Orientalist Historiography :

Orientalist Historiography : Many European scholars felt curious about civilisations and countries of the East. Some of those scholars felt admiration and respect for them. These scholars were known as ‘Orientalists’.


The orientalists studied the similarities between Sanskrit and some of the European languages. They focused more on Vedic tradition and Sanskrit literature. Their studies resulted in formulating the notion of an ancient language that could be the mother of all Indo-European languages.

In 1784, Sir William Jones founded Asiatic society in Kolkata. It opened the doors for research in ancient Indian literature and history.


Among the Orientalist scholars, Friedrich Max Muller deserves a special mention. In his opinion, Sanskrit was the most ancient language of the Indo- European languages. He was deeply interested in Sanskrit literature. He first translated the Sanskrit text of ‘Hitopadesh’. He was the editor of 50 volumes of ‘The Sacred Books of the East’. He also compiled ‘Rigveda’, which has been published in six volumes. He translated Rigveda in German.

Lately, Edward Said, a scholar who has re- evaluated the orientalist writings, has thrown light on imperialist interests of orientalist scholars.

SSC 10th History, Maharashtra Board, 2019 - 2020.
Chapter 2. Historiography : Indian Tradition
1. Complete the sentences by choosing the correct option.

(1) ........ was the first Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India.

(a) Alexander Cunningham
(b) William Jones 
(c) John Marshall 
(d) Friedrich Max Muller

(2) ............ translated the Sanskrit text of ‘Hitopadesh’.

(a) James Mill
(b) Friedrich max Muller 
(c) Mountstuart Elphinstone 
(d) Sir John Marshall

(B) Identify the wrong pair in the following, correct it and rewrite.

(1) ‘Who were the Shudras’ - Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar
(2) ‘Stri-Purush Tulana’ - Feminist writing
(3) ‘The Indian War of Independence 1857’ - Marxist History
(4) Grant Duff - Colonial History.

Answer: The incorrect pair is: 

The Indian War of Independence, 1857 - Marxist History

The Appropriate Pair is: 

The Indian War of Independence, 1857 - Nationalistic Historiography. 

2. Explain the following with its reason.


3. Answer the following in 25-30 words.


4. Write detailed answers to the following questions :


5. (a) Complete the following chart.
James Mill
‘The History of British India’
James Grant Duff
..............................
..................
‘The History of India’
S.A. Dange
..............................
..................
‘Who were the Shudras’

Answer: 

James Mill
‘The History of British India’
James Grant Duff
'A History of Mahrattas'
Mountstuart Elphinstone
‘The History of India’
S.A. Dange
'Primitive Communism to Slavery'
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
‘Who were the Shudras’

(b) Complete the following concept chart.



Answer: 



6. Explain the following concepts.

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