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3.4 How the First Letter was Written [Latest edition] Balbharati solutions for English Kumarbharati 9th Standard Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

List the materials that man has used for the following purposes in the different ages.

Objects

Neolithic Age

(Later Stone Age)

1st Century CE

Modern Age

Weapons

 

 

 

Fuel

 

 

 

Utensils

 

 

 

Food

 

 

 

Clothes

 

 

 



SOLUTION

Objects

Neolithic Age

(Later Stone Age)

1st Century CE

Modern Age

Weapons

The stone/bones/animal teeth

Iron weapons like shields and helmets

Swords daggers, guns.

Fuel

Rubbing of two flintstones and later wood.

Wood and oil

Crude oil, ghee, coal.

Utensils

Pots, spoons made from barks of the tree.

Iron and brass utensils

Glass, iron.

Food

Barley, wheat, rye, meat.

Wide variety of crops

Cooked food.

Clothes

Animal skin, dry leaves of plants.

Cotton clothes

Made of cotton, silks, polyester.



Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Write your name in Bold Capitals.

  1. Now, within 3 minutes trying to make as many words as you can using the letters in your name. You cannot use the same letter twice in a word unless it is so in your name.

  2. You may use the above idea to devise a game with your friends.



SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

List words from your mother tongue or from Hindi which do not have an exact English equivalent. Try to write their meaning in English.


SOLUTION

रहट – rat

तर्पण – transplantation

योग – sum

वात्सल्य – affection

उपनयन – adaptation.


Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Now, list at least twenty English words that do not have an exact equivalent in your mother tongue.


SOLUTION

railway, petrol, bulb, mobile, tablet, xerox, burger, email, google, youtube, WhatsApp, telephone, fax, telegram, tube light, wifi, train, bus, taxi, auto-rikshaw, etc.


Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Browse the internet to find names of people /places, etc. in any language that is not familiar to you. Can you pronounce the names correctly? How will you find the correct pronunciation?


SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Read the remaining part of the original story.



SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Make as many 5 to 8 letter words as you can within 5 minutes, from the name.

TESHUMAI TEWINDROW

Five-letter words

Six-letter words

Seven-letter words

Eight-letter words

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



SOLUTION

TESHUMAI TEWINDROW

Five-letter words

Six-letter words

Seven-letter words

Eight-letter words

drown

window

thunder

mountain

twin

rewind

drawing

shouting

words

inside

trainer

humanism

throw

tender

 

 

window

wisdom

 

 

dream

shadow

 

 

worth

 

 

 




Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

How does the following character in the story live up to their name? Provide points from the story.

Tengumai Bopsulai



SOLUTION

Tengumai Bopsulai: Tegumai, the father, justifies the meaning of his name in the story. When his spear was broken, he didn't hurry at all, he started mending it with patience.


Taffimai Metallumai


SOLUTION

Taffimai Metallumai: Taffy, the daughter, matches the meaning of her name she is very outspoken and in the story, she boldly speaks to the stranger man and expects him to do her work as she wants.


Teshumai Tewindrow


SOLUTION

Teshumai Tewindrow: Teshumai, the wife, doesn't justify her name at all in the story. As soon as the stranger gave her the drawing she didn't even ask a single question and reacted wildly exactly opposite to the meaning of her name.


Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

The story is written in an informal, colloquial style - the way it would be told orally. Find and write the expressions where the author addresses the audience directly in the story - for example, ‘but we, O Best Beloved, will...’, ‘Now attend and listen !’


SOLUTION

Following are the expressions where the author addresses the audience directly in the story:

He did this, Best Beloved, to show that his heart was as white as the birch-bark ...

The Stranger-man-did you know he was a Tewara?


Chapter 3: How the First Letter was Written

Write a character-sketch of the ‘Stranger-man’ using examples from the story to support the following attributes.

  1. ignorant, innocent, and polite

  2. calm and cool

  3. jumps to wrong conclusions

  4. hasty and unwise at times


SOLUTION

In the story, the stranger man politely listens to Taffy's conversation and behaves very sweetly with her. Though he is ignorant about her language, he cooperates with her and concludes that she is a wonderful child. Throughout the story, the stranger man maintains his cool and stays calm. He misunderstands the drawing made by Taffy and the behavior of Taffy's father towards him. This shows that he jumps to wrong conclusions. The stranger man doesn't understand a word spoken by Taffy. But he still jumps to the wrong conclusions about every little situation of the story. This shows his inability to understand the actions and gestures of Taffy and her father. When he gets the picture, the stranger man hurries away to find Taffy's mother with a totally different understanding of the picture and the situation. This highlights his hasty and unwise nature.


Note the punctuation used in the story. Here, single inverted commas or quotation marks have been used to show conversation. Rewrite the following using double quotation marks:

‘Here’s a pretty kettle of fish !’ said Tengumai.



SOLUTION

"Here's a pretty kettle of fish!" said Tcngumai.


‘It will take me half the day to mend this.’


SOLUTION

"It will take me half the day to mend this."


Underline the main clause in the following sentence:

And she was Tegumai Bopsulai’s Best Beloved and her own Mummy’s Best Beloved, and she was not spanked half as much as was good for her, and they were all three very happy.



SOLUTION

In the above sentence, coordinating conjunctions are used. Hence, the clauses can be considered coordinate clauses.


One day Tegumai Bopsulai went down through the beaver-swamp to the Wagai river to spear carp-fish for dinner, and Taffy went too.


SOLUTION

In the above sentence, coordinating conjunctions are used. Hence, the clauses can be considered coordinate clauses.


They were miles and miles from home and Tegumai had forgotten to bring any extra spears.


SOLUTION

In the above sentence, coordinating conjunctions are used. Hence, the clauses can be considered coordinate clauses.


Just then a Stranger-man came along the river, but he belonged to a far tribe, the Tewaras, and he did not understand one word of Tegumai’s language.


SOLUTION

In the above sentence, coordinating conjunctions are used. Hence, the clauses can be considered coordinate clauses.


Imagine Taffy comes to you for help to write a letter of apology, in the modern script we use. She wants to express her regret to the stranger-man for her mother’s action. Write that letter of apology (informal) on her behalf.


SOLUTION

Dear Stranger Man,

I Taffy, the daughter, of Teshumai Bopsalai is writing this letter of apology to you to express my concern and care for you as a good human being.

First of all, I really appreciate your polite behavior toward me and my family. Though you were unable to understand our language you tried your level best to solve our problem in the best possible way. I made the drawing, expecting you to find my mother near the cave and explain to her my situation.

As a good human being, you followed my order and found my mother in a short span of time. But I really feel sad about my mother's behavior towards you. I feel so bad and shameful for her rude action towards you.

She could have asked · you about the drawing and should have tried to judge and understand the picture in the proper sense. But instead, she directly attacked you and proved her foolishness. I regret my mother's action.

I sincerely apologies for her action. I hope that you will surely understand my feeling and forgive us for our impolite behavior.

Yours lovingly,

Taffy.



Imagine the Stranger-man narrates how the Neolithic ladies overpowered him. Write an account of the same making him the narrator.


SOLUTION

I, Stranger-Man, would like to share my experience with Taffy and her family. I met Taffy and her father at the river one fine day. She spoke to me in her language which I did not understand. According to my, she was in trouble and needed my help, so she made a picture and gave me to get help from her mother. For me, she was a wonderful child, so I decided to save them from this situation. I ran hurriedly with the drawing and found her mother Teshumai Tewindrow. She looked similar to Taffy, so I knew that she is the one. But as soon as she saw the picture she screamed like anything and flew at me the other powerful Neolithic ladies knocked me down and sat upon me in a line of six. Moreover, teshumai pulled my hair. She had misunderstood the picture and thought that I killed her family. This way, the Neolithic ladies overpowered me.


Making suitable groups, convert the entire episode into a short skit, and write it down. Each group leader must discuss at first with the others and add a different end to the skit.


Happy ending

Sad ending

Surprise ending

Humorous ending


SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


Write a short passage/essay on ‘Women Power’ in the Neolithic, Medieval, and Present Times.


SOLUTION

As humans have evolved over the years, so has mankind processed. Women in the olden days, like the Neolithic age, only did the household work of gathering food, cooking, taking care of the children, and cleaning work. In medieval times, women got a little more important and hence, were allowed to educate themselves, but nevertheless were not allowed to work and earn a penny for the house.

In present times, women are empowered and educated. They can work at home and also work outside to earn money for the house. They are allowed to go out with their friends. They educate themselves and acquire the highest degrees. Today, women can be entrepreneurs, doctors, engineers, CAs and many more opportunities are open for them.


Read: ‘Just So Stories’ and ‘The Jungle Book’ by Rudyard Kipling.


SOLUTION

Do it yourself.


Balbharati Solutions for English Kumarbharati 9th Standard Maharashtra State Board


 • Chapter 1.1: Life

 • Chapter 1.2: A Synopsis-The Swiss Family Robinson

 • Chapter 1.3: Have you ever seen...?

 • Chapter 1.4: Have you thought of the verb ‘have’

 • Chapter 1.5: The Necklace

 • Chapter 2.1: Invictus

 • Chapter 2.2: A True Story of Sea Turtles

 • Chapter 2.3: Somebody’s Mother

 • Chapter 2.4: The Fall of Troy

 • Chapter 2.5: Autumn

 • Chapter 2.6: The Past in the Present

 • Chapter 3.1: Silver

 • Chapter 3.2: Reading Works of Art

 • Chapter 3.3: The Road Not Taken

 • Chapter 3.4: How the First Letter was Written

 • Chapter 4.1: Please Listen!

 • Chapter 4.2: The Storyteller

 • Chapter 4.3: Intellectual Rubbish

 • Chapter 4.4: My Financial Career

 • Chapter 4.5: Tansen

.

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