATHS II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD.13th March, 2019

SSC SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 15th March, 2019.

SSC SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 18th March, 2019.



XII CBSE - BOARD - MARCH - 2019 ENGLISH - QP + SOLUTIONS, 2nd March, 2019

HSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 12th English Medium)









SSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 10th English Medium)

English MARCH 2020

HindI MARCH 2020

Hindi (Composite) MARCH 2020

Marathi MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 2) MARCH 2020

Sanskrit MARCH 2020

Sanskrit (Composite) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 2)

Geography Model Set 1 2020-2021

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