Geography Board Model Question paper With Solution.

Geography Board Model Question paper With Solution.

Time: 2 Hours Board's Model Question Paper Marks : 40

Note: (1) All questions are compulsory.
(2) Draw neat diagrams / graphs wherever necessary.
(3) Answer should be written by a blue or a black pen.
(4) Use a pencil. Don't use colour pencils.

Q. 1. Choose the correct option.  [4]

(A) Most of the Brazil is covered by ___________.

(i) highlands (ii) plains (iii) mountains (iv) dissected hills.

(B) The economies of both India and Brazil are of the _________

(i) underdeveloped (ii) developing (iii) developed (iv) highly developed

(C) The ________ plateau lies at the eastern foothills of Aravalis.

(i) Bundelkhand (ii) Mewad (iii) Malwa (iv) Deccan

(D) Identify the correct sequence of plateaus while crossing India from south to north.

(i) Karnataka - Maharashtra - Bundelkhand.

(ii) Chhota Nagpur - Malwa - Marwad

(iii) Telangana - Maharashtra - Marwad

(iv) Marwad - Maharashtra - Telangana.


Q. 2. Match the columns.


Group 'A'
Group 'B'
(1) Evergreen Forests
(1) Dispersed Settlements
(2) Narmada Valley
(2) A major highway of Brazil.
(3) Trans - Amazonian Highway
(3) Coffee Production.
(4) Sao Paulo and Surrounding region
(4) South Atlantic Ocean

(5) Nucleated settlements

(6) Amazon river valley

Q. 3. Answer in one sentence. (Any Four) [4]

(1) Where does the rain - shadow region lie in Brazil?

Ans. In Brazil, rain - shadow region lies in north - eastern Highlands.

(2) Which important latitude passes through Brazil?

Ans. Equator and Tropic of Capricorn passes through Brazil.

(3) Which winds are responsible for precipitation in India?

Ans. South west monsoon winds are responsible for precipitation in India.

(4) By how many hours is Indian time ahead of the GMT?

Ans. Indian time is ahead of the GMT by 5 hours 30 mins.

(5) Where is the largest delta region of the world found?

Ans. The Sundarbans is the largest delta region of the world found in India and Bangladesh.


Q. 4. (A) Fill the information in the map, give titles and prepare an index / legend. (Any Four) [4]

(1) Brasilia (2) Amazon river valley (3) Manaus port (4) The Great Escarpment (5) An important fishing area of Brazil. (6) A densely populated region of Brazil.

Ans.

Q. 4. B. Answer the following on the basis of the map. (Any Four ) [4]

(1) Tell the relative location of the Nilgiri mountains.
Ans. Nilgiri Hills are located in the Western Ghats. Both Western and Eastern Ghats meets at the Nilgiri Hills.

(2) Two cities lying in the Northern Plains.

Ans. Delhi, Lucknow are the cities lying in the Northern Plains.

(3) Any two west - flowing rivers of India.

Ans. Any two west - flowing rivers of India.

(4) In which direction does the height of the Sahyadri increase?

Ans. The height of the Sahyadris increases towards the South direction.

(5) Tell the names of any two peninsular rivers which form deltas.

Ans. Godavari and krishna are the two peninsular rivers which form deltas.

(6) Name two hills bordering the Brahmaputra river valley in the north - eastern India.

Ans. Naga hills, Garo hills are the two peninsular rivers which form deltas.


Q. 5. Give Geographical reasons. (Any two)  [6]

(1) There are no west - flowing rivers in Brazil.

Ans. (1) In Brazil, the land generally slopes towards north and north - west.
(2) Tributaries of Amazon flow northwards from the highlands to meet the Atlantic Ocean.
(3) River Paraniba and Itapecuru flow  northwards and meet the North Atlantic Ocean.
(4) Some major rivers like Uruguay, paraguay and Parana originate from southern slopes and flows in eastward direction. So there are very few west and south - west flowing rivers in Brazil.

(2) The north - east monsoon also bring rains to India.
Ans. (1) The north - east monsoons are dry winds that blow from land to sea.
(2) They pick up moisture while crossing the Bay of Bengal and bring rains over coastal areas of Tamil Nadu.

(3) Deciduous forests are found in most part of India.
Ans. (1) Major parts of India receive rainfall between 1000 mm to 2000 mm during monsoon.

(2) Deciduous forests grow in areas where annual rainfall is seasonal and various between 1000 mm to 2000 mm.

(3) Hence, deciduous forests also known as monsoon forests occupy most part of India.

(4) As compared to Brazil, the population density of India is higher.

Ans. (1) Brazil occupies 5.6 % of world's total land and has 2.78% of world's total population. Brazil has population around 19 crores, according to census 2010.

(2) Density of population in Brazil is around 23 persons per sq. km.

(3) According to Census 2011, India's population is around 121 crores. India is the second most populous country in the world. It occupies only 2.41 % of the land area of the world whereas it supports 17.5% of the world's population.

(4) Density of the population in India is 382 persons per square kilometre which is very high as compared to Brazil.

Q. 6. (A) The following table gives information regarding the percentage of urbanization in India and Brazil. Make a bar graph using the given data and answer the following questions.

Year
1990
2000
2010
Brazil
74.6
81.5
84.6
India
25.7
27.8
32.2

Ans.

(1) In which decade the trend of urbanization was higher in Brazil?

Ans. Trend of urbanization was higher in Brazil in the decade between 1990 - 2000.

(2) In which decade does the urbanization in India appear to be rapid?

Ans. Between the year 2000 - 2010 the urbanization in India appears to be rapid.
(3) Compare the differences in the percentages of urbanization in both the countries. In which decade is the difference in the percentage of urbanization in India more?

Ans. (1) In 2000 - 2010  the difference in the percentage of urbanization is more in India.
(2) In the decade 2000 to 2010 trend of urbanization was higher in India. In the year 1990 to 2000 trend of urbanization was higher in Brazil.

OR

(B) Read the graphs and answer the following. (Any Three) [6]



(i) In which country the number of females are more in the age group 15 - 19 years?

Ans. In India number of females are more in the age group 15 - 19 years.

(ii) In which country do you find a higher percentage of population belonging to the age group of 80 +  years?

Ans. Brazil has higher percentage of population belonging to the age group 80+ years.

(iii) In which country are the number of children ( 0 - 4 ) more.

Ans. In India, number of children (0 - 4) are more.

(iv) In Brazil, which age group has the highest population?

Ans. 30 - 34 age group has the highest population in Brazil.

(v) While comparing the age - sex pyramids, which pyramid has broader base?

Ans. Indian Pyramid has broader base.

(vi) In which country is the proportion of population belonging to the age group less than 15 years lesser?

Ans. In Brazil the proportion of population belonging to the age group less than 15 years or lesser.


Q. 7, Answer in detail (Any Two) [8]

(1) Compare the transportation facilities of Brazil and India and state your conclusions.

For Answer in Detail Please refer to your textbook.

(2) Name the water divide spanning from north to south in India. Which mountain ranges are a part of it? How does this water divide affect the precipitation in India?

For Answer in Detail Please refer to your textbook.

(3) Write a note bringing out correlation of the natural vegetation and wildlife of Brazil and India with examples.

For Answer in Detail Please refer to your textbook.

(4) Choose any two tourist places from India and Brazil. Explain your reason behind this choice. Make a list of items you would require for daily use if you go on a field visit to these places.

For Answer in Detail Please refer to your textbook.

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