Industry And Trade Class 9th History & Political Science MHB Solution

Industry And Trade

Class 9th History & Political Science MHB Solution
Exercises
  1. Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence. 1. In 1948, Industrial Finance…
  2. Identify the wrong pair and rewrite the corrected one. 1. Industrial Finance Corporation…
  3. Create a concept picture based on the chapter. 1. Industries in India. 2. India’s imports…
  4. Explain the following concept. The internal trade of India
  5. Explain with reasons. 1. The tourism industry has developed a lot in India. 2. The quality…
  6. Write answer in 25 to 30 words. 1. What efforts are made by our government to promote…
  7. Complete the table.
Projects
  1. Collect pictures of a few successful entrepreneurs.
  2. From among the things we use in our daily life, identify those that are locally…

Exercises
Question 1.

Choose the right option and rewrite the sentence.

1. In 1948, Industrial Finance Corporation of India was formed for………..

A. better development of the industrial sector.

B. making available long-term loans to industrial projects.

C. generating employment

D. determining the quality of finished goods.

2. …………. industry in India is called as the ‘Sunrise Sector’.

A. Jute

B. Automobile

C. Cement

D. Khadi and village industries

3. The major responsibility of the textiles committee is ………. .

A. Production of cloth

B. Determining the quality standards of cloth

C. Export of cloth

D. Generate employment for people

4. ………… is the major Indian city in the production of bicycles.

A. Mumbai B. Ludhiana

C. Cochin D. Calcutta


Answer:

Ans-1. In 1948, Industrial Finance Corporation of India was formed for making available long-term loans to industrial projects.

Note: It laid the bedrock of India’s Industrial Sector


Ans-2. Automobile industry in India is called as the ‘Sunrise Sector’.


Note: India is one of the major producers of vehicles with it’s tractor industry being the biggest in the world.


Ans-3. The major responsibility of the textiles committee is determining the quality standards of cloth.


Note: It was established under the Textile Committee Act of 1963 to regulate the powerloom and handloom industries.


Ans-4. Ludhiana is the major Indian city in the production of bicycles.


Note: India is a leading producer of bicycles in the world with major manufacturing units in the States of Punjab and Tamil Nadu.



Question 2.

Identify the wrong pair and rewrite the corrected one.

1. Industrial Finance Corporation of India - makes long term loans available for industrial projects.

2. Industrial Development Corporation development of industrial sector.

3. Textiles Committee - welfare of weavers.

4. Khadi and Village Industries Commission - promotion of industrialisation in rural areas.


Answer:

Textiles Committee - welfare of weavers.

Note: The Textiles Committee was constituted to set quality standards from manufacture textiles for sale in the global market.



Question 3.

Create a concept picture based on the chapter.

1. Industries in India.

2. India’s imports and exports.


Answer:

Ans-1:

The flow chart of industry process is given below:



An example of manufacturing industry is: Garment Manufacturing Industry.


An example of garment manufacturing industry is given below:



Ans-2:


The following chart explains India’s export and imports:





Question 4.

Explain the following concept.

The internal trade of India


Answer:

Internal trade refers to the domestic trade channels in the country. It takes place via railways, waterways, roads, airways etc., ports being a vital component in the network. Items like coal, cotton, jute, rice, wheat, iron, steel, oilseeds etc. constitute the internal trade of India.



Question 5.

Explain with reasons.

1. The tourism industry has developed a lot in India.

2. The quality of life and standard of living of Indian citizens is increasing.


Answer:

1. The tourism industry has developed a lot in India owing to its rich cultural heritage. It has famous pilgrimage centers, forts, caves etc. spread throughout the country that attract a lot of foreign tourist. The Tourism Dept. taking a note of the matter has developed stay and transit facilities and has tried to involve local people giving them employment opportunity as guides and licensed vendors.


2. Due to development of trade, commerce and industries, the quality of life and standard of living of Indian citizens have improved tremendously. More opportunities for employment has become available across various sections of the society and growth of tourism has helped sustain and promote India’s unique handicraft culture.



Question 6.

Write answer in 25 to 30 words.

1. What efforts are made by our government to promote agricultural industries?

2. How is employment generated in the tourism sector?

3. Which industries in India are based on forests?

4. Write a short note on leather industry in India.


Answer:

1. In order to promote agricultural industries, govt. is giving loans to farmers through rural banks and cooperative institutions, supplying seeds, fertilizers and modern tools for farming. Farmers are also given training regarding soil testing, dairy farming, poultry, cattle rearing etc.


2. Employment is generated in the tourism sector by involving local people to carter to the needs of tourist. Local people work as guides and vendors at tourist spots, providing food and transit facilities to the travelers.


3. Industries like construction, paper, newsprint, silk, matchboxes, medicinal herbs, honey, lacquer etc. are dependent on forest resources for raw material.


4. Leather is an important Indian Industry and primarily export oriented. India ranks second in terms of footwear and leather garment production. Kanpur city in Uttar Pradesh is most famous for it’s fine quality leather.



Question 7.

Complete the table.



Answer:





Projects
Question 1.

Collect pictures of a few successful entrepreneurs.


Answer:


Narayan Murthy



Indira Nooyi



Dhirubhai Ambani



Azim Premji



Question 2.

From among the things we use in our daily life, identify those that are locally manufactured from those that are imported. Prepare a chart.


Answer:

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