Chapter 1.2: On To The Summit : We Reach The Top Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board.

Std. XI (Prose) - 1.2 On To The Summit: We Reach the Top 

1.2 On to the Summit: We Reach the Top


Ice Breakers:-


Activity-

Discuss with your partner and complete the web of different activities related to climbing.


Answer:-

Different activities related to climbing are:-

1) Horse trekking

2) Hot air ballooning

3) Parachuting

4) Paragliding

5) Mountain hiking or trekking

6) Caving

7) Mountaineering

8) Hill walking

9) Scuba Diving

10) Skiing

11) Canyoning

12) Waterfall rappelling

13) Glacier climbing

14) Bouldering

15) Ice climbing


Activity:-

There are certain prerequisites for Mountaineering. With reference to the following points, develop a short dialogue between you and your friend about mountaineering.

Points:- Time, Distance, Equipment, Training, Clothes, Mental and physical fitness


Answer:-

I           :- Hi Rahul! How are you?

Rahul :- Hello! I am fine Tushar. Do you know about mountaineering?

I           :- Yes. I collected some information about it from internet.

Rahul:- I too got some information from newspapers and books.

I           :-  Good. Mountaineering is not an easy task. It needs a lot of time to become expert.

Rahul  :-  Yeah. The distance is also important. Initially we can’t cover too much distance on mountains because we don’t have its habit.

I         :- For mountaineering few things like rope, axe, water tumbler, sleeping bags, string, oxygen cylinder, food packets, medicines etc. are essential.

Rahul :- There is need of proper training for security of the mountaineer. We also have to decide in which season we should go for climbing.

I     :- Yes. It’s true. We need to take proper clothes for the mountaineering. Our clothes should help us in the climbing. They should not be too loose. They should not become a problem during our journey.

Rahul :- Mountaineering is also the test of mental and physical fitness. We should pay attention on it also.

I          :- Yes. We have much information now. OK. Good bye.

Rahul :- Good bye.


OR


Activity :-

Develop a dialogue between you and your friend about mountaineering



Answer -

I: Hi, Raghu, What's up?      

          

Raghu: Hi, Dilip, I have a good news.


I: What's it tell me.        

      

Raghu: I have joined a mountaineering training session.


I: Wow, that's really great. Raghu tell me something about it


Raghu: I had wonderful experience in the first week of the class itself.


I: Come to the point Raghu don't beat around the bush.


Raghu: Ok dear, I was taken for an expedition to climb the Zippy point at, Khandala.


I: Zippy point, that's too high.


Raghu: So what? Distance and time does not matter for a mountaineer. The more the distance and time more the fun.


I: (astonished): what...?


Raghu: They provide all guidance and trained us. We need to wear special clothes and carry certain equipment along with us.


I: Was it not heavy with all these things for climbing?


Raghu: No, as we are trained for physical fitness and mental endurance. I too felt the same before undertaking the expedition but once I started the journey nothing could stop me as my goal of reaching the destination was pulling me towards it.


I: Hats off to you and your determination.



(Written By Prof. Sheela Narsimhan) 



Activity

Discuss with your partner the various hazards and risks that a mountaineer / trekker has to face in an expedition.


Answer -

Various hazards and risks that a mountaineer has to face in expedition are:-

1) snowy and stormy wind (blizzard) 

2) falling rocks,ice and boulders.

3) high altitude sickness.

4) carry wounds caused due to sliding or falling down.

5) snow bite during stay or journey.

6) unable to Keep in touch with base camp to gain help

7) loose the right path and trap in unknown place.

8) keep the body safe from insects, reptiles and other wild creatures.

9) survive in insufficient or low oxygen area.

10) tolerate hunger and remain thirsty in critical situations.

11) sunburn

12) dehydration

13) co relation in using rope

14) problem of companions’ injury

15) tiredness 


Margin Activity:


Activity:-

Give reasons for the rope being called a symbol.


Rope is used to climb safely. It connects each mountaineer with other and gives message that they are attached firmly. Rope is the symbol of working unitedly. It converts the individuals into a team. It tides them together. So it is a symbol and it is the symbol of unity.



Brainstorming


A1. Summarize to the class in your own words the highly risky and dangerous journey of Tenzing and Hillary from the base to the top of Mt. Everest.


Answer:- The journey of Tenzing and Hillary was really risky and dangerous. One hour of steady going, they had to pass up a steep line of rocks. They had to climb the snow – covered slope. It caused slanting up and down. By the help of rope, they went over the dangerous ground. They were thirsty and tired. But finally they reached the top of the Everest.   


A2. 

(i) Complete the web highlighting the feelings/emotions of Tenzing after reaching the summit.

Tenzing’s feelings / emotions after reaching the summit:- 


Answer:-

1) Gratitude to God.

2) Placed offerings to God on top.

3) Adjusted flags on summit to show win of man over Everest.

4) Embraced each other to express joy.

5) Red scarf made Tenzing felt that his friend Lambert was with him.

6) Exhilarated for completing the task


(ii) Glance through the text again and explain the qualities of Tenzing Norgay.

  Pick lines that show his unique qualities. One is done for you.


Answer:-



Sr. 

Qualities

Lines

1

Patriotic

I told colonel Hunt that I was carrying the Indian flag with me and I would like it to on the top with other flags.

2

Aesthetic

My first thought -----gratitude to God

3

Emotional

I was wearing a red scarf -------I remembered him.

4

Humble

The tea smelled kerosene --- enjoy it whatever the smell 


(iii) Write down the significance of the following in the context of 'On to the Summit' :

      (i) Red Scarf

      (ii) husiar

      (iii) Kerosene flavoured tea

   (iv) Ice axe

      (v) Anchor


Answer:-


1) Red scarf:- It felt Tenzing that his friend who had given it was with him.


2) Husiar:- Means caution. Climbing down needed to be cautious or it might result in the accident.


3) Kerosene flavoured tea :- It was the tea provided by Noyce who in a hurry he brought Kerosene mixed tea to welcome them.


4) Ice axe:-  It is a multipurpose hiking and climbing tool used by mountaineers.


5) Anchor:- The person follows other climbing person has a difficult job both climbing up and down. He connects the other person. It makes the climbing persons remain fixed to any place. Such person is called anchor.


(A3) (i) Add suitable suffixes (-tion,- ly, -ment, -ous) and prefixes (un, il, im) to

      the words given below. One is done for you.


Answer:-

Sr.

Word

Prefix

Suffix

1

absolute

nonabsolute 

absolutely

2

fulfill

unfulfilled

fulfillment

3

determine

undetermined

determination

4

danger

endanger

dangerous

5

tight

airtight, untighten

tightly, tighten

6

clear

unclear

clearly, clearance

7

sure

ensure

surely

8

legal

illegal

legally

9

legitimate

illegitimate

illegitimately

10

possible

impossible

possibility


(ii) By filling appropriate letters in the blank spaces, you will get a past participle from it. Use the word as adjective in your own sentence. One is done for you.


(a) s _ _ n _ d


Word- signed.


1) The advocate took all the signed documents to the court.

2) He must submit the signed photo copy of the documents.


(b) p_ _ z _ d


Word- Prized. 


1) The pen I lost was prized one.

2) M. S. Dhoni’s prized collection includes an Audi car.


(c) f_ _ t_ e n e_


Word- Flattened. 


1) You can draw rangoli on flattened soil.

2) The boxer was flattened in the 7th round.


(d) b _ i_e_


Word- Boiled. 


1) We used to drink boiled water.

2) I like to eat boiled eggs.


(iii) Spot the error. One is done for you.


I was not afraid for die that day.

Correct Sentence- I was not afraid to die that day.


(a) Tenzing and Hillary made an pact at the office of P M of Nepal.

Answer:- Tenzing and Hillary made a pact at the office of P M of Nepal.


(b) I has to bring my ice axe down with me.

Answer:- I have to bring my ice axe down with me.


(c) Tenzing have spent a night with Camp Eight.

Answer:- Tenzing has spent a night at Camp Eight.


(d) Pact was signed from Tenzing and Hillary.

Answer:- Pact was signed by Tenzing and Hillary.


(e) I and Hillary were in no mood of talking.

Answer:- Hillary and I were in no mood for talking.


(A4) When Tenzing and Hillary reached the summit, Tenzing in utter joy said, “We have done it.” In this sentence the subject (we) is the doer of the action while it (achieving the feat) is the subject. The verb of passive voice is formed by using the correct form of the verb ‘to be’ + past participle of the main verb. Construct the sentences accordingly.

Now carefully go through the changes in both the sentences and do the changes accordingly in the remaining sentences.


We have done it.

It has been done by us.


(a) We made a pact.

Answer:- A pact was made by us.


(b) I offered silent prayer in my heart.

Answer:- Silent prayer was offered in my heart by me.


(c) Colonel Hunt gave me three flags.

Answer:- I was given three flags by colonel

         Three flags were given to me by colonel. 


(d) I was carrying the Indian flag.

Answer:- The Indian flag was being carried by me.


(e) I took photographs of Tenzing holding aloft the flags.

Answer:- Photographs of Tenzing holding aloft the flags were taken by me.


(f) I remembered him.

Answer:- He was remembered by me.


(g) We spent the night at Camp Eight.

Answer:- The night was spent at Camp Eight by us.


Activity:- Comparisons

Look at the sentences given below. Find out which one is correct. If the sentence is wrong give reasons.

a. Sunita is the quieter of four sisters.

Answer- Wrong sentence. Reason:- It’s a superlative degree and needs the third form or superlative form of adjective (i.e. quietest)


b. Sunita is the quietest of the four sisters.

Answer- Correct sentence.


c. Anil’s computer is more new than mine.

Answer- Wrong sentence. Reason:-The wrong second form of adjective is used. 


d. Anil’s computer is newer than mine.

Answer- Correct sentence.


e. I have the wonderfullest mother in the world

Answer- Wrong sentence. Reason:- The wrong third form of adjective is used.


f. I have the most wonderful mother in the world.

Answer- Correct sentence.


g. Aditi is more carefuller than Mary.

Answer- Wrong sentence. Reason:- The wrong second form of adjective is used.


h. Aditi is more careful than Mary.

Answer- Correct sentence.


When we compare two nouns, we use comparative adjectives. When we compare more than two nouns, we use superlative adjectives.

e.g.

a. Milind is taller than John.

b. Zakir is the tallest of the three brothers.


Activity:- Look at the following sentences and observe the changes in the three sentences. Discuss the changes and note your responses:

e.g.

a. Atul is not as bright as Milind in studies.

b. The dining room is brighter than the kitchen.

c. Anne is the brightest girl in class.

Answer- 

In the first sentence the first form or base form of the adjective is used so it is the sentence having positive degree. 

In the second sentence the second form or comparative form of adjective is used so it is the sentence having comparative degree. 

In the third sentence the third form or superlative form of adjective is used so it is the sentence having superlative degree.


Activity:- Make a list of adjectives in three different forms of comparison. Use different texts to find these.

Degree forms –


1) Positive + er and est

Bold

Bolder

Boldest

Clever

Cleverer

Cleverest

Great

Greater

Greatest

Kind

Kinder

Kindest

Sweet

Sweeter

Sweetest


2) Positive ending ‘Y’ + ier and iest

Easy

Easier

Easiest

Happy

Happier

Happiest

Heavy

Heavier

Heaviest

Wealthy

Wealthier

Wealthiest


3) Positive ending ‘e’ + r and st

Able

Abler

Ablest

Brave

Braver

Bravest

Fine

Finer

Finest

Wise

Wiser

Wisest

Noble

Nobler

Noblest


4) Positive + double the consonant with er and est

Big

Bigger

Biggest

Hot

Hotter

Hottest

Thin

Thinner

Thinnest

Fat

Fatter

Fattest

Kind

Kinder

Kindest

Small

Smaller

Smallest


5) Positive + more / less and most / lest

Beautiful

More/ Less beautiful

Most/Lest Beautiful

Qualified

More/ Less qualified

Most/Lest qualified

Prompt

More / Less prompt

Most / Lest prompt

Proper

More / Less proper

Most / Lest proper


6) Separate words –

Good

Better

Best

Bad

Worse

Worst

Old

Older

Oldest

Little

Less

Least


Activity:- Fill in the blanks with comparative, superlative and positive forms of the correct adjectives in the brackets.


a. You are very naughty. You are---------------- your brother. (clever)

Answer- You are very naughty. You are cleverer than your brother.


Or


You are very naughty. You are not so clever as your brother. 


b. The tiger is the----------------- animal in the zoo. (dangerous)

Answer- The tiger is the most dangerous animal in the zoo.


c. This is------------------- road in town. (busy)

Answer- This is the busiest road in town.


d. My new house is----------------- the one I used to live in. (big)

Answer- My new house is bigger than the one I used to live in.


e. He is the-------------------- boy in class. (forgetful)


Answer- He is the most forgetful boy in class.


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


(C.W.F.) Noyce:

Cuthbert Wilfrid Francis Noyce (31 December 1917 – 24 July 1962) was usually known as Wilfrid Noyce. He was an English mountaineer and author. He was a member of the 1953 British Expedition that made the first ascent of Mount Everest.

 

(W.G.) Lowe :

Wallace George Lowe (15 January 1924 – 20 March 2013), was known as George Lowe. He was a New Zealand-born mountaineer, explorer, film director and educator.


Chapter 1: On To The Summit : We Reach The Top

Balbharati solutions for English Yuvakbharati 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board


Discuss with your partner and complete the web of different activities related to climbing.

Solution

There are certain prerequisites for Mountaineering. With reference to the following points, develop a short dialogue between you and your friend about mountaineering.

Solution


Anish:

Hey Kartik! How are you?

Omkar:

Hi Rohan! I‘m feeling perfectly fit. What brings you here?

Anish:

I wanted to congratulate you on being appointed as the President of the Adventure Committee. So, what‘s in store for us this year?

Omkar:

We‘re planning to organize a one-day trek to the Kalsubai peak.

Anish

Wow. That sounds amazing. Could you give me some details?

Omkar:

Sure. The Kalsubai Trek route is approximately 6.5 km. We‘re trying to make arrangements for trekking poles and backpacks through a local dealer.

Anish:

Is the trek open to all?

Omkar:

Professionals can enroll directly from the website. Since they have some experience, they will have the physical strength required to climb for hours.

Anish:

That sounds exhausting!

Omkar:

Yes. Also, one must be mentally fit to tackle any situation and not panic in such circumstances. Plus, those who sign up must have trekking shoes and a fleece jacket for protection from the cold winds.

Anish:

What about beginners?

Omkar:

Beginners can undertake a month-long training since the trek is of average difficulty. This will focus on building stamina, climbing while lifting light weights, and running on rough terrain.

Anish:

Wow. Your team has really done a great job this year. My bus is here. I‘ll catch you later!

Omkar:

Goodbye!



Question

Discuss with your partner the various hazards and risks that a mountaineer/ trekker has to face in an expedition.

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

______________________________________________________

Solution



Mountaineering is considered one of the most exciting yet dangerous sports in the world. The dangers involved in mountaineering are: rockfall, avalanches, inclement weather, equipment failure, falls due to inattention, fatigue or inadequate training, summit fever, and altitude sickness.

Question


Summarize to the class in your own words the highly risky and dangerous journey of Tenzing and Hillary from the base to the top of Mt. Everest.

Solution


Tenzing and Hillary set out from Camp Nine early on Friday morning to continue their journey to the Top. Tenzing was determined to conquer the peak even at the cost of his life. They took turns to take the lead because the one that follows has the difficult job of acting as the anchor for the team. Tenzing was carrying the flags of Great Britain, Nepal, India, and the United Nations in order to plant them at the summit. After an hour of steady climbing, they had to cut across the south face and begin climbing the west side where they had to cross a steep line of rocks. This proved to be difficult and thus took some time. However, once they had cleared these, they only had to make it past a snow-covered incline. This became progressively easier as the steepness of the incline decreased as they neared the top. Although the last sixty or seventy feet up the top were not very dangerous, they maintained the same steady pace and reached the small, flattened summit almost together. The rope that was tied between them was a symbol of their teamwork and companionship.


Complete the web highlighting the feelings/emotions of Tenzing after reaching the summit.

Solution


Question


Glance through the text again and explain the qualities of Tenzing Norgay. Pick lines that show his unique qualities. One is done for you.

Sr No.

Qualities

Lines

1.

Patriotic

I told Colonel Hunt that I was carrying the Indian flag with me and I would like it to be on the top with other flags.

2.

 

 

3.

 

 

4.

 

 


Solution



Sr No.

Qualities

Lines

1.

righteous

Thus, we will not take part in any controversy. As the statement says, Hillary and I embraced when we reached the top.

2.

spiritual

My first thought on reaching the top was a sense of gratitude to God

3.

Family-oriented

My youngest daughter, Nima, had given me a pencil before I left home.

4.

A good friend

As I stood at the top, I remembered him and felt that he was with me.


Question


Write down the significance of the following in the context of 'On to the Summit':


Red Scarf.

Solution


The author was wearing a red scarf at the summit which was given to him by his great friend, Lambert. Lambert had been the leader of the 1952 Swiss Expedition to the summit, of which the author had been apart.

The author had worn the scarf all the way up the mountain from Darjeeling as a mark of respect and admiration for his friend.

In his moment of historic success, not only did the author remember his close friend, but also wished he were there.

By wearing the scarf, the author acknowledged Lambert‘s contribution to the journey and stated that it gave him a feeling of having his friend with him at the top.
Thus, the scarf was a tribute to his friend.

husiar.

Solution


The word, 'husiar‘ means 'caution‘.

The climb down from the summit was more difficult and dangerous than the climb up.

There was a greater danger of slipping and falling into the Kangshung glacier below.

Thus, even though climbing down took less time than climbing up, the author and Hillary had to be comparatively more cautious.

With regard to this, the author notes that they needed 'husiar‘ while coming down.



Kerosene flavoured tea.

Solution


After their historic conquer of Everest, the author and Hillary met other teammates on their way down, with whom they shared the news of their victory.

As they got nearer to Camp Eight, one of the teammates, Noyce, brought them tea.

Mountaineers often use kerosene stoves for cooking which leaves the smell of the fuel in the food.

The tea was thus kerosene flavoured because Noyce had made in a hurry on the stove. This shows his excitement and eagerness to meet the author and Hillary and congratulate them on their success.

In spite of the unpleasant smell of the tea, the author drinks it, which highlights his acknowledgment of the efforts of his friend and the bond of their friendship. It also shows that the author was too happy to worry about the taste of the tea.


Ice axe.

Solution


The ice axe is a hiking and climbing tool, typically used to help the mountaineer while ascending.

In the given extract, the author uses one end of the ice axe to hold the flags of Great Britain, Nepal, the United Nations, and India, up high at the summit.

It is important to note that since the journey up the mountain was dangerous and tiring, the author did not carry any special instrument to help him hoist the flags.

However, at the top of the summit, his will to plant the flags was so strong that he used whatever resource he had to make it happen. As a mountaineer, his ice axe was the most obvious tool for the job. Thus, the ice axe became part of the great moment.

This moment was captured by Hillary as proof and memory of their historic feat.



Anchor.

Solution


An anchor is a device or method used to support the climber‘s weight. It is primarily used as protection from falling.

In the given extract, Tenzing and Hillary are described as a two-man rope team. They were joined by a safety rope to protect them from a fall.

The author notes that on their ascent to the top, his partner, Hillary, and he, would take turns to lead the climb.

In such a situation, the one who follows acts like an anchor and must support the weight of the leading climber in case of a slip or fall. This is a difficult job and therefore was performed by both of them in an alternate fashion.

Given the life–saving nature of the technique, it is clear that the two of them had to trust each other with their lives, and hence, the author implies that they were each other‘s anchors.

Question

Add suitable suffixes (-tion,- ly, -ment


Solution

Sr. No

Word

Prefix

Suffix

1.

absolute

NA

absolutely

2.

fulfill

unfulfill

fulfillment

3.

determine

undetermined

determination

4.

danger

endanger

dangerously

5.

tight

untighten

tightly

6.

clear

unclear

clearly

7.

sure

unsure

surely

8.

legal

illegal

legally

9.

legitimate

illegitimate

legitimately

10.

possible

impossible

possibly


Question


By filling appropriate letters in the blank spaces, you will get a past participle from it. Use the word as an adjective in your own sentence. One is done for you.

(a) s _ _ n _ d

Word- signed. The advocate took all the signed documents to the court.

(b) p_ _ z _ d

(c) f_ _ t_ e n e_

(d) b _ i _ e_


Solution


Word – prized. The pearl necklace handed down to Ramona by her dying grandmother was her prized possession.

Word – fastened. Rohit fastened the dog‘s leash to a nearby pole for a few minutes while he visited the store.

Word – boiled. The milk had boiled over by the time Rama remembered to switch off the stove.


Spot the error. One is done for you.

I was not afraid to die that day.

Correct Sentence- I was not afraid to die that day.

Question

Tenzing and Hillary made an pact at the office of the PM of Nepal.

Solution


Tenzing and Hillary made a pact at the office of the PM of Nepal.


Question

I has to bring my ice axe down with me.

Solution


I had to bring my ice axe down with me.


Question

Tenzing have spent a night with Camp Eight.

Solution


Tenzing has spent a night at Camp Eight.


Question

Pact was signed from Tenzing and Hillary.

Solution


A pact was signed between Tenzing and Hillary.


Question

I and Hillary were in no mood of talking.

Solution


Hillary and I were in no mood for talking.


When Tenzing and Hillary reached the summit, Tenzing in utter joy said, “We have done it.” In this sentence, the subject (we) is the doer of the action while (achieving the feat) is the subject. The verb of passive voice is formed by using the correct form of the verb ‘to be’ + past participle of the main verb. Construct the sentence accordingly.

Now carefully go through the changes in both the sentences and do the changes accordingly in the remaining sentence.

We have done it.
It has been done by us.

Question

We made a pact.

Solution


A pact was made by us.


Question

I offered the silent prayer in my heart.

Solution


A silent prayer was offered in my heart by me.


Question

Colonel Hunt gave me three flags.

Solution


Three flags were given to me by Colonel Hunt.


Question

I was carrying the Indian flag.

Solution


The Indian flag was being carried by me.


Question

I took photographs of Tenzing holding aloft the flags.

Solution

Photographs of Tenzing holding aloft the flags were taken by me.


Question

I remembered him.

Solution


He was remembered by me.


Question

We spent the night at Camp Eight.

Solution


The night was spent by us at Camp Eight.


Question

After reading the text one can easily understand that there is a lot of risks involved in mountaineering. Write in short about any adventure sport that you like and the risk involved in it.

Solution


Scuba Diving – A Risky Adventure

Adventure sports come with their dose of thrill and excitement. Not only do they give one an adrenaline rush, but also keep them longing for more. An adventure sport that I really like is scuba diving. Not only is it a test of one‘s swimming abilities but also a treat for the eyes. Deep diving into the ocean leaves the diver spellbound as he encounters the marine flora and fauna. But, like any other adventure sport, scuba diving presents its own set of risks. A limited supply of oxygen and concentration of other gases as one descends into the depths makes the diver vulnerable to a variety of health risks such as decompression sickness, drowning, etc. In addition, there is always the looming fear of the predatory creatures of the ocean. Wild sea creatures, though non-aggressive, can prove dangerous when fussed with. With good training and a little daring attitude, one can see a completely different world; and that is definitely worth a try! Risks are inevitable, but one must choose wisely. Scuba diving may not be the least risky sport, but it surely deserves a shot! As the famous novelist Douglas Coupland quotes, ''Adventure without risk is Disneyland.''


Question

Give your opinion: Whether we should or should not participate in adventure sports because __________________.

Solution


I firmly believe that we must participate in adventure sports. Though adventure sports come with their fair share of risks, they also provide us with a sense of adventure that cannot be obtained through other sports. In addition, they test our physical and mental abilities and thus make us stronger. Due to their risky nature, they also train us to have quick responses and presence of mind as there is always a fear of something going wrong in the flash of a second. Moreover, they help us overcome our deepest fears which, in turn, gives us the courage to tackle any obstacle in life.


Question

Tenzing and Hillary created history by reaching the summit of Mt. Everest. There are many mountains in Maharashtra where one can fancy his or her chances of climbing them. Imagine that you have climbed a mountain and are immensely thrilled and excited. Write a letter to your friend about it.

Solution


A/9,501,

Srushty Apartments,

Andheri (W).

15th July 2019

Dear Vedant,

I hope this letter finds you in the pink of health. I apologize for not having written to you for so long.

I recently had the pleasure of undertaking the Kalsubai Trek and I am very excited to tell you about my experience. Kalsubai, at an elevation of 1646 meters, is the highest point in Maharashtra.

We chose to take the train since railway tickets proved to be cost-effective. We set out on our journey on Saturday morning and reached Kasara Railway station by 7 a.m. Local taxis ferrying trekkers to the base village, Bari, were readily available. The trekking trail was about 6.4 km long and popular among trekkers. Iron ladders were built along the vertical hill slopes for a safe ascent. Owing to the monsoon showers, the path got trickier as we climbed since the rocks were slippery and visibility was limited.

However, the sheer joy of trekking and experiencing nature in all its glory was worth every minute of the experience. The lush green paddy fields, the view of the water-falls, and the sight of the Bhandardhara Dam left us mesmerized.

We reached a peak after 4 hours of trekking and were spellbound by the magnificent view from the top. It felt like we were at the top of the world! The light drizzle and the cold winds added to the joy of the experience.

Knowing your love for adventure, I am sure you would enjoy such an experience. Hopefully, we can plan something together soon.

Yours faithfully,

Rahul


Question

You are the college representative and your Principal has assigned you the task of writing a letter to the Divisional Officer, Satpuda Mountain Ranges, Nagpur, seeking permission for the mountaineering expedition to be organized by your college.

Solution


Bhavan's College,

Kothrud,

Pune – 38

15th June 2019

The Divisional Officer,

Satpuda Mountain Ranges,

Nagpur

Subject: Seeking permission for organizing a mountaineering expedition in the Satpuda Mountain Ranges

Respected Sir,

I, Rahul Sharma, am writing to you in my capacity as the college representative of Bhavan's College to seek your permission to organize a mountaineering expedition in the Satpuda Ranges.

The Student Council Committee has chalked out a 3-day expedition from 10th July to 12th July.

The enrolment is open to senior students only and the aim is to give the students an opportunity to witness the beauty of nature while giving them a taste of adventure. A total of 20 students accompanied by the faculty head of the Sports Department and the Assistant-In-Charge for Sports will be part of this expedition. We also intend to visit the Melghat Tiger Reserve and the Narnala Fort situated in the vicinity. In addition, we wish to survey the local flora and fauna of the area and interact with the local inhabitants.

We are committed to making this a learning experience and welcome any suggestions that you might have. I hope that you will grant us permission to explore the beauty of the Satpuda ranges.

Yours sincerely,

Rahul Sharma

(College Representative, Bhavan's College)


Question

Convert the letter into an email format.

Solution


Thanking you,

Name:

Rahul Sharma

Address:

Bhavan's College

Kothrud,

Pune – 38

Date:

15th June 2019

Receiver's designation:

The Divisional Officer

Address:

Satpuda Mountain Ranges,

Nagpur

Subject:

Seeking permission for organizing a mountaineering expedition in the Satpuda

Salutation:

Respected Sir/Madam,

Introductory paragraph (purpose)

I, Rahul Sharma, am writing to you in my capacity as the college representative of Bhavan's College to seek your permission to organize a mountaineering expedition in the Satpuda Ranges.

Main body (information/explanation/elaboration)

The Student Council Committee has chalked out a 3-day expedition from 10th July – 12th July. The enrolment is open to senior students only and the aim is to give the students an opportunity to witness the beauty of nature while giving them a taste of adventure.

A total of 20 students accompanied by the faculty head of the Sports Department and the Assistant – In-Charge for Sports will be part of this expedition.

Concluding paragraph (opinion/request)

We are committed to making this a learning experience and welcome any suggestions that you might have. I hope that you will grant us this permission to explore the beauty of the Satpuda ranges.

Complimentary close

Yours sincerely

Signature

Rahul Sharma

(College Representative, Bhavan's College)

List of enclosures

Letter of Permission from the Principal


Question

Go to your college library or surf the internet for names of various mountaineers who have successfully climbed Mt. Everest. Write in your notebook about their struggles, the interesting anecdotes they have shared, their failures, and the message that we get from their lives. Submit them to your teacher.

Solution


Students are supposed to attempt the above activity on their own.


Look at the sentences given below. Find out which one is correct. If the sentence is wrong give reasons.

Question


Sunita is the quieter of four sisters.

Sunita is the quietest of the four sisters.


Solution

Sunita is the quietest of the four sisters.

Explanation:

When there is a comparison of more than two nouns, the superlative form (quietest) of the adjective must be used.


Question

Anil’s computer is more new than mine.

Anil’s computer is newer than mine.


Solution


Anil’s computer is newer than mine.

Explanation:

The rule for choosing the right form of the adjective is that if the word has one syllable (new), the comparative form is created by adding 'er‘ to the word.


Question

I have the wonderfullest of mother in the world.

I have the most wonderful mother in the world.


Solution


I have the most wonderful mother in the world.

Explanation:

The rule for choosing the right form of the adjective is that if the word has more than two syllables (wonderful has three), the comparative form is created by adding 'most‘ before the word.

Question



Aditi is more carefuller than Mary.

Aditi is more careful than Mary.


Solution


Aditi is more careful than Mary.

Explanation:

The rule for choosing the right form of the adjective is that if the word has two syllables (careful has two), the comparative form is created by adding 'most‘ before the word.



When we compare two nouns, we use comparative adjectives. When we compare more than two nouns, we use superlative adjectives.

For Example. –

a. Milind is taller than John.

b. Zakir is the tallest of the three brothers.

Look at the following sentence and observe the changes in the sentence. Discuss the changes and note your responses:


Question


Atul is not as bright as Milind in studies.

Solution

The form of the adjective (bright) was positive in the first sentence because there is no difference between the qualities of the two nouns that are being compared.


Question

The dining room is brighter than the kitchen.

Solution

In the second sentence, the comparative form of the adjective (brighter) is used because there is a comparison between two nouns.


Question

Anne is the brightest girl in class.

Solution

In the third sentence, the superlative form of the adjective (brightest) is used because there is a comparison between more than two nouns.


Make a list of adjectives in three different forms of comparison. Use different texts to find these.



 

Positive Degree

Comparative Degree

Superlative Degree

i.

brave

braver

bravest

ii.

good

better

best

iii.

less

lesser

least

iv.

difficult

more difficult

most difficult

v.

little

less

least

vi

popular

more popular

most popular

vii.

many

more

most

viii.

crazy

crazier

craziest

ix.

famous

more famous

most famous

x.

lovely

lovelier

loveliest



Fill in the blank with comparative, superlative, and positive forms of the correct adjective in the bracket.


Question

You are very naughty. You are _____________ your brother (clever).

Solution

You are very naughty. You are more clever than your brother.


Question

The tiger is the _____________ animal in the zoo (dangerous).

Solution

The tiger is the most dangerous animal in the zoo.


Question

This is _____________ a road in town. (busy)

Solution

This is the busiest road in town. 


Question

My new house is ______________ the one I used to live in. (big)

Solution

My new house is bigger than the one I used to live in.


Question

He is the _______________ boy in class. (forgetful)

Solution

He is the most forgetful boy in class.


11th Standard English Yuvakbharati Balbharati Solutions for  Maharashtra State Board

FYJC English Latest Syllabus 2020 - 2021

Balbharati Solutions for English Yuvakbharati 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board Chapterwise List

The answers for the Balbharati books are the best study material for students. These Balbharati Solutions for English Yuvakbharati 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board will help students understand the concepts better.

Chapter 1.1: Being Neighborly

Chapter 1.2: On To The Summit : We Reach The Top

Chapter 1.3: The Call of the Soil

Chapter 1.4: Pillars of Democracy

Chapter 1.5: Mrs. Adis

Chapter 1.6: Tiger Hills

Chapter 2.1: Cherry Tree

Chapter 2.2: The Sower

Chapter 2.3: There is Another Sky

Chapter 2.4: Upon Westminster Bridge

Chapter 2.5: Nose versus Eyes

Chapter 2.6: The Planners

Chapter 3.1: Expansion of Ideas

Chapter 3.2: Blog Writing

Chapter 3.3: E-mails

Chapter 3.4: Interview

Chapter 3.5: Film Review

Chapter 3.6: The Art of Compering

Chapter 4.1: History of English Drama

Chapter 4.2: The Rising of the Moon

Chapter 4.3: Extracts of Drama - (A) A Midsummer - Night's Dream

Chapter 4.3: Extracts of Drama - (B) An Enemy of the People


.

PDF FILE TO YOUR EMAIL IMMEDIATELY PURCHASE NOTES & PAPER SOLUTION. @ Rs. 50/- each (GST extra)

HINDI ENTIRE PAPER SOLUTION

MARATHI PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC MATHS II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE I PAPER SOLUTION

SSC SCIENCE II PAPER SOLUTION

SSC ENGLISH PAPER SOLUTION

SSC & HSC ENGLISH WRITING SKILL

HSC ACCOUNTS NOTES

HSC OCM NOTES

HSC ECONOMICS NOTES

HSC SECRETARIAL PRACTICE NOTES

2019 Board Paper Solution

HSC ENGLISH SET A 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET B 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET C 2019 21st February, 2019

HSC ENGLISH SET D 2019 21st February, 2019

SECRETARIAL PRACTICE (S.P) 2019 25th February, 2019

HSC XII PHYSICS 2019 25th February, 2019

CHEMISTRY XII HSC SOLUTION 27th, February, 2019

OCM PAPER SOLUTION 2019 27th, February, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION COMMERCE, 2nd March, 2019

HSC MATHS PAPER SOLUTION SCIENCE 2nd, March, 2019

SSC ENGLISH STD 10 5TH MARCH, 2019.

HSC XII ACCOUNTS 2019 6th March, 2019

HSC XII BIOLOGY 2019 6TH March, 2019

HSC XII ECONOMICS 9Th March 2019

SSC Maths I March 2019 Solution 10th Standard11th, March, 2019

SSC MATHS II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD.13th March, 2019

SSC SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 15th March, 2019.


SSC SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION 10TH STD. 18th March, 2019.

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE I MARCH 2019 SOLUTION20th March, 2019

SSC SOCIAL SCIENCE II MARCH 2019 SOLUTION, 22nd March, 2019

XII CBSE - BOARD - MARCH - 2019 ENGLISH - QP + SOLUTIONS, 2nd March, 2019

HSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 12th English Medium)

HSC ECONOMICS MARCH 2020

HSC OCM MARCH 2020

HSC ACCOUNTS MARCH 2020

HSC S.P. MARCH 2020

HSC ENGLISH MARCH 2020

HSC HINDI MARCH 2020

HSC MARATHI MARCH 2020

HSC MATHS MARCH 2020

SSC Maharashtra Board Papers 2020

(Std 10th English Medium)

English MARCH 2020

HindI MARCH 2020

Hindi (Composite) MARCH 2020

Marathi MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Mathematics (Paper 2) MARCH 2020

Sanskrit MARCH 2020

Sanskrit (Composite) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 1) MARCH 2020

Science (Paper 2)

Geography Model Set 1 2020-2021

MUST REMEMBER THINGS on the day of Exam

Are you prepared? for English Grammar in Board Exam.

Paper Presentation In Board Exam

How to Score Good Marks in SSC Board Exams

Tips To Score More Than 90% Marks In 12th Board Exam

How to write English exams?

How to prepare for board exam when less time is left

How to memorise what you learn for board exam

No. 1 Simple Hack, you can try out, in preparing for Board Exam

How to Study for CBSE Class 10 Board Exams Subject Wise Tips?

JEE Main 2020 Registration Process – Exam Pattern & Important Dates


NEET UG 2020 Registration Process Exam Pattern & Important Dates

How can One Prepare for two Competitive Exams at the same time?

8 Proven Tips to Handle Anxiety before Exams!

BUY FROM PLAY STORE

DOWNLOAD OUR APP

HOW TO PURCHASE OUR NOTES?

S.P. Important Questions For Board Exam 2021

O.C.M. Important Questions for Board Exam. 2021

Economics Important Questions for Board Exam 2021

Chemistry Important Question Bank for board exam 2021

Physics – Section I- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC Examination

Physics – Section II – Science- Important Question Bank for Maharashtra Board HSC 2021 Examination