ACID BASE CHEMISTRY

FILL IN THE BLANKS

Name the carboxylic acids present in




DEFINE


Acids.

Bases.

Soap

Water of crystallization.

Alkali.

Weak base.

Strong base

Weak acid.

Strong acid.

Universal indicator


Indicators.



GIVE SCIENTIFIC REASONS



Sodium bicarbonate is used in fire extinguishers.


Baking powder is used in preparation of cakes and breads in bakery industry.


The dilution of a concentrated acid should always be done by adding concentrated acid to water and not by adding water to acid.




Acids are stored in containers made of glass or ceramic.





SHORT NOTES


Indicators (with proper examples)


pH scale with proper examples


Water of crystallisation (with proper examples)




ANSWER THE FOLLOWING


How do metal carbonates reacts with acids?

Explain detail about Hydronium ion


What is universal indicator? Does Mg(OH)2 react with sodium hydroxide? If not, why?


State application (uses) of baking soda


How do acids and bases react with each other? What is the name of the process? What product is obtained out of these reactions?



State the uses of bleaching powder.


State the physical properties of bleaching powder.


Write the uses of washing soda.


Write the physical properties of washing soda.


Write the physical properties of baking soda.


Explain the properties of salt.


What are olfactory indicators?



What are indicators?