Give information about Indian freedom movement with reference to :

  1. Quit India Movement.
  2. Azad Hind Sena.

Ans. (a) Quite India Movement.
  1. The working committee of the Indian National Congress adopted the ‘Quit India’ resolution at Wardha on 14th July, 1942.
  2. The ‘Quit India’ session of the Indian National Congress at Mumbai on 8th August was presided over by Maulana Azad.
  3. Gandhiji gave the message of ‘Do or Die’ to the people of india in this session. However, Gandhiji and the other leaders were arrested on 9th August, 1942. Thereafter, the movement was led by the people themselves.
  4. The parallel government was formed by Krantisniha Nana Patil in Satara. Similar government were formed at Poornia in Bihar, Balia in Uttar Pradesh and Midnapur in Bengal.

(b) Indian National Army (Azad Hind Sena)

  1. The Indian National Army (Azad Hind Sena) was established by Rash Bihari Bose by securing the release of the Indian Soldiers from Japan who were the prisoners of war.
  2. The leadership of the Azad Hind Sena was taken over by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
  3. Netaji gave the slogan ‘Chalo Delhi’ and fought against the British with the help of Japan.
  4. However, the struggle ended with the surrender of Japan on 14th August, 1945.