Syllabus for F.Y. B. Com.

 Environmental Studies
w.e.f. Academic Year 2012 - 13

OBJECTIVES:

1.           To create an environmental awareness among commerce students.
2.           Make aware students about various environmental factors and its relation to the field of Commerce.

   3.    To highlight functional and spatial links between environment,
            economy    and society.

  4.     To create an insight into various environmental issues at  
         various levels and environmental movements towards making
         environment sustainable.

Code
SEMISTER
Lectures / Tutorials
Credit
UBCOMFSI.5
I
04
03
UBCOMFSII.5
II
04
03












             Environmental Studies-I
UNIT I          ENVIRONMENT and ECOSYSTEM

  Environment - Definition, nature, scope, components, typology.   Ecology: Definition and types; Importance of environmental studies and emerging issues of development with special reference to India.                                                 (12 lectures)

Unit II   RENEWABLE AND NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES
        
Natural resources, definition, importance, classification, distribution patterns, conservation of water, forest, energy resources; Energy crisis and its
impact:Management and mitigation. (Case study on Energy crisis)
                                                                                                  (12 lectures)
Unit III   POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Population, distribution pattern; Environment and human health; Population growth in India: Measures taken to control population growth; Carrying capacity and its relevance; Human Development - Index patterns of HDI in India.(Case studies of Human Development in various states in India)                                    (14 lectures)

Unit IV      FOOD RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
          Food and environment; Sources, areas of production of food in the world (Cereal, livestock, fish) and pattern of food trade; World food problem; Changes in productivity due to overgrazing and use of chemical fertilisers-pesticides; and Food security and  hunger. (Case study on malnutrition in Maharashtra)            (14 lectures)

1.       Map Reading:       Located bars, Circles, Pie charts, Isopleth,           Choropleth, and Flow map, Pictograms - Only reading and           interpretation. (4 Lectures)

2.       Map Filling: World map-Only environmentally significant                            Features. (4 Lectures)
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 Environmental Studies-II

Unit I      ENVIRONMENT AND MAN’S ACTIVITIES       (14 lectures)                                                           

          Secondary and Tertiary Activities - Role of transport and telecommunication technology over time and space. Factors of transport-Complementarity-Transferability-Intervening Opportunity World industries - Locational pattern and environmental problems. New Industrial policy.

Unit II      ENVIRONMENT and TOURISM                      (12 lectures)                                                                                                                                                     
          Tourism as an emerging service - Factors of location, Factors of Development, Typology, challenges before India, New Tourism Policy- Accessible Tourism, Consequences of tourism. Case Study.

UNIT III     ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENTS and MANAGEMENT
                                                                                  (14 lectures)
Environmental Protection. Environmental movements in India - Green Business, Green consumption Constitutional Provisions. Environmental Management - Concept, need and relevance. Environmental Impact Assessment. Concept of ISO 14000 and 16000. Carbon Bank and Carbon Credit. Case Study.

UNIT IV   WASTE MANAGEMENT                                               (12 lectures)                                                                                                                                                     

WASTE - Types, Problems of non-degradable waste, Solid Waste, E-waste and Plastic waste, Waste Management, Recycling of Waste-Eco-friendly lifestyle. Case Study.

2.       Map Filling - Environmentally significant features of Mumbai &  8                       Konkan                                               (8 Lectures)

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Question paper pattern for Semester I and II
  • There will be a semester end examination (Semester I and II) for 60 marks of 2 hours duration
  • Questions in the semester end examination will be based on Module I to IV (Semester I and II) examination
  • Topics given in the Module V are to get an idea of project work and hence questions will not be set on these topics in the semester end examination.
  • In each semester end examination there will be four compulsory questions covering Module I to V (Semester I and II), except Unit V (1)
  • Question No. 1 will be compulsory question of Map reading of 10 marks (a) Thematic map (b) World map in the first semester examination and World  Map reading. In the II Semester Map filling of  (a) Mumbai (b) Konkan of 10 marks each (a-5 marks,b-5 marks)
  • Question No. 2 will be of short notes. Students will be required to answer 4 out of 6. Each note will be of 5 marks each in each semester.
  • Question No.3 to 6 will be full length questions of  10 marks each)

Question Paper Pattern with Unit wise allotment of marks is as follows
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 Question paper pattern with Module wise weightage of marks is as follows
First Semester and Second Semester
External Assessment (60 marks)
All questions are compulsory
60 marks
Q.1 Map Pointing and Reading**
 (I and II Sem.) (WORLD,MUMBAI and KONKAN as per syllabus)
10 marks
Q.2 Short notes (4 out of 6) (Module Module I to IV)
20 marks
Q.3  to Q. 6  (3/4) (one question from each module)
                                                  (3X10)
30 Marks

Internal Assessment (40 marks)
  1. Test Paper
20 marks
  1. One assignment
10 marks
  1. Class Participation
05 marks
  1. Responsible Behavior
05 marks


** I SEMESTER- WORLD MAP INTERPRETATION ( 5Marks) and POINTING(5 Marks)
      II SEMESTER MAP POINTING –MUMBAI (5 MARKS) and KONKAN (5 Marks)





References
(1)   Singh, Savindra, 2011 : Environmental Geography, PRayag Pustak Bhavan, Allahabad, India
(2)   Gautam Alka, 2009 : Environmental Geography, Sharda Pustak Bhavan, Allahabad, India
(3)   Odum E.P. (1971) : Fundamentals of Ecology,W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia
(4)   Botkin D.B. & Keller E.A.,1995 : Environmental Science, John Wiley & Sons, New York
(5)   McKinney M.L. & Schoch R.M.,1998 : Environmental Science, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, London
(6)   Allaby M. 2002 : Basics of Environmental Sciences, Routledge, London
(7)   Detwyler T.R., 1971: Man’s Impact on Environment, McGraw-Hill, New York
(8)   Rao K.L. 1975 : India’s Water Wealth, Orient Longman Ltd. New Delhi
(9)   Ahirrao W.R. & others, Paryavaran Vijnan (Marathi), Nirali Prakashan, Pune