Science 1, SSC 10th Standard, Maharashtra Board. Observe the following diagram and answer the questions.

Science 1, SSC 10th Standard, Maharashtra Board.

Observe the following diagram and answer the questions.

(i)  What reaction is shown in the above diagram? Name the reactants and products.
(ii)  Write the chemical equation.
(iii)  What is the special characteristic of the group that is formed in this
reaction?

Ans.
(i)  Reaction - Esterification
Reactants - Ethanoic acid and ethanol in presence of concentrated sulphuric acid as catalyst.
Products - Ethyl ethanoate (ester) and water.
(ii)  Chemical equation
(iii) The special characteristic of Esters is that they have sweet odour and hence used for making fragrances and flavouring agents.

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