F.W. Taylor's Scientific Management? Or Principles of Scientific Management?


Introduction: -Frederick Winslow Taylor was an American mechanical engineer. He developed the scientific management theory. He experimented in the Midvale Steel Company in USA in early 20th century. His scientific management is accepted initially in USA and then in European countries and all over the world. Due to his scientific approach towards the management, he is called the "Father of Scientific Management".
Taylor's Principles are based on following four areas:                                         

A.      Observation and analysis of each task.
B.       Determination of the standard of work.
C.      Selecting and training people to perform the job.
D.      Ensuring that the work is done in the most efficient manner.

Taylor's Principles of Scientific Management are as follows:

1.       Development of Science for each part of men's job: -

2.       Scientific Selection, Training And Development of Workers: -

3.       Co-operation between Management and Employees: -

4.       Division of Responsibility: -While dividing the work there

5.       Mental Revolution: -This principle focuses on the complete change in the attitude of the management and employees as regards their relations are concerned. For this change the following points should be taken into account
o    The manager should create a suitable working condition for the employees.
o    All the problems should be solved scientifically.
o    The employees should perform their jobs carefully and with devotion (loyalty).
o    The employees should use the resources carefully. They should not waste the resources.
If there is a change in the attitude of the management and the employees it will help in achieving the goals, increase in production, creating discipline in the organizations.

6.       Maximum prosperity for Employer and Employees: - The aim of scientific management is to give maximum prosperity to the employer and employee. However it is possible with the help of following points:
o    Each employee should be given proper opportunity to attain his highest efficiency.
o    The employees should give maximum output.
There should be the optimum utilization of resources.

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