Modern techniques like a surrogate mother, sperm bank, and IVF technique will help the human beings. Justify this statement.

Question 16.

Modern techniques like a surrogate mother, sperm bank, and IVF technique will help the human beings. Justify this statement.


Answer:

Modern techniques like surrogacy, sperm bank, IVF technique help the human beings to have their children.

Techniques are used for having the child in case of those childless couples who suffer problems like less sperm count, obstacles in oviduct, etc.


In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)


In this process fertilization is brought about in the test-tube and the embryo formed is implanted in uterus of woman at appropriate time.


Surrogacy


Some women have problems in implantation of embryo in uterus.


Such women can take the help of the modern remedial technique called as surrogacy.


In this technique, oocyte is collected from the ovary of the woman having problem in implantation in uterus.


This oocyte is fertilized in test-tube with the help of sperms collected from her husband. The embryo formed from such fertilization is implanted in the uterus of some other woman having normal uterus.


Such a woman, in whose uterus the embryo is implanted, is called


as surrogate mother.


Sperm Bank/ Semen Bank


So as to have the children in case of such couples, new concept of sperm bank has been introduced. This concept is similar to blood bank. Semen ejaculated by the desired men is collected after their thorough physical and medical check-up and stored in the sperm bank.