Applied History Class 10th History And Political Science MHB Solution

Applied History

Class 10th History And Political Science MHB Solution

Exercise

1. Complete the sentences by choosing the correct option. (1) The earliest museum in the…

2. Identify the wrong pair in the following, correct it and rewrite. (1) Kootiyattam-Sanskrit…

3. Applied History Explain the following concepts:

4. Archives Explain the following concepts:

5. Explain the concept of ‘Public History.’ Answer the following in 25-30 words.…

6. What is the role of UNESCO in the context of heritage sites? Answer the following in 25-30…

7. Find out the world cultural heritage sites located in Maharashtra and write their names.…

8. Complete the following concept chart.

9. It is essential to study the history of technology. Explain the following statements…

10. The list of World Heritage Sites is announced by UNESCO. Explain the following statements…

11. How is the method of history useful in the research of (a) Science (b) Arts (c) Management…

12. How can we correlate applied history with our present? Write elaborate answers.…

13. Suggest at least 10 solutions for preservation of the sources of history.  Write elaborate…

14. What objectives can be fulfilled through heritage projects? Write elaborate answers.…

Exercise
Question 1.

Complete the sentences by choosing the correct option.

(1) The earliest museum in the world was discovered in the excavations at the city of ………. .

(a) Delhi

(b) Harappa

(c) Ur

(d) Kolkata

(2) The National Archives of India is in……………. .

(a) Delhi

(b) Kolkata

(c) Mumbai

(d) Chennai


Answer:

(1) (c) Ur


Ur is the city where an earliest museum in the world was discovered.


Explanation - Sir Leonard Woolley conducted the excavation at the city of Ur in Mesopotamia. The earliest museum was built by the Ennigaldi, the princess of Mesopotamia who was also the curator of the museum.


(2) (a) Delhi


The National Archives of India is in Delhi.


Explanation – Archives is a place where historical documents and the records are kept and preserved. Every state has its own archives.



Question 2.

Identify the wrong pair in the following, correct it and rewrite.

(1) Kootiyattam-Sanskrit theatre, Kerala

(2) Ramman-Dance form in West Bengal

(3) Ramlila-Traditional Performance of the Ramayana in Uttar Pradesh

(4) Kalbelia-Folk songs and dances of Rajasthan.


Answer:

The correct pair is Ramman - religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas.


Explanation – Ramman is a religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas. It is intangible heritage in which the religious festival is demonstrated in the form of Ritual theatre. It is performed in Saloor Dungra village, in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand and this festival is only performed here.



Question 3.

Explain the following concepts:

Applied History


Answer:

History is the narration of past events. It is always considered that history is for the students or the scholars who are pursuing it. But this is not true. One can also include it in meaningful ways in their everyday life. Thus, applied history is also known as ‘Public History’ which deals with the study of the application of history which is useful for our future generation and contemporary beings.



Question 4.

Explain the following concepts:

Archives


Answer:

Archives is a place where historical documents are kept and preserved. All types of historical documents are preserved which gives us information about all the aspects of human life. Every state maintains their archives independently. Example – the Maharashtra state archives in Mumbai, Bihar state archives in Patna, etc. The National Archives of India is in New Delhi in 1972.



Question 5.

Answer the following in 25-30 words.

Explain the concept of ‘Public History.’


Answer:

Applied history is also known as ‘Public History.’ One can include it in meaningful ways in their everyday life. It deals with the study of the application of history which is useful for our future generation and contemporary beings. It is the implication of the historical method in various fields such as in private corporations, in government institutions, etc. Through the knowledge of history, one can find solutions to contemporary issues and social planning.



Question 6.

Answer the following in 25-30 words.

What is the role of UNESCO in the context of heritage sites?


Answer:

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) is a global organisation which has specified some directives for the educational, cultural and scientific promotion of the heritage sites globally. On the basis of these directives, many sites and traditions are chosen as world heritage sites and natural heritage. They have listed some of the sites in India as world heritage sites which are- Elephanta caves in (Maharashtra), Hampi (Karnataka), Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, Qutb Minar, and its Monuments, Delhi and many more.



Question 7.

Answer the following in 25-30 words.

Find out the world cultural heritage sites located in Maharashtra and write their names.


Answer:

The world cultural heritage sites located in Maharashtra are as follows–


(i) Ajanta Caves


(ii) Ellora Caves


(iii) Elephanta Caves


(iv) Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus formerly Victoria terminus


(v) Western Ghats (Kaas plateau in District Satara)



Question 8.

Complete the following concept chart.



Answer:



Question 9.

Explain the following statements giving reasons.

It is essential to study the history of technology.


Answer:

It is essential to study the history of technology due to the following reasons –


• It helps in understanding the changes that happened in the field of agricultural production, commodity production, architecture, engineering, etc.


• The development in technology and science promoted the Mechanisation of production.


• To understand the development happened in the mechanisation.


• To understand the relation between science and technology.


• The knowledge of technology is important to come up with scientific discoveries.


• To understand the discoveries happened from Stone Age to the modern world, the knowledge of history is important.



Question 10.

Explain the following statements giving reasons.

The list of World Heritage Sites is announced by UNESCO.


Answer:

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), is a global organization which has specified some directives for the educational, cultural and scientific promotion of the world heritage sites. A list of World Heritage Sites is announced by UNESCO as they choose the sites as the world or natural heritage sites according to the implementation of their directives. In India, there are a number of world heritage sites such as - Hampi in Karnataka, Humayun's Tomb in Delhi, Khajuraho temples in Madhya Pradesh, etc.



Question 11.

Write elaborate answers.

How is the method of history useful in the research of

(a) Science

(b) Arts

(c) Management Studies


Answer:

(a) Science - The method of history useful in the research of science in the following ways –


• To understand the chronology of the scientific inventions and the related theories.


• To understand the causes that led to the invention of such theories.


• To understand the ways through which the particular invention happened, also to know about the chronology.


• Many discoveries happened because of the fact human beings were aware of the scientific phenomenon.


(b) Arts - The method of history is useful in the research of arts in the following ways –


• To have knowledge of the different forms of art through the study of the styles and the expressions and to understand it on the basis of intellectual, emotional and cultural traditions.


• The knowledge of cultural history will help us to understand the character of the artist, and the expressions of any art forms.


(c) Management Studies - The method of history useful in the research of Management Studies in the following ways –


• To understand the different aspects of the means of production, human resources, processes of production and market and sales management.


• To understand the temperament of the people working in the chain of production and in the market for a healthy lifestyle.


• To gain knowledge of the social, and the economic institution that supports the management of these chains of production.


• The process of Management becomes easy with the knowledge of Management studies.



Question 12.

Write elaborate answers.

How can we correlate applied history with our present?


Answer:

Many inventions and the discoveries have taken place in the present times. We discovered the history of our ancestors which connect us to our heritage and the cultural glory of our land. We develop the curiosity to search for their lifestyle and feel connected to them. This is heritage culture which we need to preserve for our future generations. Applied history is one such subject which helps in the preservation and the conservation of our culture and history so that it will available for the people and for our future generation. This, in turn, leads to the heritage management which creates employment opportunities. Thus, through this subject, we can gain knowledge of our present culture through the history of the past.



Question 13.

Write elaborate answers.

Suggest at least 10 solutions for preservation of the sources of history.


Answer:

The ten solutions for preservation of the sources of history are as follows –


• It is necessary to handle the sources of history very carefully.


• It should be archived properly.


• Controlling the environmental factors (dust, air, etc.) to preserve the sources of history properly.


• Precautions should be taken while handling dusty and fragile sources.


• Also, preservation can be made by digitalising all the sources. It means to computerize all the information so that it can be easily accessible to the people in future too.


• Frequent renovation should happen in the places (library, museums, and archives) where the source of history are preserved.


• Awareness campaigns should be conducted so that the people should have the knowledge about the preservation of the sources of history.


• Knowledge of science will help to preserve the sources through chemical treatments.


• Meetings and surveys should be conducted to create awareness among the students.


• Volunteering to preserve the sources should be encouraged.



Question 14.

Write elaborate answers.

What objectives can be fulfilled through heritage projects?


Answer:

The objectives that can be fulfilled through the heritage projects are as follows –


• We can preserve our heritage culture and traditions to make it accessible for our future generation.


• To promote the heritage of our land systematically


• Heritage management will create a number of employment opportunities.


• Will create awareness regarding the history of past.


• Will stimulate curiosity to discover more about the past culture.


• Will promote the scientific, educational and cultural aspect of the heritage projects.


• Will lead to the development in the cultural tourism.


• It will help in developing the critical view of our history.


• Will generate interest to develop the cultural thought and the traditions which our ancestors dealt with.

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