Agriculture in the Himalayas.


1. The Himalayan people practice traditionally balanced agriculture, agro-forestry, animal husbandry and forestry.
2. In the western Himalayas, the Kashmir and Kangra Valleys, the Satluj river basin, the terraces flanking the Ganga and Yamuna rivers in Uttarakhand and the arable land in the foothills of the Kumaun Himalayas produce rice, corn, wheat, potatoes and sugar cane. Rice is the major crop.
3. Most of the fruit orchards lie in the valleys of Kashmir and Kullu where apples, pears, peaches, plums, cherries, grapes, walnuts and almonds are produce.
4. Tea is grown in plantations mainly in the Darjiling district. Plantations of cardamom are found in Sikkim and Darjiling hills. Medicinal herbs are grown in Uttarakhand.
5. Shifting cultivation (Jhum) is practiced by the tribal people in this region.