Chapter 8 - Development Administration Balbharati solutions for Political Science 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board

Chapter 8: Development Administration


State the appropriate concept for the given statement.

State that promotes economic and social well being of its citizens -



SOLUTION

State that promotes economic and social well being of its citizens - Welfare State



Unnecessary delays in administrative work is called -


SOLUTION

Unnecessary delays in administrative work is called - Red Tape



Complete the concept map/maps.

Chapter 8 - Development Administration Balbharati solutions for Political Science 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board


SOLUTION


Chapter 8 - Development Administration Balbharati solutions for Political Science 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board


State whether the following statement is true or false with reasons.

Change and growth oriented approach is called Development Administration.

OPTIONS

  • True

  • False


SOLUTION

This statement is True.


Reason: Development is a complex term which means improvement, growth, or progress. When the public administration studies 'government in action for development' it becomes' development administration.' According to Edward Weidner, "The process of guiding an organisation towards the achievement of progressive political, economic and social objectives that are authoritatively determined in one manner or the other" is development administration.


In post-independent India, the government deliberately invested in the public sector.

OPTIONS

  • True

  • False



SOLUTION

This statement is True.

Reason: Post-independence India was reeling from the effects of colonial exploitation in the form of poverty and underemployment. It needed to modernise the economy towards self-reliance. To establish a welfare state and bring about a socialist pattern of the economy, more emphasis was given to the public sector.



The 73rd amendment act gave constitutional status to municipalities.

OPTIONS

  • True

  • False



SOLUTION

This statement is False.

Reason: 73rd Amendment Act (1992) gave constitutional status to Panchayati Raj institutions and is considered as a landmark in grassroots democracy in India. 74th Amendment Act (1992) gave constitutional status to municipalities (urban area).



Explain the correlation between the following.

Traditional public administration and development administration.



SOLUTION

Development is a complex term that means improvement, growth, or progress. When public administration studies 'government in action for development' it becomes development administration. According to Edward Weidner," development administration is "the process of guiding an organisation toward the achievement of progressive political, economic and social objectives that are authoritatively determined in one manner or the other".

An approach to have innovative planning towards growth is called development administration. The need for this was felt due to limitations in the traditional approach to public administration, which covered areas such as, 

a. Organization of the government machinery

b. management of different tasks like leadership, planning, etc

c. personnel administration i.e., recruitment, training of personnel

d financial administration e.g., budget, audit, etc

e. administrative law e.g., tribunals for dispute resolution.

The new approach to public administration and public policy focuses on socio-economic development, political modernization, and adaptation of new technologies in administration.

Development administration has two important aspects viz.

  1. Administration of development - setting development goals and achieving them through the medium of administration.

  2. Development of administration - the existing system has to be improved so as the achieve the goals.



Discuss any 4 areas of study in traditional public administration.


SOLUTION

The main areas of study in traditional public administration include -

  1. Organization of government machinery.

  2. Management of different tasks like leadership, planning, etc.

  3. Personnel administration i.e., recruitment, training of personnel.

  4. Financial atlminiotratiun e.g., budget, audit, etc.

  5. Administrative law e.g., tribunals for dispute resolution.



Write in brief about NITI Aayog.


SOLUTION

NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India). After Independence, the Planning Commission was the apex planning body. India adopted Five Year Plans which identified short term and long term goals of development in areas such as agriculture, irrigation, industrialization, infrastructure, social security, etc. In 1991, the New Economic Policy focused on economic liberalization.

The Planning Commission has now been replaced by the NITI Aayog (established on lot January 2015). The Prime Minister is the ex-officio chairman of NITI Aayog. Since India has moved from centralized planning to decentralized planning, this body proposes grassroots level planning from village and district levels to be harmonized with state-level planning and finally with national planning.

NITI Aayog has a Governing Council comprising the Chief Ministers of all 29 states and of Delhi and Puducherry and Lt. Governors of Union Territories. As of 2019 Vice-Chairman is Rajiv Kumar and CEO is Amitabh Kant.



Express your opinion of the following.

Citizen participation is necessary in development administration.



SOLUTION

According to Edward Weidner, development administration is ''The process of guiding an organisation toward the achievement of progressive political, economic and social objectives that are authoritatively determined in one manner or the other".

An approach to have innovative planning towards growth is called Development Administration. The need for this was felt due to limitations in the traditional approach to public administration.

The new approach to public administration and public policy focuses on socio-economic development, political modernization, and adaptation of new technologies in administration.

Development Administration has two important aspects viz. -

  1. Administration of development - setting development goals and achieving them through the medium of administration.

  2. Development of administration - the existing system has to be improved so as the achieve the goals.

  3. Citizen participation - Development being a process of social and economic change, it is important that people participate actively in it. If the process of development is cut off from the grassroots then it eventually fails to materialise the objectives it has set. This necessitates peoples' participation in the process of planning, implementation, and eventual evaluation.
    In a diverse society like India people's participation is necessary. In India, the needs, requirements, and choices of people may vary vastly according to regions. The Indian government had introduced a Community Development Programme in 1952 followed by National Extension Service in 1953. The focus was to promote development in rural and remote areas. The experience of these programs helped the government to focus on rural India. The purpose of the participation of the rural and urban citizens was sought through the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts.



Balbharati Solutions for Political Science 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board Chapterwise List - Free

The answers for the Balbharati books are the best study material for students. These Balbharati Solutions for Political Science 11th Standard Maharashtra State Board will help students understand the concepts better.

 • Chapter 1: The State

 • Chapter 2: Liberty and Rights

 • Chapter 3: Equality and Justice

 • Chapter 4: Constitutional Government

 • Chapter 5: Concept of Representation

 • Chapter 6: Role of the Judiciary

 • Chapter 7: Public Administration

 • Chapter 8: Development Administration

 • Chapter 9: The world since 1945 - 1

 • Chapter 10: The world since 1945 - 2

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