International Problems Class 9th History & Political Science MHB Solution

International Problems

Class 9th History & Political Science MHB Solution
Exercises
  1. Which among the following is an international problem? Choose the right option and rewrite…
  2. Which among the following rights are not included in human rights? Choose the right option…
  3. Which among the following days is observed on an international level? Choose the right…
  4. Explain with reasons whether the following statements are true or false. 1. It is…
  5. Complete the following chart. 1. Human Rights 2. Degradation of the Environment 3.…
  6. Prepare the following concept map
  7. Explain India’s position in establishing human rights. Write your own opinion about:…
  8. Narrate the effects of terrorism and suggest remedies to control it. Write your own…
Project
  1. Find out about the State Commission for Protection of Child Rights with the help of your…
  2. Find out about the the Great Sparrow Campaign in China and the Chipko Movement in India.…
  3. Write your opinion on whether big dams cause problems.
  4. Write a Report of how the Earth Day was observed in your school.

Exercises
Question 1.

Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.

Which among the following is an international problem?
A. Border dispute between Maharashtra and Karnataka

B. Kaveri water sharing question

C. Problems of refugees

D. Naxalism in Andhra Pradesh


Answer:

Refugees are forced to leave to their motherland and flee to another nation for reasons like terrorism, persecution, disasters etc. The other options are national problems of India.


Question 2.

Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.

Which among the following rights are not included in human rights?
A. Right to work

B. Right to information

C. Children’s rights

D. Equal pay for equal work


Answer:

Right to information is a political right, not a human right. It doesn’t directly affect the existence of a person.


Question 3.

Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.

Which among the following days is observed on an international level?
A. Teachers’ Day

B. Children’s Day

C. Earth Day

D. Flag Day


Answer:

The rest of the options are celebrated in the country while Earth Day is celebrated internationally on 22nd April


Question 4.

Explain with reasons whether the following statements are true or false.

1. It is necessary that all the nations should cooperate in order to find remedies on environmental degradation.

2. Sino-Indian relations are friendly.


Answer:

1. True

Explanation: The causes of environmental degradation like industrialization and the effects of it are shared by all the nations hence, they all must cooperate.


2. False


Explanation: China and India face conflicts on border issue regarding Aksai Chin area and Macmohan line. Also, India giving refuge to people from Tibet is a point of contention.



Question 5.

Complete the following chart.

1. Human Rights

2. Degradation of the Environment

3. Terrorism


Answer:

1. Human Rights: Human rights are the rights that every human being deserves and should get as part of the society.


2. Degradation of the Environment: Industrialization and need for energy resources has caused massive environmental destruction which will have numerous negative effects.


3. Terrorism: It is the spread of terror through violence on innocent people to achieve a political motive or threaten the government.


4. Refugee Crisis: Refugees are people who flee from their motherland to other nations because of terrorism, persecution, natural disasters etc.



Question 6.

Prepare the following concept map



Answer:

Causes of Environmental Degradation:

1. Massive Industrialization


2. Increasing need for energy resources


3. Pollution


Visible Effects:


1. Extinction of animal and plant species


2. Global warming


3. Drying up of fresh water sources


Remedial Measures:


1. International Conferences like that of UN for collective action by nations


2. Spreading awareness at root levels


3. Working together of NGOs and government for eco-friendly environment.



Question 7.

Write your own opinion about:

Explain India’s position in establishing human rights.


Answer:

India’s position in establishing human rights:

1. The Indian constitution has ensured Fundamental Rights for its citizens like right to equality, right to freedom etc.


2. Protection of the weaker communities like women and minorities is also prioritized by the government.


3. The National and State Human Rights Commission were set up in 1993 through the Human Rights Protection Act. It looks after cases of human rights violation.



Question 8.

Write your own opinion about:

Narrate the effects of terrorism and suggest remedies to control it.


Answer:

Effects of terrorism:

1. It causes the death of many innocent lives as the war zones are usually civilian areas.


2. External and internal security of a country is at risk because of the threat of attacks.


3. In areas like Syria, terrorist attacks have caused huge numbers of refugees from the area.


Remedies:


1. International cooperation of governments is the most important step to counter terrorism.


2. Exploitation of any communities must be stopped as it’s often the discontent that leads to terrorism and rebellion.


3. Black marketing, human trafficking and illegal manufacturing must be stopped as it is the source of power for terrorist organizations.




Project
Question 1.

Find out about the State Commission for Protection of Child Rights with the help of your teachers.


Answer:

State Commission for Protection of Child Rights:

1. Set up in 2005, it aims at protection, promotion and defense of child rights in every state.


2. It comprises of a Chairperson and six members out of which at least one has to be a woman.


3. It looks into child rights violation, recommends state government about safeguards to implement, creates awareness, conducts research etc.



Question 2.

Find out about the the Great Sparrow Campaign in China and the Chipko Movement in India.


Answer:

The Great Sparrow Campaign in China:

1. Mao Zedong introduced the Great Sparrow Campaign (part of Four Pests Campaign) where people were asked to kill all the sparrows to save grain.


2. Millions of sparrows died and this led to tremendous increase in insect population which in turn destroyed the crops.


3. After the crops got destroyed, millions of people in China died of starvation. It became one of the greatest tragedies of China.


Chipko Movement:


1. Chipko movement began in 1970s in Northern Himalayas as a non-violent movement to save the trees from cutting.


2. The cutting of trees was a threat to the forest ecology and livelihood of the villagers. It was led by Sunderlal Bahuguna in 1980s.


3. The greatest achievement of the movement is the 15-years ban on felling of trees in the Himalayan region by the Uttarakhand government.



Question 3.

Write your opinion on whether big dams cause problems.


Answer:

Yes, big dams cause problems:

1. Clearing of land: Building huge dams requires clearance of a large area of land which causes environmental destruction and movement of people from the area.


2. Breaking the natural flow: Dam construction break the natural flow of the river which may affect migratory patterns of birds and animals and availability of water downstream.


3. Rehabilitation of people: This is the most negative effect of building large dams as often the people are not rehabilitated and lose their livelihoods.



Question 4.

Write a Report of how the Earth Day was observed in your school.


Answer:

Celebrating Earth Day

- Ridhima Chauhan


Our school celebrated Earth Day through a series of activities on 22nd April. The assembly held a half an hour session on steps that every student can take on an individual level. It included basic habits like switching off electrical appliances when not in need to creative actions like reuse of old clothes, recycling of paper etc. The best part of the day was the Eco-competition where the 2 students from each class were to bring anything made out of reused materials. Students made amazing and creative products like wall hangings, cards, pen stands, bags, paper box and even beautiful dresses. The day was marked not only by awareness but also enthusiasm on the part of the students.


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