Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

WARM UP [PAGE 1]

Samacheer Kalvi solutions for English Class 10th SSLC Tamil Nadu State Board Chapter 1 His First Flight Warm up [Page 1]

Warm up | Q 1 | Page 1

Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Ibn Battuta, Amerigo Vespucci, Xuanzang, Ferdinand Magellan, Bartolomeu Dias, Herodotus, Captain James Cook, Vasco De Gama.

What is common among these individuals? Browse Internet or refer books and share some information about them.

SOLUTION

Marco Polo was an Italian merchant, explorer, and writer, born in the Republic of Venice. Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator and colonist, who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain. Ibn Battuta was a Muslim Moroccan scholar and explorer, who widely travelled the medieval world.

Amerigo Vespucci was a Florentine merchant and navigator, who made at least two transatlantic trips to the New World, voyages that inspired cartographer Martin Wardseemiiller to label the new continent “America” in 1507. Xuanzang was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller and translator, who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang Dynasty.

Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan set out from Spain in 1519 to discover a western sea route to the Spice Islands. En route he discovered what is now known as the Strait of Magellan and became the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean. Bartolomeu Dias was a Portuguese navigator whose 1487-88 Atlantic voyage around the southern tip of Africa opened sea routes between Europe and Asia.

Herodotus is the ancient writer and reporter called “The Father of History.” He was a colorful writer and commentator; his most famous work, The Histories, remains a widely-read account of ancient facts and legends of the Persian invasion of ancient Greece.

Captain James Cook was an English naval explorer whose expeditions in the 1770s charted much of the lands of the Pacific, including New Zealand, Australia and Hawaii. Naval commander Vasco da Gama’s 1497 expedition from Lisbon opened a route to India and led to Portugese dominance of the Eastern spice trade.

Warm up | Q 2 | Page 1

Discuss, why it was considered as an adventurous and dangerous thing to travel in those days?

SOLUTION

Those days it was considered as an adventurous and dangerous thing to travel because there wasn’t any means of instantaneous communication while travelling

Warm up | Q 3 | Page 1

Mahatma Gandhi, Che Guevera, Guru Nanak, and Gauthama Buddha are some of the famous personalities and thinkers who made extensive journeys to understand life. Do you think journeys can be life-changing?

SOLUTION

Yes, Journeys can be life changing since you gain a lot of experience while travelling and meeting different people who follow different traditions, religious practices, food habits and culture.

Warm up | Q 4 | Page 1

Share a memorable trip from your life

SOLUTION

One of my memorable trip is to Matheran near Navi Mumbai. It is a pollution-free hillstation and you travel up the mountain top either by walk or on horses and ponies. No vehicles are allowed and even your daily needs are brought by wheelbarrows. It is this part that really pains your heart to see men pulling and pushing wheelbarrows. It is a rare sight to see the sunset and the sunrise at different points. The mountain train is also a treat to our eyes apart from the scenic beauty we experience every moment.

Warm up | Q 5 | Page 1

Have you ever been on an adventurous journey? If yes, share your experience.

SOLUTION

My adventurous journey is to Darjeeling when the sun plays truant most of the time and you are at the mercy of nature. Many a times, the tour plan turned topsy-turvy and we had to pitch tent in the thick forest and pray to stay safe.

Warm up | Q 6 | Page 1

"That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." Neil Armstrong - Discuss

SOLUTION

Armstrong personally meant that for being just one man, all that was required was “one small step” from the lowest stair of his spaceship’s ladder, and suddenly he was standing on the Moon. But for humanity as a whole, Armstrong served as a representative: when he stepped onto the Moon, at the same time it was humanity touching the Moon. It was a total advancement for human technology, ambition, and wonder.
Warm up | Q 7 | Page 1

Have you ever seen a bird making its first-ever attempt to fly?

SOLUTION

No, I have not seen it but I surely can imagine the number of failed attempts before it succeeds.


EXERCISE [PAGES 5 - 11]

Samacheer Kalvi solutions for English Class 10th SSLC Tamil Nadu State Board Chapter 1 His First Flight Exercise [Pages 5 - 11]

Answer the following question in a sentence or two.

Exercise | Q A.1 | Page 5

How was the young seagull’s first attempt to fly?

SOLUTION

The young seagull was very hungry. So he dived at the fish that was in his mother’s beak. But he fell into space and became terribly afraid. His heart stood still. He could hear nothing for just a minute. The next moment he felt his wings spread outwards and began to fly up and down fearless into the sky.

Exercise | Q A.2 | Page 5

How did the parents support and encourage the young seagull’s brothers and sister?

SOLUTION

The young seagull’s parents flew about with his brothers and sister perfecting them in the art of flight. They taught them how to skim the waves and how to dive for fish. When his older brother caught his first herring and devoured it, his parents circled around raising a proud cackle.

Exercise | Q A.3 | Page 5

Give an instance that shows the pathetic condition of the young bird.

SOLUTION

The young bird, starving for a day, finds a dried piece of mackerel’s tail at the far end of his ledge. He searches in vain the area where he was hatched and gnaws at the dried pieces of eggshell. He is in a pathetic state calling plaintively when he isn’t unable to reach his mother tearing at a piece of fish.

Exercise | Q A.4 | Page 5

How did the bird try to reach its parents without having to fly?

SOLUTION

The young bird trotted back and forth from one end of the ledge to the other with his long grey legs stepping daintily, trying to find some means of reaching his parents without having to fly.

Exercise | Q A.5 | Page 5

Do you think that the young seagull’s parents were harsh to him? Why?

SOLUTION

No, the young seagull’s parents weren’t harsh to him. They were just teaching him a lifetime learning experience which is vital for his survival.

Exercise | Q A.6 | Page 5

What prompted the young seagull to fly finally?

SOLUTION

The young seagull was extremely hungry and felt the heat because of starvation. His mother was standing on a little high hump on the plateau on the other side and tore at a piece of fish that lay at her feet, and then scraped each side of her beak on the rock and even flew across to him with it. He leaned out eagerly, tapping the rock with his feet, trying to get nearer to her as she flew across. The mother was very near to him with the fish in her beak. Maddened by hunger, he dived at the fish and managed to fly up and down into space with a loud scream.

Exercise | Q A.7 | Page 5

What happened to the young seagull when it landed on the green sea?

SOLUTION

When the young seagull landed on the green sea, he completely forgot that he had not always been able to fly and shrieked shrilly, turning his beak sideways and crowed amusedly. He screamed with fright when he dropped his legs to stand on the green sea and sank into it.

Answer each of the following questions in a paragraph of about 100-150 words

Exercise | Q B.1 | Page 6

Describe the struggles underwent by the young seagull to overcome its fear of flying.

SOLUTION

The Young Seagull was afraid to fly and was alone on his ledge. He was more frightened than his siblings. His attempts failed. He had taken a little run forward and tried to flap his wings. But that was all he could do. He felt that his wings would not support him. He failed to muster up the courage and fly. His parents taunted, scolded and threatened him to leave him starving at the ledge unless he flew away.

But nothing could make him fly. The seagull helplessly watched his parents flying with his brothers and sisters. The whole family went on taunting him for his cowardice. Only his mother was looking at him. She had picked a piece of fish and was flying across to him with it. He leaned out eagerly. The mother was very near to him with the fish in her beak. Maddened by hunger, he dived at the fish. With a loud scream, he fell outwards and downwards into space. A terror seized him.

His heart stood still. His mother swooped past him. He answered her with another scream. He saw his two brothers and sister flying around him. The seagull completely forgot that he was not able to fly. He let himself free to dive, soar and curve at will. He was shrieking shrilly. He saw a green sea beneath him.

He was tired and weak with hunger. His feet sank into the green sea and his belly touched it. He sank no farther. Now, his family was praising him and their beaks were offering him scraps of fish. He had made his first flight.
“Flying is learning how to throw yourself to the ground and miss.”

Exercise | Q B.2 | Page 6

Your parents sometimes behave like the young bird’s parents. They may seem cruel and unrelenting. Does it mean that they do not care for you? Explain your views about it with reference from the story

SOLUTION

There is no doubt that sometimes parents do behave the same way like the young bird’s parents. ‘However all parental acts are for the betterment of the children though they may seem cruel and unrelenting. It doesn’t mean they do not care for us. It is the ardent wish of every parent that they may teach all skills to their young ones so that they may succeed in life. If the young ones don’t act then they also indulge in scolding, taunting and humiliating them to shed off their hesitations and fears.

This is exactly what the parents of the young seagull did when he failed to fly. They were successful in teaching the art of flying to his two brothers and sister. They also tried their best to embolden him to take the plunge. Particularly, the mother-seagull went on flying around him with a piece of fish in her beak. It was her attempt to tempt her starving son to dive at the fish and succeeded in her aim.
“At the end of the day, the most overwhelming key to a child’s success is the positive involvement of parents.”

Exercise | Q C | Page 6

Change the parts of speech of the given words in the chart.

NounVerbAdjectiveAdverb
exhaustion   
 widen  
  mad 
   perfectly

SOLUTION

NounVerbAdjectiveAdverb
exhaustionexhaustexhaustibleexhaustively
widenesswidenwidewidely
madnessmaddenmadmadly
perfectionperfectperfectperfectly

Exercise | Q D.1 | Page 7

Read the following sentence and change the form of the underlined word as directed.

His family was screaming and offering him food. (to adjective)

SOLUTION

The screaming family offered him food.

Exercise | Q D.2 | Page 7

Read the following sentence and change the form of the underlined word as directed.

The young seagull gave out a loud call. (to adverb)

SOLUTION

The young sea gull called out loudly.

Exercise | Q D.3 | Page 7

Read the following sentence and change the form of the underlined word as directed.

The bird cackled amusedly while flying. (to noun)

SOLUTION

The bird cackled with amusement while flying.

Exercise | Q D.4 | Page 7

Read the following sentence and change the form of the underlined word as directed.

The depth of the sea from the ledge scared the seagull. (to adjective)

SOLUTION

The deep sea scared the seagull on the ledge.

Exercise | Q D.5 | Page 7

Read the following sentence and change the form of the underlined word as directed.

The successful flight of the bird was a proud moment for the seagull’s family. (to verb)

SOLUTION

It was a proud moment for the seagull’s family when the bird flew successfully.

Exercise | Q E.1 | Page 7

Use the following word to construct a meaningful sentence on your own.

coward - 

SOLUTION

coward – I hate to be a coward for I have always been a bold person.

Exercise | Q E.2 | Page 7

Use the following word to construct a meaningful sentence on your own.

gradual - 

SOLUTION

gradual – There is a gradual increase in the water level at Mettur dam.

Exercise | Q E.3 | Page 7

Use the following word to construct a meaningful sentence on your own.

praise - __________________

SOLUTION

praise – Sylvia is worthy of all the praise and honour.

Exercise | Q E.4 | Page 7

Use the following word to construct a meaningful sentence on your own.

courageous -

SOLUTION

courageous – I hope to be courageous at all circumstances.

Exercise | Q D.5 | Page 7

Use the following word to construct a meaningful sentence on your own.

starvation - 

SOLUTION

starvation – People in Somalia die of starvation almost every day.

Exercise | Q F.(i)1 | Page 7

Here is a travelogue by the student of Government Girls Higher Secondary School, Pattukkottai after their trip to Darjeeling. Listen to the travelogue and answer the following question.

A Trip to Remember Forever:
Our trip to this wonderful city, Darjeeling started with a breath-taking view. We parted the curtains of our hotel room and there it was, Kanchenjunga, the third highest mountain in the world! The entire range was in front of us in lull view, snow-capped and dazzling in the sun. Our trip started early in the morning the next day. We woke up at 4 a.m. and reached Tiger hill at 5 a.m. to view the sunrise as the place has earned international fame for the best sunrise view.

Tiger hill is situated at an altitude of 2590 meters and is 13 kilometers away from the city. Although Kanchenjunga was visible from the window of our hotel room, viewing it from tiger hill was a different experience altogether. It was not a very cloudy day so we were lucky enough to get a glimpse of the Mount Everest. After Tiger hill, we visited Senchal Lake which is another picnic spot nearby. We were told that the lake supplies drinking water to the city.

The next spot on our list was Batasia Loop, a spiral railway near Ghum. The loop is situated 5 kilometer from the city and is a gigantic railway loop where the toy train runs and takes a 360 degree turn. It is a beautiful place with manicured garden, streams and waterfalls. While travelling on the toy train, one gets a breath-taking view of Darjeeling’s scenic beauty.

We would suggest the toy train only for people with lot of patience as the train travels at a speed of 15 kilometers per hour and covers 14 kilometers in three hours which might be an utter disappointment for some. Altogether we had a memorable and enjoyable school trip with our friends and it will linger in our thoughts forever.


Fill in the blanks with a suitable word.

The students visited ____________ city.

SOLUTION

The students visited Darjeeling city.

Exercise | Q F.(i)2 | Page 7

____________ is the third highest mountain in the world.

SOLUTION

 Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world.

Exercise | Q F.(i)3 | Page 7

____________ hill is 13 km away from Darjeeling.

SOLUTION

Tiger hill is 13 km away from Darjeeling.

Exercise | Q F.(i)4 | Page 7

The drinking water is supplied by____________ lake to the city.

SOLUTION

The drinking water is supplied by Senechal lake to the city.

Exercise | Q F.(i)5 | Page 7

After Senchal lake, they visited __________________.

SOLUTION

After Senchal lake, they visited Batasia Loop.

Exercise | Q F.(ii) | Page 7

Do you think they had a memorable and enjoyable school trip?

SOLUTION

Yes, I am sure they had a memorable and enjoyable school trip.

Exercise | Q F.(iii) | Page 7

Name a few places that you wish to visit with your classmates as a school trip.

SOLUTION

I wish to visit Andaman islands, Kashmir and Kathmandu with my classmates as a school trip.

State whether the following statements are True or False

Exercise | Q F. (iv) 1. | Page 7

As the sky was cloudy, they could get the glimpse of the Mount Everest.

  • True

  • False

SOLUTION

False
Exercise | Q F. (iv) 2. | Page 7

The toy train covers 14 km in three hours

  • True

  • False

SOLUTION

True
Exercise | Q F. (iv) 3. | Page 7

Tiger hill has earned international fame for the best sunset view.

  • True

  • False

SOLUTION

True
Exercise | Q G | Page 8

Here is a dialogue between a father and his daughter. Continue the dialogue with at least five utterances and use all the clues given above.

Father:Hi Mary, it has been a very long time since we went on a trip. Let’s plan one.
Mary:Yes, dad. I am also longing to go. Why don’t we plan one for this weekend?
Father:Sure. Tell me, where shall we go?
Mary:Some place nearby but for at least two days.
Father:Hmm… I think we should go to the reserved forest nearby.
Mary:Yeah. I’ve never been to a forest. I have seen a forest only on the TV and movies. The forest is a good choice!
Father:OK. If we are going to the forest, we must list out what we should carry with us for two days.
Mary:I think we should carry suitable clothes like ________________________
Father:What about the food? Do you have any idea, Mary?
Mary:Yeah. For food, I suggest ________________________
Father________________________
Mary:________________________

SOLUTION


Father:Hi Mary, it has been a very long time since we went on a trip. Let’s plan one.
Mary:Yes, dad. I am also longing to go. Why don’t we plan one for this weekend?
Father:Sure. Tell me, where shall we go?
Mary:Some place nearby but for at least two days.
Father:Hmm… I think we should go to the reserved forest nearby.
Mary:Yeah. I’ve never been to a forest. I have seen a forest only on the TV and movies. The forest is a good choice!
Father:OK. If we are going to the forest, we must list out what we should carry with us for two days.
Mary:I think we should carry suitable clothes like moisture-wicking garments covering our hands and legs, hand gloves, gaiters, and head wear.
Father:What about the food? Do you have any idea, Mary?
Mary:Yeah. For food, I suggest we take dehydrated foods. A packet of instant coffee packets and tea bags, energy bars, chocolates, nuts, sandwich-making materials, kaakaras (dry chappathi), cheese, and cup noodles will be of great help.
Father

I think we need to wear proper trekking shoes and take our sleeping bags too. Do you think we need to take anything else?

Mary:

Yes, dad, a torchlight and mosquito repellent is a must. I think we are all set to go on our journey.

Exercise | Q H | Page 9

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

BUNGEE-JUMPING

Bungee jumping is an activity that involves jumping from a tall structure while connected to a long elastic cord. The tall structure is usually a fixed object, such as a building, bridge or crane; but it is also possible to jump from a movable object, such as a hot-air-balloon or helicopter, that has the ability to hover above the ground. The thrill comes from the freefalling and the rebound. When the person jumps, the cord stretches, and the jumper flies upwards again as the cord recoils and continues to oscillate up and down until all the kinetic energy is dissipated.

Jumping Heights, located in Mohan Chatti village, in Rishikesh has been rated as one of the most preferred bungee jumping destinations in India at a height of 83 meters. It is the only place in India where bungee jumping can be done from a fixed platform. This is also India’s only fixed platform Bungee- performed from a professional cantilever, to separate it from entertainment parks, and create instead, an extreme adventure zone. The Bungee has been designed by David Allardice of New Zealand.

The Cantilever platform is built over a rocky cliff over-looking the river Hall, a tributary of River Ganges. Bungee-ing amidst the vastness of nature lends the experience an absolutely breathtaking quality. Jumping heights is well known for its safety measures and experienced staff. It costs around Rs 2500 per jump, a bit expensive, but totally worth the experience. The Bungee jumping experience has been set amidst the astoundingly stunning landscape of Rishikesh. To Bungee jump, one must be at least 12 years and should weigh between 40-110 kg.

Questions

  1. What is Bungee Jumping?
  2. Can Bungee be performed from a movable object? How? 
  3. When do you think Bungee becomes thrilling? 
  4. What is the experience when one falls off the platform?
  5. Where is the Bungee jumping point located in India?
  6. What is the minimum age to Bungee jump?

SOLUTION

  1. Bungee jumping is an activity that involves jumping from a tall structure while connected to a long elastic cord.
  2. Bungee can be performed from a movable object, such as a hot-air-balloon or helicopter, that has the ability to hover above the ground.
  3. When the person jumps, the cord stretches, and the jumper flies upwards again as the cord recoils and continues to oscillate up and down until all the kinetic energy is dissipated. Now, Bungee becomes thrilling from the free-falling and the rebound.
  4. It is extremely astounding, adventurous, stunning and thrilling.
  5. Bungee jumping point is located in Mohan Chatti village, in Rishikesh, India at a height of 83 meters.
  6. The minimum age to Bungee jump is 12 years.
Exercise | Q I.1 | Page 10

Prepare attractive advertisements using the hints given below.

Home appliances – Aadi Sale – 20-50% - Special Combo Offers – Muthusamy & Co., Raja Street, Gingee.

SOLUTION

Prepare attractive advertisements using the hints given below.  Home appliances – Aadi Sale – 20-50% - Special Combo Offers – Muthusamy & Co., Raja Street, Gingee.

Exercise | Q I.2 | Page 10

Prepare attractive advertisement using the hints given below.

Mobile Galaxy – Smartphones – accessories – SIM cards – Recharge – Free Power banks on Mobile purchase – No.1, Toll gate, Trichy

SOLUTION

Prepare attractive advertisement using the hints given below.  Mobile Galaxy – Smartphones – accessories – SIM cards – Recharge – Free Power banks on Mobile purchase – No.1, Toll gate, Trichy

Exercise | Q J.1 | Page 11

Write a report of the following event in about 100-120 words.

‘Educational Development Day’ was organized in your school on 15th July. The District Collector was the Chief Guest of the event. As part of the event, many competitions were held and the prizes were distributed to the winners and participants. It was a grand and successful event. Now, as the member of the organizing committee, write a report on the event in about 120 words.

SOLUTION

Educational Development Day

15th July 2020

K.Mukilan

St. Pius Higher Secondary School, Bandra, organised the Educational Development Day on 15th July 2020 to commemorate the birth anniversary of K. Kamaraj, the former Chief Minister of Tamilnadu. The event was to promote the development of education in Tamil Nadu. About 800 students participated in the programme organised by the students and teachers. The event began with the prayer song by the school choir. The Headmaster welcomed the gathering.

The District collector presided over the function. She delivered the presidential address on the importance and development of education. She also unveiled the portrait of Thiru K. Kamaraj in the auditorium. The students and teachers also spoke on the occasion. This was followed by a various cultural programme by the junior and senior boys and girls. Mementos were given to the chief guest and the guests of honour. The participation certificates were also given to the students. The assistant Headmaster proposed the vote of thanks. The event came to an end with the National Anthem.


OR

Jawahar Higher Secondary School, Karuvalipat, celebrated the Educational Development Day on the 15th of July, 2019 in the school premises. As part of the event, many competitions were held from the morning for students. Primary School children actively participated in the Drawing Competition depicting Education Development Day. Oratorical contest on the topic, ‘The importance of education’ was held for students of Std VI to VIII.

A Debate on the topic, ‘Development is vivid only with an educated society’ was conducted for Std IX to XII Students. At 2 p.m., The District Collector, Ms. Yasmin Begum presided over the Valedictory function and addressed the students on the importance of being a literate. She encouraged students to pursue higher education and reach great heights. The Chief Guest distributed the trophies to the winners and all the participants were given certificates. It was a grand and successful event and a day to be remembered for ever.

Member Of The Organising Committee

Shanmathy Velayudham

Exercise | Q J.2 | Page 11

Write a report of the following event in about 100-120 words.

You are the School Pupil Leader. You have been asked to write a report on the Inaugural Ceremony of English Literary Association of your school which was held recently. Write a report on the same in not more than 120 words.

SOLUTION

Inaugural ceremony of English Literary Association

16th June 2020

M.P.Shetty

English Literary association was inaugurated in the auditorium of S.M.Shetty Higher Secondary School, Powai on 16th June 2020. The programme began with a prayer song. Prof. Dr. L. Leo, Principal of St. Paul college of Education was the chief guest. The Headmaster welcomed the gathering. The chief guest delivered the presidential address. He spoke on the importance of English and the need for communicative skills in English. The Senior English teacher proposed the vote of thanks. The programme came to an end with the National Anthem.


OR

Inauguration Of English Literary Association
English Literary Association was inaugurated in the Fathima Hall of St. Joseph’s convent on 19th June, 2019. Mrs. Thomas, the Choir Mistress led the choir to sing a prayer song. Sister Joan, Principal lighted the traditional lamp along with the Head of the English Department Mrs. Judy Enoch, the School Pupil Leader Beverley Shunker and the Secretary of the English Literary Association Vinnie Varghese. The Secretary welcomed the gathering and highlighted the aims and objectives of the association.

Sr.Joan advised the students to improve their communicative skills in English and motivated the students to refrain from using vernacular language in the school campus. The Special Guest for the inaugural ceremony was Mrs. Swamamala, a noted journalist. She was felicitated with a shawl and memento by the Vice Principal Mrs.Shyla Augustine. The keynote address by the special guest insisted in learning English as the universal and official language for communication in any country. The vote of thanks was given by Shanthini, a student of Std X. The event was compeered by Parvathi, a student of Std XL

School Pupil Leader
Beverley Shunker


Exercise | Q J.3 | Page 11

Write a report of the following event in about 100-120 words.

You are the Coordinator of the Science Forum of your school. An event had been organized on account of National Science Day for the members of the forum. Now, write a report on the observation of “National Science Day” at your school.

SOLUTION

National Science Day
National Science Day was observed by the students of Violet Matriculation Higher Secondary School on 28th February, 2019 to mark the discovery of the Raman effect in 1928 by Indian physicist Sir C. V. Raman. The Director of the District Science Museum, Mr.Shanthakumar presided over the function. This event, organized on account of National Science Day for the members of the forum was led by Mrs.Leema, Physics teacher of our school.

The celebration included public speeches, watching the night sky, live projects, debates and many more activities. Every year, NSD is celebrated to widely spread a message about the Importance of science used in the daily life of the people. It is also celebrated to discuss all the issues and implement new technologies for the development in the field of science. The theme of the year 2019, “Science for the People, and the People for Science” was extensively discussed.
Coordinator Of The Science Forum
Rajalakshmi Venkataraman


GRAMMAR [PAGES 12 - 16]

Samacheer Kalvi solutions for English Class 10th SSLC Tamil Nadu State Board Chapter 1 His First Flight Grammar [Pages 12 - 16]

Grammar | Q A.1 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

When I was a child, I____________ climb trees easily but now I can’t. (ability in the past)

SOLUTION

When I was a child, I Could climb trees easily but now I can’t.

Grammar | Q A.2 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

I ____________ win this singing contest. (determination)

SOLUTION

can win this singing contest.

Grammar | Q A.3 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

You ____________ buy this book. It is worth buying. (advice or suggestion)

SOLUTION

You should buy this book. It is worth buying.

Grammar | Q A.4 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

Poongothai  ____________ speak several languages. (ability in the present)

SOLUTION

Poongothai can speak several languages.

Grammar | Q A.5 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

I swear I ____________ tell lies again. (promise)

SOLUTION

I swear I shall not tell lies again. (promise).

Grammar | Q A.6 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

My father ____________ play badminton in the evenings when he was at college. (past habit)

SOLUTION

My father used to play badminton in the evenings when he was at college.

Grammar | Q A.7 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

You ____________ do as I say! (command)

SOLUTION

You should do as I say!

Grammar | Q A.8 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

____________ I have another glass of water? (request)

SOLUTION

May I have another glass of water?

Grammar | Q A.9 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

Sibi has not practised hard but he ____________ win the race. (possibility)

SOLUTION

Sibi has not practised hard but he can win the race. 

Grammar | Q A.10 | Page 12

Complete these sentence using the appropriate modal. The clues in the bracket will help you.

We____________ preserve our natural resources. (duty)

SOLUTION

We ought to preserve our natural resources.

Grammar | Q B.1 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

Would I have your autograph?

SOLUTION

May l have your autograph?

Grammar | Q B.2 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

I can be fifteen next April.

SOLUTION

shall be fifteen next April.

Grammar | Q B.3 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

Take an umbrella. It should rain later.

SOLUTION

Take an umbrella. It may rain later.

Grammar | Q B.4 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

The magistrate ordered that he might pay the fine.

SOLUTION

The magistrate ordered that he must pay the fine.

Grammar | Q B.5 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

Make me a cup of tea, shall you?

SOLUTION

Make me a cup of tea, will you?

Grammar | Q B.6 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

You may speak politely to the elders.

SOLUTION

You must to speak politely to the elders.

Grammar | Q B.7 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

You will get your teeth cleaned at least once a year.

SOLUTION

You should get your teeth cleaned at least once a year.

Grammar | Q B.8 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

We could grow vegetables in our kitchen garden but we don’t do it now.

SOLUTION

We used to grow vegetables in our kitchen garden but we don’t do it now.

Grammar | Q B.9 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

Must I get your jacket? The weather is cold.

SOLUTION

Shall I get your jacket? The weather is cold.

Grammar | Q B.10 | Page 12

Rewrite the following sentence by rectifying the errors in the use of modal.

Could the train be on time?

SOLUTION

Will the train be on time?

Grammar | Q C | Page 13

Read the dialogue and fill in the blanks with suitable modals.

Dad:____________ we go out for dinner tonight?
Charan:Yes, Dad. We ____________ go to a restaurant where I ____________ have some ice cream
Dad:OK. Then, I ____________ be home by 7 p.m. Mom and you ____________ be ready by then.
Charan:Sure. We ____________  . My friend told me that there is a magic show nearby.____________ you please take us there?
Dad:We ____________  not have time to go for the magic show, I suppose. If we have enough time left, we ____________   plan
Charan:By the way, ____________  we inform our gate keeper about our outing?
Dad:Yes, we ____________  so that he ____________  be aware we aren’t at home
Charan:____________  I call up Mom and tell her about our plan today?
Dad:You ____________  to. Otherwise, we might be in trouble when she returns home.
CharanHmm… by the time you come home in the evening, we ____________  be waiting for you. Hope you____________   be late. Bye.

SOLUTION

Dad:

Shall we go out for dinner tonight?

Charan:Yes, Dad. We Shall go to a restaurant where I Can have some ice cream
Dad:OK. Then, I Shall be home by 7 p.m. Mom and you must be ready by then.
Charan:Sure. We shall. My friend told me that there is a magic show nearby. will you please take us there?
Dad:We may not have time to go for the magic show, I suppose. If we have enough time left, we shall plan
Charan:By the way, shall we inform our gate keeper about our outing?
Dad:Yes, we should so that he should be aware we aren’t at home
Charan:shall I call up Mom and tell her about our plan today?
Dad:You ought to. Otherwise, we might be in trouble when she returns home.
CharanHmm… by the time you come home in the evening, we will be waiting for you. Hope you won't be late. Bye.
Grammar | Q 4 | Page 13

Read the following dialogues and supply appropriate modals.

Student:Can we leave our bags in the class during the break?
Teacher:Yes, you ____________ but arrange them neatly.

 

Passenger:My child is 6 years old. Do I have to buy him a ticket?
Conductor:Yes, you ____________. It costs half of the price of an adult ticket.

 

Vani:Can we go for coffee after the meeting?
Yoga:No, I____________. I have to go home.

 

Salesman:When ___________ I receive my order?
Customer:I ___________  assure you sir, the order ___________ be delivered tomorrow

 

Neela:Do you think I should write about my education background in the resume?
Preethi:Yes, you ___________   . You ___________ get a better job.

SOLUTION

Student:Can we leave our bags in the class during the break?
Teacher:Yes, you may but arrange them neatly.

 

Passenger:My child is 6 years old. Do I have to buy him a ticket?
Conductor:Yes, you must. It costs half of the price of an adult ticket.

 

Vani:Can we go for coffee after the meeting?
Yoga:No, I can't. I have to go home.

 

Salesman:When will I receive my order?
Customer:shall assure you sir, the order will be delivered tomorrow

 

Neela:Do you think I should write about my education background in the resume?
Preethi:Yes, you must. You may get a better job.
Grammar | Q 5 | Page 14

Here are a few sentences already done for you. The clues given would be helpful to\make more sentences on your own.

  1. I would suggest that you take the Uzhavan Express to Thanjavur from Chennai.
  2. You will be more comfortable if you could book 3 tier A/C.
  3. You could enjoy __________________.
  4. You should visit __________________.
  5. You mustn’t miss __________________ .
  6. You can buy __________________.
  7. ______________________________.
  8. ______________________________.
  9. ______________________________.
  10. ______________________________.

SOLUTION

  1. I would suggest that you take the Uzhavan Express to Thanjavur from Chennai.
  2. You will be more comfortable if you could book 3 tier A/C.
  3. You could enjoy the trip.
  4. You should visit the temples,
  5. You mustn’t miss visiting the Big Temple.
  6. You can buy many artistic things.
  7. You must see the Saraswathi Mahal and its library.
  8. A big palace can be seen in Thanjavur.
  9. We shall buy Dancing Dolls.
  10. Thiruvaiyaru, Kallanai Dam and Poondi Church can be visited from Thanjavur.
Grammar | Q F.1 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

The manager appointed many office assistants.

SOLUTION

Many office assistants were appointed by the manager.

Grammar | Q F.2 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

You are making a cake now.

SOLUTION

A cake is being made by you now.

Grammar | Q F.3 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

That portrait was painted by my grandmother.

SOLUTION

My grandmother painted that portrait.

Grammar | Q F.5 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

They have asked me to pay the fine.

SOLUTION

I have been asked to pay the fine by them.

Grammar | Q F.6 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

The militants were being taken to prison by the police.

SOLUTION

The police were taking the militants to the prison.

Grammar | Q F.7 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

His behaviour vexes me.

SOLUTION

I am vexed by his behaviour.

Grammar | Q F.8 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

Rosy will solve the problem.

SOLUTION

The problem will be solved by Rosy.

Grammar | Q F.9 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

Our army has defeated the enemy.

SOLUTION

The enemy has been defeated by our army.

Grammar | Q F.10 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

The salesman answered all the questions patiently.

SOLUTION

All the questions were answered patiently by the salesman.

Grammar | Q F.4 | Page 14

Change the following sentence to the other voice.

Malini had bought a colourful hat for her daughter.

SOLUTION

A colourful hat had been bought by Malini for her daughter.

Grammar | Q G.1 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

Please call him at once.

SOLUTION

You are requested to call me at once.

Grammar | Q G.2 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

How did you cross the river?

SOLUTION

How was the river crossed by you?

Grammar | Q G.3 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

No one is borrowing the novels from the library

SOLUTION

The novels are not being borrowed from the library.

Grammar | Q G.4 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

Will you help me?

SOLUTION

Will I be helped by you?

Grammar | Q G.5 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

Go for a jog early in the morning.

SOLUTION

You are advised to go for a jog early in the morning.

Grammar | Q G.6 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

Why have you left your brother at home?

SOLUTION

Why has your brother been left at home by you?

Grammar | Q G.7 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

Nobody should violate the rules.

SOLUTION

The rules should not be violated.

Grammar | Q G.8 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

Someone has to initiate it immediately

SOLUTION

It has to be initiated immediately.

Grammar | Q G.9 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

Have you invited Raman to the party?

SOLUTION

Has Raman been invited for the party? (or) 

Has Raman been invited for the party by you?

Grammar | Q G.10 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

Please do not walk on the grass.

SOLUTION

You are requested not to walk on the grass.

Grammar | Q G.11 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

Cross the busy roads carefully

SOLUTION

You are advised to cross the busy road carefully (or) 

Let the busy roads be crossed carefully.

Grammar | Q G.12 | Page 16

Change the following into Passive voice.

When will you book the tickets to Bengaluru?

SOLUTION

When will the tickets be booked to Bengaluru? (or) 

When will the tickets be booked to Bengaluru, by you?

Grammar | Q H.1 | Page 16

In the following sentence, the verb has two object namely Direct and Indirect object. Change each of the following sentence into two passive using a direct object as the subject in one and indirect in the other.

John gave a bar of chocolate to Jill.

(a): Jill was given ……………………………………………………………………………….. .
(b): A bar of chocolate was given ………………………………………………………. .

SOLUTION

  1. Jill was given a bar of chocolate by John.
  2. A bar of chocolate was given to Jill by John.
Grammar | Q H.2 | Page 16

In the following sentence the verb has two object namely Direct and Indirect object. Change each of the following sentence into two passive using a direct object as the subject in one and indirect in the other.

Pragathi lent a pencil to Keerthana.

(a): ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. .
(b): ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 

SOLUTION

  1. Keerthana was lent by a pencil by pragathi.
  2. A pencil was lent to keerthana by pragathi.
Grammar | Q H.3 | Page 16

In the following sentence the verbs have two object namely Direct and Indirect object. Change each of the following sentence into two passive using direct object as the subject in one and indirect in the other.

Sudha told the truth to her friend.

(a): ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. .
(b): ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 

SOLUTION

  1. The truth was told to her friend by sudha.
  2. Her friend was told the truth by sudha.
Grammar | Q H.4 | Page 16

In the following sentence, the verb has two object namely Direct and Indirect object. Change each of the following sentence into two passive using a direct object as the subject in one and indirect in the other.

They offered the job to Venkat.

(a): ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… .
(b): …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

SOLUTION

  1. A job was offered to Venkat by them.
  2. Venkat was offered the job by them.
Grammar | Q H.5 | Page 16

In the following sentence the verb have two object namely Direct and Indirect object. Change each of the following sentence into two passive using direct object as the subject in one and indirect in the other.

The boss showed the new computer to Kaviya.

(a): ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… .
(b): …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

SOLUTION

  1. The new computer was shown to kaviya by the boss.
  2. Kaviya was shown the new computer by the boss.
Grammar | Q I | Page 16

Rewrite the following passage in Passive Voice.

A few days ago, someone stole Ambrose’s motorbike. Ambrose had left it outside his house. He reported the theft to the police. The police told him that they would try to find his motorbike. This morning, they found his motorbike. The police called Ambrose to the police station. The thieves had painted it and then sold it to someone else. The new owner had parked the motorbike outside a mall when the police found it. After an enquiry, the police arrested the thieves.

SOLUTION

Ambrose’s motorbike was stolen by someone a few days ago. It had been left outside his house by Ambrose. The theft was reported to the police by him. He was told by the police that they would try to find his motorbike. This morning, his motorbike was found. Ambrose was called to the police station by the police. It had been painted by the thieves and then it was sold to someone else. The motorbike had been parked by the new owner outside a mall when it was found by the police. After an enquiry, the thieves were arrested by the police.

Grammar | Q J | Page 16

Write a recipe of your favourite dish in passive voice. Remember to list out the ingredients of the dish you have chosen and their quantity. Use Simple Present tense to write your recipe.

SOLUTION

Ingredients:
Mangoes – 3
Chilly powder – 3 spoons
Salt – 2 spoons
Asafoetida – 1 spoon
Oil – 3 tea spoonfuls

Three mangoes are washed and dried. They are chopped into small pieces and dried. Then the salt is added along with a little asafoetida. Chilly powder is also added to it. The ingredients are mixed well and kept in the sunlight for a day.

2 or 3 spoonfuls of oil is poured in the frying pan. Oil is heated and mustard is added and fried. The heated oil is added to the ingredients. It must be kept in the sunlight for one more day. Now the mango pickle is ready.

OR

Ingredients: A bottle of Mixed Fruit jam, A packet of Cheese slices, A loaf of Sandwich bread A box of sweetened Butter, A nonstick pan
Recipe

  1. A pan with one teaspoon of sweetened butter is taken.
  2. Two slices of sandwich bread is taken and roasted slightly on both sides.
  3. A tablespoon each of Mixed Fruit Jam is spread evenly on one side of the sandwich bread.
  4. A slice of cheese is placed in between the two slices of bread.
  5. The comers of the bread slices are sliced and the bread slice is slit diagonally into two.
  6. The sandwich is ready to be served.
Grammar | Q 11 | Page 16

Write a report of an event held at your school using Passive voice. Use Simple Past Tense to narrate the event.

SOLUTION

Report of an event:
Farewell Party
A farewell party was organized for our XII Std students on 28th February 2019. The students of X were invited by the students of XII Std. Teachers handling XII and XI Std were present for the party. Two or three events were arranged by the students of XI Std. Then the XII Std students were given some snacks and a memento each as a token of remembrance by the students of XI. The party was enjoyed by each and every student and it ended at 6.00 p.m with a farewell speech by an XI Std student.

OR

The Annual day was celebrated by Glenmark Global School, on July 17, 2019 at the school premises with pomp and grandeur. The school was decorated elegantly by the staff and students. A stage was set up with a beautiful backdrop depicting the theme of the year. The welcome address was given by the School Pupil Leader.

The Chief Guest Mrs. Indira Janardhanan, CEO was introduced and felicitated by the Principal Mrs. Jeyanthi Radhakrishnan. Many cultural programs viz western dance, traditional dance, English Play, Tamil Pattimandram were all a treat to the eyes of the audience.

The Annual report was presented by the Principal. Prizes were given away to the toppers and many students who had brought laurels to the school in various competitions and contests. The Vote of Thanks was delivered by the Assistant School Pupil Leader.

Standard 10 English


Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,

Chapter 1: His First Flight, Samacheer Kalvi, solutions for English, Class 10th SSLC, Tamil Nadu State Board,


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