Std Xth - Chapter 1st "Potential Of ICT" .. Question-Answers Subject - ( ICT )

                                                                                        (Chapter No.1)

Potential Of ICT

Q1. Select correct alternative from the following.
i.                    ICT stands for   Information  and  Communication Technology
ii.                  Internet is the Information Highway.
iii.                The term Knowledge society generally refers to a society where knowledge is the primary production resource.

Q2. State True or False.

i.                    ICT is the new technology for communication  - False
ii.                  Advanced skill includes expert thinking, which may lack rule based solutions  – True
iii.                International network of networks is called browser  – False
iv.                Video conference is used for single person at a time –  False

Q3 . Answer in Brief.

i)                    Define Information Communication Technology.
     Ans. ICT is a diverse mixture of technology tools and resources to create , differentiate, store and manage information for communication. The six important elements of ICT are
1)      People
2)      Communication
3)      Information
4)      Software
5)      Hardware
6)      Procedure

ii)  Define Information Highway
Ans. The information highway is an ever growing global information and communication network of fibre optic cables that links computers and other communication networks such telephone networks, cable  television networks and satellite communication networks.

iii) Define Knowledge Society
Ans.   The term knowledge society generally refers to a  society where  knowledge is the primary production resource instead of capital and labour.  Knowledge has replaced industrial organization and production as the major source of productivity. Globalization and the changing world economy are driving a transition to  knowledge based economies . A knowledge society creates , shares and uses knowledge for the prosperity and well being of its people. In the social sphere knowledge society brings greater access to information and new forms of social interaction and cultural expression . Individuals therefore have more opportunities to participate in & influence the development of their societies.

iv)   Write two roles of educator to promote literacy.
Ans. Two roles of educators to promote literacy are
(i)                 Learner  ---  In computer industry , new hardware and software are developed with added facilities in a short span of time. The learner therefore must keep his knowledge up-to-date.
(ii)               Teaching – Computer aided teaching is very important . As far as possible every student should  use as many software programs as possible for effective learning.


Q 4  Answer  the following

(i)                 Explain the scope of ICT .
Ans        Education is a lifelong activity that can no longer be confined to schools and universities. Increasing use of ICT as enabling technologies for education and learning is leading to more flexible learning environments. The way in which ICT can expand educational opportunities and promote educational changes are as follows :
(1)   The world wide web (WWW) is a vast repository of knowledge for students,teachers, scientist etc. Even a  villager can search WWW for latest information. Reference books, teaching teachniques, information about curriculum and textbooks , etc are readily available on the internet.
(2)   Open universities, distance education and open education resources through ICT are the new avenues for employed people to acquire knowledge and skills from home or workplace. Thus ICT enable learning anywhere and anytime and also overcomes the problems of cost and location.
(3)   Television is  one of the best communication medium to educate students, farmers etc by showing video clips of difficult experiments or advanced surgical methods, innovative agricultural procedures etc.
(4)   The content of education curriculum can be delivered on CD’s , DVD’s etc. Educational audio and video cassattes and CD’s are available for all grades of students.
(5)   LCD projectors can be used for computer aided teaching and interactive learning in the class room.
(6)   Test and examination can be conducted online.

ii) Explain knowledge society of ICT,education and development.
Ans. .       The term knowledge society generally refers to a  society where  knowledge is the primary production resource instead of capital and labour.
Knowledge has replaced industrial organization and production as the major source of productivity. Globalization and the changing world economy are driving a transition to  knowledge based economies . A knowledge society creates , shares and uses knowledge for the prosperity and well being of its people. In the social sphere knowledge society brings greater access to information and new forms of social interaction and cultural expression . Individuals therefore have more opportunities to participate in & influence the development of their societies.


iii) What are challenging skills requirements
Ans.  Computerisation and  globalization  are creating new profession or jobs and new tasks within these jobs. With the growth of knowledge society , the labour force needs to be higher skilled and information literate.
(1)   Basic Skills : - As computer technology and increased global competition accelerate the rate of economic change, the need for reading has increased correspondingly. Because of computerization the use of abstract models now offers many jobs.
(2)   Advance Skills :- It includes expert thinking, the ability to  solve and  discuss problems that, unlike algebra, lack explicit rules-based solutions.
iv)  Explain transformative impact of ICT .
Ans.  The capacity of ICT to reach students in any place and at any time has the potential to promote revolutionary changes in the traditional educational model.
(1)   To avoid crowded classrooms, a shool may adopt a dual shift system without reducing its students actual study time. Due to this teachers get sufficient time to import knowledge which increases intellectual level.
(2)   ICT provides courses that small rural or urban schools  cannot offer to their students because it is difficult for those institutions to recruit and retain specialized teachers.
(3)   Due to ICT  an expert person who lives far away can conduct onlne courses.

(4)   Videoconferencing is changing the way Government is working. Bringing experts,decision makers and citizen face to face who are spread across geographically. National Informatics Centre is providing video-conferencing services for Government organization.

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