Colonialism In Latin America, Asia And Africa Class 9th Social Studies AP Board Solution

Class 9th Social Studies AP Board Solution

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Question 1.

Match the following:

A

i. Opium war

ii. Ottoman empire

iii. Personally owned the colony

iv. Settling farmers

B

a) Belgium

b) Spain

c) controlled trade before colonisation

d) China


Answer:

1) Opium war- d) China


The opium war included the First Opium War (1839–1842) and the Second Opium War (1856–1860) between China and British.


2) Ottoman empire- c) controlled trade before colonisation


Most of the trade routes linking Europe and Asia around 1400 were guarded by Muslim kingdoms, especially the Ottoman Empire which was continuously at war with the European Christian powers.


3) Personally owned the colony- a) Belgium


LĂ©opold II of Belgium personally owned the Congo colony and used it as a source of ivory and rubber.


4) Settling farmers- b) Spain


The settled Spanish farmers did not have any role in the supervision of the colonies which were controlled by the Spanish from Europe.



Question 2.

How is the word ‘discovery’ and ‘exploration’ used by Europeans? What did it mean to people who were already living in those geographical locations?


Answer:

The words ‘discovery’ and exploration are not the same. The Europeans, who made colonies all over the world, used it in these contexts.


The term discovery means exposure to something, which already existed, but not known by anybody else before. It simply means finding something unexpected. An example is the discovery of America by Columbus.


The term exploration refers to finding something new and helpful, with one’s ideas and experiments. It simply means creating something. An example is an exploration of natural resources by colonising country in the weaker country.


These terms have different context with people who were already living in those geographical locations. “Discover” is a specific point of time when they or their land/territory is found by someone or something. “Explore” refers to the whole time of the search by something/somebody and also the time they (colonial country) discovered the territory/country.



Question 3.

What role did trade play in the colonisation?


Answer:

Trade had an important part to play in colonisation.


1) Trade helps in Welfare gains from colonies


2) Trade helps in the better rule on the economy of the colony


3) Trade promotes increased competition and higher labour productivity


4) Trade enhances choice and innovations


5) Trade helps in better control of the colonies


6) Trade gives enhanced access to new technologies.


7) Trade is an incentive to the exchange of ideas and inflow of human capital from the colony.


8) Trade allows imports of capital equipment at lower prices from colonies.


Thus, trade made the imperialist country richer and stronger, draining away all the wealth from the colony. The colonies became weaker, and they couldn’t throw away the exploitations.



Question 4.

How did the lives of native people in different countries affect the colonisation – write two ideas each in the context of – crops cultivated / religion / use of natural resources – for the three continents.


Answer:

It is a fact that America, Africa, Asia, and Australia –all continents other than Europe was colonised by European powers.




Question 5.

Compare the nature of colonial rule over China and India and Indonesia. What difference and similarities do you find between them?


Answer:

The countries under colonial rule manifest similar contexts of exploitation and misery. The differences and similarities of China, India, and Indonesia under colonial rule are:




Question 6.

Locate the Portuguese, Dutch, British and French colonies in the world map and filled with different colours.


Answer: 


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