## EXERCISE - 2.1

## 1. Which of the following are quadratic equations ?

## (i) 11 = – 4x2 – x3 [Ans.]

## (ii) -¾ y2 = 2y + 7 [Ans.]

## (iii) (y – 2) (y + 2) = 0 [Ans.]

## (iv) 3/y – 4 = y [Ans.]

## (v) m3 + m + 2 = 4m [Ans.]

## (vi) n – 3 = 4n [Ans.]

## (vii) y2 – 4 = 11y [Ans.]

## (viii) z – 7/z = 4z + 5 [Ans.]

## (ix) 3y2 – 7 = √3 y [Ans.]

## (x) (q2 – 4)/q2 = - 3 [Ans.]

## 2. Write the following quadratic equations in standard form ax2 + bx + c = 0

## (i) 7 – 4x –x2 = 0 [Ans]

## (ii) 3y2 = 10y + 7 [Ans]

## (iii) (m + 4) (m – 10) = 0 [Ans]

## (iv) p(p – 6) = 0 [Ans]

## (v) (x2/25) – 4 = 0 [Ans]

## (vi) n – (7/n) = 4 [Ans]

## (vii) y2 – 9 = 13y [Ans]

## (viii) 2z – (5/z) = z – 6 [Ans]

## (ix) x2 = –7 – √10 x [Ans]

## (x) (m2 +5)/m2 = –3 [Ans]

## EXERCISE - 2.2

## 1. In each of the examples given below determine whether the values given against each of the quadratic equation are the roots of the equation or not.

## (i) x2 + 3x – 4 = 0, x = 1, –2, – 3 [Ans]

## (ii) 4m2 – 9 = 0, m = 2, 2/3, 3/2 [Ans]

## (iii) x2 + 5x – 14 = 0, x = √2 , –7, 3 [Ans]

## (iv) 2p2 + 5p – 3 = 0, p = 1, ½, –3 [Ans]

## (v) n2 + 4n = 0, n = 0, – 2, – 4 [Ans]

## 2. If one root of the quadratic equation x2 – 7x + k = 0 is 4, then find the value of k. [Ans]

## 3. If one root of the quadratic equation 3y2 – ky + 8 = 0 is 2/3, then find the value of k. [Ans]

## 4. State whether k is the root of the given equation y2 – (k – 4)y – 4k = 0. [Ans]

## 5. If one root of the quadratic equation kx2 – 7x + 12 = 0 is 3, then find the value of k. [Ans]

## EXERCISE - 2.3

## Solve the following quadratic equations by

## factorization method..

## (i) x2 – 5x + 6 = 0 [Ans.]

## (ii) x2 + 10x + 24 = 0 [Ans.]

## (iii) x2 – 13x – 30 = 0 [Ans.]

## (iv) x2 – 17x + 60 = 0 [Ans.]

## (v). m2 – 84 = 0 [Ans.]

## (vi) x + 20/x – 12 = 0 [Ans.]

## (vii) x2 = 2(11x – 48) [Ans.]

## (viii) 21x = 196 – x2 [Ans.]

## (ix) 2x - 10/x = 1 [Ans.]

## (x) x2 – x – 132 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xi) 5x2 – 22x – 15 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xii) 3x2 – x – 10 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xiii) 2x2 – 5x – 3 = 0 [Ans]

## (xiv) x (2x + 3) = 35 [Ans.]

## (xv) 7x2 + 4x – 20 = 0 [Ans]

## (xvi) 10x2 + 3x – 4 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xvii) 6x2 – 7x – 13 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xviii) 3x2 + 34x + 11 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xix) 3x2 – 11x + 6 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xx) 3x2 – 10x + 8 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xxi) 2m2 + 19m + 30 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xxii) 7m2 – 84 = 0 [Ans.]

## (xxiii) x2 – 3√3 x + 6 = 0 [Ans.]

## EXERCISE - 2.4

## Solve the following quadratic equations by completing square.

## (i) x2 + 8x + 9 = 0 [Ans]

## (ii) z2 + 6z – 8 = 0 [Ans]

## (iii) m2 – 3m – 1 = 0 [Ans]

## (iv) y2 = 3 + 4y [Ans]

## (v) p2 – 12p + 32 = 0 [Ans]

## (vi) x (x – 1) = 1 [Ans]

## (vii) 3y2 + 7y + 1 = 0 [Ans]

## (viii) 4p2 + 7 = 12p [Ans]

## (ix) 6m2 + m = 2 [Ans]

## EXERCISE - 2.5

## 1. Solve the following quadratic equations by using formula.

## (i) m2 – 3m – 10 = 0 [Ans]

## (ii) x2 + 3x – 2 = 0 [Ans]

## (iii) x2 + (x – 1)/3 = 0 [Ans]

## (iv) 5m2 – 2m = 2 [Ans.]

## (v) 7x + 1 = 6x2 [Ans.]

## (vi) 2x2 – x – 4 = 0 [Ans.]

## (vii) 3y2 + 7y + 4 = 0 [Ans.]

## (viii) 2n2 + 5n + 2 = 0 [Ans.]

## (ix) 7p2 – 5p – 2 = 0 [Ans.]

## (x) 9s2 – 4 = – 6s [Ans.]

## (xi) 3q2 = 2q + 8 [Ans.]

## (xii) 4x2 + 7x + 2 = 0 [Ans.]

## EXERCISE - 2.6

## 1. Find the value of discriminant of each of the following equations :

## (i) x2 + 4x + 1 = 0 [Ans]

## (ii) 3x2 + 2x – 1 = 0 [Ans]

## (iii) x2 + x + 1 = 0 [Ans]

## (iv) √3 x2 + 2√2 x – 2√3 = 0 [Ans]

## (v) 4x2 + kx + 2 = 0 [Ans]

## (vi) x2 + 4x + k = 0 [Ans]

## 2. Determine the nature of the roots of the following equations from their discriminants :

## (i) y2 – 4y – 1 = 0 [Ans.]

## (ii) y2 + 6y – 2 = 0 [Ans.]

## (iii) y2 + 8y + 4 = 0 [Ans.]

## (iv) 2y2 + 5y – 3 = 0 [Ans.]

## (v) 3y2 + 9y + 4 = 0 [Ans.]

## (vi) 2x2 + 5√3 x + 16 = 0 [Ans.]

## 3. Find the value of k for which given equation has real and equal roots :

## (i) (k – 12)x2 + 2 (k – 12)x + 2 = 0 [Ans.]

## (ii) k2x2 – 2 (k – 1)x + 4 = 0 [Ans.]

## EXERCISE - 2.7

## 1. If one root of the quadratic equation kx2 – 5x + 2 = 0 is 4 times the other, find k. [Ans.]

## 2. Find k, if the roots of the quadratic equation x2 + kx + 40 = 0 are in the ratio 2 : 5. [Ans.]

## 3. Find k, if one of the roots of the quadratic equation kx2 – 7x + 12 = 0 is 3. [Ans.]

## 4. If the roots of the equation x2 + px + q = 0 differ by 1, prove that p2= 1 + 4q. [Ans.]

## 5. Find k, if the sum of the roots of the quadratic equation 4x2 + 8kx + k + 9 = 0 is equal to their product. [Ans.]

## 6. If α and β are the roots of the equation x2 – 5x + 6 = 0, find [Ans.]

## (i) α2+β2

## (ii) α/β +β/α

## 7. If one root of the quadratic equation kx2 – 20x + 34 = 0 is 5 – 2√2 , find k. [Ans.]

## EXERCISE - 2.8

## 1. Form the quadratic equation if its roots are

## (i) 5 and – 7 [Ans.]

## (ii) ½ and – ¾ [Ans.]

## (iii) - 3 and –11 [Ans.]

## (iv) -2 and 11/2 [Ans.]

## (v) ½ and – ½ [Ans.]

## (vi) 0 and – 4 [Ans.]

## 2. Form the quadratic equation if one of the root is

## (i) 3 – 2√ 5 [Ans.]

## (ii) 4 – 3√ 2 [Ans.]

## (iii) √ 2 + √3 [Ans.]

## (iv) 2√3 – 4 [Ans.]

## (v) 2+√5 [Ans.]

## (vi) √ 5 - √3 [Ans.]

## 3. If the sum of the roots of the quadratic is 3 and sum of their cubes is 63, find the quadratic equation. [Ans.]

## 4. If the difference of the roots of the quadratic equation is 5 and the difference of their cubes is 215, find the quadratic equation. [Ans.]

## EXERCISE - 2.9

## Solve the following equations.

## (i) x4 – 3x2 + 2 = 0 [Ans.]

## (ii) (x2 + 2x) (x2 + 2x – 11) + 24 = 0 [Ans.]

## (iii) 2(x2 + 1/x2 ) – 9(x+1/x) + 14 = 0 [Ans.]

## (iv) 35y2 + 12/y2 = 44 [Ans.]

## (v) x2 + 12/x2 = 7 [Ans.]

## (vi) (x2 + x) (x2 + x – 7) + 10 = 0 [Ans.]

## (vii) 3x4 – 13x2 + 10 = 0 [Ans.]

## (viii) 2y2 + 15/y2 = 12 [Ans.]

## EXERCISE - 2.10

## 1. The sum of the squares of two consecutive natural numbers is 113. Find the numbers. [Ans]

## 2. Tinu is younger than Pinky by three years. The product of their ages is 180. Find their ages.[Ans]

## 3. The length of the rectangle is greater than its breadth by 2 cm. The area of the rectangle is 24 sq.cm, find its length and breadth.[Ans]

## 4. The sum of the squares of two consecutive even natural numbers is 100. Find the numbers. [Ans]

## 5. A natural number is greater than twice its square root by 3. Find the number. [Ans]

## 6. The sum of a natural number and its reciprocal is 10/3 . Find the number. [Ans]

## 7. The sum of the ages of father and his son is 42 years. The product of their ages is 185, find their ages. [Ans]

## 8. Three times the square of a natural numbers is 363. Find the numbers. [Ans]

## 9. The length of one diagonal of a rhombus is less than the second diagonal by 4 cm. The area of the rhombus is 30 sq.cm. Find the length of the diagonals. [Ans]

## 10. A natural number is greater than the other by 5. The sum of their squares is 73. Find those numbers. [Ans]

## 11. The sum ‘S’ of the first ‘n’ natural numbers is given by S = n (n + 1)/2 . Find ‘n’, if the sum (S) is 276. [Ans]