Describe the human female reproductive system.

Ans. The human female reproductive system consists of main reproductive organs like vagina, uterus, oviduct and ovaries. 

1. Vagina : (a) It is a muscular tube that extends from the vaginal opening to the uterus. (b) It provides the route for the menstrual blood to leave the body during menstruation. (c) It is a pathway through which the sperms enter into the woman’s body and is a pathway through which a baby comes out of the woman’s body during childbirth. 

2. Uterus : Uterus is a muscular organ. Due to strong muscles and ability to expand and contract, the uterus can accomodate a growing foetus and push the baby during labour. 

3. Overies : Ovaries are two oval shaped organs that lie to the upper right and left of the uterus. They develop and release eggs into the oviduct. They secrete hormone oestrogen which brings about changes in girls during puberty. When a baby girl is born the ovaries already contain thousands of immature eggs which remain inactive till maturity. On reaching puberty, a woman’s ovaries usually release one egg each month.