Road Transport and Water Transport.

Basis of Difference
Road Transport
Water Transport

   Speed
Road transport has limited speed due to bad road conditions, accidents, etc.
It is slowest mode of transport.
carrying capacity
It has limited carrying capacity.
It has a very huge carrying capacity.
Cost of construction and maintenance
It requires limited capital investment in terms of construction of road, vehicles and their maintenance.
It uses waterways which are natural high-ways and hence there is no cost involved. However, there is high cost involved for construction of ships and ports.

Distance
Recommended for short distance.
Suitable for long distances especially across countries and continents.
Transport charges
Transport charges are not fixed but are high due to increased fuel prices.
Transport charges are lowest.
Door to door service
It provides door to door service.
It is suitable for transporting very heavy goods, machineries in large quantities to any part of the world.
Means of transport
It uses animal’s carts, motor-cycles three and four wheelers.
It uses boats, big ships, liners, tankers. Etc.

Ownership
Ownership is in the hands of private parties.
It is owned by both private sector as well as public sector.

Safety
It provides limited safety to goods from sun, rain, wind, etc.
Goods are safe as they are specially packed.