Road Transport? Advantages and Limitations?



Introduction: -Roads bare the means that connect one place to another on the surface of the land, different vehicles plying on roads like bullock carts, cycles, motorcycles, cars, truck, buses, etc. All of these constitute different means of road transport. Extensions of roads of every corner of the country have also enhanced the use of motor driven transport. The type of motor vehicles used to carry goods and passengers include taxis, auto-rickshaws, scooters, vans, buses, tempos and trucks, etc.

The livery (color) of the taxis in India varies from state-to state. In Delhi and Maharashtra, most taxicabs have yellow-black livery while in west Bengal, taxis have yellow livery. An auto rickshaw is a three-wheeler vehicle for hire that has no doors and is generally characterized by a small cabin for the driver in the front and a seat for passengers in the rear (back).

Buses take up over 90% of public transport in Indian cities, and serve as a cheap and convenient mode of transport for all classes of society. Services are mostly run by state government owned transport corporations. India has a network of National Highways connecting the entire major cities and state capitals. The most notable being the Mumbai-Pune Expressway. India has a number of iconic bridges ranging from the recently constructed Bandra-Worli Sea Link.

Advantages of Road Transport: -Road transport has the following advantages

1.       It is a relatively cheaper mode of transport as compared to other modes.

2.       Perishable goods can be transported at a faster speed by road carriers over a short distance.

3.       It is a flexible mode of transport as loading and unloading is possible at any destination.

4.       It provides door-to-door service.

5.       It helps people to travel and carry goods from one place to another, in place which are not connected by other means of transport like hilly areas.

Limitation of Road Transport: -Road transport has the following limitations.

1.       Due to limited carrying capacity road transport is not economical for long distance transportation of goods.

2.       Transportation of heavy goods or goods in bulk by road involves high cost.

3.       It is affected by adverse weather conditions. Floods, rain, landslide, etc., sometimes create obstructions to road transport.

4.       There is a possibility of road accidents which are common, mainly on highways.


5.       It causes pollution due to the use of diesel, which affects the health of people. It also causes noise pollution.