OMTEX CLASSES: CHAPTER 1- POTENTIAL OF ICT

CHAPTER 1- POTENTIAL OF ICT

POTENTIAL OF ICT

Q.1. Fill in the blanks:

  1. The discoveries and inventions in science and technology have improved the speed of communication.
  2. Indian Railways, LIC of India, BSNL, ect. Have developed their websites to cater  to all the user needs.
  3. ICT is a diverse set of technological tools and resources to create, differentiate store and manage information for communication.
  4. ICT refers to forms of technology that are used to transmit, store, create, share or exchange information.
  5. Many people believe that the information highway should be designed and   regulated by government, just like conventional highway system.
  6. The data sent over a network are broken down into small packets and       wrapped with shipping and assembly  instructions called protocols.
  7. Knowledge society generally refers to a society where knowledge is the primary  production  resource.
  8. Education is of huge importance in the knowledge society as an engine for socio economic development.
  9. ICT is a valuable only as a means to achieve genuine knowledge societies.
  10. WWW stands for World Wide Web
  11. WWW is updating the knowledge warehouses for students, teachers and scientist due to tremendous progress of ICT.
  12. IT will become increasingly easy to create educational environments where the online world is integrated with the physicalcampus.
  13. Educators will need to mentor and guide learners in the ICT environment.
  14. Education systems are faced with a need to provide formal instruction in information, visual  and technological literacy.
  15. As computer technology and increased global competition accelerate the rate of economic change, the need for reading has increased correspondingly.
  16. Computerization and the use of abstract models have turned many people into mathematics consumer.

Q.II. State whether the following statements are true or false:


  1. ICT is the new technology for communication. - False
  2. All the electronic media which are used for communication are also used in ICT.- True
  3. ICT works on the request – response  model.True
  4. ICT is implemented by private industries but not by government organizations. - False
  5. ICT is helping development of societies and nations. -False
  6. International network of networks is called the browser.- False
  7. Global information and communication networks include networks other than the internet.- True
  8. Education cannot be an engine for socio- economic development. -False
  9. In  knowledge society, education is very important as a foundation for development of new knowledge and innovation.-True
  10. Use of ICT in education means simply teaching ICT literacy.- False
  11. The use of ICT in education and development towards building a knowledge society includes knowing how to process and evaluate information. -True
  12. ICT has the potential to tackle some of the challenges facing education-True
  13. Developing countries have to overcome many challenges to successfully and effectively harness the development potential of ICT. - True
  14. Computerization and increased global competition require basic skills of reading, writing and mathematics.- True
  15. Advanced skill includes expert thinking, which may lack rule –based solutions.-True
  16. Video conference is used for single person at a time. - False
  17. NIC District Centers in Maharashtra are connected to the national NICET with 35 mbps leased lines. - False
  18. ICT allows students to practice basic skills on their own time and at their own pace.- True

Q.3. Multiple choice questions:
  1. ICT stands for Information and communication technology.
  2. ICT works on the request response model.
  3. ICT can be defined as the use of hardware and software for efficient management of information.
  4. Exchange of information through EDI is ICT
  5. ICT is a mixture of computer technology and information highway.
  6. One of the task performed by ICT consists of reprocessing of information for utilization in various purposes.
  7. Packet routing over a network involves breaking data into small packets wrapped with shipping and assembly instructions.
  8. Internet is the information highway.
  9. The term knowledge society generally refers to a society where knowledge is the primary production.
  10. In a knowledge society, knowledge is the primary production resource.
  11. Education is important in creating knowledge societies.
  12. ICT is a/ an engine for major educational and development reforms.
  13. WWW  is a vast warehouse of knowledge for students, teachers and scientist.
  14.    LCD  projectors can be used for effective teaching for large number of students.
  15. ICT is a changing the role of teachers to mentors.
  16. The maximum use and benefit of computer is possible with proper planning and its execution.
  17. ICT literacy means that capacity to identify, locate and evaluate relevant information in order to use it.
  18. Use of ICT in education can allow schools to adopt dual shift system without reducing its students actual study time in order to avoid crowded classroom.

Q.4. Multiple choice questions:

  1. ICT is the enabler for both innovation and education without which knowledge society cannot be realized.
  2. Knowledge society attributes include abilities to think critically and communicate and collaborate.
  3. In the formal education context, ICt integration programme benefit from system- wide changes that include decentralization and school based management.
  4. In integrating ICT into education, developing countries genrally face challenges in terms of capability and resource.
  5. Open universities and distance education through ICT are new openings for working people to acquire knowledge and improve their skills.
  6. Small and rural and urban schools find it difficult to recruit and retain specialized teachers particularly to teach science and mathematics.

Q.5. Answer in brief:

1. Define information and communication technology

ICT is a diverse mixture of technology tools and resources to create, differentiate, store and manage information for communication.


2. Define information highway.


  • Information highway in an ever-growing global information and communication network of fiber optic cables that links computers and other communication networks., such as telephone networks, cable television networks and satellite communication networks.
  • Today internet is the information highway.
3. Define knowledge society.  


  • The term 'Knowledge Society' generally refers to a society where knowledge is the primary production resource.
  • A knowledge society creates, shares and use knowledge for the prosperity and well begin of its people.
  • It brings new forms of social interaction and cultural expression.
  • ICT enables education and innovation for socio-economic development towards building and sustaining a knowledge society.
4. State the tasks ICT can perform


  • Processing of raw data and converting it into useful information.
  • Reprocessing of information for utilization.
  • Converting information into a new form in order to make it easy to understand.
  • Converting information into knowledge and processing this knowledge to provide wisdom to the user.
  • To upgrade the knowledge of an individual and society, their logical and functional skills and attitude with the help of electronic media.
  • To develop society and nation.


6. Write short note on video conferencing facility in major government offices in Maharashtra.


  • Video conferencing is changing the way Goverment is working.
  • Bringing experts, decision makers and citizen face to face who are spread across geographically.
  • National Informatics Center is providing video-conferencing services for government organizations.
  • Maharashtra State Center Mumbai is well equipped for providing video conferencing services at International, National and at district level thorough NICNET.

Q.6. Answer in brief :

1. Explain the importance of information and communication technologies.

The progress of Science and Technology has opened a treasure of knowledge.


  1. The information is readily available due to ICT. Millions of websites are offering thousand of references.
  2. The information and references of any topic in teaching- learning process are easily available with the help of ICT.
  3. Information Communication Technology works on Request Response Model. Hence it is implemented by the Government, Private Industries, School, Universities and NGO's, and other government institution.
2. Write a note on information Highway


  • The global information and communication network includes the internet and other networks and communication systems such as telephone networks, cable television networks and satellite communication network.
  • Inter is a network of networks. It is also called as information highway.
  • Through internet, a vast amount of information is available at our place at a high speed.
  • This information includes text, graphics, audio, video via telephone lines or wireless connection.
  • The information can be transferred with the help of packets. This process is called packet routing.
  • Just like conventional highway system, people believe that this information highway should be designed and regulated by goverment

3. Explain knowledge society in relation to ICT, education and development.


  • Knowledge society refers to a society where knowledge is a the primary production resource.
  • A knowledge society creates, shares and uses knowledge for the prosperity and well being of its people.
  • It brings greater access to information and new forms of social and cultural expression.
  • Education is critical requirement in creating 'knowledge 'societies'. Education can simulate development, economic growth and prosperity.
  • ICT, education and development are the three pillars required for knowledge society and are inter-related.
4. Explain the use of ICT as a means to create knowledge societies and knowledge society attribute.


  • ICT is used in education to create 'ICT literacy'
  • Understanding how ICT applications and services funtion.
  • Knowing wher to search for certain information, how to process and evaluate information.
  • How to access the reliability of multiple sources of information online and offline.
  • It helps in in development of knowledge society attributes in students, including thinking skills, life long learning habits and the ability to think critically, communicate and collaborate as well as to access,evaluate and synthesize information.



5. Explain the scope of ICT in education.

  • World Wide Web is updating the knowledge warehouse for students, teachers and scientist due to tremendous progress of ICT.
  • Open universities and distant eduction through ICT are new openings for working people to acquire knowledge, sitting at home.
  • Television broadcast is one of the best communication media to educate the students, farmers, sportsman with latest information along with video clips. The difficult experiments, advance surgery for medical students etc. can be viewed.
  • The curriculum, information about text books, reference books and references are available on internet.
  • Audio cassettes, video tapes and audio and video CD's, interactive CDs are available in market for students from KG to PG.
  • LCD projectors can be used for effective teaching for large number of students.
  • The man power problem, the human mistakes can be avoided by online examination.

6. Discuss the changing role or educators in an ICT enabled educational environmental. (all four points)


  1. Learner : The growth and progress in the field of science and technology is rapid, there are new hardware and software added in a very short time. The learner therefore must keep his knowledge up - to -date.
  2. Planner:Maximum use and benefit of technology is possible when where is proper planning and execution is strictly followed.
  3. Teaching: Computer aided teaching is very important. Students should explore all possible software for effective learning.
  4. Examiner : Setting of question paper for different examination and preparation of question bank can be possible with help of ICT.
7. What are the challenging skills requirements due to ICT?

Education systems need to develop and establish methods for teaching and evaluating at all levels of education.

Basic Skills:

As computer technology and increased global competition accelerate the rate of economic change,  the need of reading has increased correspondingly.

Advanced Skills:

It includes thinking, the ability to solve and discuss problems that lack explicit rules based solutions.  

Complex Communication Skill:

Making effective use of collected information from sources available on internet. Learning e-based applications.

8. Explain the transformative impacts of ICT in education.


  • A school may adopt a dual shift system without reducing its student;s actual study time. This helps teachers to get sufficient time to impart knowledge with increased intellectual level.
  • ICT can provide courses that small rural or urban schools cannot offer to their students if it is difficult to recruit and retain specialized teachers to teach mathematics and science.
  • Schools can use radio, T.V. or online instructions, using ready multimedia materials and share among several schools.
  • Expert person living hundred of miles away can conduct online courses.
  • Video conferencing has changed the way government works. Brings experts, decision makers and citizens face to face.